Minister of National Defence (Canada)

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Minister of National Defence
Ministry
Federal

Rob Nicholson 2013 crop.jpg
Incumbent
Rob Nicholson
PC, QC, MP
since 15 July 2013
StyleThe Honourable
Appointed byGovernor General of Canada
First ministerGeorge Perry Graham
Formation1 January 1923
Term lengthAt Her Majesty's pleasure

Websitewww.forces.gc.ca
 
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Minister of National Defence
Ministry
Federal

Rob Nicholson 2013 crop.jpg
Incumbent
Rob Nicholson
PC, QC, MP
since 15 July 2013
StyleThe Honourable
Appointed byGovernor General of Canada
First ministerGeorge Perry Graham
Formation1 January 1923
Term lengthAt Her Majesty's pleasure

Websitewww.forces.gc.ca
Flag of Canada.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Canada

The Minister of National Defence (French: Ministre de la Défense nationale) is a Minister of the Crown and is the Canadian politician within the Cabinet of Canada responsible for the management and direction of all matters relating to the national defence of Canada and the Canadian Forces.[1] The Department of National Defence is headed by the Deputy Minister of National Defence, the Department’s senior civil servant, while the Canadian Forces are headed by the Chief of the Defence Staff, Canada’s senior serving officer.[2] Both are responsible to the Minister. Although the Governor General of Canada is the Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Forces, the minister is ultimately responsible for "the management and direction of the Canadian Forces", while all orders and instructions are issued by the Chief of the Defence Staff.[3] The Department of National Defence exists to aid the minister in carrying out his responsibilities, and acts as the civilian support system for the Canadian Forces.[4][5]

The current Minister of National Defence is The Honourable Rob Nicholson, who replaced Peter MacKay, one of Canada's longest serving Ministers of National Defence.

History[edit]

Historically, the position was pre-dated by the Minister of Militia and Defence. During World War II, the Minister of National Defence was assisted by two subordinate ministers, the Minister of National Defence for Air and Minister of National Defence for Naval Services. The portfolio was merged into a single ministry following the end of the war.

The Defence Portfolio[edit]

The Defence portfolio for the Minister of National Defence includes:[6]

The Minister of National Defence is also the designated Lead Minister for Search and Rescue (LMSAR) within the federal government.

Ministers[edit]

Key:

No.PortraitNameTerm of officePolitical partyMinistry
1George Perry Graham.jpgGeorge Perry GrahamJanuary 1, 1923April 27, 1923Liberal12 (King)
2Edward Mortimer Macdonald.jpgEdward Mortimer MacdonaldApril 28, 1923
(Acting until Aug.17)
June 28, 1926Liberal
3Hugh Guthrie.jpgHugh GuthrieJune 29, 1926
(Acting until Jul.13)
September 25, 1926Conservative (historical)13 (Meighen)
VACANTSeptember 25, 1926September 30, 192614 (King)
James Alexander Robb.jpgJames Robb
(Acting)
October 1, 1926October 7, 1926Liberal
4James Layton Ralston.jpgJames Ralston
(1st time)
October 8, 1926August 7, 1930Liberal
5No image.svgDonald Matheson SutherlandAugust 7, 1930November 16, 1934Conservative (historical)15 (Bennett)
6No image.svgGrote StirlingNovember 17, 1934October 23, 1935Conservative (historical)
7Ian Alastair Mackenzie.jpgIan Alistair MackenzieOctober 24, 1935September 18, 1939Liberal16 (King)
8Norman McLeod Rogers.jpgNorman McLeod RogersSeptember 19, 1939June 10, 1940Liberal
Charles G. Power.jpgCharles Power
(Acting)
June 11, 1940July 4, 1940Liberal
(4)James Layton Ralston.jpgJames Ralston
(2nd time)
July 5, 1940November 1, 1944Liberal
9LGen Andrew McNaughton, 1942 cropped.jpgAndrew McNaughtonNovember 2, 1944August 20, 1945Military
10Douglas Charles Abbott.jpgDouglas AbbottAugust 21, 1945December 9, 1946Liberal
11No image.svgBrooke ClaxtonDecember 10, 1946November 15, 1948Liberal
November 15, 1948June 30, 195417 (St. Laurent)
12No image.svgRalph CampneyJuly 1, 1954June 20, 1957Liberal
13GeorgePearkes.jpgGeorge PearkesJune 21, 1957October 10, 1960Progressive Conservative18 (Diefenbaker)
14No image.svgDouglas HarknessOctober 11, 1960February 3, 1963Progressive Conservative
VACANTFebruary 4, 1963February 11, 1963
15No image.svgGordon ChurchillFebruary 12, 1963April 21, 1963Progressive Conservative
16Paul Hellyer-c1969.jpgPaul HellyerApril 22, 1963September 18, 1967Liberal19 (Pearson)
17No image.svgLéo CadieuxSeptember 1967April 19, 1968Liberal
April 20, 1968September 16, 197020 (Trudeau)
No image.svgCharles Drury
(1st time; Acting)
September 17, 1970September 23, 1970Liberal
18No image.svgDonald MacdonaldSeptember 24, 1970January 27, 1972Liberal
19Edgar John Benson.jpgEdgar BensonJanuary 28, 1972August 31, 1972Liberal
No image.svgJean-Eudes Dubé
(Acting)
September 1, 1972September 6, 1972Liberal
No image.svgCharles Drury
(2nd time; Acting)
September 7, 1972November 26, 1972Liberal
20No image.svgJames RichardsonNovember 27, 1972October 12, 1976Liberal
21No image.svgBarney DansonOctober 13, 1976
(Acting until Nov.3)
June 3, 1979Liberal
22No image.svgAllan McKinnonJune 4, 1979March 2, 1980Progressive Conservative21 (Clark)
23No image.svgGilles LamontagneMarch 3, 1980August 11, 1983Liberal22 (Trudeau)
24No image.svgJean–Jacques BlaisAugust 12, 1983June 29, 1984Liberal
June 30, 1984September 16, 198423 (Turner)
25No image.svgRobert CoatesSeptember 17, 1984February 11, 1985Progressive Conservative24 (Mulroney)
26No image.svgErik NielsenFebruary 12, 1985
(Acting until Feb.26)
June 29, 1986Progressive Conservative
27No image.svgPerrin BeattyJune 30, 1986January 29, 1989Progressive Conservative
28Bill McKnight.jpgBill McKnightJanuary 30, 1989April 20, 1991Progressive Conservative
29No image.svgMarcel MasseApril 21, 1991January 3, 1993Progressive Conservative
30KimCampbell.jpgKim CampbellJanuary 4, 1993June 24, 1993Progressive Conservative
31No image.svgTom SiddonJune 25, 1993November 3, 1993Progressive Conservative25 (Campbell)
32No image.svgDavid CollenetteNovember 4, 1993October 4, 1996Liberal26 (Chrétien)
33No image.svgDoug YoungOctober 5, 1996June 10, 1997Liberal
34Art Eggleton 1.JPGArt EggletonJune 11, 1997June 25, 2002Liberal
35John McCallum.jpgJohn McCallumJune 26, 2002December 11, 2003Liberal
36No image.svgDavid PrattDecember 12, 2003July 19, 2004Liberal27 (Martin)
37Bill Graham by Rod Brito.jpgBill GrahamJuly 20, 2004February 5, 2006Liberal
38Gordon O'Connor with Robert Gates, Jan 23, 2007, cropped.jpgGordon O'ConnorFebruary 6, 2006August 14, 2007Conservative28 (Harper)
39Peter MacKay crop.JPGPeter MacKayAugust 14, 2007July 15, 2013Conservative
40Rob Nicholson infobox.jpgRob NicholsonJuly 15, 2013IncumbentConservative

Ministers with military experience[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Laws Defining Responsibilities and Authorities of National Defence". Department of National Defence. March 25, 2010. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 
  2. ^ "About DND - What is the relationship between DND and the Canadian Forces?". Department of National Defence. February 1, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 
  3. ^ National Defence Act. Ottawa: Her Majesty the Queen as represented by the Minister of Justice. 2011. pp. 8, 12. 
  4. ^ "FAQ - What is the relationship between DND and the CF?". Department of National Defence. February 13, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Civilians Supporting the Army". Department of National Defence. August 5, 2011. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 
  6. ^ "The Defence Portfolio". Department of National Defence. August 5, 2011. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 

External links[edit]