Miliana

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Miliana
—  Commune and town  —
View of Miliana
Miliana is located in Algeria
Miliana
Coordinates: 36°18′N 2°14′E / 36.300°N 2.233°E / 36.300; 2.233Coordinates: 36°18′N 2°14′E / 36.300°N 2.233°E / 36.300; 2.233
Country Algeria
ProvinceAïn Defla Province
Elevation715 m (2,346 ft)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total44,201
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 
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Miliana
—  Commune and town  —
View of Miliana
Miliana is located in Algeria
Miliana
Coordinates: 36°18′N 2°14′E / 36.300°N 2.233°E / 36.300; 2.233Coordinates: 36°18′N 2°14′E / 36.300°N 2.233°E / 36.300; 2.233
Country Algeria
ProvinceAïn Defla Province
Elevation715 m (2,346 ft)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total44,201
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)

Miliana (Arabic: مليانة‎) is a town in Aïn Defla Province, northwestern Algeria. It is approximately 119 kilometres (74 mi) southwest of the Algerian capital, Algiers.[2] The population was estimated at 44,201 in 2008.[1] The town is located south of the Dahra Massif, on the wooded southern flank of Mount Zaccar Rherbi, five kilometers north of the Chelif River, and overlooking the Zaccar plateau to the west.[2][3]

History[edit]

Miliana was founded in the 10th century by Buluggin ibn Ziri on the site of an ancient Roman city, Zucchabar (Succhabar). In the 1830s, the town came under the control of Abd al-Qadir in opposition to the increasing French occupation of Algeria. In 1840, al-Qadir ordered Miliana to be burned down instead of surrendering it to the French. The town eventually fell under French control in 1842,[3] and was rebuilt in the French Colonial architectural style.[2]

Zucchabar[edit]

Zucchabar (located at 36°15′57″N 2°17′50″E / 36.26583°N 2.29722°E / 36.26583; 2.29722, near present day Miliana) was an ancient town in the Roman province of Mauretania Caesariensis. It was constituted as a Roman colony (Colonia Iulia Augusta Zucchabar) under Augustus. In late antiquity it was an episcopal see and has been a titular see of the Catholic Church since 1967.[citation needed]

Zucchabar is featured in the film Gladiator, where it is mistakenly introduced as the name of a Roman province.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Due to its position in mountainous terrain, the elevation of Miliana differs greatly, ranging from 430 metres (1,410 ft) to 870 metres (2,850 ft). Mount Zaccar Rherbi, just to the north of the city, reaches 1,550 metres (5,090 ft). There is also a smaller ridge to the south that reaches 700 metres (2,300 ft), separating Miliana from Khemis Miliana. The area around the town is well forested.

Climate[edit]

Miliana has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa), with hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters.

Climate data for Miliana
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)11.7
(53.1)
12.9
(55.2)
15.2
(59.4)
17.4
(63.3)
22.0
(71.6)
27.4
(81.3)
32.1
(89.8)
32.2
(90)
28.0
(82.4)
21.9
(71.4)
16.4
(61.5)
12.3
(54.1)
20.79
(69.43)
Daily mean °C (°F)8.6
(47.5)
9.6
(49.3)
11.3
(52.3)
13.2
(55.8)
17.3
(63.1)
22.2
(72)
26.6
(79.9)
26.6
(79.9)
22.9
(73.2)
17.7
(63.9)
12.8
(55)
9.8
(49.6)
16.55
(61.79)
Average low °C (°F)5.5
(41.9)
6.2
(43.2)
7.4
(45.3)
9.0
(48.2)
12.5
(54.5)
17.0
(62.6)
21.0
(69.8)
21.1
(70)
17.7
(63.9)
13.3
(55.9)
9.2
(48.6)
6.2
(43.2)
12.17
(53.93)
Precipitation mm (inches)120.5
(4.744)
124.0
(4.882)
112.3
(4.421)
71.3
(2.807)
47.9
(1.886)
16.8
(0.661)
5.8
(0.228)
7.1
(0.28)
29.6
(1.165)
68.9
(2.713)
103.3
(4.067)
119.8
(4.717)
827.3
(32.571)
Source: NOAA (1969-1990)[4]

Town structure[edit]

The center of Miliana has an Muslim quarter and a French quarter, both of which are surrounded by city walls built on Turkish and Berber foundations. The main site in the Muslim quarter is the Mosque of Sidi Ahmed ben Yousef. Built in the Moorish style, the mosque is the location of a biannual pilgrimage. The Muslim quarter also contains a covered marketplace. The modern section of the town center, known as the Place Cornot (or Place de l’Horloge), is shaded by trees and contains a clock tower, formerly a minaret.[2][3]

Economy[edit]

Miliana is primarily an agricultural town. Its vineyards, orchards and gardens, which lie below the town center, are fed by water from nearby mountains that usually have snow in winters. Hydroelectricity is used to power tile factories, flour mills and other light industries.[2][3]

Recreation[edit]

The game of El Koura is a traditional game that was played in Miliana, Laghouat and other places prior to French colonization. Similar to association football,[5] the game was played during the spring and times of extreme drought because it was believed to bring rain.[6] After French colonization, European sports, especially association football, became more popular.[5]

The town is home to Algerian club football team S.C. Miliana.[7]

Notable people from Miliana[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Algeria - largest cities". World Gazeteer. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Miliana(Algeria). Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Retrieved October 3, 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d Miliana. LookLex Encyclopaedia. Retrieved on October 3, 2010.
  4. ^ "Climate Normals for Miliana". Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Sato, Daisuke. "Sport and Identity in Tunisia." International Journal of Sport and Health Science Vol 3 (2005): 27-34. Retrieved October 3, 2010.
  6. ^ Hartland, E. Sidney. "Games." Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Part 11. Whitefish, Montana: Kessinger, 2003. 167-71.
  7. ^ Algeria. Club-Soccer.com. Retrieved October 3, 2010.