Molfetta

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Molfetta
Comune
Città di Molfetta
Molfetta Harbour
Molfetta Harbour
Coat of arms of Molfetta
Coat of arms
Molfetta is located in Italy
Molfetta
Molfetta
Location of Molfetta in Italy
Coordinates: 41°12′N 16°36′E / 41.200°N 16.600°E / 41.200; 16.600
CountryItaly
RegionPuglia
ProvinceBari (BA)
Government
 • MayorPaola Natalicchio
Area
 • Total58.26 km2 (22.49 sq mi)
Elevation18 m (59 ft)
Population (31 December 2011)
 • Total60,433
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
DemonymMolfettesi
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code70056
Dialing code080
Patron saintSan Corrado di Baviera, Madonna dei Martiri
Saint dayFebruary 9, September 8
WebsiteOfficial website
 
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This article is about Italian city on the Adriatic coast. For the Jewish-Moroccan food, see Molfetta.
Molfetta
Comune
Città di Molfetta
Molfetta Harbour
Molfetta Harbour
Coat of arms of Molfetta
Coat of arms
Molfetta is located in Italy
Molfetta
Molfetta
Location of Molfetta in Italy
Coordinates: 41°12′N 16°36′E / 41.200°N 16.600°E / 41.200; 16.600
CountryItaly
RegionPuglia
ProvinceBari (BA)
Government
 • MayorPaola Natalicchio
Area
 • Total58.26 km2 (22.49 sq mi)
Elevation18 m (59 ft)
Population (31 December 2011)
 • Total60,433
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
DemonymMolfettesi
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code70056
Dialing code080
Patron saintSan Corrado di Baviera, Madonna dei Martiri
Saint dayFebruary 9, September 8
WebsiteOfficial website
Molfetta Cathedral, or Church of Santa Maria Assunta.

Molfetta is a city and comune of the province of Bari in the southern Italian region of Apulia, on the Adriatic coast, at sea-level. It is 25 kilometres (16 miles) west-northwest of Bari.

It has a well restored old city, and its own dialect.

History[edit]

The earliest local signs of permanent habitation are at the Neolithic site of Pulo, one of the most important such sites in southern Italy. The origins of the city can be traced to a small fishing port; antique graves testify to a fisherman's village in the fourth century BC. The position of the future city offered a valid landing to the commerce of Roman Rubo. The first indication of a toponym on the coast between Turenum (Trani) and Natiolum (Giovinazzo) is in the Itinerarium Provinciarum Antonini Augusti, edited from a third-century core. The place denominated Respa was probably a wrong transcript of the toponym Melpha, referring to a small village of fishermen.

The first official document that mentions the city dates to November 925; it documents a civitas denominated Melfi, situated on a peninsula named Sant'Andrea. The city developed under Byzantine dominion, and was later conquered by the Lombards, who included it in the Duchy of Benevento. The city repelled repeated assaults by the Saracens. As an independent seaport, Molfetta traded with other Mediterranean markets, including Venice, Alexandria, Constantinople, Syria, Amalfi and Ragusa.

At the beginning of the 11th century the Normans arrived, and the autonomy that the city preserved helped foster its development as both a commercial port with the east, and as port of embarcation for pilgrims heading to the Holy Land. The Crusades permitted the city to assume a wider importance. Among the many pilgrims was Conrad of Bavaria, who was so enamoured of the city that he became venerated as San Corrado, the protecting saint of Molfetta. During the Angevin dominion the city succeeded in remaining autonomous. However, the arrival of the Aragonese kingdom to Southern Italy, spurred turbulent struggles between French, Spanish and Italians. These wars provoked death and destruction in the whole south of Italy: the Sack of Molfetta at the hands of the French, 18–19 July 1529, was an episode that stalled the economic rebirth of the city.

In February 2006, Molfetta hosted International Youth Parliament, an event which took place the previous year in Canterbury.

Main sights[edit]

Famous people[edit]

Personalities from Molfetta include the Rococo painter Corrado Giaquinto, the anti-fascist politician and writer Gaetano Salvemini, the conductor Riccardo Muti, Cardinal Angelo Amato, goalkeeper Vitangelo Spadavecchia, artist Rossella Biscotti and the rapper Caparezza.

Migration[edit]

During the times of the mass migration of Italians, mainly following World War II, many Molfettese residents migrated to a town in South Australia called Port Pirie. The culture of Molfetta is celebrated in Port Pirie and officials of both Port Pirie and Molfetta have close links today. In the United States, many Molfettese immigrants settled in the city of Hoboken, New Jersey, where a substantial enclave still exists today.[1] There is also a twin city relationship with the City of Fremantle in Western Australia.[2]

The harbour.


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historelli". "The American Story of Molfettese Immigration" 
  2. ^ "Sister cities and international relations". City of Fremantle website. Archived from the original on 2012-10-15. Retrieved 22 May 2011. 

External links[edit]