Military awards and decorations of the United Kingdom

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Awards and decorations of the British Armed Forces are military orders, decorations and medals which recognize service and personal accomplishments while a member of the Royal Navy, British Army or Royal Air Force. Together with rank and qualification badges, such awards are a means to outwardly display the highlights of a serviceman's career.

Order of wear[edit]

All services use a common order of wear, the following general rules apply:[1]

  1. The Victoria Cross and the George Cross
  2. United Kingdom Orders
  3. United Kingdom Decorations
  4. Order of St John (all classes)
  5. United Kingdom Medals for Gallantry and for Distinguished Service
  6. United Kingdom Operational Service Medals (including authorised United Nations Medals and Medals of other recognised International Organisations). Worn in order of date of award
  7. United Kingdom Polar Medals
  8. United Kingdom Police Medals for Valuable Service
  9. United Kingdom Jubilee, Coronation and Durbar Medals
  10. Long Service and Efficiency Awards
  11. Commonwealth Orders, Decorations and Medals instituted by the Sovereign. Worn in order of date of award.
  12. Commonwealth Orders, Decorations and Medals instituted since 1949 otherwise than by the Sovereign (including those of the States of Malaysia and the State of Brunei). Worn in order of date of award.
  13. Foreign Orders. If approved for wear, worn in order of date of award.
  14. Foreign Decorations. If approved for wear, worn in order of date of award.
  15. Foreign Medals. If approved for wear, worn in order of date of award.

British military medals and ribbons[edit]

Military orders and decorations[edit]

EmblemDescriptionPostnomEstablishedEligibility Period [1]Remarks
Level 1 Decorations
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textVictoria CrossVC5 Feb 1856[2]Jan 1856 – present
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textGeorge CrossGC24 Sep 1940[3]1940 – present
Orders – First Class
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textKnight/Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
(Military Division)
GCB(Mil)27 May 1725[4][5]27 May 1725 – present[4][5]Prior to 2 Jan 1815, this grade was known as a Knight Companion of the Order of the Bath.[4][5]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textOrder of Merit
(Military Division)
OM(Mil)23 Jun 1902[6]23 Jun 1902 – present[6]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textKnight/Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
(Military Division)
GBE(Mil)24 Aug 1917[7][8]4 Jun 1917 – present[7][8]
Orders – Second Class
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textKnight/Dame Commander of the Order of the Bath
(Military Division)
KCB(Mil)
DCB(Mil)
2 Jan 1815[4][5]2 Jan 1815 – present[4][5]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textKnight/Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire
(Military Division)
KBE(Mil)
DBE(Mil)
24 Aug 1917[7][8]4 Jun 1917 – present[7][8]
Orders – Third Class
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textCompanion of the Order of the Bath
(Military Division)
CB(Mil)2 Jan 1815[4][5]1815 – present[4][5]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textCommander of the Order of the British Empire
(Military Division)
CBE(Mil)24 Aug 1917[7][8]4 Jun 1917 – present[7][8]
Level 2A Decoration (Order)
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textDistinguished Service OrderDSO09 Nov 1886[9]1885 – present[10]From Oct 1993 awarded for leadership only. Replaced for gallantry in Oct 1993 by the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross.[9]
Orders – Fourth Class
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textOfficer of the Order of the British Empire
(Military Division)
OBE(Mil)24 Aug 1917[7][8]4 Jun 1917 – present[7][8]
Orders – Fifth Class
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textMember of the Order of the British Empire
(Military Division)
MBE(Mil)24 Aug 1917[7][8]4 Jun 1917 – present[7][8]
Level 2A Indian Order (Decoration)
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textIndian Order of Merit (1st Class)
(Military Division)
IOM(Mil)1837–1911Replaced by the VC in 1911.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textIndian Order of Merit (2nd Class)
(Military Division)
IOM(Mil)1837–1947
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textIndian Order of Merit (3rd Class)
(Military Division)
IOM(Mil)1837–1947
Level 2A Decorations
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textConspicuous Gallantry CrossCGCOctober 19931993 – present
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textRoyal Red Cross (Class I)RRC27 April 18831883 – present
Level 3A Decorations
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textDistinguished Service CrossDSCJune 19011901 – present
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textMilitary CrossMCDec 1914[11]1914 – present
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textDistinguished Flying CrossDFCJune 19181918 – present
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textAir Force CrossAFC3 Jun 1918[12]1918 – present
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textRoyal Red Cross (Class II)ARRC27 April 18831917 – present
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textOrder of British India (First Class)OBI1837–1947
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textOrder of British India (Second Class)OBI1837–1947
Level 2B Medals
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textDistinguished Conduct MedalDCM18541854–1993
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textConspicuous Gallantry MedalCGM1874–1993
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textConspicuous Gallantry Medal (Flying)CGM18741874–1993
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textGeorge MedalGMSeptember 19401940 – present
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textRoyal West African Frontier Force Distinguished Conduct Medal19071907–1942
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textKing's African Rifles Distinguished Conduct Medal19071907–1942
Level 3B Medals
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textIndian Distinguished Service MedalIDSMJune 19071907–1947
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textDistinguished Service MedalDSMOctober 19141914–1993
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textMilitary MedalMM25 March 19161916–1993
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textDistinguished Flying MedalDFMJune 19181918–1993
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textAir Force MedalAFM3 June 19181918–1993
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textMedal for Saving Life at SeaSGM10 August 18541854 – present
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textBurma Gallantry MedalBGM10 May 1940[13]1940–1948
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textQueen's Gallantry MedalQGM20 June 19741974 – present
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textBritish Empire Medal
(Military Division)
BEM(Mil)24 Aug 1917[7][8]04 Jun 1917[7] – 1993[8]
2012–Present
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textQueen's Volunteer Reserves MedalQVRM19991999 – present
Level 4 Commendations
Mentioned in DespatchesNil19201914 – present
King's/Queen's Commendation for Brave ConductNil1939–1994
King's/Queen's Commendation for Valuable Service in the AirNil1939–1994
Queen's Commendation for BraveryNil1994 – present
Queen's Commendation for Bravery in the AirNil1994 – present
Queen's Commendation for Valuable ServiceNil1993 – present

Note [1] Eligibility period start dates reflect respective establishment dates, except where available evidence indicates otherwise.

Military campaign medals[edit]

EmblemDescriptionEstablishedEligibility PeriodRemarks
18th Century Campaign Medals
Yellow CordMorighyr Mutiny Medal17661766[14]HEIC Issue.[C 1]
Yellow CordDecan Medal17841778–1784HEIC Issue. Awarded in gold to Subadars, silver gilt to Jemadars and other native officers, and silver to 'native' non-commissioned officers and soldiers.[14]
Yellow CordMysore Medal1 Apr 17931790–1792HEIC Issue. Awarded in gold to Subadars, silver gilt to Jemadars and Serrangs, and silver to 'native' non-commissioned officers and soldiers.[14]
19th Century Campaign Medals
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textSiege of Seringapatam Medal1801March 1799 – 8 May 1799HEIC Issue. Awarded in gold, silver gilt, silver, bronze and tin dependent upon rank and position to both British subjects and 'native' soldiers. Authorised for British Army wear on 29 Aug 1815. Several other ribbons were worn unofficially.[14]
Yellow CordMedal for Egypt 180131 Jul 180208 Mar 1801 – 31 Aug 1801HEIC Issue. Awarded in gold to senior officers, and silver to all others eligible.[14]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textArmy Gold Medal18061808–1814Issued with battle/action claps where appropriate.[15]
Yellow CordCapture of Ceylon Medal15 May 18071795–1796HEIC Issue. Awarded in gold to 'native' officers, and silver to 'native' non-commissioned officers and soldiers.[14]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textArmy Gold Cross18101808–1814Issued with battle/action clasps where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textWaterloo Medal181616 Jun 1815 – 18 Jun 1815
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textGhuznee Medal183921 Jul 1839 – 23 Jul 1839HEIC Issue.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textCandahar, Ghuznee, Cabul Medal18421839–1842HEIC Issue.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textJellalabad Medals1842HEIC Issue.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textMedal for the Defence of Kelat-I-Ghilzie1842HEIC Issue.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textChina War Medal (1842)18435 Jul 1840 – 29 Aug 1842Issued with clasps for Second China War where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textScinde Medal22 Sep 18431842–1843HEIC Issue. Issued in one of three types: "Meeanee 1843", "Hyderabad 1843" and "Meeanee/Hyderabad 1843".
See BelowGwalior Star1843HEIC Issue, issued for the Battle of Gwalior, which was fought at Maharajpur and Panihaar. Medals indicated in central disc of star the battleground for which it was issued[16]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textMaharajpoor Star184329 Dec 1843HEIC Issue.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textPunniar Star184329 Dec 1843HEIC Issue.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textSutlej Medal17 Apr 18467 Sep 1845 – 14 Mar 1849HEIC Issue. Issued with battle/action clasps where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textNaval General Service Medal18471793–1840Always issued with battle/action clasps.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textMilitary General Service Medal1 Jun 18471793–1814Always issued with battle/action clasps.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textPunjab Medal2 Apr 18497 Sep 1848 – 14 Mar 1849HEIC Issue. Issued with battle/action clasps where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textArmy of India Medal21 Mar 18511803–1826HEIC Issue. Always issued with battle/action clasps.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textIndia General Service Medal (1854)11 Mar 18541852–1895Issued in silver. From 1885, issued in bronze to non-enlisted support personnel. Always issued with battle/action clasps.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textSouth Africa Medal (1854)18541834–1835
1846–1847
1850–1853
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textCrimean War Medal15 Dec 18541854–1856Issued with battle/action clasps where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textBaltic Medal23 Apr 18561854–1855
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textIndian Mutiny Medal18581857–1858HEIC Issue. Issued with battle/action clasps where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textSecond China War Medal6 Mar 18611856–1860Issued with battle/action clasps where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textNew Zealand Medal18691845–1848
1860–1866
Issued in bronze and silver.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textAbyssinian War Medal1869
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textCanada General Service Medal1866–1870
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textAshantee Medal1873–1874
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textSouth Africa Medal (1877)Aug 18801877–1879Issued with campaign clasp where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textAfghanistan Medal18811878–1880
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textKabul to Kandahar Star1880
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textEgypt Medal1882–1889
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textEast and West Africa Medal189213 Nov 1887 – 8 May 1900Issued in silver to officers and enlisted personnel and in bronze to non-enlisted support personnel. Issued with campaign and battle/action clasps where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textIndia General Service Medal (1895)1 Apr 18963 Mar 1895 – 10 Mar 1902Always issued with appropriate campaign clasps.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textAshanti Star1896
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textQueen's Sudan Medal1899
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textEast and Central Africa Medal189920 Jul 1897 – 2 May 1899Always issued with appropriate campaign clasps.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textQueen's South Africa MedalApr 190111 Oct 1899 – 31 May 1902Issued in silver to officers and enlisted personnel and in bronze to non-enlisted support personnel. Issued with appropriate battle or state clasps where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textQueen's Mediterranean Medal19021899–1902
20th Century Campaign Medals
Pre–World War
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textThird China War Medal19011900Issued in silver to officers and enlisted personnel and in bronze to non-enlisted support personnel. Issued with battle/action clasps where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textAshanti Medal1901
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textKing's South Africa Medal19021 Jan 1902 – 1 Jun 1902Issued with clasps South Africa 1901 and South Africa 1902 where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textAfrica General Service Medal1902 ? – 1962
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textTransport Medal1903For South Africa or China.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textTibet Medal1 Feb 190513 Dec 1903 – 23 Sep 1904Issued in silver to officers and enlisted personnel and in bronze to non-enlisted support personnel.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textIndia General Service Medal (1909)1 Jan 19091908–1935Issued in silver to officers and enlisted personnel and, during 1908–1912, in bronze to non-enlisted support personnel. Always issued with appropriate campaign clasps.
World War I
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent text1914 StarApr 19175 Aug 1914 – 22 Nov 1914Issued with clasp 5th Aug – 22nd Nov 1914 where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent text1914-15 StarDec 19185 Aug 1914 – 31 Dec 1915
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textBritish War Medal26 Jul 19195 Aug 1914 – 11 Nov 1918Issued in silver to officers and enlisted soldiers and in bronze to non-enlisted support personnel.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textVictory Medal1 Sep 19195 Aug 1914 – 11 Nov 1918
1919–1920
11 Nov 1918 – 30 Nov 1919
World War 1. Issued with MID oak leaf cluster where appropriate.
British Naval Mission to Russia
North Sea mine clearance
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textTerritorial Force War MedalApr 19204 Aug 1914 – 11 Nov 1918
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textMercantile Marine War Medal01 Sep 19194 Aug 1914 – 11 Nov 1918
Inter-World War
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textNaval General Service Medal (1915)6 Aug 19151909 – 23 Dec 1962Always issued with appropriate campaign clasps.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textGeneral Service Medal (1918)19 Jan 192312 Nov 1918 – 23 Dec 1962Always issued with appropriate campaign clasps.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textIndia General Service Medal (1936)3 Aug 19381936–1939Always issued with appropriate campaign clasps. Issued with MID oak leaf where appropriate.
World War II
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent text1939–45 Star19453 Sep 1939 – 2 Sep 1945Issued with clasps Battle of Britain or Bomber Command where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textAtlantic Star3 Sep 1939 – 8 May 1945Issued with clasps Air Crew Europe or France and Germany where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textAir Crew Europe Star3 Sep 1939 – 5 Jun 1944Issued with clasps Atlantic or France and Germany where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textAfrica Star10 Jun 1940 – 12 May 1943Issued with clasps 8th Army or 1st Army or North Africa 1942 – 43 where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textPacific Star8 Dec 1941 – 2 Sep 1945Issued with clasp Burma where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textBurma Star11 Dec 1941 – 2 Sep 1945Issued with clasp Pacific where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textItaly Star11 Jun 1943 – 8 May 1945
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textFrance and Germany Star6 Jun 1944 – 8 May 1945Issued with clasp Atlantic where appropriate.
Arctic Star bar.pngArctic Star3 Sept 1939 – 8 May 1945
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textDefence Medal16 Aug 19453 Sep 1939 – 2 Sep 1945Issued with KCBC silver oak leaf where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textWar Medal 1939–194516 Aug 19453 Sep 1939 – 2 Sep 1945Issued with MID bronze oak leaf or KCBC silver oak leaf where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textIndia Service Medal6 Jun 19463 Sep 1939 – 2 Sep 1945
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textCanadian Volunteer Service Medal22 Oct 19433 Sep 1939 – 1 Mar 1947Issued with Maple Leaf, Dieppe, or Hong Kong clasps where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textAfrica Service Medal23 Dec 19436 Sep 1939 – 2 Sep 1945Issued with KCSA (1939–45) bronze protea where appropriate.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textAustralia Service MedalNov 19493 Sep 1939 – 2 Sep 1945
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textNew Zealand War Service Medal30 Sep 1948[17]3 Sep 1939 – 2 Sep 1945
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textSouthern Rhodesia Medal for War Service
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textNewfoundland Volunteer War Service Medal17 Dec 19933 Sep 1939 – 2 Sep 1945
Post–World War
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textKorea MedalJul 19511 Jul 1950 – 27 Jul 1953
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textGeneral Service Medal (1962)06 Oct 196424 Dec 1962 – 31 Jul 2007[18]Always issued with appropriate campaign clasps. Replaced 1918 GSM.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textSouth Atlantic Medal19822 Apr 1982 – 12 Jul 1982[19]Issued with Rosette for service south of 35th Parallel where appropriate.[19]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textGulf Medal19922 Aug 1990 – 7 Mar 1991[19]Issued with clasp August 1990 or 6 Jan to 28 Feb 1991 where appropriate.[19]
21st Century Campaign Medals
See belowOperational Service Medal1 Jan 2000[20]See belowReplaced GSM 1962. Issued with a separate ribbon for each campaign.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textOSM Sierra Leone20025 May 2000 – 31 Jul 2002[20]Issued with Rosette for Op BARRAS or Op MAIDENLY where appropriate.[20]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textOSM Afghanistan200311 Sep 2001 – present[20]Issued with clasp Afghanistan where appropriate.[20]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textOSM Democratic Republic of Congo200514 Jun 2003 – 10 Sep 2003[20]Always issued with Clasp DROC.[20]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textIraq Medal23 Feb 200420 Jan 2003 – present[19]Issued with clasp 19 Mar to 28 Apr 2003 where appropriate.[19]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textIraq Reconstruction Service Medal26 Jun 200419 Mar 2003 – present

Notes:

Coronation and Jubilee medals[edit]

EmblemDescriptionEstablishedEligibility PeriodRemarks
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textQueen Victoria Golden Jubilee Medal1887Issued in Gold, Silver or Bronze
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textQueen Victoria Diamond Jubilee Medal1897Issued in Gold, Silver or Bronze
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textKing Edward VII Coronation Medal190226 Jun 1902
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textKing George V Coronation Medal191123 Jun 1911Civil/Military award
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textKing George V Coronation Medal191123 Jun 1911Police award
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textKing George V Silver Jubilee Medal19356 May 1935
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textKing George VI Coronation Medal193712 May 1937
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textQueen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal19532 Jun 1953
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textQueen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal19776 Feb 1977
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textQueen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal20026 Feb 2002
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textQueen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal20126 Feb 2012

Efficiency and long service decorations and medals[edit]

EmblemDescriptionPost
nom
Estab.Eligibility PeriodRemarks
Meritorious Service
See belowMeritorious Service Medal
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent text  Meritorious Service Medal1845 – presentArmy
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent text  Meritorious Service Medal (Royal Navy)19191928 – present
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent text  Meritorious Service Medal (Royal Marines)18491947 – present
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent text  Meritorious Service Medal (Royal Air Force)19181928 – present
Accumulated Campaign Service
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textAccumulated Campaign Service Medal19941969 – 2011Replaced with ACSM 11
Long Service and Good Conduct
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textMedal for Long Service and Good Conduct (Military)1830 – presentArmy
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textNaval Long Service and Good Conduct Medal1831 – present
Meritorious Service (resumed)
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textMedal for Meritorious Service (Royal Navy)MSM1918–1928
Long Service and Good Conduct (resumed)
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textIndian Long Service and Good Conduct MedalFor Europeans of the Indian Army.
Meritorious Service (resumed)
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textIndian Meritorious Service MedalFor Europeans of the Indian Army.
Royal Marines Meritorious Service Medal1849–1947
Royal Air Force Meritorious Service Medal1918–1928
Long Service and Good Conduct (resumed)
Royal Air Force Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.PNGRoyal Air Force Long Service and Good Conduct Medal1919 – present
Long service and good conduct ulster defense.pngMedal for Long Service and Good Conduct (Ulster Defence Regiment)
Permanent Overseas Forces Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.pngPermanent Overseas Forces Long Service and Good Conduct Medal19091919–1932
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textIndian Long Service and Good Conduct Medal (for the Indian Army)
RWAFF and KAR Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.pngRoyal West African Frontier Force Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
Royal Sierra Leone Military Forces Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
RWAFF and KAR Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.pngKing's African Rifles Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
Meritorious Service (resumed)
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textIndian Meritorious Service Medal (for the Indian Army)
Hong Kong Disciplined Services Medal.pngHong Kong Disciplined Services Medal
Part Time Forces Long Service
Army Emergency Reserve Decoration.pngArmy Emergency Reserve DecorationERD
Army Emergency Reserve Efficienct Medal.pngArmy Emergency Reserve Efficiency Medal
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textVolunteer Officers' DecorationVD1892–1907
Volunteer Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.pngVolunteer Long Service Medal
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textVolunteer Officers' Decoration (for India and the Colonies)VD
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textVolunteer Long Service Medal (for India and the Colonies)
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textColonial Auxiliary Forces Officers' DecorationVD
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textColonial Auxiliary Forces Long Service Medal
Marksmanship
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textMedal for Good Shooting (Naval)
Part Time Forces Long Service (resumed) [21]
Militia Long Service Medal.pngMilitia Long Service Medal
Imperial Yeomanry Long Service Medal.pngImperial Yeomanry Long Service Medal
See belowTerritorial DecorationTD
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent text  Territorial DecorationTD19081908–1999
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent text  Territorial Decoration(HAC)TD19081908–1999
Ceylon Armed Services Long Service Medal.pngCeylon Armed Services Long Service Medal19681968–1972
See belowEfficiency DecorationED
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent text  Efficiency DecorationED1930–1999
Efficiency Decoration (Territorial & Volunteer Reserve).png  Efficiency Decoration (Territorial & Volunteer Reserve)ED1930–1999
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent text  Efficiency Decoration(HAC)ED1930–1999
See belowEfficiency Medal
Territorial Efficiency Medal.PNG  Territorial Efficiency Medal
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent text  Efficiency Medal1930–1999
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent text  Efficiency Medal (Territorial & Volunteer Reserve)1930–1999
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent text  Efficiency Medal(HAC)1930–1999
The Special Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.PNGSpecial Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
Royal Naval Reserve Decoration.PNGDecoration for Officers of the Royal Naval ReserveRD1908–1999
Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Decoration.PNGDecoration for Officers of the Royal Naval Volunteer ReserveVRD
Royal Naval Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.PNGRoyal Naval Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.PNGRoyal Naval Volunteer Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
Royal Naval Auxiliary Sick Berth Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.PNGRoyal Naval Auxiliary Sick Berth Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
Royal Fleet Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.PNGRoyal Fleet Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.PNGRoyal Naval Wireless Auxiliary Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
The Royal Naval Auxiliary Service Long Service Medal.PNGRoyal Naval Auxiliary Service Long Service Medal
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textAir Efficiency AwardAE1942–1999Only award to officers entitles use of postnominal.
See belowVolunteer Reserves Service Medal
Volunteer Reserves Service Medal.png  Volunteer Reserves Service Medal1999 – present
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent text  Volunteer Reserves Service Medal(HAC)1999 – present
Ulster Defence Regiment Medal.pngUlster Defence Regiment MedalUDOnly award to officers entitles use of postnominal.
Northern Ireland Home Service Medal.pngNorthern Ireland Home Service Medal
Marksmanship (resumed)
Queens Medal for Champion Shots of the Royal Navy and Royal Marines.PNGQueen's Medal (for Champion Shots of the Royal Navy and Royal Marines)
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textQueen's Medal (for Champion Shots in the Military Forces)
Queens Medal for Champion Shots of the Royal Air Force.PNGQueen's Medal (for Champion Shots of the Air Forces)
Part Time Forces Long Service (resumed)
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textCadet Forces MedalFebruary 19501950 – present
Coast Guard Auxiliary Long Service.jpgCoastguard Auxiliary Service Long Service Medal
Special Constabulary Long Service Medal.pngSpecial Constabulary Long Service Medal
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textCanadian Forces DecorationCD1949 – present
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textRoyal Observer Corps Medal19501941–1995
Civil Defence Long Service Medal.pngCivil Defence Long Service Medal
Ambulance Service (Emergency Duties) Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.pngAmbulance Service (Emergency Duties) Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
Royal Fleet Auxiliary Service Ribbon.pngRoyal Fleet Auxiliary Service Medal
Voluntary Service Medals
Women's Royal Voluntary Service Medal.pngWomen's Royal Voluntary Service Medal
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textSouth African Medal for War Services19451939–1946

National independence medals[edit]

EmblemDescriptionEstab.Eligibility PeriodRemarks
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textRhodesia Medal19801 Dec 1979 – 20 Mar 1980[22]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnion of South Africa Commemoration Medal1910
Indian Independence Medal 1947.pngIndian Independence Medal1947
PakistanIndependenceMedalRibbon.jpgPakistan Medal
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textCeylon Armed Services Inauguration Medal19551949-51
Sierra leone independence medal.pngSierra Leone Independence Medal1961
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textJamaica Independence Medal
Nigeria Independence Medal.pngNigerian Independence Medal1960
Uganda independence medal.pngUganda Independence Medal1962
Malawi independence medal.pngMalawi Independence Medal1964
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textFiji Independence Medal1970
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textPapua New Guinea Independence Medal
Solomon islands indendence medal.pngSolomon Islands Independence Medal1978

Foreign and international[edit]

International campaign medals[edit]

Worn with other United Kingdom campaign medals in order of date of issue (except where noted otherwise).

EmblemDescriptionEligibility PeriodRemarks
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Service Medal for Korea27 Jun 1950 – 27 Jul 1955Established 12 Dec 1950
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Service Medal for ONUC10 Jul 1960 – 30 Jun 1964[23]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Service Medal for UNFICYP27 Mar 1964 – present[23]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Service Medal for UNTAG1 Apr 1989 – 31 Mar 1990[23]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Special Service Medal1989–1990[24]
3 Jul 1992 – 12 Jan 1996[24]
Apr 1991 – present[24]
For: Peshawar UNOCHA[24]
Sarajevo Airlift[24]
Iraq UNSCOM[24]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Service Medal for UNIKOM1 Apr 1991 – 6 Oct 2003[23]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Service Medal for MINURSO1 Apr 1991 – present[23]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textEuropean Community Monitor Mission Medal25 Jul 1991 – 30 Jun 1992[25]For service in the Former Yugoslavia.[25]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Service Medal for UNAMIC1 Oct 1991 – 31 Mar 1992[23]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Service Medal for UNPROFOR1 Mar 1992 – 31 Dec 1995[23]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Service Medal for UNTAC1 Apr 1992 – 30 Sep 1993[23]
NATO Medal Yugoslavia ribbon bar.svgNATO Former Republic of Yugoslavia Medal1 Jul 1992 – 31 Dec 2002[26]Issued with clasp Former Yugoslavia.[26]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textWestern European Union Mission Service Medal1 Jul 1992 – 31 Dec 1996[25]For Service in the Former Yugoslavia.[25]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Service Medal for UNOMIG23 Aug 1993 – present[23]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Service Medal for UNAMIR1 Oct 1993 – 31 Mar 1996[23]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Service Medal for UNAVEM III1 Feb 1995 – 1 Jun 1997[23]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Service Medal for UNTAESJan 1996 – Jan 1998[23]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Service Medal for UNOMSIL1 Jun 1998 – 30 Sep 1999[23]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textNATO Kosovo Medal13 Oct 1998 – 31 Dec 2002[26]Issued with clasp Kosovo.[26]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Service Medal for UNAMET7 Jun 1999 – 24 Oct 1999[23]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Service Medal for UNMIK10 Jun 1999 – present[23]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Service Medal for UNAMSIL1 Oct 1999 – present[23]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Service Medal for UNTAET25 Oct 1999 – present[23]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Service Medal for MONUC30 Nov 1999 – present[23]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnited Nations Service Medal for UNMEE15 Sep 2000 – present[23]
NATO Medal Macedonia ribbon bar.svgNATO Macedonia Medal1 Jun 2001 – 31 Dec 2002[26]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textNATO Non-Article 5 Medal for the Balkans1 Jan 2003 – 20 Dec 2004[26]
01 Jan 2003 – present[26]
01 Jan 2003 – 31 Mar 2003[26]
Issued with clasp Non Article 5 for: Balkans[26]
Kosovo[26]
Macedonia[26]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textEuropean Security and Defence Policy Service Medal - Op Althea2 Dec 2004–present[25]Issued with clasp Althea.[25]

Commonwealth orders[edit]

Worn after all United Kingdom awards (including international awards treated as United Kingdom awards). Honorary awards are worn before substantive awards.

Commonwealth decorations[edit]

Worn after all Commonwealth orders.

Commonwealth campaign and commemorative medals[edit]

Worn after all Commonwealth decorations.

EmblemDescriptionEstablishedEligibility PeriodRemarks
Brunei General Service Medal.pngBrunei General Service Medal12 Aug 1966 – present[27]Sultanate of Brunei. Seconded forces only.[27]
MYS Federation Active Service Medal.pngMalaya Active Service Medal31 Aug 1957 – 15 Sep 1963[27]Malaysia. Seconded forces only.[27]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textPingat Jasa MalaysiaMalaysia 200431 Aug 1957 - 31 Dec 1966Permission to wear as at 06 Nov 11.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textKenya Campaign Medal12 Dec 1963 – 30 Nov 1967[27]Kenya. Seconded forces only.[27]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textCampaign Medal1959[28][29]23 May 1965 – 30 Sep 1976[27]Oman. Seconded forces only. Referred to in JSP761 as Muscat/Oman Dhofar Campaign Medal.[27]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textMalaysia General Service Medal11 Aug 1966 – 31 Dec 1989[27]Malaysia. Seconded forces only.[27]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textUnitas Medal1 Jun 1994 – 26 Apr 2003[27]Republic of South Africa. BMATT personnel only.[27]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textInternational Force East Timor Medal25 Mar 2000[30]16 Sep 1999 – 10 Apr 2000[27]Australia[27]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textMalta George Cross Fiftieth Anniversary Medal1992[31]10 Jun 1940 – 8 Sep 1943[31]Malta. Not able to be worn whilst in Crown Service[32]

Foreign orders[edit]

Worn after all Commonwealth awards.

EmblemDescriptionEstablishedEligibility PeriodRemarks
altImperial Order of the Crescent17991799–1801Ottoman Empire. Knight First Class and Knight Second Class. Awarded to senior British officers during the Napoleonic wars.[14]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textChevalier Légion d’Honneur19 May 18021914–1918France. Surviving United Kingdom citizens who participated on French soil in the 1914–1918 War.[33]

Foreign decorations[edit]

Worn after all foreign orders.

Foreign campaign and commemorative medals[edit]

Worn after all foreign decorations.

EmblemDescriptionEstablishedEligibility PeriodRemarks
Turkish Crimea Medal Ribbon.PNGTurkish Crimea Medal21 Feb 1856[34]1854–1856[35]Ottoman Empire
Khedives Star.pngKhedive's Star1882–1891Khedivate of Egypt. Bronze star. Issued to all who were awarded the Egypt Medal.
Khedives Sudan Medal 1897.pngKhedive's Sudan Medal (1897)1896–1899Khedivate of Egypt.
Khedives Sudan Medal 1910.pngKhedive's Sudan Medal (1910)1910Khedivate of Egypt.
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textGeneral Service Medal1963[28][29]23 May 1965 – 30 Jun 1976[27]Sultanate of Oman. Issued with clasp Dhofar where applicable. Seconded forces only.[27]
Accession Medal (Oman).pngThe Accession Medal1970[28][29]23 Jul 1970[27]Sultanate of Oman. Seconded forces only.[27]
Peace Medal (Oman).pngThe Peace Medal1979[29]1 Jul 1976 – 17 Nov 1985[27]Sultanate of Oman. Seconded forces only.[27]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textEndurance Medal (Al-Sumood)1976[28][29]23 May 1965 – 02 Dec 1975[27]Seconded forces only. Referred to in JSP761 as the 'Muscat Victory Medal (As Sumood)'.[27]
40 years of victory rib.pngMedal for the 40th Anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War1985[36]1941–1945USSR. For Arctic convoy service. Also known as the Russian Convoy Medal 1941-1945 40th Anniversary Medal.[37]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent text30th Renaissance Medal2000[29]18 Nov 2000[27]Sultanate of Oman. Seconded forces only.[27]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent text35th Renaissance Medal2005[29]18 Nov 2005[22]Sultanate of Oman. Seconded forces only.[22]

Decorations and medals authorised for acceptance but not for official wear[edit]

Official permission has been granted for this medal to be accepted, but it is not authorised for wear.[26]

EmblemDescriptionEligibility PeriodRemarks
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textNATO Meritorious Service Medal2003 – present[26]Issued with clasp Meritorious.[26]

Campaign medals authorised for acceptance but not for official wear[edit]

Official permission has been granted for these medals to be accepted, but they are not authorised for wear.[25][26]

EmblemDescriptionEligibility PeriodRemarks
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textKuwait Liberation Medal17 Jan 1991 – 28 Feb 1991Saudi Arabia Established 1991
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textKuwait Liberation Medal2 Aug 1990 – 31 Aug 1993Kuwait Established 1994
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textNATO Article 5 Medal for Service on Op ACTIVE ENDEAVOUR26 Oct 2001 – present[26]Issued with clasp Article 5.[26]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textNATO Article 5 Medal for Service on Op EAGLE ASSIST16 May 2002 – present[26]Issued with clasp Article 5.[26]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textEuropean Security and Defence Policy Service Medal - Op Artemis14 Jun 2003 – 10 Dec 2003[25]Issued with clasp Artemis for service in the Congo.[25]

Campaign medals not authorised for acceptance or official wear[edit]

Official permission has been refused for these medals to be accepted and they are not authorised for wear.[26]

EmblemDescriptionEligibility PeriodRemarks
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textNATO Non-Article 5 Medal for Pakistan Earthquake Service8 Oct 2005 – 1 Feb 2006[26]Issued with clasp Pakistan.[26]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textNATO Non-Article 5 Medal for Service with ISAF1 Jun 2003 – present[26][38]Issued with clasp ISAF.[26]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textNATO Non-Article 5 Medal for NATO Training Mission (Iraq)18 Aug 2004 – present[26]Issued with clasp NTM-Iraq.[26]
Ribbon bar image refer to adjacent textNATO Non-Article 5 Medal for AMIS13 Jul 2005 – present[26]Issued with clasp AMIS.[26]

Devices[edit]

EmblemDescriptionRemarks
Image of silver rosette used on ribbon bars
RosetteRepresents the award of a bar to a decoration, or service in a specified zone of the area of operations when used on a campaign medal. They are worn when the ribbon only is worn. For selected campaign medals, they are also worn on the riband of the campaign medal (when worn with full or miniature medals) to indicate service in a specified zone.
Image of silver oak leaves used on ribbon bars
Crossed silver oakleavesFrom 14 January 1958, any individual made a member of the Order of the British Empire for gallantry (in the grades of Commander, Officer, Member), or awarded the British Empire Medal for gallantry, could wear an emblem of two crossed silver oak leaves on the same riband, ribbon or bow as the badge.[39]
Medal barA bar is worn on the riband of a decoration (when worn with full or miniature medals) to denote each additional award of the decoration. Bars are positioned with even spacing between the top and the bottom of the ribbon.
Medal claspWorn on the riband of campaign medals (when worn with full or miniature medals) to denote the particular campaign, battle, or region the recipient operated in to receive the award. Clasps are positioned at the bottom of the ribbon with successive clasps placed adjacent to each other (with a small gap). The earliest earned clasp is positioned at the bottom whilst the most recent is placed at the top.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Ministry of Defence, JSP761, Chapter 12, Annex A, 'London Gazette Guidance on the Order of Wear'
  2. ^ London Gazette, "Dates for the Introduction of Medals", p. 5.
  3. ^ London Gazette, "Dates for the Introduction of Medals", p. 3.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 20737. pp. 1947–1957. 1847-05-25. Retrieved 2010-06-14., Subjoined Statutes of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Duckers, Peter, British Orders and Decorations, pp. 21–24.
  6. ^ a b Martin, Stanley, The Order of Merit, p. 31.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 30250. pp. 7791–7999. 1917-08-24. Retrieved 2010-06-13., Statutes of the Order of the British Empire.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Duckers, Peter, British Orders and Decorations, pp. 30–32.
  9. ^ a b London Gazette, "Dates for the Introduction of Medals", p. 2.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 25650. pp. 5975–5976. 1886-11-26. Retrieved 2010-06-14., DSO Awards for the Battle of Ginnis and Third Anglo-Burmese War
  11. ^ London Gazette, "Dates for the Introduction of Medals", p. 4.
  12. ^ London Gazette, "Dates for the Introduction of Medals", p. 1.
  13. ^ Royal Warrant for the Burma Gallantry Medal, London Gazette, 4 September 1945, date accessed 2011-04-06.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g Steward, W. Augustus (1915). War Medals and Their History (Google Book). London: Stanley Paul and Company. pp. 9–17. ISBN 978-1-4086-9712-2. OCLC 459070961. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  15. ^ Steward, W. Augustus (1915). War Medals and Their History (Google Book). London: Stanley Paul and Company. pp. 25–26. ISBN 978-1-4086-9712-2. OCLC 459070961. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  16. ^ Gwailor Campaign Star (Maharajpoor), The Fitzwilliam Museum, accessed 3 January 2011.
  17. ^ Royal Warrant – New Zealand War Service Medal (accessed 2010-06-06)
  18. ^ Ministry of Defence, JSP761, Chapter 8, Annex A, para 3, 'General Service Medal 1962'
  19. ^ a b c d e f Ministry of Defence, JSP761, Chapter 8, Annex A, para 1, 'Medals for Individual Campaigns or Operations'
  20. ^ a b c d e f g Ministry of Defence, JSP761, Chapter 8, Annex A, para 2, 'Operational Service Medal'
  21. ^ http://www.remuseum.org.uk/articles/medal_Aug07.pdf
  22. ^ a b c Ministry of Defence, JSP761, Chapter 12, Annex B, 'Wearing of Orders, Decorations and Medals by Service Personnel'
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Ministry of Defence, JSP761, Chapter 8, Annex A, para 4, 'United Nations'
  24. ^ a b c d e f Ministry of Defence, JSP761, Chapter 8, Annex A, para 5, 'United Nations Special Service Medal'
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i Ministry of Defence, JSP761, Chapter 8, Annex A, para 9, 'European and Other International'
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Ministry of Defence, JSP761, Chapter 8, Annex A, para 6, 'NATO'
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Ministry of Defence, JSP761, Chapter 8, Annex A, para 8, 'Foreign and Commonwealth'
  28. ^ a b c d "Arab Medals -- Oman". gmic.co.uk. Gentlemen's Military Interest Club. 6 Feb 2007. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  29. ^ a b c d e f g Barrio, Antonio Prieto. "Ribbon Collection - Oman" (gif). Military Collection (in English/Transliterated Arabic). Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  30. ^ Commonwealth of Australia Gazette S159 International Forces East Timor Medal Letters Patent and Regulations. Canberra: AusInfo. 30 Mar 2000. ISBN 978-0-642-43441-8. Retrieved 2010-06-15. 
  31. ^ a b Rooker, R.J. "152 Hyderabad F Squadron Battle Honours and Medals". [1]. Retrieved 2010-06-15. 
  32. ^ The London Gazette: no. 52894. p. 6728. 1992-04-15. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
  33. ^ The London Gazette: no. 55282. p. 0. 1998-10-15. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
  34. ^ Hayward, John. "Numismatic Notes Part 7: After the War was Over - Turkish Crimea Medal 1856-1862". [2]. London: Spink. Retrieved 2010-06-15.  Date based on offer to British forces by the Sultan of Turkey.
  35. ^ Duckers, Peter, British Campaign Medals 1815–1914, p. 17.
  36. ^ The London Gazette: no. 53538. pp. 1–2. 1994-01-04. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
  37. ^ "The Russian Convoy Medal". http://www.veterans-uk.info. London: Service Personnel and Veterans Agency. Retrieved 2010-06-15. 
  38. ^ NATO Medals (accessed 2010-06-06)
  39. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 41285. p. 365. 1958-01-14. Retrieved 2010-06-13.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]