Missouri Tigers football

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Missouri Tigers football
2014 Missouri Tigers football team
MizzouPrimaryAthleticMark.png
First season1890
Athletic directorMike Alden
Head coachGary Pinkel
13th year, 104–63 (.623)
Home stadiumFaurot Field
Stadium capacity71,168
Stadium surfaceFieldTurf
LocationColumbia, Missouri
ConferenceSEC (2012–present)
DivisionSEC Eastern Division
(2012–present)
All-time record642–534–53 (.544)
Postseason bowl record14–16 (.467)
Unclaimed national titles2 (1960, 2007)
Conference titles15
Division titles4 (Big 12 North- 2007, 2008, 2010, SEC East- 2013)
Heisman winners0
Consensus All-Americans13
Colors

Black and MU Gold

          
Fight song"Fight Tiger"
MascotTruman the Tiger
Marching bandMarching Mizzou
RivalsKansas Jayhawks
Iowa State Cyclones
Nebraska Cornhuskers
Illinois Fighting Illini
Oklahoma Sooners
Texas A&M Aggies
Websitemutigers.com
 
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Missouri Tigers football
2014 Missouri Tigers football team
MizzouPrimaryAthleticMark.png
First season1890
Athletic directorMike Alden
Head coachGary Pinkel
13th year, 104–63 (.623)
Home stadiumFaurot Field
Stadium capacity71,168
Stadium surfaceFieldTurf
LocationColumbia, Missouri
ConferenceSEC (2012–present)
DivisionSEC Eastern Division
(2012–present)
All-time record642–534–53 (.544)
Postseason bowl record14–16 (.467)
Unclaimed national titles2 (1960, 2007)
Conference titles15
Division titles4 (Big 12 North- 2007, 2008, 2010, SEC East- 2013)
Heisman winners0
Consensus All-Americans13
Colors

Black and MU Gold

          
Fight song"Fight Tiger"
MascotTruman the Tiger
Marching bandMarching Mizzou
RivalsKansas Jayhawks
Iowa State Cyclones
Nebraska Cornhuskers
Illinois Fighting Illini
Oklahoma Sooners
Texas A&M Aggies
Websitemutigers.com

The Missouri Tigers football program represents the University of Missouri in college football and competes in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of the National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA). Since 2012, Missouri has been a member of the Southeastern Conference (SEC)[1] and is currently aligned in its Eastern Division. Home games are played at Faurot Field (also known as "The Zou") in Columbia, Missouri.

A night game at home for the Missouri Tigers.

Missouri's football program dates back to 1890, and has appeared in 30 bowl games (including 10 major bowl appearances: 4 Orange Bowls, 3 Cotton Bowls, 2 Sugar Bowls, and 1 Fiesta Bowl). Missouri has won 15 conference titles, 4 division titles, and has 2 national championship selections recognized by the NCAA.[2] Entering the 2013 season, Missouri's all-time record was 643–531–52.

The team is currently coached by Gary Pinkel, who is the winningest coach of all-time at Missouri (with 102 wins as of January 3, 2014).[3]

Conference affiliations[edit]

Source

Championships[edit]

The Missouri Tigers have 15 conference championships and 4 conference division titles.[5]

Conference Championships[edit]

YearConferenceCoachOverall RecordConference Record
1893†WIUFAH.O. Robinson4-32-1
1894†WIUFAH.O. Robinson4-32-1
1895†WIUFAC.D. Bliss7-12-1
1909Big EightWilliam Roper7-2-14-0-1
1913†Big EightChester Brewer7-14-0
1919Big EightJohn F. Miller5-1-24-0-1
1924Big EightGwinn Henry7-25-1
1925Big EightGwinn Henry6-1-15-1
1927Big EightGwinn Henry7-25-1
1939Big EightDon Faurot8-25-0
1941Big EightDon Faurot8-25-0
1942Big EightDon Faurot8-3-14-0-1
1945Big EightChauncey Simpson6-45-0
1960*Big EightDan Devine11-07-0
1969Big EightDan Devine9-26-1
Conference Championships15

† Denotes co-champions
* The 1960 Big Eight title was retroactively awarded after a loss to Kansas was reversed due to Kansas' use of a player who was later ruled to be ineligible.

Divisional Championships[edit]

The Tigers were previously members of the Big 12 North division between its inception in 1996 and the dissolution of conference divisions within the Big 12 in 2011. The Tigers joined the SEC as members of the SEC East starting in 2012.

SeasonDivisionCG ResultOpponentPFPA
2007*Big 12 NorthLOklahoma1738
2008*Big 12 NorthLOklahoma2162
2010*†Big 12 NorthN/AN/AN/AN/A
2013SEC EastLAuburn4259
Division Championships4

† Nebraska went to the championship game by virtue of beating the Tigers earlier in the season

Non-consensus National Championships[edit]

Due to the lack of an NCAA-sanctioned Football Bowl Subdivision national championship, third parties including the Bowl Championship Series, Associated Press, United Press International, and USA Today have often crowned a champion following either the end of the regular season or following the bowl games for that season. The NCAA historically has not endorsed a specific system or champion, but lists several polls or mathematical selectors as "Consensus National Champions" in their NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records[6] guide.

The Tigers have been declared champions twice by non-consensus polls. Neither of these national championships are officially claimed by Missouri.

SeasonCoachSelectorsRecord
1960Dan DevinePoling System (non-consensus)[6][7]11-0*
2007Gary PinkelAnderson & Hester (non-consensus)[7]12-2

* The 1960 record originally 10-1 but changed to 11-0 due to Kansas' later forfeit.

Bowl appearances[edit]

Missouri has appeared in 30 bowl games, including 10 major bowl appearances: 4 Orange Bowls, 3 Cotton Bowls, 2 Sugar Bowls, and 1 Fiesta Bowl, with an all-time bowl record of 14-16.

Missouri's entire bowl history is shown in the table below.[8]

SeasonBowlOpponentResult
1924Los Angeles Christmas FestivalUSCL 7-20
19391940 Orange BowlGeorgia TechL 7-21
19411942 Sugar BowlFordhamL 0-2
19451946 Cotton Bowl ClassicTexasL 27-40
19481949 Gator BowlClemsonL 23-24
19491950 Gator BowlMarylandL 7-20
19591960 Orange BowlGeorgiaL 0-14
19601961 Orange BowlNavyW 21-14
19621962 Bluebonnet BowlGeorgia TechW 14-10
19651966 Sugar BowlFloridaW 20-18
19681968 Gator BowlAlabamaW 35-10
19691970 Orange BowlPenn StateL 3-10
19721972 Fiesta BowlArizona StateL 35-49
19731973 Sun BowlAuburnW 34-17
19781978 Liberty BowlLSUW 20-15
19791979 All-American BowlSouth CarolinaW 24-14
19801980 Liberty BowlPurdueL 25-28
19811981 Tangerine BowlSouthern MissW 19-17
19831983 Holiday BowlBYUL 17-21
19971997 Holiday BowlColorado StateL 24-35
19981998 Insight.com BowlWest VirginiaW 34-31
20032003 Independence BowlArkansasL 14-27
20052005 Independence BowlSouth CarolinaW 38-31
20062006 Sun BowlOregon StateL 38-39
20072008 Cotton Bowl ClassicArkansasW 38-7
20082008 Alamo BowlNorthwesternW 30-23 (OT)
20092009 Texas BowlNavyL 13-35
20102010 Insight BowlIowaL 24-27
20112011 Independence BowlNorth CarolinaW 41-24
20132014 Cotton Bowl ClassicOklahoma StateW 41-31

Year-by-year record[edit]

YearCoachOverallConferenceStandingBowl/playoffsCoaches#AP°
A. L. McRae (Independent) (1890–1890)
1890McRae2–1
Hal Reed (Independent) (1891–1891)
1891Reed3–1
E.H. Jones (WIUFA) (1892–1892)
1892Jones1–2
H.L. Robinson (WIUFA) (1893–1894)
1893Robinson4–3
1894Robinson4–3
Pop Bliss (WIUFA) (1895–1895)
1895Bliss7–1
Frank H. Patterson (WIUFA) (1896–1896)
1896Patterson7–5
Charles Young (WIUFA) (1897–1897)
1897Young5–6
David Fultz (Independent) (1898–1899)
1898Fultz1–4–1
1899Fultz9–2
Fred Murphy (Independent) (1900–1901)
1900Murphy4–4–1
1901Murphy2–6–1
Pat O'Dea (Independent) (1902–1902)
1902O'Dea5–3
John McLean (Independent) (1903–1905)
1903McLean1–7–1
1904McLean3–6
1905McLean5–4
W.J. Monilaw (Independent) (1906–1906)
1906Monilaw5–2–1
W.J. Monilaw (Missouri Valley) (1907–1908)
1907Monilaw7–21–2
1908Monilaw6–22–2
Bill Roper (Missouri Valley) (1909–1909)
1909Roper7–0–14–0–1
Bill Hollenback (Missouri Valley) (1910–1910)
1910Hollenback4–2–22–1–1
Chester Brewer (Missouri Valley) (1911–1913)
1911Brewer2–4–20–2–2
1912Brewer5–32–3
1913Brewer7–14–0
Henry Schulte (Missouri Valley) (1914–1917)
1914Schulte5–34–1
1915Schulte2–5–11–3–1
1916Schulte6–1–13–1–1
1917Schulte3–52–4
No team (WWI) (1918–1918)
No coach (Missouri Valley) (1919–1919)
19195–1–24–0–1
John F. Miller/James Phelan (Missouri Valley) (1920–1920)
1920Miller/Phelan7–15–1
James Phelan (Missouri Valley) (1921–1921)
1921Phelan6–24–2
Thomas Kelly (Missouri Valley) (1922–1922)
1922Kelly5–34–3
Gwinn Henry (Missouri Valley) (1923–1927)
1923Henry2–3–31–3–2
1924Henry7–25–1L Christmas Festival
1925Henry6–1–15–1
1926Henry5–1–24–1
1927Henry7–25–1
Gwinn Henry (Big Six) (1928–1931)
1928Henry4–43–2
1929Henry5–2–13–1–1
1930Henry2–5–21–2–2
1931Henry2–81–4
Frank Carideo (Big Six) (1932–1934)
1932Carideo1–7–11–3–1
1933Carideo1–80–5
1934Carideo0–8–10–5
Don Faurot (Big Six) (1935–1942)
1935Faurot3–3–30–2–3
1936Faurot6–2–13–1–1
1937Faurot3–6–12–2–1
1938Faurot6–32–3
1939Faurot8–25–0L Orange6
1940Faurot6–33–2
1941Faurot8–25–0L Sugar7
1942Faurot8–3–14–0–1
Chauncey Simpson (Big Six) (1943–1945)
1943Simpson3–53–2
1944Simpson3–5–22–1–2
1945Simpson6–45–0L Cotton
Don Faurot (Big Six) (1946–1946)
1946Faurot5–4–13–2
Don Faurot (Big Seven) (1947–1956)
1947Faurot6–43–2
1948Faurot8–35–1L Gator
1949Faurot7–45–1L Gator20
1950Faurot4–5–13–2–1
1951Faurot2–81–5
1952Faurot5–55–1
1953Faurot6–44–2
1954Faurot4–5–13–2–1
1955Faurot1–91–5
1956Faurot4–5–13–2–1
Frank Broyles (Big Seven) (1957–1957)
1957Broyles5–4–13–3
Dan Devine (Big Eight) (1958–1970)
1958Devine5–4–14–1–1
1959Devine6–54–2L Orange2018
1960Devine10–116–1W Orange45
1961Devine7–2–15–21111
1962Devine8–1–25–1–1W Bluebonnet
1963Devine7–35–2
1964Devine6–3–14–2–1
1965Devine8–2–16–1W Sugar66
1966Devine6–3–14–2–1
1967Devine7–34–3
1968Devine8–35–2W Gator179
1969Devine9–26–1L Orange66
1970Devine5–63–4
Al Onofrio (Big Eight) (1971–1977)
1971Onofrio1–100–7
1972Onofrio6–63–4L Fiesta
1973Onofrio8–43–4W Sun17
1974Onofrio7–45–2
1975Onofrio6–53–4
1976Onofrio6–53–4
1977Onofrio4–73–4
Warren Powers (Big Eight) (1978–1984)
1978Powers8–44–3W Liberty1415
1979Powers7–53–4W Hall of Fame Classic20
1980Powers8–45–2L Liberty
1981Powers8–43–4W Tangerine2019
1982Powers5–4–22–3–2
1983Powers7–55–2L Holiday
1984Powers3–7–12–4–1
Woody Widenhofer (Big Eight) (1985–1988)
1985Widenhofer1–101–6
1986Widenhofer3–82–5
1987Widenhofer5–63–4
1988Widenhofer3–7–12–5
Bob Stull (Big Eight) (1989–1993)
1989Stull2–91–6
1990Stull4–72–5
1991Stull3–7–11–6
1992Stull3–82–5
1993Stull3–7–12–5
Larry Smith (Big Eight) (1994–1995)
1994Smith3–8–12–5
1995Smith3–81–6
Larry Smith (Big 12) (1996–2000)
1996Smith5–63–5
1997Smith7–55–3L Holiday2323
1998Smith8–45–3W Insight.com2521
1999Smith4–71–7
2000Smith3–82–6
Gary Pinkel (Big 12) (2001–2011)
2001Pinkel4–73–5
2002Pinkel5–72–6
2003Pinkel8–54–4L Independence
2004Pinkel5–63–5
2005Pinkel7–54–4W Independence
2006Pinkel8–54–4L Sun
2007Pinkel12–27–1W Cotton54
2008Pinkel10–45–3W Alamo1619
2009Pinkel8–54–4L Texas
2010Pinkel10–36–2L Insight1818
2011Pinkel8–55–4W Independence
Gary Pinkel (SEC) (2012–present)
2012Pinkel5–72–6
2013Pinkel12-27-11st (East)W Cotton55
2014Pinkel3-00-0
Total:647–532–52 (.549)
      National championship         Conference title         Conference division title
Indicates BCS bowl, Bowl Alliance or Bowl Coalition game. #Rankings from final Coaches' Poll.


[9]

[10]

[11]

11960 team lost to Kansas but was later awarded win by default due to an ineligible Kansas player, (Bert Coan).[12]

All-Time Record Versus (Current) Division 1 Opponents[edit]

(after game of Jan. 3, 2014)

SchoolRecordWin Percentage
Alabama2-20.500
Alabama-Birmingham (UAB)1-01.000
Arizona3-01.000
Arizona State4-30.571
Arkansas3-20.600
Arkansas State3-01.000
Auburn1-10.500
Ball State3-01.000
Baylor10-40.714
Bowling Green2-30.400
Brigham Young (BYU)0-10.000
Buffalo1-01.000
California2-4-10.357
California-Los Angeles (UCLA)0-2-10.167
Central Florida (UCF)1-01.000
Clemson1-30.250
Colorado41-31-30.567
Colorado State1-10.500
Drake14-40.778
Duke1-01.000
East Carolina1-10.500
Eastern Illinois1-01.000
Eastern Michigan1-01.000
Florida2-10.667
Fordham0-30.000
Furman1-01.000
Georgia1-20.333
Georgia Tech1-10.500
Hawaii0-0-10.500
Houston1-10.500
Idaho2-01.000
Illinois17-70.708
Illinois State1-01.000
Indiana3-6-20.364
Iowa7-60.538
Iowa State61-34-90.630
Kansas57-54-9.513
Kansas State60-32-50.644
Kentucky3-20.600
Louisiana-Monroe1-01.000
Louisiana State (LSU)1-01.000
Louisville1-01.000
Marshall1-01.000
Maryland0-60.000
McNeese State1-01.000
Memphis2-10.667
Miami, FL0-3.000
Miami, OH2-01.000
Michigan2-20.500
Michigan State3-50.375
Middle Tennessee State1-01.000
Minnesota4-3-10.571
Mississippi (Ole Miss)6-10.857
Mississippi State2-01.000
Missouri State1-01.000
Murray State2-01.000
Nebraska36-65-30.361
Nevada2-01.000
New Mexico2-10.667
North Carolina3-01.000
North Dakota State1-01.000
North Texas1-01.000
Northwestern5-40.556
Northwestern State1-01.000
Notre Dame2-20.500
Ohio1-01.000
Ohio State1-10-10.125
Oklahoma24-67-50.276
Oklahoma State29-230.557
Oregon1-01.000
Oregon State0-20.000
Pennsylvania (Penn) State1-30.250
Pittsburgh0-10.000
Purdue2-60.250
Rice1-01.000
San Diego State3-01.000
South Carolina2-20.500
Southeast Missouri State2-01.000
Southeastern Louisiana1-01.000
Southern California (USC)1-20.333
Southern Methodist (SMU)8-13-20.391
Southern Mississippi1-01.000
Stanford0-10.000
Syracuse0-30.000
Temple0-10.000
Tennessee2-01.000
Texas6-170.261
Texas A&M6-80.429
Texas Christian1-10.500
Texas State1-01.000
Texas Tech6-30.667
Toledo1-01.000
Troy2-10.667
Tulane0-0-20.500
Tulsa1-10.500
U.S.A.F.A. (Air Force)4-20.667
U.S.M.A. (Army)3-10.750
U.S.N.A. (Navy)2-10.667
Utah1-10.500
Utah State4-01.000
Vanderbilt3-2-10.583
Virginia1-01.000
Washington State1-01.000
West Virginia3-20.600
Western Illinois2-01.000
Western Michigan2-01.000
Wisconsin1-40.200
Total Division I529-481-460.523

Current coaching staff[edit]

NamePosition
Gary PinkelHead Coach
Dave SteckelAssociate Head Coach/Defensive Coordinator/Linebackers Coach
Andy HillAssociate Head Coach/Quarterbacks Coach
Josh HensonOffensive Coordinator
Pat WashingtonReceivers Coach
Cornell FordCornerbacks Coach
Brian JonesRunning Backs Coach
Craig KuligowskiDefensive Line Coach
Alex GrinchSafeties Coach
A.J. RickerOffensive Line Coach[13]

Recruiting[edit]

Scout.com and Rivals.com National Recruiting Class Rankings for the Missouri Tigers since 2002:

Year
of class
Scout.com
ranking
Rivals.com
ranking
Number
of commits
Top
Commit
2014323429Andy Bauer
2013364122Josh Augusta
2012343120Dorial Green-Beckham
2011474817Sheldon Richardson
2010272123Nick Demien
2009384025Blaine Dalton
2008312523Blaine Gabbert
2007393326Michael Keck
2006584721J.P. Tillman
2005373923Chase Coffman
2004364627Chase Patton
2003522824Damien Nash
2002572914Mario Whitney

Award winners[edit]

Don Faurot - 1964
Warren Powers - 1978
Brock Olivo - 1997
Chase Coffman - 2008

Player accomplishments[edit]

All-American (33)[edit]

Retired jerseys[edit]

Missouri players in the NFL[edit]

Present[edit]

Former[edit]

College Football Hall of Fame[edit]

Missouri boasts 12 inductees into the College Football Hall of Fame:

Pro Football Hall of Fame[edit]

Two Missouri players have been enshrined in the Pro Football Hall of Fame:

Nickname[edit]

The nickname "Tigers," given to Mizzou's athletic teams, traces its origin to the Civil War period. At that time, plundering guerilla bands habitually raided small towns, and Columbia people constantly feared an attack. Such organizations as temporary "home guards" and vigilance companies banded together to fight off any possible forays.

The town's preparedness discouraged any guerilla activity and the protecting organization began to disband in 1864. However, it was rumored that a guerilla band, led by the notorious Bill Anderson, intended to sack the town. Quickly organized was an armed guard of Columbia citizens, who built a blockhouse and fortified the old courthouse in the center of town. This company was called "The Missouri Tigers." The marauders never came. The reputation of the intrepid "Tigers" presumably traveled abroad, and Anderson's gang detoured around Columbia.[17]

The Tigers militia unit was commanded by James Rollins, upon whom the MU’s Board of Curators later bestowed the title of “Pater Universitatis Missouriensis” (Father of the University of Missouri) in recognition of his “great efforts to promote the posterity, usefulness, and success” of the University.[18]

When the MU football team was first formed in 1890, at a mass meeting of students and interested citizens held to perfect the organization of the team, “Tigers” was unanimously selected as the team name, in recognition of Rollins and the town's civil war defenders.[19][20]

Mascot[edit]

Truman the Tiger was introduced as the school's mascot against the Utah State Aggies in 1986, receiving his name from former president Harry S Truman. Truman has been named the "Nation's Best Mascot" three times since 1986, most recently in 2004.[by whom?]

Homecoming[edit]

See 1911 Kansas vs. Missouri football game

The NCAA[21] as well as Jeopardy! and Trivial Pursuit[22] recognize the University of Missouri as the birthplace of Homecoming, an event which became a national tradition in college football. The history of the University of Missouri Homecoming can be traced back to the 1911 Kansas vs. Missouri football game, when the Missouri Tigers faced off against the Kansas Jayhawks in the first installment of the Border War rivalry series. Missouri's last Homecoming game was on October 26, 2013 and they faced the University of South Carolina Gamecocks. Missouri lost that game 27-24 in overtime after a botched field goal attempt.[23][24]

Future opponents[edit]

Inta-division opponents[edit]

Missouri plays the other six SEC East opponents once per season.[25]

Even Numbered YearsOdd Number Years
at Tennesseevs Tennessee
vs Georgiaat Georgia
at Floridavs Florida
vs Vanderbiltat Vanderbilt
at South Carolinavs South Carolina
vs Kentuckyat Kentucky

Non-division opponents[edit]

Missouri plays Arkansas as a permanent non-division opponent annually and rotates around the West division among the other six schools.[25]

20152016201720182019202020212022202320242025
at Arkansasvs Arkansasat Arkansasvs Arkansasat Arkansasvs Arkansasat Arkansasvs Arkansasat Arkansasvs Arkansasat Arkansas
vs Mississippi Stateat LSUvs Auburnat Alabamavs Ole Missat Mississippi Statevs Texas A&Mat Auburnvs LSUat Ole Missvs Alabama

Non-conference opponents[edit]

201520162017201820192020
vs Southeast Missouri State
Sept. 5th
vs Purdue
Sept. 16th
vs Wyoming
Sept. 8th
at Wyoming
Aug. 31st
at Memphis
at Arkansas State
Sept. 12th
at Connecticut
Sept. 23rd
at Purdue
Sept. 15th
vs Memphis
Oct. 19th
vs Connecticut
Sept. 19th

[26]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.secdigitalnetwork.com/NEWS/tabid/473/Article/229185/university-of-missouri-to-join-southeastern-conference.aspx University Of Missouri To Join Southeastern Conference
  2. ^ College football national championships in NCAA Division I FBS#Yearly national championship selections from major selectors NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records
  3. ^ http://www.kansascity.com/2013/12/01/4661805/mu-notebook-pinkel-matches-faurot.html Gary Pinkel matches Don Faurot for most wins at Mizzou
  4. ^ "Missouri Tigers' move to SEC official, but Big 12 hurdles remain - ESPN". Espn.go.com. 2011-11-07. Retrieved 2011-12-05. 
  5. ^ "Missouri Composite Championship Listing". 
  6. ^ a b 2012 NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records. Indianapolis, IN: The National Collegiate Athletic Association. August 2012. pp. 69–78. Retrieved 2012-09-04. 
  7. ^ a b Amy Daughters (2011-05-04). "College Football: The Top 25 Schools That Have Never Won a National Championship". Bleacher Report. 
  8. ^ "Missouri Bowl History". 
  9. ^ "2013 Mizzou Football Records Book ('Season-by-Season Records')" (PDF). University of Missouri. pp. 33–36. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  10. ^ CFRC College Football College Football Database - Missouri. Retrieved 2013-Nov-24.
  11. ^ NationalChamps.net - Missouri. Retrieved 2013-Nov-24.
  12. ^ Pieringer, Dan. "(6) Missouri vs. Kansas St.". STATS. Yahoo! Sports featuring rivals.com. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 
  13. ^ http://www.mutigers.com/sports/m-footbl/spec-rel/071414aab.html
  14. ^ a b SI.com's 2009 All-Americans
  15. ^ MU's Egnew is AP first-team All-American AP-St. Louis Post-Dispatch Dec. 15, 2010
  16. ^ MIZZOU DE MICHAEL SAM NAMED FIRST-TEAM ALL-AMERICAN BY WALTER CAMP garypinkel.com Dec. 12, 2013
  17. ^ "Missouri Tigers Football History - College Football". Collegefootballhistory.com. Retrieved 2011-12-05. 
  18. ^ Smith, William Benjamin. James Sidney Rollins, Memoir. New York: De Vinne Press, 1891. Page 49.
  19. ^ The Missouri Alumnus. “Why M. U. Athletes are Called ‘Tigers”. Volume V, No. 11, pp. 189-190. March 2, 1917.
  20. ^ Piontek, Keith. "MU and the 'Tigers' Moniker." Rock M Nation website. February 2, 2010. http://www.rockmnation.com/2010/2/1/1287299/mu-and-the-tigers-moniker
  21. ^ "U celebrates Homecoming Week 2004 : UMNews : University of Minnesota". .umn.edu. Retrieved 2011-12-05. 
  22. ^ "The History of Homecoming". Active.com. Retrieved 2011-12-05. 
  23. ^ By Chrös Mcdougall And Blaine Grider. "Tradition's beginnings mysterious". Columbia Missourian. Retrieved 2011-12-05. 
  24. ^ Director of Digital Media, Eric J Eckert; eric.eckert@yorknewstimes.com (2011-09-23). "> Archives > Editorials > Vincent's Views". York News-Times. Retrieved 2011-12-05. 
  25. ^ a b "Missouri Tigers Schedule". espn.go.com. Retrieved 2014-09-28. 
  26. ^ "Missouri Tigers Football Schedules and Future Schedules". fbschedules.com. Retrieved 2014-06-01.