Michigan State Spartans football

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Michigan State Spartans football
2014 Michigan State Spartans football team
Msu head logo.svg.png
First season1896
Athletic directorMark Hollis
Head coachMark Dantonio
8th year, 75–31 (.708)
Home stadiumSpartan Stadium
Stadium capacity75,005
Stadium surfaceGrass
LocationEast Lansing, Michigan
ConferenceBig Ten
All-time record669–439–44 (.600)
Postseason bowl record11–14 (.440)
Claimed national titles6
Conference titles10 (8 Big Ten, 2 MIAA)
Division titles2
Consensus All-Americans31
Current uniform

Green and White

Fight songMSU Fight Song
Marching bandSpartan Marching Band
RivalsMichigan Wolverines
Notre Dame Fighting Irish
Penn State Nittany Lions
Indiana Hoosiers
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Michigan State Spartans football
2014 Michigan State Spartans football team
Msu head logo.svg.png
First season1896
Athletic directorMark Hollis
Head coachMark Dantonio
8th year, 75–31 (.708)
Home stadiumSpartan Stadium
Stadium capacity75,005
Stadium surfaceGrass
LocationEast Lansing, Michigan
ConferenceBig Ten
All-time record669–439–44 (.600)
Postseason bowl record11–14 (.440)
Claimed national titles6
Conference titles10 (8 Big Ten, 2 MIAA)
Division titles2
Consensus All-Americans31
Current uniform

Green and White

Fight songMSU Fight Song
Marching bandSpartan Marching Band
RivalsMichigan Wolverines
Notre Dame Fighting Irish
Penn State Nittany Lions
Indiana Hoosiers

Michigan State University in college football as members of the Big Ten Conference at the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision level. Michigan State has won or shared a total of eight national championships (1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1957, 1965, 1966 and 1978), however MSU doesn't claim 1953 and 1978, two Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association championships (1903 and 1905), and eight Big Ten championships (1953, 1965, 1966, 1978, 1987, 1990, 2010 and 2013). Currently 24 former Spartans are playing in the NFL.[1] The team's iconic Spartan helmet logo has been ranked as one of the game's best.[2][3]

The team competes in Spartan Stadium, a 75,005 person football stadium in the center of campus, though frequently the stadium holds more than 80,000 spectators. Michigan State hired Mark Dantonio on November 27, 2006 as head coach. MSU's traditional archrival is the University of Michigan, against which they compete for the Paul Bunyan Trophy.


1913 Michigan Agricultural College (MSU) vs Michigan

Starting as a club sport in 1885, football gained varsity status in 1896.[4] Early teams at the then Michigan Agricultural College (MAC) competed in the Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association (MIAA), which was chartered in 1888 and is the oldest existing collegiate leagues in the United States. Previously, in 1884, Albion College and Michigan Agricultural had played in the first intercollegiate football game held within the state of Michigan. The MIAA's other charter members included Albion, Olivet and Hillsdale Colleges. The Association's first season of competitive football was in 1894 which by then also included Eastern Michigan University (then Michigan Normal School) and Alma College; Kalamazoo College was added in 1896. In those early years the MAC Aggies could only accomplish one outright league football championship (1905) and share another with Albion (1903). The first decade of the 20th Century generally saw the MIAA and MAC being dominated by either Albion or Olivet Colleges. MSU left the league and became an Independent in 1907.

A football signed by the 1979 Michigan State Spartans football team

During the 1950s when Detroit was known as the world's leading automobile manufacturer, Michigan State was often referred to as the nation's "football factory." It was then that the Spartans churned out such impressive models as Lynn Chandnois, Dorne Dibble, Don McAulliffe, Tom Yewcic, Sonny Grandelius, Bob Carey, Don Coleman, Earl Morrall and Dean Look. In 1951, the Spartans finished undefeated and untied to claim a share of the national championship with Tennessee. A second consecutive undefeated season led to a consensus national title in 1952. The team was admitted into the Big Ten as a regular member in 1953. They promptly went on to capture the league championship (losing only one game during the season) and beating UCLA in their first Rose Bowl game. After the 1953 season Biggie Munn, the Spartan coach, turned the team over to his protégé Duffy Daugherty. The team won the Rose Bowl in 1954, 1956, 1988, and 2014.

From the creation of Division I-AA (now called Division I FCS) in 1978 through the 2008 season, Michigan State never played a I-AA/FCS opponent, holding out longer in doing so than all but four other FBS schools.[5] The Spartans ended their streak by opening the 2009 season against FCS member Montana State.

Coaching history[edit]

Mark Dantonio[edit]

Main article: Mark Dantonio

On November 27, 2006, Mark Dantonio was hired from the University of Cincinnati to become Michigan State's new men's football head coach. In 2010, Dantonio led MSU to earn a share of the Big Ten Championship after finishing the year in a three-way tie with Ohio State and Wisconsin, and an out right Big Ten Championship in 2013. He has a 6-2 record against the University of Michigan (UM). Of the six wins, three came against former Michigan football coach Rich Rodriguez and three against former Michigan football coach Brady Hoke. Michigan State's streak of 4 wins in a row, from the 2008-2011 seasons, tied Michigan State's best in the rivalry. Dantonio's record also includes a 3-4 mark for the Megaphone Trophy, which goes to the winner of the MSU vs. Notre Dame rivalry football game. Dantonio served as an assistant coach at MSU from 1995-2000 and was Ohio State's defensive coordinator during their 2002 national championship season.[6] Dantonio was also an assistant at Kansas and Youngstown State University. He is considered a defensive-minded coach and has been on the coaching staffs of Glen Mason, Jim Tressel and Nick Saban.

Nick Saban[edit]

Main article: Nick Saban

When Saban arrived in East Lansing, Michigan prior to the 1995 season, MSU had not had a winning season since 1990, and the team was sanctioned by the NCAA for recruiting violations committed under his predecessor and former mentor, George Perles.[7]

Saban never won a bowl game in his tenure at Michigan State, going 0-3 and losing those bowl contests by a combined 85 points.[9]

George Perles[edit]

Main article: George Perles

After returning from US Army active duty, Perles returned to Michigan where he enrolled at Michigan State University and played football under legendary coach Duffy Daugherty. Perles played the 1958 season before his playing career was cut short by a knee injury. Perles then started his football coaching career as a graduate assistant at Michigan State before moving on to the high school ranks in Chicago and Detroit, where his St. Ambrose High School team won their first Detroit City League Championship in 1961. Perles returned to Michigan State as defensive line coach under his mentor, Daugherty.

In 1972, Chuck Noll, head coach of the Pittsburgh Steelers, offered Perles the position of defensive line coach. In Perles’ first season, the Steelers made the NFL playoffs for the second time in franchise history, the first since 1947, losing to the Miami Dolphins in the AFC Championship Game. In 1974, the Steelers won the first of six consecutive AFC Central division championships and also their first Super Bowl. Perles became the defensive coordinator for the Steelers in 1978 and then assistant head coach under Noll in 1979. During Perles' ten years with Pittsburgh (1972–1981), the Steelers won a then-unprecedented four Super Bowls and became known as the team of the decade for the 1970s, largely on the back of their "Stunt 4-3" defense designed by Perles.

Perles returned to Michigan State University on December 3, 1982. In 12 years, he led the Spartans to two Big Ten Conference titles, seven bowl games and a victory in the 1988 Rose Bowl. The 1987 season marked the Spartans' last outright Big Ten title until 2014. During the 1987 season Perles and Michigan State beat Southern Cal twice in the same season, once in the regular season and one in the Rose Bowl.

During 1994–1995, an extensive external investigation conducted by the law firm of Bond, Schoeneck & King, PLLC. uncovered various infractions including grade tampering by an athletic department administrator. MSU president M. Peter McPherson fired Perles before the end of the 1994 season, and ordered the Spartans to forfeit their five wins for that season. Perles was found "not culpable" . Many fans and alumni believed he was treated unfair. He later went on to be the founder of The Little Caesars Pizza Bowl and is on the MSU board of trustees.

Duffy Daugherty[edit]

Main article: Duffy Daugherty

Duffy Daugherty (September 8, 1915 – September 25, 1987) replaced Biggie Munn in December 1953, following Munn's retirement to become Michigan State's athletic director. Daugherty would serve as the head coach at Michigan State University from 1954 to 1972, where he compiled a career record of 109–69–5. Duffy's 1965 and 1966 teams won national championships. Duffy's tenure of 19 seasons at the helm of the Michigan State Spartans football team is the longest of any head coach in the program's history. He was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1984.

During Daugherty's time in East Lansing, he recruited and coached some of the best players in Michigan State's history, including Herb Adderley, Brad Van Pelt, Bubba Smith, George Webster, and Joe DeLamielleure. He was one of the first college football coaches to field a racially integrated team.

"Biggie" Munn[edit]

Main article: Clarence Munn

Clarence Lester "Biggie" Munn (September 11, 1908 – March 18, 1975) was head coach of Michigan State from (1947–1953). His 1951 squad and 1952 squad won national championships. Munn retired from coaching in 1953 to assume duties as Michigan State's athletic director, a position he held until 1971. Each year, the Michigan State Spartans football team hands out the "Biggie Munn Award" to the team's most motivational player. MSU's Munn Ice Arena, built in 1974, is named in his honor. Munn was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 1959, and, in 1961, he became Michigan State's first inductee into the Michigan Sports Hall of Fame. He authored the coaching textbook Michigan State Multiple Offense in 1953.

Shortly after the Rose Bowl victory, MSU's athletic director, Ralph H. Young retired. Munn stepped down from coaching to assume duties as athletic director and remained in that position until 1971. Munn named his assistant, Duffy Daugherty, as his successor to helm the football team. During his tenure as Michigan State's head football coach, Munn tutored 17 All-Americans. His teams have retained the school's top four season marks for rushing-yards-per-game: 1948 (304.5 yards/game), 1951 (293.9 yards), 1952 (272.4), and 1950 (269.3). Munn was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1959.

Head coaching records[edit]

CoachYearsSeasonsRecordPct.Conf. RecordPct.Div. TitlesConf. TitlesBowl GamesNational TitlesConference
No Coach189611–2–1.375000000MIAA
Henry Keep1897–189828–5–1.607000000MIAA
Charles Bemies1899–190023–7–1.318000000MIAA
George Denham1901–190227–9–1.441000000MIAA
Chester Brewer1903–1910, 1917, 19191058–23–7.699000200Left MIAA in 1907
John Macklin1911–1915429–5–0.853n/an/an/an/a00Independent
Dutch Sommer191614–2–1.643n/an/an/an/a00Independent
George Gauthier191814–3–0.571n/an/an/an/a00Independent
George Clark192014–6.400n/an/an/an/a00Independent
Albert Barron1921–192226–10–2.389n/an/an/an/a00Independent
Ralph H. Young1923–1927518–22–1.4510n/an/an/an/a0Independent
Harry Kipke192813–4–1.438n/an/an/an/a00Independent
Jim Crowley1929–1932422–8–3.712n/an/an/an/a00Independent
Charlie Bachman1933–1942, 1944–19461370–34–10.658n/an/an/an/a10Independent
Clarence Munn1947–1953654–9–2.8465–1.833n/a102Joined Big Ten in 1953
Duffy Daugherty1954–197219109–69–5.60972–50–3.588n/a234Big Ten
Denny Stolz1973–1975319–13–1.59114–9–1.604n/a000Big Ten
Darryl Rogers1976–1979424–18–2.56819–12–1.609n/a100Big Ten
Muddy Waters1980–1982310–23–0.3038–18–0.308n/a000Big Ten
George Perles1983–19941268–67–4.50453–42–2.557n/a270Big Ten
Nick Saban1995–1999534–24–1.59223–16–1.589n/a030Big Ten
Bobby Williams2000–2002316–17.4696–15.286n/a020Big Ten
Morris Watts200211–2.3331–2.333n/a000Big Ten
John L. Smith2003–2006422–26.45812–20.375n/a010Big Ten
Mark Dantonio2007–present875–31.70844–19.6982*270Big Ten

* The Big Ten split into the Leaders and Legends Divisions with the addition of Nebraska for the 2011 season. Michigan State played in the Legends Division from 2011-2013. In 2014, with the addition of Maryland and Rutgers, the divisions will be realigned and Michigan State will play in the East Division.

Football facilities[edit]

Spartan Stadium[edit]

Spartan Stadium hosts varsity football games and other events.

Spartan Stadium will enter its 93rd season as home to Michigan State football in 2015. Until the 1920s, Michigan State's football team played on Old College Field just northwest of the current stadium. In the early 1920s school officials decided to construct a new stadium to replace Old College Field. College Field, the future Spartan Stadium was ready in the fall of 1923 with a capacity of 14,000. Over the years the stadium grew. In 1935 the seating capacity was increased to 26,000 and the facility was dedicated as Macklin Field. By 1957, upper decks were added to the east and west ends, boosting the capacity to 76,000. That same season Michigan State dropped the name Macklin Stadium in favor of Spartan Stadium.[10]

In 2005 Michigan State finished a new $64 million expansion project to Spartan Stadium. It featured the addition of nearly 3,000 club seats in the "Spartan Club," 24 suites and a 193-seat press box, bringing the current stadium capacity to 75,005. The original World War II-era terracotta cast of the "The Spartan" statue was moved indoors to the atrium of the new structure to protect it from the elements and occasional vandalism, and a new bronze cast was made for outdoors. The 200,000-square-foot (19,000 m2) addition also houses the MSU Alumni Association, University Development and other units.[11]

Spartan Stadium's capacity is 75,005, making it the Big Ten's 6th largest stadium and 23rd largest college football stadium in the country.[12][13] In 2010 Spartan Stadium had the 19th highest attendance in NCAA Division I FBS.[14] Spartan Stadium is so loud that Stanley Kubrick’s Spartacus (1960) uses a recording of the crowd noise during the 1959 Michigan State-Notre Dame game.[15]

For the 2007 football season, the student section had around 13,000 members.[16] Like the basketball student section (the Izzone), the Michigan State Student Alumni Foundation used to oversee a subgroup in the football student section named "Corner Blitz." When head coach Mark Dantonio took over the football program in 2006, "Corner Blitz" was united with the normal student section. The entire student section now receives a special T-shirt which is voted on annually.[17]

Spartan Stadium has installed three new video boards for the 2012 season. The larger South LED board measures 47.2 feet (14.4 m) high by 114.8 feet (35.0 m) wide for a total of 5,412 square feet (502.8 m2). The two North LED boards measure 31.5 feet (9.6 m) high by 52.5 feet (16.0 m) wide for a total of 1,653.75 square feet (153.638 m2) each. When combined, the three boards measure 8,719.5 square feet (810.07 m2), making it the largest combined board system in the country. Also, the stadium includes a 10 feet (3.0 m) high by 450 feet (140 m) wide ribbon video board along the top of the bleachers in the north endzone, which adds another 4,500 square feet (420 m2) to make a grand total of 13,219.5 square feet (1,228.13 m2).

Duffy Daugherty Building / Skandalaris Center[edit]

In 2007 Michigan State expanded its Duffy Daugherty Football Building with a $15 million expansion and renovation project. The face-lift started with construction of the 25,000-square-foot (2,300 m2) Skandalaris Football Center that features new team, staff and position meeting rooms, coaches' offices, MSU football Players Lounge and The Demmer Family Hall of History. MSU alumni Robert and Julie Skandalaris of Bloomfield Hills, Mich., donated $5 million as the lead gift for the $15 million project. In 2008, weight room was increased in size from 9,000 to 16,500 square feet (1,530 m2) at a cost of $2 million. The complex includes a 86,000-square-foot (8,000 m2) indoor practice facility with a full in-door football field, two outdoor practice football fields and a training room with a rehab and hydrotherapy section.[18]

Records, championships, and notable games[edit]

All-time record[edit]

At the completion of the 2014 season, Michigan State's all-time win/loss/tie record is 670–439–44.

National championships[edit]

Michigan State claims a total of six national championships, three of which are consensus national championships after being declared the national champion by the AP and Coaches' Poll in 1952, the Coaches' Poll in 1965, and the National Football Foundation in 1966.[19]

1951Clarence MunnBillingsley, Helms, Poling9–0
1952Clarence MunnAP Poll, Coaches' Poll, Helms, NCF, UPI9–0
1955Duffy DaughertyBoand9–1Won Rose
1957Duffy DaughertyDunkel8–1
1965Duffy DaughertyUPI, FWAA, Helms10–1Lost Rose
1966Duffy DaughertyHelms, NFF, CFRA9–0–1
National Titles6

Conference championships[edit]

YearConferenceCoachOverall RecordConference Record
1903MIAAChester Brewer6–1–13–1
1905*MIAAChester Brewer9–24–0
1953Big TenClarence Munn9–15–1
1965Big TenDuffy Daugherty10–17–0
1966Big TenDuffy Daugherty9–0–17–0
1978*Big TenDarryl Rogers8–37–1
1987Big TenGeorge Perles9–2–17–0–1
1990*Big TenGeorge Perles8–3–16–2
2010*Big TenMark Dantonio11–27–1
2013Big TenMark Dantonio13–18–0
Conference Titles8 Big Ten, 2 MIAA

* Denotes co-champions

Divisional championships[edit]

DateDivisionBig Ten CG ResultOpponentPFPA
December 3, 2011Big Ten LegendsLossWisconsin3942
December 7, 2013Big Ten LegendsWinOhio State3424
Divisional Titles2

Bowl games[edit]

The following are bowl game results for Michigan State football:[20]

January 1, 1938OrangeLAuburn06
January 1, 1954RoseWUCLA2820
January 2, 1956RoseWUCLA1714
January 1, 1966RoseLUCLA1214
December 22, 1984CherryLArmy610
December 31, 1985Hall of Fame ClassicLGeorgia Tech1417
January 1, 1988RoseWUSC2017
January 1, 1989GatorLGeorgia2734
December 25, 1989AlohaWHawaii3313
December 31, 1990John HancockWUSC1716
December 28, 1993LibertyLLouisville718
December 29, 1995IndependenceLLSU2645
December 31, 1996SunLStanford038
December 25, 1997AlohaLWashington2351
January 1, 2000CitrusWFlorida3734
December 31, 2001Silicon Valley ClassicWFresno State4435
December 29, 2003AlamoLNebraska317
December 28, 2007Champs SportsLBoston College2124
January 1, 2009Capital OneLGeorgia1224
January 2, 2010AlamoLTexas Tech3141
January 1, 2011Capital One[21]LAlabama749
January 2, 2012OutbackWGeorgia3330
December 29, 2012Buffalo Wild WingsWTCU1716
January 1, 2014RoseWStanford2420
January 1, 2015CottonWBaylor4241
Total25 Bowl Games11-14501644

Rivalry/Trophy games[edit]

The Megaphone Trophy is awarded each year to the winner of the football game between the University of Notre Dame and Michigan State University. The rivalry includes games such as the Game of the Century, arguably the greatest college football game ever played. The Megaphone Trophy series record is 33–26–1 in favor of Notre Dame. Notre Dame currently holds the trophy after a 17-13 win in South Bend in 2013.
The Old Brass Spittoon is presented to the winner of the Indiana–Michigan State football game which was first presented in 1950. Michigan State currently leads the all-time trophy series 44–12–1. After facing each other in one of the so-called protected cross-division rivalry games from 2011 to 2013, MSU and Indiana will continue to face off each year as members of the Big Ten East division starting with the 2014 season. The Spartans currently hold the Old Brass Spittoon after beating Indiana 56-17 in 2014.
The Paul Bunyan-Governor of Michigan Trophy is a college rivalry trophy awarded to the winner of the annual American football game between the Michigan State University Spartans and University of Michigan Wolverines. The winner retains possession of the trophy until the next year's game. Michigan State currently trails the trophy series 35–25–2, which dates back to 1953. Michigan State has won the Paul Bunyan Trophy for six of the last seven years in 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2014. The Spartans retained the Paul Bunyan Trophy after a 35-11 win in 2014.[22][23][24]
The Land Grant Trophy is named so because Penn State University and Michigan State University are the nation's oldest land-grant universities, both founded in 1855 (Michigan State on February 12 and Penn State on February 22). When Penn State joined the Big Ten Conference in 1993, the Nittany Lions and Spartans have played each other for the trophy in the last week of conference play until the 2010 season. The trophy, designed by former Michigan State coach George Perles, features pictures of Penn State's Old Main and Michigan State's Beaumont Tower. Michigan State leads the trophy series 5–4 (Penn State was forced to vacate 9 victories between 1998 and 2011 due to NCAA sanctions stemming from the Jerry Sandusky scandal). After spending the 2011 to 2013 seasons in opposite Big Ten conference divisions, MSU and PSU will resume playing each other annually for the trophy in 2014.[25] Michigan State is the current holder of the Land Grant Trophy after beating Penn State 34-10 in State College, PA on November 29, 2014.

Historic games[edit]

Game of the Century[edit]

The "Game of the Century" (1966 version)
Notre Dame070310
Michigan State730010
DateNovember 19, 1966
StadiumSpartan Stadium
LocationEast Lansing, Michigan

The 1966 Michigan State vs. Notre Dame football game ("The Game of the Century") remains one of the greatest, and most controversial, games in college football history.[26] The game was played in Michigan State's Spartan Stadium on November 19, 1966. Michigan State entered the contest 9–0 and ranked #2, while Notre Dame entered the contest 8–0 and ranked #1. Notre Dame elected not to try for the end zone on the final series, thus the game ended in a 10–10 tie with both schools recording national championships.[27][28]

Awards Individual awards and honors[edit]

National award winners[edit]



Big Ten Conference honors[edit]

List of Consensus All-Americans[edit]

PlayerPositionYear (s)
Neno DaPratoB1915
Sidney WagnerL1935
Ed BagdonL1949
Don ColemanL1951
Bob CareyE1951
Don DohoneyE1953
Earl MorrallB1955
Norm MastersL1955
Walt KowalczykB1957
Dan CurrieL1957
Sam WilliamsE1958
George SaimesB1962
Sherman LewisB1963
Bubba SmithDL1965, 1966
George WebsterDB1965, 1966
Clinton JonesB1966
Brad Van PeltDB1972
Lorenzo WhiteRB1985, 1987
Tony MandarichOL1988
Percy SnowLB1989
Bob KulaOL1989
Charles RogersWR2002
Brandon FieldsP2004
Javon RingerRB2008
Greg JonesLB2009, 2010
Jerel WorthyDL2011
Darqueze DennardDB2013

Team Honors[edit]

Retired numbers[edit]

No.PlayerPositionTenureYear Retired
46John Hannah 1--1969
49Percy SnowLB1986-19892013
78Don ColemanT1949-19511951
90George WebsterLB1964-19661967
95Charles "Bubba" SmithDE1964-19662006

1 Although Hannah did not play for the Spartans, the University retired #46 as a recognition to his 46 years of service to the institution.[29]

Michigan State's All-Time Team[edit]

Chosen in 2001 by Athlon Sports[30]

Hall of Fame[edit]


Michigan State alumni and coaching inductees into the College Football Hall of Fame include:

Professional (United States)[edit]

Michigan State alumni inductees to the Pro Football Hall of Fame include:

Professional (Canada)[edit]

Michigan State alumni inductees to the Canadian Football Hall of Fame include:

Rose Bowl[edit]

Michigan State alumni inductees to the Rose Bowl Hall of Fame include:

Notable players[edit]

Current NFL players[edit]

Other notable players[edit]

Future non-conference opponents[edit]

at Western Michiganvs Eastern Michiganat Arizona Statevs Western Michiganat Eastern Michiganat Miami (FL)at Boise Statevs Boise StateNotre Dame (site TBA)Notre Dame (site TBA)
vs Central Michiganat Notre Damevs Western Michiganvs Central Michiganvs Arizona Statevs Miami (FL)
vs Oregonvs Furmanvs Notre Dameat BYU
vs Air Forcevs BYU



  1. ^ Pro Football Reference, Pro Football Reference, September 30, 2009.
  2. ^ http://athlonsports.com/college-football/college-footballs-best-and-worst-logos-2013
  3. ^ http://www.bopdesign.com/bop-blog/2011/11/bop-design-selects-the-top-5-best-college-football-logo-designs-and-applies-the-lessons-learned-to-small-business-marketing/
  4. ^ Grinczel, Steve. (2003). They Are Spartans. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-3214-2.  p. 9.
  5. ^ Chris Dufrense, UCLA victory is crucial for Dorrell, Los Angeles Times, September 20, 2007.
  6. ^ ESPN - Michigan St. hires Dantonio, Iowa State still looking - College Football
  7. ^ Infractions Case: Michigan State University, NCAA Register, October 7, 1996. Accessed May 15, 2008.
  8. ^ "Michigan State In the Polls". College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 2008-12-16. 
  9. ^ http://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/schools/michigan-state/
  10. ^ College Gridirons, Spartan Stadium. Accessed 2006-06-23.
  11. ^ "Michigan State Official Athletic Site - Facilities". Msuspartans.com. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  12. ^ "Big Ten Conference - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". En.wikipedia.org. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  13. ^ "List of American football stadiums by capacity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". En.wikipedia.org. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  14. ^ "2010 National College Football Attendance". NCAA.org. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  15. ^ "Newsroom Special Reports". Special.news.msu.edu. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  16. ^ "Spartan Football Student Section Expands - MICHIGAN STATE OFFICIAL ATHLETIC SITE". Msuspartans.com. 2008-07-15. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  17. ^ "Fans can vote for 2011 football student section T-shirt | MSU News | Michigan State University". News.msu.edu. 2011-06-09. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  18. ^ "Michigan State Official Athletic Site - Facilities". Msuspartans.com. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  19. ^ "History: National Championships." "Michigan State Football Gameday Magazine" 10 September 2011
  20. ^ College Football Data Warehouse. Michigan State Bowl History
  21. ^ "Scout.com: BOWLS (12/5) - TTech vs. NW, Baylor vs. Ill". Cfn.scout.com. 2010-12-05. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  22. ^ "10/9/2010 - Michigan State 34 Michigan 17". YouTube. 2010-10-09. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  23. ^ "Michigan vs Michigan State - 2009 Football". YouTube. 2009-10-03. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  24. ^ "10/25/2008 - Michigan State 35 Michigan 21 - Highlights". YouTube. 2008-10-25. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  25. ^ "Michigan State Spartans Football Schedules and Future Schedules". Fbschedules.com. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  26. ^ Mike Celzic. The Biggest Game of Them All: Notre Dame, Michigan State and the Fall of 1966. ISBN 0-671-75817-9. 
  27. ^ Notre Dame's Championship Record
  28. ^ Michigan State's Championship Record
  29. ^ "Big Ten retired football jerseys"
  30. ^ "College Football Schedules, Scores, News, Predictions, and Rankings". AthlonSports.com. 1982-12-06. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  31. ^ College Football Hall of Famers
  32. ^ http://www.msuspartans.com/sports/m-footbl/spec-rel/010915aaa.html
  33. ^ Current NFL Players
  34. ^ FBSchedules.com, Michigan State Spartans Football Schedules and Future Schedules. Retrieved August 23, 2014.

External links[edit]