is a Monardella genus of 28 species of annual and perennial plants native to western North America from British Columbia to northwestern Mexico. [1 ] [2 ] They are grown for their highly aromatic foliage, which in some species is used for herbal teas. The 2-lipped, tubular flowers are formed in terminal clusters and are most usually red, pink, or purple. [3 ] [4 ]
Plants in this genus are commonly known as
wildmints, coyote mints or monardellas. Species [1 ] Monardella arizonica Epling - Arizona Monardella australis Abrams - southern California Monardella beneolens Shevock, Ertter & Jokerst - southern California Monardella boydii A.C.Sanders & Elvin - southern California Monardella breweri A.Gray - California, Nevada, Arizona, Baja California Monardella candicans Benth. - San Joaquín Valley of California Monardella douglasii Benth. - San Francisco Bay area of California Monardella eplingii Elvin et al. - Arizona [5 ] Monardella eremicola A.C.Sanders & Elvin - southern California Monardella exilis (A.Gray) Greene - southern California, Arizona Monardella follettii (Jeps.) Jokerst - northern Sierra Nevada in California Monardella hypoleuca A.Gray - southern California, Baja California Monardella lagunensis M.E.Jones - Baja California Sur † Monardella leucocephala A.Gray - Meced + Stanislaus Counties in California but believed to be extinct Monardella linoides A.Gray - California, Arizona, Nevada, Baja California Monardella macrantha A.Gray - California, Baja California Monardella mojavensis Elvin & A.C.Sanders - Mohave Desert of southeastern California + southern Nevada Monardella nana A.Gray - California, Baja California Monardella odoratissima Benth. - Mountain Wildmint, Mountain Coyote Mint or Mountain Pennyroyal - much of western North America from British Columbia south to southern California + New Mexico Monardella palmeri A.Gray - Santa Lucia Mountains of west-central California † Monardella pringlei A.Gray - Mohave Desert of southeastern California but believed to be extinct Monardella purpurea Howell - Oregon, California Monardella robisonii Epling ex Munz - Mohave Desert of southeastern California Monardella saxicola I.M.Johnst. - southeastern California Monardella sheltonii Torr. ex Durand - Oregon, California Monardella sinuata Elvin & A.C.Sanders - coastal central California Monardella siskiyouensis Hardham - northern California Monardella stebbinsii Hardham & Bartel - Plumas County in northern California Monardella stoneana Elvin & A.C.Sanders - San Diego County in California, Baja California Monardella × subglabra (Hoover) Hardham - California (M. purpurea × M villosa) Monardella thymifolia Greene - Cedros Island in Baja California Monardella undulata Benth. - coastal central California Monardella venosa (Torr.) A.C.Sanders & Elvin - central California Monardella villosa Benth. - (Common) Coyote Mint - Oregon, California Monardella viridis Jeps. - northern San Francisco Bay area of California (Sonoma, Napa, Solano, + Lake Counties) Horticulture and ecology [edit ]
Most like a sunny, sharply drained site and can be attractive in a
rock garden or pot in the alpine house if smaller species are selected. The taller ones can be used at the front of a dry sunny border. They have reasonable frost resistance, but resent dampness in winter. Propagate from seed or summer cuttings of perennial species, or by division of clumps. Monardella is a foodplant for some Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) caterpillars. These include the Endangered Myrtle's Silverspot Butterfly ( Speyeria zerene myrtleae).
Several species are rare
California endemics; two, the Merced Monardella ( M. leucocephala) and Pringle's Monardella ( M. pringlei), have not been seen in many decades and are presumed extinct. [6 ] [7 ]
Wikimedia Commons has media related to . Monardella References [edit ] External links [edit ]