Momoe Yamaguchi

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Momoe Yamaguchi
山口 百恵
Born(1959-01-17) 17 January 1959 (age 55)
Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan
OccupationSinger, actress
Years active1973 (1973)–1980 (1980)
Spouse(s)Tomokazu Miura (1980–present)
 
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Momoe Yamaguchi
山口 百恵
Born(1959-01-17) 17 January 1959 (age 55)
Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan
OccupationSinger, actress
Years active1973 (1973)–1980 (1980)
Spouse(s)Tomokazu Miura (1980–present)

Momoe Yamaguchi (山口 百恵 Yamaguchi Momoe?, born 17 January 1959) is a former Japanese singer, actress, and idol whose career lasted from 1972 to 1980. Often simply referred to by her given name, "Momoe", Yamaguchi was one of the most successful singers in Japanese music in her day, releasing 32 singles, including three number one hits, and 21 albums. She also starred in 15 feature films and several serial dramas on television. At 21, Yamaguchi retired at the height of her popularity to marry her frequent costar, Tomokazu Miura; she has never performed or made a public appearance since.[1]

Biography[edit]

Early life and career[edit]

Momoe Yamaguchi was born in Tokyo, Japan in 1959. Not long afterwards she was left in the care of her maternal grandparents. At around four, she was returned to her parents and the family then moved to Yokohama. Her father, who was already married to another women with children, and never married to her mother. The family moved once again to Yokosuka. Her mother raised Momoe and her younger sister Toshie by herself.[2]

Yamaguchi began a career in show business while she was still a student in junior high school. At the end of 1972, at the age of 13, Yamaguchi, along with many of her schoolmates, applied by postcard to appear on the idol talent search television show Star Tanjō!. After a series of successful preliminary auditions, she appeared on the show covering a hit song "Kaiten Mokuba",[n 1] by Yumi Makiba[n 2] earlier that year. Though she finished second, Yamaguchi received offers from several music producers, and signed with Hori Productions.[2] Her family moved to Tokyo. Yamaguchi transferred to Shinagawa Joshi Gakuin, and then attended Hinode Joshi Gakuin High School, a school which allows its students to carry on careers in show business.

Initially she was promoted together with two other singers, Junko Sakurada and Masako Mori, as the Hana no Chūsan Torio (meaning "The lovely trio of third-year middle school students") since they were all in the third year of middle school (chūsan).[3]

Her first single, "Toshigoro", coupled with her first movie of the same title, did not fare well in the charts, peaking at 37 on the Oricon singles chart. But her second single "Aoi Kajitsu" peaked at number 9. Japanese pop culture historians[who?][3] have credited its success to its suggestive lyrics. The chorus goes "You can do what ever you want with me; it's OK if rumors spread that I'm a bad girl".[n 3]

Her early songs, including the ones with suggestive lyrics, were written for her by the Hori Productions songwriting team of composer Shunichi Tokura and lyricist Kazuya Senge.[2] One of her biggest hits was her 5th single "Hito natsu no Keiken" ("an experience one summer"), which includes lyrics like "I'll give you the most precious thing a girl has".[n 4] and "Everyone experiences it at least once, the sweet trap of seduction".[n 5] The suggestive lyrics attracted widespread press interest. The young singer was frequently asked salacious questions such as "What do you think a girl's most precious thing is?", to which she replied magokoro ("her devotion").[2]

Rising popularity[edit]

By the end of 1974, her phenomenal popularity was demonstrated by her being invited to be the opening female singer for the 25th Kōhaku Uta Gassen, Japan's most popular musical show, with the song Hito Natsu No Keiken. She would continue to appear in this show every year until her retirement.

But what really launched Momoe to stardom and signaled the second stage of her career were the songs written for her by husband-wife team of lyricist Yoko Agi and composer Ryudo Usaki. These so-called "punk" (tsuppari) songs, including "Yokosuka Story" and "Playback Part 2," proclaimed that Momoe was no longer a girl who could be used by men, but a woman ready to stand on her own two feet and take charge of her own life. Initially Momoe's agency and record company had opposed using this pair, saying that their music didn't fit her image, but she had insisted- and changed her image instead.[3]

Mark Schilling, An Encyclopedia of Japanese Pop Culture

With her increasing popularity, Yamaguchi gained more control over her career and was able to select her own songwriters. One of her choices was Ryudo Uzaki. She chose him because she liked his song "Secret Love", recorded by the Down Town Boogie Woogie Band.[2] Their first collaboration resulted in the single "Yokosuka Story" in 1976, written by Uzaki with lyrics by his wife, Yoko Aki. Aki was inspired to write the song because both she and Yamaguchi, whom she had never met when the song was originally ordered, had both lived in Yokosuka. "Yokosuka Story" was Yamaguchi's biggest hit, selling more than 600,000 copies, and peaked at number one on the charts. This was the beginning of a collaboration with the husband and wife songwriting team which only ended with Yamaguchi's retirement.[4] Songs were also written for her by writers such as Masashi Sada, who wrote one of her most popular hits, "Cosmos".

Her popularity as a singer was paralleled by rising success in a series of films and television programs. Her second film, Izu no Odoriko, paired her with actor Tomokazu Miura, chosen because he had previously done a commercial for Glico with her.[5] Though Yamaguchi was just 14, and Miura was 22, they had great screen chemistry, and became known as the Momoe-Tomokazu "golden combi".[n 6] They starred together in a total of 14 of her 17 movies, one every winter and summer.

As she became popular, her father, Kubo,[n 7] decided to cash in on her success. He held bogus "press conferences" unauthorized by either Yamaguchi or her management company, and in various ways disrupted her career. Since Yamaguchi was still a minor, he sued for the right of parental authority.[n 8] The court case ended in a victory for her mother. Yamaguchi declared in her autobiographical book that she ended her relationship with her father, and would never acknowledge his existence again. She also expressed the regret that if she had not become famous, this would not have happened.[2]

By the end of her career, Yamaguchi's music became more sophisticated. Her 12th and 18th albums, Golden Flight and L.A. Blue, were recorded in London and Los Angeles respectively, using local musicians and production staff. Her 21st album, Phoenix Densetsu, was written as a rock opera. Because she wanted to make a rock song before she ended her career, Uzaki and Aki wrote "Rock 'n Roll Widow" for her, which was included on the concept album Moebius's Game.

When her television series were broadcast in China in the 1980s, she also became hugely popular as an actress there, with the Akai series of television dramas achieving viewing figures of 100% on Chinese television at the time.[6] In China she is known as 山口百惠 (the final character is slightly different to that used in Japan), pronounced "Shan Kou Bai Hui". According to a 2000 poll by the "News Station" news magazine programme, she was the Japanese person known most widely among the Chinese.[citation needed]

Marriage and retirement[edit]

With the on-screen romances between Yamaguchi and Tomokazu Miura, an off-screen romance grew.[2] During a trip to Hawaii in early 1979, Miura proposed to Yamaguchi. She accepted, and she also said that she would retire from entertainment to marry him. Yamaguchi announced their relationship at a concert in October 1979, and the announcement about their marriage date and her retirement was made in March 1980. She performed a farewell concert at the Nippon Budokan on 5 October 1980, released her last album This is my trial on 21 October 1980, and released her last single "Ichie" on 19 November 1980. She also wrote the lyrics to this song under the pen name "Kei Yokosuka", and continued to write a few songs for a while after retirement, such as Ann Lewis's La Saison from 1982.[7]

In her autobiographical book, Aoi Toki, she said that she disliked repeatedly singing the same songs.[2] She also stated that she wanted to stop working to devote all her time to the wellbeing of her husband.[2] She also said in an interview at the time of retirement that she did not want to continue working as a singer or an actress.[8][9]

On 15 October 1980, Yamaguchi officially retired from show business, and on 19 November 1980, the pair were married. Despite several rumors of her comeback, she has devoted herself to being a homemaker and mother to two sons. Her husband, Tomokazu Miura, continued to work as an actor, even though his career up to then had mostly consisted of playing romantic leads in her films and television series.[10]

After retirement[edit]

In the early years after her retirement at the age of twenty, few details of her daily existence as wife of actor Tomokazu Miura were too mundane for the mags' Momoe watchers to miss. Her son's postpartum homecoming, nursery school graduation ceremony, and first day at elementary school rated cover headlines- simply because Mom happened to be in the picture.[3]

Mark Schilling, An Encyclopedia Of Japanese Pop Culture

In 1981, she wrote a book of autobiographical essays called Aoi Toki, which sold over a million copies in its first month of publication.[11]

Despite her retirement, she is a regular feature in weekly entertainment magazines. Her family suffered considerable difficulty in attending school events due to television crews and photographers, who sometimes used deception to gain access.[12] Fans have frequently been found hanging around her residence, and in at least one case a fan even broke in.[12] In 1999, her husband, Tomokazu Miura, wrote a part-autobiography Hishatai detailing the problems the couple had faced.[12]

Her two sons, Yūtarō and Takahiro Miura, both also entered careers in entertainment. Yūtarō entered the music business under the pseudonym "Yū" in a now-defunct group called "Peaky Salt". Initially it was not known that he was Momoe and Tomokazu's son. Takahiro is an actor who has appeared in several films and television programs.

Yamaguchi's hobby is quilt making, and she exhibits her quilts under her married name, "Momoe Miura".[13] In 2011, she was selected in a poll as "The ideal mother".[14]

New musical products continue to go on sale, such as a boxed DVD set of her appearances on television program Yoru No Hitto Sutajio ("Evening Hit Studio") in 2010. In a November 2011 television interview, Ryudo Uzaki said that she still receives a healthy income from record royalties.[15] Her television dramas continue to be available on DVD, and from 2010 have been repeated daily on the TBS Channel cable television station.

In 2011, Tomokazu Miura wrote a book entitled "Aishō" (compatibility) explaining the secret of their happy marriage.[5] In 2012, the couple came first for the seventh consecutive year in a poll by the Meiji Yasuda life insurance company to find "the ideal celebrity couple" as considered by married people in their 20s to 50s.[16]

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

The following list gives the studio albums recorded during her career.[17] Several live albums as well as many compilations have also been released.

Romanized titleOriginal title (if not romanized)Translation or note on titleDate of release
Yamaguchi Momoe
Fāsuto Arubamu
Toshigoro
山口百恵ファーストアルバム としごろMomoe Yamaguchi's first album
"Toshigoro" (adolescence)
21 August 1973
Yamaguchi Momoe
Sekando Arubamu
"Aoi Kajitsu" / "Kinjirareta Asobi"
山口百恵セカンドアルバム 青い果実/禁じられた遊びMomoe Yamaguchi's second album
"Unripe fruit" / "Forbidden play"
21 December 1973
15-sai no Tēma
Momoe no Kisetsu
15才のテーマ 百恵の季節Theme for a 15-year-old
The season of Momoe
21 April 1974
15-sai no Tēma
Hito Natsu no Keiken
15才のテーマ ひと夏の経験Theme for a 15-year-old
An experience one summer
1 August 1974
15-sai15才Fifteen years old10 December 1974
16-sai no Tēma16才のテーマTheme for a sixteen-year-old1 May 1975
Sasayaka na Yokubōささやかな欲望Modest desire5 December 1975
17 sai no teema17才のテーマTheme for a seventeen-year-old21 April 1976
Yokosuka Sutōrī横須賀ストーリーYokosuka story1 August 1976
Pāru-karā ni YureteパールカラーにゆれてIn pearl colours5 December 1976
Momoe Hakusho百恵白書Momoe's white paper21 May 1977
Golden Flight21 August 1977
Hana Zakari花ざかりA flower in bloom5 December 1977
Cosmos / UchūCOSMOS/宇宙Although the song is about a flower, this puns the meaning with uchū (the universe)1 May 1978
DoramachikkuドラマチックDramatic1 September 1978
Hatachi no Kinenbei Manjushaka二十歳の記念碑 曼珠沙華A monument for a twenty-year-old: Manjushaka21 December 1978
A Face in a Vision1 April 1979
L. A. Blue1 August 1979
Harutsugedori春告鳥Bird of spring1 February 1980
Möbius's Gameメビウス・ゲーム(The romanization is as written on the album.)21 May 1980
Fenikkusu Densetsu不死鳥伝説Legend of the Phoenix21 August 1980
This is My Trial21 October 1980

Singles[edit]

Yamaguchi released 31 singles during her career.[17]

Covers[edit]

Her songs are regularly covered by other performers. Ayako Fuji released an "enka" version of her hit Manjushaka in 2003. Cosmos has been covered by many artists, including its creator, Masashi Sada, as well as Akina Nakamori. Imitation Gold was covered by Tak Matsumoto with Mai Kuraki in 2003. In 2004, a tribute album Yamaguchi Momoe Toribyuto Thank You For ... appeared of Yamaguchi covers by singers such as Masaharu Fukuyama, Sowelu, and Hiromi Iwasaki. A second volume, Yamaguchi Momoe Toribyuto Thank You For ... Part 2, with more covers, came out in 2005.

In the 1980s, Chinese-language versions of some of her songs, such as "Manjushaka" (曼珠沙華) as 蔓珠莎華, or "Rock'n'Roll Widow" as "冰山大火" were released by Hong Kong singer Anita Mui.[citation needed]

In English, in 1991 The Nolans released an album of songs entitled "Playback Part 2" containing well-known Yamaguchi songs with English lyrics.[18] (The lyrics are largely newly-written rather than translations of the originals, although some of the English parts of the originals are preserved.) This was re-issued as "The Nolans Sing Momoe 2005" in 2005.[19] These albums were released only in Japan.

Screen appearances[edit]

Films[edit]

Apart from her first film Toshigoro and two concert films, all of Yamaguchi's films, from Izu no odiroko on, were romantic stories costarring Tomokazu Miura. Many of them were directed by Katsumi Nishikawa and were remakes of the director's own films. Except for White Love (set in Spain) and Furimukeba Ai (set in San Francisco), almost all of the romantic films with Miura were based on Japanese literary works.

Concert films[edit]

Television[edit]

On television, most of Yamaguchi's appearances were in a series of dramas with Ken Utsui. Each of these dramas went on for about twenty-six episodes, or half a year. Starting with Kao de waratte and going on to the so-called Akai Series, in each serial drama she and Utsui played a different father and daughter. Echoing Yamaguchi's real-life family issues, all of the Akai series consisted of complex, melodramatic family circumstances such as hidden adoption (Akai Meiro, Akai Giwaku, Akai Kizuna), mistaken identity (Akai Unmei), murder (Akai Meiro, Akai Unmei) or illness (leukemia via radiation poisoning in Akai Giwaku, paralysis via an accidental shooting in Akai Shogeki).

Some of the serial dramas in the Akai series did not feature Yamaguchi, such as Akai Gekiryu starring Yutaka Mizutani, in which she made a guest appearance in the first episode. Each of the Akai series which she appeared in, except Akai Meiro, featured a title song sung by Yamaguchi herself.

The final Akai program, Akai Shisen, was a two-part story starring her and Tomokazu Miura based on Deadline at Dawn, a novel by William Irish whose Japanese title is Akatsuki no shisen (暁の死線). For the first time Ken Utsui appeared in it not as the father of Yamaguchi's character, but instead in a small part as a carjacking victim and pilot. It also featured cameos from Rentarō Mikuni and Gin Maeda who had starred in Akai Unmei.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 回転木馬, lit. "Merry-go-round"
  2. ^ 牧葉ユミ
  3. ^ あなたが望むなら、私何をされてもいいわ。いけない娘だと噂されてもいい Anata ga nozumu nara, watashi nani o sarete mo ii wa. ikenai musume da to uwasa sarete mo ii.
  4. ^ あなたに女の子の一番大切なものをあげるわ, Anata ni onna no ko no ichiban taisetsu na mono o ageru wa.
  5. ^ 誰でも一度だけ経験するのよ 誘惑の甘い罠, Dare demo ichido dake keiken suru no yo, yūwaku no amai wana.
  6. ^ ゴールデン・コンビ
  7. ^ 久保茂
  8. ^ 親権 shinken

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Top 100 Japanese pops Artists - No.7". 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Yamaguchi, Momoe (April 1981). Aoi Toki (蒼い時) (in Japanese). ISBN 4-08-751056-5. 
  3. ^ a b c d Schilling, Mark (1997). The Encyclopedia of Japanese Pop Culture. Weatherhill. pp. 295–300. ISBN 0-8348-0380-1. 
  4. ^ Aki, Yoko (1993). purēbakku ("Playback") Part 3 - Momoe Memorial. ISBN 978-4-08-749895-0. 
  5. ^ a b Miura, Tomokazu (2011-11-14). Aishō [Compatibility]. Shogakukan. ISBN 978-4-09-388212-5. 
  6. ^ Ryūdō Uzaki. "kakenuketa seishun". [dead link]
  7. ^ "ラ・セゾン アン・ルイス". 
  8. ^ Chikushi, Tetsuya (November 1980). Playboy. 
  9. ^ Chikushi, Tetsuya (January 1983). Bōsō No Kōkei. ISBN 978-4-7954-0302-4. 
  10. ^ Brasor, Philip (11 December 2011). "Mr. Momoe Yamaguchi finally decides to speak". Japan Times. p. 9. 
  11. ^ "1980年の10大ニュース". Retrieved 28 December 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c Miura, Tomokazu (1999). Hishatai (被写体) (in Japanese). ISBN 4-8387-1163-8. 
  13. ^ Tokyo International Quilt Festival (2012). "Tokyo International Great Quilt Festival 2012" (in Japanese). 
  14. ^ Media Interactive (26 April 2011). "Haha ga erabu risō no hahaoya wa Yamaguchi Momoe" [The ideal mother chosen by other mothers is Momoe Yamaguchi] (in Japanese). 
  15. ^ "Ano Kata Ni Wa Ima Mo Okane Ga Hairu" [She's still getting money] (in Japanese). Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  16. ^ "理想の夫婦」 友和・百恵さん、7年連続1位". Nihon Keizai Shinbun. 2012-11-22. Retrieved 28 December 2012. 
  17. ^ a b Kawase, Yasuo (2011-02-16). プレイバック 制作ディレクター回想記 音楽「山口百恵」全軌跡. 学研教育出版. ISBN 978-4-05-404725-9. 
  18. ^ "Nolans Playback Part 2 Japan CD ALBUM (123744)". eil.com. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  19. ^ "Amazon.co.jp: Nolans Sing Momoe 2005: Nolans: Music". Retrieved 1 March 2012. 

External links[edit]