Middleburg, Florida

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Middleburg, Florida
CDP
Top, left to right: Black Creek (Florida), Middleburg United Methodist Church, Middleburg High School, Jennings State Forest
Location in Clay County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 30°3′3″N 81°54′7″W / 30.05083°N 81.90194°W / 30.05083; -81.90194Coordinates: 30°3′3″N 81°54′7″W / 30.05083°N 81.90194°W / 30.05083; -81.90194
Country United States
State Florida
County Clay
Area
 • Total18.3 sq mi (47.4 km2)
 • Land18.3 sq mi (47.4 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation33 ft (10 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total13,008
 • Density564.9/sq mi (218.1/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes32050, 32068
Area code(s)904
FIPS code12-45350[1]
GNIS feature ID0286819[2]
 
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Middleburg, Florida
CDP
Top, left to right: Black Creek (Florida), Middleburg United Methodist Church, Middleburg High School, Jennings State Forest
Location in Clay County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 30°3′3″N 81°54′7″W / 30.05083°N 81.90194°W / 30.05083; -81.90194Coordinates: 30°3′3″N 81°54′7″W / 30.05083°N 81.90194°W / 30.05083; -81.90194
Country United States
State Florida
County Clay
Area
 • Total18.3 sq mi (47.4 km2)
 • Land18.3 sq mi (47.4 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation33 ft (10 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total13,008
 • Density564.9/sq mi (218.1/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes32050, 32068
Area code(s)904
FIPS code12-45350[1]
GNIS feature ID0286819[2]

Middleburg is an unincorporated area within Clay County, Florida, United States, located 29 miles southwest of downtown Jacksonville, Florida and 16 miles northwest of Green Cove Springs, Florida. It is home to Middleburg High School. According to the US Census Bureau, Middleburg is a census-designated place (CDP) with the population of 13,008 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Middleburg is located at 30°3′3″N 81°54′7″W / 30.05083°N 81.90194°W / 30.05083; -81.90194 (30.050783, -81.902013).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 18.3 square miles (47.3 km²), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2010, there were 13,008 people living in 4,891 housing units within the CDP. Between the 2000 and 2010 census, Middleburg realized a population increase of 2,670 individuals. The racial makeup of the CDP was 92.9% White, 3.1% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 24.87% under the age of 18, 75.13% age of 18 or over, and 10.36% age of 65 or over. The population is 49.7% female and 50.3% male.

Historical population
CensusPop.
19906,233
200010,33865.9%
201013,00825.8%
source:[4]

History[edit]

The city was settled in the early 1820s as Garey's Ferry, evolving from a transportation hub between St. Johns River and the interior of present day Florida. The establishment of Fort Heilman during the Second Seminole War (1835-1842) boosted the population to 800. The town originally was separated into two towns, that of Whitesville and that of Garey's Ferry. Whitesville later changed its name to Webster and eventually just became part of Garey's Ferry, which later became known as Middleburg.

Served by roads and riverboats, in the 1840s the name was changed to Middleburg, after the Dutch city of Middelburg. The economic staples of the area were timber, citrus, and farming. The city became the first Clay County seat in 1858.

The 4th Massachusetts Cavalry torched the town in 1864, during the Civil War. The city picked up again in the 1870s as river traffic and the citrus industry recovered.

The population numbered 700 in 1890. In 1895, a big freeze and lessening of the river trade caused the city to decline again.[5]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]