Micromelum minutum

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Micromelum minutum
Micromelum minutum fruit and foliage
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperms
(unranked):Eudicots
(unranked):Rosids
Order:Sapindales
Family:Rutaceae
Subfamily:Aurantioideae
Genus:Micromelum
Species:M. minutum
 
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Micromelum minutum
Micromelum minutum fruit and foliage
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperms
(unranked):Eudicots
(unranked):Rosids
Order:Sapindales
Family:Rutaceae
Subfamily:Aurantioideae
Genus:Micromelum
Species:M. minutum

Micromelum minutum is a shrub in the citrus family (Rutaceae). The species occurs from Northern and Eastern Australia, through Malesia and the South Pacific to Indochina and India. The species occurs as an understorey plant in humid forests including rainforest, montane forest and gallery forest. The plant grows as a tall shrub or small tree to 8 m tall with pinnate leaves approximately 30 cm (12 in) long. Green or cream flowers are followed by ovate berries about 1 cm (0 in) long that change colour from green to bright red passing through shades of yellow and orange. As fruit ripen at different rates the plants often display distinctive clusters of multicoloured berries.

The species has a number of common names throughout its range including Lime Berry, Micromelum, tulibas tilos, Talafalu and chememar.

The plant has traditionally been used medicinally throughout its range and recent scientific analysis has revealed a range of physiologically active compounds including anticoagulants, anti-carcinogens and anti-bacterials.

References