Monarchy of South Africa

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Monarchy of South Africa
Former Monarchy
Coat of Arms of South Africa (1932-2000).svg
Coat of Arms of South Africa
Queen Elizabeth II - 1953-Dress.JPG
Queen Elizabeth II of South Africa
First monarchKing George V
Last monarchQueen Elizabeth II
StyleHis Majesty
1910–1952
Her Majesty
1952–1961
Official residenceBuckingham Palace
AppointerHereditary
Monarchy began31 May 1910
Monarchy ended31 May 1961
 
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Monarchy of South Africa
Former Monarchy
Coat of Arms of South Africa (1932-2000).svg
Coat of Arms of South Africa
Queen Elizabeth II - 1953-Dress.JPG
Queen Elizabeth II of South Africa
First monarchKing George V
Last monarchQueen Elizabeth II
StyleHis Majesty
1910–1952
Her Majesty
1952–1961
Official residenceBuckingham Palace
AppointerHereditary
Monarchy began31 May 1910
Monarchy ended31 May 1961

The Monarchy of South Africa (the South African monarchy) was the system of government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign of the Union of South Africa from 1910 to 1961. South Africa shared the Sovereign with the United Kingdom, other Dominions, and latterly other Commonwealth realms. The monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of the Union of South Africa. The royal succession was governed by the English Act of Settlement of 1701.

The monarchy was abolished on 31 May 1961, when South Africa became a republic and left the Commonwealth. On 1 June 1994 South Africa rejoined the Commonwealth as a republic, after the end of Apartheid.

History[edit]

The Monarchy of South Africa was created by the South Africa Act 1909 which united four British colonies in southern Africa: Cape of Good Hope, Natal, Orange River Colony and Transvaal. The Act also made provisions for admitting Rhodesia as a fifth province of the Union in the future, but Rhodesian colonists rejected this option in a referendum held in 1922. South-West Africa became a League of Nations mandate of the Union in 1915. Following a referendum on the subject, South Africa adopted a new constitution in 1961 which abolished the monarchy.

List of South African Monarchs[edit]

House of Windsor
PortraitNameBirthDeathMonarch FromMonarch UntilRelationship with Predecessor(s)
George V of the united Kingdom.jpgKing George V3 June 186520 January 193631 May 191020 January 1936None (position ceded)
A022344.jpgKing Edward VIII23 June 189428 May 197220 January 193611 December 1936
(Abdicated)
Son of George V
King George VI.jpgKing George VI14 December 18956 February 195211 December 19366 February 1952Brother of Edward VIII
Elizabeth II greets NASA GSFC employees, May 8, 2007 edit.jpgQueen Elizabeth II21 April 19266 February 195231 May 1961Daughter of George VI

List of South African Consorts[edit]

PortraitNameBirthDeathConsort FromConsort UntilRelationship with Monarch
Queenmaryformalportrait edit3.jpgQueen Mary26 May 186724 March 195331 May 191020 January 1936Wife of King George V
Vacant
Reign of King Edward VIII
20 January 193611 December 1936
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother.jpgQueen Elizabeth4 August 190030 March 200211 December 19366 February 1952Wife of King George VI
Prince Philip NASA cropped.jpgPrince Philip,
The Duke of Edinburgh
10 June 19216 February 195231 May 1961Husband of Queen Elizabeth II

Titles[edit]

Titles
George V
31 May 1910 – 13 May 1927
By the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India
13 May 1927 – 20 January 1936
His Majesty George V, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India
Edward VIII
20 January 1936 – 11 December 1936
By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India
George VI
11 December 1936 – 22 June 1948
By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India
22 June 1948 – 6 February 1952
By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith
Elizabeth II
6 February 1952 – 29 May 1953
By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas Queen, Defender of the Faith
29 May 1953 – 31 May 1961
By the Grace of God, Queen of South Africa and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

Visits[edit]

The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh visited South Africa as Head of the Commonwealth in 1995 and 1999.

See also[edit]

References[edit]