Minerva, Ohio

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Minerva, Ohio
—  Village  —
Market Street in Summer
Location of Minerva, Ohio
Coordinates: 40°43′44″N 81°6′7″W / 40.72889°N 81.10194°W / 40.72889; -81.10194Coordinates: 40°43′44″N 81°6′7″W / 40.72889°N 81.10194°W / 40.72889; -81.10194
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountiesStark, Carroll, Columbiana
Government
 • MayorJames B. Waller
Area
 • Total2.1 sq mi (5.5 km2)
 • Land2.1 sq mi (5.5 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation[1]1,056 ft (322 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total3,934
 • Density1,840.3/sq mi (710.5/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code44657
Area code(s)330, 234
FIPS code39-50834[2]
GNIS feature ID1056427[1]
Websitehttp://ci.minerva.oh.us/
 
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Minerva, Ohio
—  Village  —
Market Street in Summer
Location of Minerva, Ohio
Coordinates: 40°43′44″N 81°6′7″W / 40.72889°N 81.10194°W / 40.72889; -81.10194Coordinates: 40°43′44″N 81°6′7″W / 40.72889°N 81.10194°W / 40.72889; -81.10194
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountiesStark, Carroll, Columbiana
Government
 • MayorJames B. Waller
Area
 • Total2.1 sq mi (5.5 km2)
 • Land2.1 sq mi (5.5 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation[1]1,056 ft (322 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total3,934
 • Density1,840.3/sq mi (710.5/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code44657
Area code(s)330, 234
FIPS code39-50834[2]
GNIS feature ID1056427[1]
Websitehttp://ci.minerva.oh.us/

Minerva is a village in Carroll, Columbiana, and Stark counties in the U.S. state of Ohio. The population was 3,934 at the 2000 census.

The Carroll and Stark County portions of Minerva are part of the CantonMassillon Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the Columbiana County portion is part of the East LiverpoolSalem Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

The village of Minerva began when a surveyor named John Whitacre purchased 123 acres of land from Isaac Craig in 1818 for the construction of a log mill. The town, named for his niece, Minerva Ann Taylor born April 19, 1833, grew up around the mill. Minerva's first schoolhouse was built in 1846. In its early years the Sandy and Beaver Canal helped drive Minerva's economy, to be replaced in importance by the Pennsylvania Railroad in the 1840s. Minerva manufacturers Willard and Isaac Pennock patented the United States' first steel railroad car in the nineteenth century.[3]

Legend of the Lost French Gold

According to local legend, in the 1760s the French held possession of Fort Duquesne, which later became fort Pitt in Pittsburgh. George Washington was leading a company of 2000 British troupes from the east to attack the fort. The British held up at Turtle Creek for the night. Indian scouts reported to the French that an attack was coming. The French loaded one ton of gold which was to be the French payroll onto 10 pack horses and sent them west along the Great Trail. They were to head to Bolivar where there was a block house for shelter and provisions. That location later became the location of Fort Laurens. The British were successful in overthrowing the fort and learned of the escape with the gold. Four days out of Pittsburgh, the British were catching up to the French, so the French buried the gold to avoid it getting into British hands. It was reportedly buried at the fork of 3 springs. One mile to the west of that location a rock was placed in the fork of a tree. Over the years, many have tried to locate the supposedly buried treasure, to this day it has not been found.

Geography

Minerva is located at 40°43′44″N 81°6′7″W / 40.72889°N 81.10194°W / 40.72889; -81.10194 (40.728830, -81.102073),[4] along Sandy Creek.[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.1 square miles (5.5 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 3,934 people, 1,603 households, and 1,082 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,840.3 people per square mile (709.8/km²). There were 1,718 housing units at an average density of 803.7 per square mile (310.0/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 99.03% White, 0.05% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.05% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.48% of the population.

There were 1,603 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the village the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $33,468, and the median income for a family was $39,669. Males had a median income of $30,477 versus $21,156 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,853. About 6.3% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Historical populations
CensusPop.
1870210
18901,139
19001,2005.4%
19101,39616.3%
19202,26162.0%
19302,67518.3%
19402,9379.8%
19503,28011.7%
19603,83316.9%
19704,35913.7%
19904,318
20003,934−8.9%
20103,720−5.4%
[6]

Students attend the Minerva Local School District.

Notable natives and residents

References

  1. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Village of Minerva (2010). "Our History." Accessed 1 October 2010. http://ci.minerva.oh.us/
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ DeLorme (1991). Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-233-1.
  6. ^ census data: 1870 : 1870 page 24 , 1890,1900 : Hunt, William C. (1901). Population of the United States by states and territories, counties, and minor Civil Divisions, as returned at the Twelfth Census: 1900. United States Census Printing Office. p. 306. http://books.google.com/books?id=Pnk9AAAAYAAJ&pg=PA306.  , 1910, 1920, 1930 : 1930 page 40 , 1940, 1950 : 1950 page 26 , 1960, 1970 : 1970 page=144 , 1990 : 1990 , 2000 : 2000 , 2010 : http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_DP_DPDP1&prodType=table

External links