Milton Hershey School

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Milton Hershey School
Opening new doors for children in need
Location
Hershey, Pennsylvania
United States
Coordinates40°16′12″N 76°37′36″W / 40.27°N 76.62667°W / 40.27; -76.62667Coordinates: 40°16′12″N 76°37′36″W / 40.27°N 76.62667°W / 40.27; -76.62667
Information
TypePrivate boarding school
EstablishedNovember 15, 1909
PresidentDr. Anthony J. Colistra
PrincipalElementary Division: Carol Schilling

Middle Division: Deborah Brown
Senior Division: William Weber

Facultyapprox. 130
GradesPre-K-12
EnrollmentAdmission process
Number of students>1,800
Campus size2,640 acres
Campus typeRural
Color(s)Gold & Chocolate Brown
Athleticsfootball, soccer, track and field, cross country, baseball, softball, field hockey, swimming, diving, wrestling, cheerleading, basketball, hockey
AffiliationThe Hershey Company
InformationOffice of Communications:(717) 520-2200
Endowment>U.S. $7.8 Billion; provided by the Milton Hershey School Trust[1]
Website
 
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Milton Hershey School
Opening new doors for children in need
Location
Hershey, Pennsylvania
United States
Coordinates40°16′12″N 76°37′36″W / 40.27°N 76.62667°W / 40.27; -76.62667Coordinates: 40°16′12″N 76°37′36″W / 40.27°N 76.62667°W / 40.27; -76.62667
Information
TypePrivate boarding school
EstablishedNovember 15, 1909
PresidentDr. Anthony J. Colistra
PrincipalElementary Division: Carol Schilling

Middle Division: Deborah Brown
Senior Division: William Weber

Facultyapprox. 130
GradesPre-K-12
EnrollmentAdmission process
Number of students>1,800
Campus size2,640 acres
Campus typeRural
Color(s)Gold & Chocolate Brown
Athleticsfootball, soccer, track and field, cross country, baseball, softball, field hockey, swimming, diving, wrestling, cheerleading, basketball, hockey
AffiliationThe Hershey Company
InformationOffice of Communications:(717) 520-2200
Endowment>U.S. $7.8 Billion; provided by the Milton Hershey School Trust[1]
Website

The Milton Hershey School is a private philanthropic (pre-K through 12) boarding school in Hershey, Pennsylvania. Originally named the Hershey Industrial School, the institution was founded and funded by chocolate industrialist Milton Snavely Hershey and his wife, Catherine Sweeney Hershey. The school was originally established for impoverished, healthy, Caucasian, male orphans, while today it serves students of various backgrounds. The Milton Hershey School Trust, which funds the school, owns controlling interest in The Hershey Company and owns the Hershey Entertainment and Resorts Company (HERCO) which oversees many of the area hotels along with a theme park called Hersheypark. With over six billion dollars in assets, the Milton Hershey School is one of the wealthiest schools in the world. The school is overseen by a Board of Managers.

The school currently serves 1,818 students,[2] and plans to grow to 2,100 students by 2013.[citation needed] A member of CORE: Coalition for Residential Education, it is the largest residential education program in the US.

Contents

History of the school

“It was Kitty's idea,” Milton Hershey always said when he spoke of the Hershey Industrial School. “If we had helped a hundred children it would have all been worthwhile.”[3]

Fifteen years younger than her husband, Catherine Hershey developed an undiagnosable illness circa 1901, and was increasingly sickly for years.[4] Hershey’s father, Henry, had been highly intelligent, but not too realistic; his get-rich schemes never worked too well. Hershey did not cope well with the instability; he had attended seven different schools, yet never made it into the fifth grade,[5] so when Kitty was unable to bear children, the Hersheys decided to give needy kids the kind of upbringing he never had. Milton and Catherine Hershey established a home and a school for “poor, healthy white, male orphans between the ages of 8 through 18 years of age.”[3]

On November 15, 1909, Hershey signed over the 486-acre (1.97 km2) farm where he had been born, complete with livestock, to start the school. In 1910, Nelson (age 6), and his brother Irvin (age 4) were the first to arrive. Their father, who had worked as a polisher in a Mount Joy foundry, had died after a long illness, and their mother couldn’t support six children by taking in laundry. Their brother William, 2, was too young to be admitted for two more years. Another pair of brothers, sons of an Evangelical church’s pastor, arrived a few days later.[3] The first class consisted of 10 students,[6] and by 1914, there were 40 boys enrolled in the school.[3]

While Hershey consulted with experts on managing the school, he used three guiding principles to ensure the students had a good education, a sense of stability and security: every graduate should have a vocation, every student should learn love of God and man, and every student should benefit from wholesome responsibility. The vocational education program started with a woodworking shop, where the boys made their own beds and chests. Although Hershey was nonsectarian, claiming the "Silver Rule" as his religion, Sunday school was held regularly at the home. Starting in March 1929, the boys got the responsibility of doing daily chores in the dairy barns.[3]

After Kitty’s death in 1915,[4] Hershey gave his entire personal fortune - thousands of acres of land, and controlling interest in the company, worth US$60 million - to the school. He continued to be involved in the school’s operations until his death in 1945.[3]

The organizational papers were modified in 1933, allowing the school to accept older students, and again in 1951 to change the name of the school from the “Hershey Industrial School” to the “Milton Hershey School.” In 1968, the school was racially integrated, although it wasn’t until 1970 that the organizational papers allowed that, and another modification 1976 allowed female students, who started arriving in 1977.[3]

In 1989, the school stopped requiring students to milk cows twice daily, reflecting a changed focus from vocational to college preparatory education, but students were still required to perform chores.[3]

Students and student life

The Homestead

Admissions are based on five major admissions criteria: (1) Age, (2) Financial Need, (3) Social Need, (4) Potential To Learn, and (5) Geographic Preference.[7]

The school gives preference to students from Pennsylvania, and especially to students from Dauphin, Lancaster, and Lebanon counties.[7] Tri-county students account for 28% of the student body, with another 49% coming from elsewhere in Pennsylvania. The remaining 23% of the student body comes from 34 other states and from the District of Columbia.[2] In 1982, Milton Hershey School admitted its first international students, Ian and Edward Ritchie from Ottawa in Ontario, Canada.

As of 2009, the student population of the school is 1,818. Girls outnumber boys 945 to 873. The students are 46% Caucasian, 30% African American, 11% Hispanic, 1% Asian, less than 1% Native American and 12% other.[2] Approximately 47% of the students have siblings who also attend MHS.[8]

A married houseparent couple with child care experience provides full-time supervision for each residence, caring for 9 to 13 children of the same gender, and about the same age. A student will share his (or her) bedrooms with one or two other students.[8]

As of August 2007, all senior students will live in the Transitional Living program, which places 4 students in an apartment, five apartments in a building, and two coordinators to oversee their actions. The program exists as a college-prep movement, in response to polls of MHS alumni which showed that many alumni felt unprepared for college. The TL program is notably more relaxed than the student homes, with fewer restrictions and rules. TL students do, however, shop for their own food with a $70.00 budget per week. They are also expected to keep their apartments and rooms clean, as well as biweekly chores around the building. As of August 2006, only 40 seniors are in the program (20 boys and 20 girls). They were chosen via lottery.

Students are "plainly, neatly, and comfortably clothed, without distinctive dress".[7] Students wear a uniform of "coordinated clothing" to classes and other designated School functions. School policies say students may have a limited amount of approved leisure and dress wear, and if the student's family or sponsor cannot buy it, the school will.[9]

Each child is encouraged to explore belief in God and in prayer, although the school is non-sectarian.[7] By school policy, students are required to attend a weekly Judeo-Christian chapel service on Sunday mornings.[10]

Student homes, academic buildings, and other facilities are mostly located within rough walking distance of one another. The centerpiece of the campus is Founders Hall with an auditorium seating 2700.[11]

In September 2007, the School opened its Springboard Academy, a program geared toward new incoming sixth and seventh graders, to help with transition into the core program. In 2008, the program changed from sixth and seventh graders to eighth graders. Springboard Academy is housed on its own campus, where about 84 students live in cottage-like dormitories. This program features a non-traditional curriculum, where reading and math skills are taught in an experientially based setting.

Students are also encouraged to participate in activities such as visual and performing arts, athletics, student government association, mentoring/tutoring, and work-based learning.[12] The school has seen success in such activities such as track and field, boys' basketball, boys' wrestling, and field hockey. Its athletic teams participate interscholastically in District 3's Mid-Penn Conference.

The school is the nation's biggest and wealthiest boarding school for needy children, with $7.5 billion in assets for 1,850 students. Hershey spends about $110,000 a year per student, according to its nonprofit IRS tax filing, more than the nation's most expensive and elite prep schools.[13]

Violation of ADA

In December 2011, Milton Hershey School found itself in the midst of controversy after an HIV positive student was denied admission. In a lawsuit filed against the school on behalf of the unnamed boy, the AIDS Law Project of Pennsylvania claimed the school violated the Americans with Disabilities Act. School officials said that the boy was denied admission to protect other students. The school later apologized and offered the boy admission to the school, which he declined.[14]

Notable alumni

References

  1. ^ [1], retrieved on Jan 25, 2008
  2. ^ a b c Student Body Statistics, September 2007
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Hershey Chronicle, May 27, 1999 Milton Hershey School, retrieved September 22, 2006
  4. ^ a b Catherine Sweeney Hershey, retrieved September 22, 1006
  5. ^ Hershey History, retrieved September 22, 2006
  6. ^ Admissions FAQ, retrieved September 22, 2006
  7. ^ a b c d Second Restated Deed of Trust (1976), retrieved September 22, 2006
  8. ^ a b About, retrieved September 22, 2006
  9. ^ Dress Code, retrieved September 22, 2006
  10. ^ Religious programs, retrieved September 22, 2006
  11. ^ Founder's Hall, retrieved September 22, 2006
  12. ^ www.mhs-pa.org
  13. ^ Fernandez, Bob (30 October 2011), How child-porn case led to Hershey School, Philadelphia Inquirer
  14. ^ The Milton Hershey School apologizes to HIV-positive student August 08, 2012, Kathy Boccella, Philadelphia Inquirer
  15. ^ Suwannee Democrat
  16. ^ "A Storyteller with Purpose". Alumni profile. The Hershey Legacy. Summer 2006. p. 6. http://www.thehersheylegacy.com/assets/Trymaine_Lee_2.pdf. Retrieved 29 June 2012.

External links