Miami, Oklahoma

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Miami, Oklahoma
City
Downtown Miami in 2008
Downtown Miami in 2008
Location of Miami within Oklahoma
Location of Miami within Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°53′1″N 94°52′34″W / 36.88361°N 94.87611°W / 36.88361; -94.87611Coordinates: 36°53′1″N 94°52′34″W / 36.88361°N 94.87611°W / 36.88361; -94.87611[1]
CountryUnited States
StateOklahoma
CountyOttawa
Government
 • MayorRudy Schultz
Area
 • Total9.8 sq mi (25.4 km2)
 • Land9.7 sq mi (25.2 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation[1]797 ft (243 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total13,570
 • Estimate (2013)13,758
 • Density1,400/sq mi (530/km2)
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code74354-74355
Area code539/918
FIPS code40-48000 [1]
GNIS feature ID1095343 [1]
Websitemiamiok.org
 
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Miami, Oklahoma
City
Downtown Miami in 2008
Downtown Miami in 2008
Location of Miami within Oklahoma
Location of Miami within Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°53′1″N 94°52′34″W / 36.88361°N 94.87611°W / 36.88361; -94.87611Coordinates: 36°53′1″N 94°52′34″W / 36.88361°N 94.87611°W / 36.88361; -94.87611[1]
CountryUnited States
StateOklahoma
CountyOttawa
Government
 • MayorRudy Schultz
Area
 • Total9.8 sq mi (25.4 km2)
 • Land9.7 sq mi (25.2 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation[1]797 ft (243 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total13,570
 • Estimate (2013)13,758
 • Density1,400/sq mi (530/km2)
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code74354-74355
Area code539/918
FIPS code40-48000 [1]
GNIS feature ID1095343 [1]
Websitemiamiok.org

Miami (/mˈæmə/ my-AM))[2][3][4] is a city in and county seat of Ottawa County, Oklahoma, United States.[1] As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,570, a decline of one percent from 13,704 at the 2000 census.[5] The city is named after the Miami tribe. Miami is the capital of the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma, Modoc Tribe of Oklahoma, Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma, Peoria Tribe of Indians, Seneca-Cayuga Tribe, and Shawnee Tribe.[6]

History[edit]

Miami began in a rather unique way, compared to other towns in Indian Territory. The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture quotes Velma Nieberding, author of the History of Ottawa County, as saying, "... it was settled in a business-like way by men of vision who looked into the future and saw possibilities. It didn't just grow. It was carefully planned."[7]

W.C. Lykins is credited as the driving force for the creation of the town. He petitioned the U.S. Congress to pass legislation on March 3, 1891 to establish the town. He met with Thomas F. Richardville, chief of the Miami tribe, who agreed to meet in turn with the U.S. Indian Commission and the Ottawa tribe. That meeting resulted in Congress authorizing the secretary of the Interior Department to approve the townsite purchase from the Ottawas. Lykins, Richardville and Manford Pooler, chief of the Ottawa, are identified in historical accounts as "fathers of Miami."[7]

Lykins' company, the Miami Town Company, bought 588 acres (238 ha) of land from the Ottawa for ten dollars an acre. They held an auction of lots on June 25–26, 1891. By the time Miami incorporated in 1895, it had more than 800 residents. The discovery of rich deposits of lead and zinc under Quapaw land a few miles north, caused Miami to boom. Its population was 1,893 at the time of statehood in 1907, and increased to 6,802 by 1920.[7]

Geography[edit]

Miami is located near 36°53′1″N 94°52′34″W / 36.88361°N 94.87611°W / 36.88361; -94.87611 (36.883539, -94.876018).[1] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.8 square miles (25 km2), of which 9.7 square miles (25 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.82%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
19001,527
19102,90790.4%
19206,802134.0%
19308,06418.6%
19408,3453.5%
195011,80141.4%
196012,8699.1%
197013,8807.9%
198014,2372.6%
199013,142−7.7%
200013,7044.3%
201013,570−1.0%
Est. 201313,7581.4%
Sources:[8][9][10][11][12][13]

As of the 2010 census, there were 13,570 people, 5,315 households, and 3,337 families residing in the city.[14] The population density was people 1,258.7 per square mile (485.9/km²).[14] The racial makeup of the city was 68.9% white, 1.3% African American, 17.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 2% Pacific Islander, 2.1% from other races, and 8% from two or more races.[14] Hispanic or Latino of any race made up 4.8% of the population.[14]

There were 5,315 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 15% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% were non-families.[15] Single individuals living alone accounted for 31.9% of households and individuals 65 years of age or older living alone accounted for 14.7% of households.[15] The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.07.[15]

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 57.1% from 18 to 64, and 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older.[15] The median age was 35.8 years.[15] The population was 53.2% female and 46.8% male.[15]

The median income for a household in the city was $34,561, and the median income for a family was $42,313.[15] Males had a median income of $32,699 versus $25,320 for females.[15] About 14.2% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line.[15]

Government[edit]

Local government in Miami consists of a Mayor and four councilmen representing four Wards.

On the state-level, the city is represented in the Oklahoma House of Representatives by Democrat Larry Glenn, and in the Oklahoma Senate by Democrat Charles Wyrick. The city also lies within Oklahoma's 2nd congressional district, currently represented by Markwayne Mullin.

Coleman Theatre[edit]

Coleman Theatre, 2008

Miami is home to the historic Coleman Theatre, located at 103 N. Main St.

Designed by the Kansas City, Missouri, Boller Bros. Architectural Firm, the 1600 seat Coleman Theatre was built by George L. Coleman Sr. and enjoyed a festive grand opening on April 18, 1929. At a cost of $600,000 to construct, the elegant Louis XV interior includes gold leaf trim, silk damask panels, stained glass panels, marble accents, a carved mahogany staircase, Wurlitzer pipe organ, decorative plaster moldings, and bronze railings. In 1983 the Coleman Theatre was placed on the National Register of Historical Places.

Tours of the building are available every Tuesday through Saturday.[16] Currently the building is available for touring, plays, concerts, conventions, community functions, weddings, and meetings.[17]

Education[edit]

Public schools are managed by the Miami Public Schools school district. The high school is Miami High School, whose mascot is the Wardog. The Wardog is a mascot unique to Miami, and has not been adopted as a mascot by any other school in the United States.[18]

Northeastern Oklahoma A&M College (NEO) was initially accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools in 1925. It is a two-year community college with an enrollment of approximately 2,000 students.[19]

Notable people[edit]

"Sidewalk highway" stretch of Route 66 near Miami, 2010

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Miami, Oklahoma; United States Geological Survey (USGS); December 18, 1979.
  2. ^ http://www.bigorrin.org/miami_kids.htm
  3. ^ http://www.hicksville-ohio.com/History/history2.htm
  4. ^ http://www.miamination.com/faq.html
  5. ^ CensusViewer:Miami, Oklahoma Population. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  6. ^ Oklahoma Indian Affairs Commission. Oklahoma Indian Nations Pocket Pictorial. 2008.
  7. ^ a b c Heck, Jess. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Miami." Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  8. ^ "Population-Oklahoma". U.S. Census 1910. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "Population-Oklahoma". 15th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Oklahoma". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Oklahoma: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  14. ^ a b c d United States Census Demographic Profile of Miami, Oklahoma, at American FactFinder (cite does not allow direct link). (accessed September 5, 2013)
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Miami, Oklahoma, at American FactFinder (cite does not allow direct link). (accessed September 5, 2013)
  16. ^ Main website for the Coleman Theatre
  17. ^ Coleman Theatre calendar of events
  18. ^ Miami High School home page
  19. ^ Northeastern A&M College home page
  20. ^ "Miami Little Theatre". Retrieved 2010-02-10. 

External links[edit]