On April 15, 2010, Office 2010 was released to manufacturing. The suite became available for retail and online purchase on June 15, 2010. Office 2010 is the first version to require product activation for volume licensing editions. In Office 2010, every application features ribbons in its user interface.
Development started in 2007 while Microsoft was finishing work on Office 12, released as Microsoft Office 2007. The version number 13 was skipped because of the fear of the number 13. It was previously thought that Office 2010 (then called Office 14) would ship in the first half of 2009.
On January 10, 2009, screenshots of an Office 2010 alpha build were leaked by a tester.
On April 15, 2009, Microsoft confirmed that Office 2010 would be released in the first half of 2010. They announced on May 12, 2009, at a Tech Ed event, a trial version of the 64-bit edition. The Technical Preview 1 (Version: 14.0.4006.1010) was leaked on May 15, 2009.
An internal post-beta build was leaked on July 12, 2009. This was newer than the official preview build and included a "Limestone" internal test application (note: the EULA indicates Beta 2). On July 13, 2009, Microsoft announced Office 2010 at its Worldwide Partner Conference 2009.
On July 14, 2009, Microsoft started to send out invitations on Microsoft Connect to test an official preview build of Office 2010. On August 30, 2009, the beta build 4417 was leaked on the internet via torrents.
The public beta was available to subscribers of TechNet, MSDN and Microsoft Connect users on November 16, 2009. On November 18, 2009, the beta was officially released to the general public at the Microsoft Office Beta website, which was originally launched by Microsoft on November 11, 2009, to provide screenshots of the new office suite. Office 2010 Beta was a free, fully functional version and expired on October 31, 2010.
In an effort to help customers and partners with deployment of Office 2010, Microsoft launched an Office 2010 application compatibility program with tools and guidance available for download. On February 5, 2010, the official release candidate build 4734.1000 was available to Connect and MSDN testers. It was leaked to torrent sites. A few days after, the RTM Escrow build was leaked.
Microsoft announced the RTM on April 15, 2010, and that the final version was to have speech technologies for use with text to speech in Microsoft OneNote, Microsoft PowerPoint, Microsoft Outlook, and Microsoft Word. Office 2010 was to be originally released to business customers on May 12, 2010, however it was made available to Business customers with Software Assurance on April 27, 2010, and to other Volume Licensing Customers on May 1. MSDN and TechNet subscribers have been able to download the RTM version since April 22, 2010. The RTM version number is 14.0.4763.1000.
On June 15, 2010, Office 2010 was released to retail customers.
On November 17, 2010, Microsoft sent out invitations to a select number of testers at the Microsoft Connect portal to test a beta build of Office 2010 Service Pack 1 (SP1). The final version was released to the public on June 27, 2011, with a version number of 14.0.6023.1000.
On April 8, 2013, a beta build of Office 2010 Service Pack 2 (SP2) was released. The final version was released on July 16, 2013, with a version number of 14.0.7015.1000.
Backstage is a new feature to Office 2010, providing document overview and options
Office 2010 is more "role-based" than previous versions. There are features tailored to employees in "roles such as research and development professionals, sales people, and human resources". In its Internet implementation, Office 2010 incorporates features of SharePoint Server and borrows from "Web 2.0" ideas.
Microsoft Office 2010 includes updated support for ISO/IEC 29500:2008, the International Standard version of Office Open XML (OOXML) file format. Office 2010 provides read support for ECMA-376, read/write support for ISO/IEC 29500 Transitional, and read support for ISO/IEC 29500 Strict. In its pre-release (beta) form, however, Office 2010 only supported the Transitional variant, and not the Strict. The intent of the ISO/IEC is to allow the removal of the Transitional variant from the ISO/IEC compliant version of the OOXML standard.
Microsoft Office 2010 also continued support for OpenDocument Format (ODF) 1.1, which is a joint OASIS/ISO/IEC standard (ISO/IEC 26300:2006/Amd 1:2012 — Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) v1.1.
New features also include a built-in screen capture tool, a background removal tool, new SmartArt templates and author permissions. The 2007 "Office Button" was replaced with a menu button that leads to a full-window file menu, known as Backstage View, giving easy access to task-centered functions such as printing and sharing. A notable accessibility regression from 2007 is that the menu button scores worse with the Fitts's law accessibility calculation than previous versions. A modified Ribbon interface is present in all Office applications, including Office Outlook, Visio, OneNote, Project, and Publisher. Office applications also have functional jump lists in Windows 7, which would allow easy access to recent items and tasks relevant to the application. Features of Office 2010 include:
Ribbon interface and Backstage View across all applications
Background Removal Tool
The Word 2007 Equation editor is common to all applications, replacing Microsoft Equation Editor 3.0
View Side by Side/Synchronous Scrolling in Word 2010
A new feature in Microsoft Office 2010 is Outlook Social Connector, which allows users to connect to and receive updates from their social network inside Microsoft Outlook. When users view their emails a name, picture, and title is available for the person they are contacting. Upcoming appointments can also be viewed with this new feature and users can request friends. Outlook Social Connector currently supports Facebook, LinkedIn, MySpace and Windows Live Messenger.
The Volume edition can be activated using a Multiple Activation Key (MAK) which is limited by the number of times a machine can activate when connected to Microsoft's servers, or using a Key Management Server (KMS) which requires activation every 180 days.
The following features are removed from Microsoft Office 2010.
Office Starter 2010 was an ad-supported product that was discontinued in June 2012, prior to the release of Office 2013 and Windows 8. It included Word Starter and Excel Starter, reduced-functionality versions for viewing, editing, and creating documents. Office Starter 2010 was only available to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) for preloading on Windows PCs and is intended to replace Microsoft Works. It is only compatible with Windows Vista and Windows 7. The advertisements are displayed in the lower right area of the task pane. It also includes PowerPoint Viewer 2010, to view and print PowerPoint slides and shows. Users who have Office Starter preinstalled are allowed to load it on a USB drive and run it temporarily on any computer to which the USB drive is connected.
Office Starter 2010 is available to OEMs for pre-loading on new computers as part of the Office 2010 OEM Pre-installation Kit (OPK). It installs as a virtual application using Microsoft App-V application virtualization technology and can therefore co-exist with full editions of Office. Office Starter 2010 omits several features available only in the full paid version of Microsoft Office. Specifically, it lacks the following features:
Customizable quick access toolbar buttons in both programs
Math and equation editing
Full screen reading view in both programs, custom views in Excel Starter
Reference features (Citation, Bibliography etc.)
Tracked changes and comments
Compare and combining documents
Document permissions and protection
Automatic table of contents and table of figures or authorities
Any additional custom commands not exposed in the ribbon
Customized ribbon tabs
Footnotes and endnotes
Captions and index
Signature line and digital signatures
Content controls and objects
Building Blocks Organizer
Language packs to change the user interface
Built-in sharing via fax recipient or saving to SharePoint
PivotTables and PivotCharts in Excel Starter
Slicers in Excel Starter
Connections to external data, data validation rules, consolidated data and data tables in Excel Starter
Error checking, calculation steps and circular references in Excel Starter
Modifications to column and row headings in Excel Starter
Ability to toggle row groupings, panes and workbook windows in Excel Starter
1 Office Personal boxed (retail) product is for non-commercial use and can be installed on two devices: A primary PC and a portable device such as a laptop; Office Personal OEM version can only be used on one computer. Office Personal is available in Japan only.
2 Office Home and Student boxed (retail) product can be installed on three PCs in the same household and is for non-commercial use; Office Home and Student Product Key card version can only be used on one computer. Office Home and Student is not available in Japan.
4 Office Customization Tool is used to customize the installation of Office by creating a Windows Installer Patch (.MSP) file and replaces the Custom Installation Wizard and Custom Deployment Wizard included in 2003 and earlier versions of the Office Resource Kit which created a Windows Installer Transform (.MST). Office Customization Tool is only included in Volume License editions.
5 Boxed SKUs of Home and Business or Professional editions of the product can be installed on two devices: A primary PC and a portable device such as a laptop.
6 Office Professional Academic has been replaced by Office University.
Microsoft now offers a free web-based version of its Office productivity suite, known as Office Web Apps, that started shortly before Office 2010 was released to retail stores. Office Web Apps include online versions of Word, Excel, PowerPoint and OneNote. The web apps allow sharing and collaboration of documents and files and also feature user interfaces similar to their desktop counterparts. Office Web Apps were released to Windows Live Skydrive and SharePoint Workspace on June 2010. You may use the free web-based version of Office to create documents, and can download Office Viewers to view the documents on your system.
The office suite for Windows Mobile by Microsoft is updated together with Office 2010. Windows Mobile 6.5 or higher is required to run Microsoft Office Mobile 2010. Some of the new features included are:
Presentation Companion: The add-on to PowerPoint Mobile allows users to control a presentation through their Windows Phone and display speaker notes.
Conversation View: Outlook Mobile threads related emails into a group for easier reading and management
SharePoint Workspace Mobile: The new application allows users to sync documents from SharePoint servers directly to their Windows Phone for offline viewing and editing.
Support for New Content in Office 2010 such as SmartArt graphics and charts
An upgrade for the existing Windows Mobile 6.5 Phones is provided via Windows Mobile Marketplace; a beta version is already available.
System requirements for Microsoft Office 2010, November 27, 2012
^ ab"Office Customization Tool in Office 2010: Office 2010 Technical Reference". Microsoft TechNet. Microsoft Corporation. December 16, 2010. Retrieved February 5, 2011. "The OCT is available only with volume licensed versions of Office 2010 and the 2007 Office system. To determine whether an Office 2010 installation is a volume licensed version, check the Office 2010 installation disk to see whether it contains a folder named Admin. If the Admin folder exists, the disk is a volume license edition."
^"Microsoft releases Office 2010, SharePoint 2010 to TechNet, MSDN". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. April 22, 2010. Retrieved February 5, 2011. "Currently, two downloads are available at each site: 32-bit (x86) and 64-bit (x64) versions of the Professional Plus Retail e(.MSP) file and replaces the Custom Installation Wizard and Custom Deployment Wizard included in 2003 and earlier versions of the Office Resource Kit which created a Windows Installer Transform (.MST)."
^"Office 2010 Frequently Asked Questions". Microsoft Office website. Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved September 20, 2011. "If you purchase a Traditional Disc retail license of Office Home and Business 2010 or Office Professional 2010, the retail license terms allow you to install, activate, and use Office Home and Business 2010 or Office Professional 2010 on your primary PC and your portable device such as your laptop. This license is for your use exclusively."