"Mississippi Queen" is a song by the American rock band Mountain. Considered a rock classic, it was their most successful single, reaching #21 in the Billboard Hot 100 record chart in 1970. "Mississippi Queen" was also a hit for Ozzy Osbourne in 2005 and has appeared in several soundtracks.
"Mississippi Queen" was recorded during the sessions for Mountain's 1970 debut album Climbing!. According to drummer Corky Laing, he had developed some of the lyrics and the drum part prior to his joining the band. Later, when guitarist Leslie West was looking for lyrics for a guitar part he had written, Laing pulled out "The Queen" and the two worked out the song together. When the group proceeded to record "Mississippi Queen", bassist and producer Felix Pappalardi insisted on numerous takes. Growing weary, Laing started using the cowbell to count off the song. Pappalardi liked it so much he left it in the mix, creating the instantly recognizable intro to the song. David Rea remembered it differently. As he recalled, it was written by himself and Corky Laing in a rehearsal studio in New York City, and the two of them worked on it together. Corky told him that he had already put the concept forward to Felix and Leslie and they had refused it, but Corky then took their new version to them and this time - after a few minor lyric changes and Leslie adding the signature lick - the song was accepted.
American industrial metal band Ministry recorded the song for their cover album Cover Up.
It was also the opening number for the Leighton Acres Orchestra in its first live concert and appeared as a special track on the Stephanie Wu: Live From Leighton Acres album. The band later utilized the number extensively on the Hotchkiss Vaportrail Tour, with Francine Haley replacing Thomas Leighton (who had other commitments and was unable to tour) on lead vocals.