Monarchy of South Africa

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Monarchy of South Africa
Former Monarchy
Coat of Arms of South Africa (1932-2000).svg
Coat of Arms of South Africa
AfSud stamp eng royal couple 1947.jpg
King George VI and Queen Elizabeth on a South African stamp, commemorating their tour of 1947
First monarchKing George V
Last monarchQueen Elizabeth II
StyleHis Majesty
1910–1952
Her Majesty
1952–1961
Official residenceUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
Buckingham Palace
Union of South Africa Union of South Africa
Government House
AppointerHereditary
Monarchy began31 May 1910
Monarchy ended31 May 1961
 
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Monarchy of South Africa
Former Monarchy
Coat of Arms of South Africa (1932-2000).svg
Coat of Arms of South Africa
AfSud stamp eng royal couple 1947.jpg
King George VI and Queen Elizabeth on a South African stamp, commemorating their tour of 1947
First monarchKing George V
Last monarchQueen Elizabeth II
StyleHis Majesty
1910–1952
Her Majesty
1952–1961
Official residenceUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
Buckingham Palace
Union of South Africa Union of South Africa
Government House
AppointerHereditary
Monarchy began31 May 1910
Monarchy ended31 May 1961

The Monarchy of South Africa (the South African monarchy) was the system of government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign of the Union of South Africa from 1910 to 1961. South Africa shared the Sovereign with the United Kingdom, other Dominions, and latterly other Commonwealth realms. The monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of the Union of South Africa. The royal succession was governed by the English Act of Settlement of 1701.

The monarchy was abolished on 31 May 1961, when South Africa became a republic and left the Commonwealth. On 1 June 1994 South Africa rejoined the Commonwealth as a republic, after the end of Apartheid.

History[edit]

The Monarchy of South Africa was created by the South Africa Act 1909 which united four British colonies in southern Africa: Cape of Good Hope, Natal, Orange River Colony and Transvaal. The Act also made provisions for admitting Rhodesia as a fifth province of the Union in the future, but Rhodesian colonists rejected this option in a referendum held in 1922. South-West Africa became a League of Nations mandate of the Union in 1915. Following a referendum on the subject, South Africa adopted a new constitution in 1961 which abolished the monarchy.

List of monarchs[edit]

House of Windsor
PortraitNameBirthDeathMonarch fromMonarch untilConsortHeir
George V of the united Kingdom.jpgKing George V3 June 186520 January 193631 May 191020 January 1936Queen MarySon: Edward, Prince of Wales
A022344.jpgKing Edward VIII23 June 189428 May 197220 January 193610 December 1936[1]
(Abdicated)
NoneBrother: Prince Albert, Duke of York
King George VI.jpgKing George VI14 December 18956 February 195210 December 19366 February 1952Queen ElizabethDaughter: Princess Elizabeth
(Duchess of Edinburgh from 1947)
Elizabeth II greets NASA GSFC employees, May 8, 2007 edit.jpgQueen Elizabeth II21 April 19266 February 195231 May 1961Prince Philip, Duke of EdinburghSon: Charles, Prince of Wales

Titles[edit]

Titles
George V
31 May 1910 – 13 May 1927
By the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India
13 May 1927 – 20 January 1936
His Majesty George V, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India
Edward VIII
20 January 1936 – 10 December 1936
By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India
George VI
10 December 1936 – 22 June 1948
By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India
22 June 1948 – 6 February 1952
By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith
Elizabeth II
6 February 1952 – 29 May 1953
By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas Queen, Defender of the Faith
29 May 1953 – 31 May 1961
By the Grace of God, Queen of South Africa and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

Visits[edit]

King George VI, his wife Queen Elizabeth, and their daughters Elizabeth and Margaret, visited South Africa in 1947. Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh visited South Africa, after it became a republic, in 1995 and 1999.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ His Majesty King Edward the Eighth's Abdication Act, 1937 (Act No. 2 of 1937)