Moapa Band of Paiute Indians

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Southern Paiute women at Moapa

The Moapa Band of Paiute Indians of the Moapa River Indian Reservation are a federally recognized tribe of Paiute, who live in southern Nevada on the Moapa River Indian Reservation. They were in the past called the Moapat[1] and the Nuwuvi.[2]

Art and material culture[edit]

The Moapa are adept at basketry. They traditionally wore clothing made of hide, yucca fibers, and cliff-rose bark cloth.

History[edit]

The Moapa practiced irrigation agriculture before contact with Europeans.[3] The Moapa suffered from Spanish slave raiders' attacks in the 18th and early 19th centuries.

In 1869 the United States relocated the Southern Paiute to the Moapa area. Originally the entire Moapa River watershed and lands along the Colorado River (some of which area is now under Lake Mead) was assigned to the Moapa; however, in 1875 their reservation was reduced to 1,000 acres (4.0 km2).

They later suffered from decimation by disease in the 1920s and 1930s.

In 1941, they organized with a formal constitution. In 1980 the Moapa River reservation was expanded, with about 75,000 acres (300 km2) added. People on the reservation continue to suffer high rates of unemployment, resulting in some of the Moapa relocating elsewhere to find work.

Reservation[edit]

Their reservation is the Moapa River Indian Reservation, located near Moapa Town, Nevada.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "George Washington Bean." RootsWeb. (retrieved 7 Dec 2009)
  2. ^ "Moapa Bands of Paiutes, Background." The Moapa Bands of Paiutes. (retrieved 7 Dec 2009)
  3. ^ [1] (retrieved 7 Dec 2009)

Coordinates: 36°34′41″N 114°43′04″W / 36.5780°N 114.7179°W / 36.5780; -114.7179