Mexican League

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Liga Mexicana de Béisbol
Liga-mexicana-de-beisbol.png
SportBaseball
Founded1925
No. of teams16
CountryMexico
ContinentNorth America
Most recent champion(s)Tigres de Quintana Roo (11 titles)
Most titlesDiablos Rojos del México (15 titles)
TV partner(s)TVC Deportes
ESPN
Official websitewww.lmb.com.mx
 
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Liga Mexicana de Béisbol
Liga-mexicana-de-beisbol.png
SportBaseball
Founded1925
No. of teams16
CountryMexico
ContinentNorth America
Most recent champion(s)Tigres de Quintana Roo (11 titles)
Most titlesDiablos Rojos del México (15 titles)
TV partner(s)TVC Deportes
ESPN
Official websitewww.lmb.com.mx

The Mexican League (Spanish: Liga Mexicana de Béisbol) is a professional baseball league based in Mexico. It is a Class Triple-A league in organized Minor League Baseball, one step below Major League Baseball (MLB).[1] Unlike the other two Triple-A circuits, the International League and the Pacific Coast League, Mexican League teams are not affiliated with Major League teams. The current champions are the Tigres de Quintana Roo.

The Mexican League has three minor leagues of its own, the Liga Norte de Mexico, Liga de Beisbol del Noroeste de Mexico, and the Mexican Academy League (a summer and a winter league). An additional circuit, the Mexican Pacific League, is unrelated.[2]

History[edit]

When it was founded in 1925, the league included six teams (74 Regimiento, México, Agrario, Nacional, Guanajuato and Águila). Since then, the league has expanded to sixteen teams, divided equally into a north and a south zone, the champions of which meet to contest a best-of-seven game playoff series. The season begins in mid-March with the playoffs running through mid-August.

1949: Landmark ruling of Gardella v. Chandler[edit]

Judges use Federal Baseball Club of Baltimore v. National League of Professional Baseball Clubs to uphold that the baseball leagues and commissioner are not violating anti-trust rulings because they are not doing anything different than was done when the previous ruling occurred. Included in the previous ruling was the fact that the baseball leagues could transmit information about their games via telegraph wires. And, because the leagues are only negotiating, their actions in negotiating the television and radio broadcasts are no different than their actions with telegraphs. Therefore the previous decision can be upheld. Judges also assert that this the previous decision hasn't been objected by Congress, so it must also be of the opinion of congress that baseball does not fall under the rules of the Anti-Trust Act. (Of course, consider that some judges felt differently, but ruling was overall in favor of the Leagues.)

The ruling went untested until the Mexican League was formed. Players who went to play in the Mexican League got blacklisted from MLB. One such player, Danny Gardella, was blacklisted because he had broken his contract and gone to play professional baseball in Mexico.

In 1948, Gardella brought a claim against Commissioner of Baseball Happy Chandler, the National League and American League, as well as their presidents (Ford Frick and Will Harridge, respectively). Gardella charged that they were engaged in interstate commerce because the defendants had made contracts with radio broadcasting and television companies that sent narratives or moving pictures of the games across state lines. MLB then settled with Gardella and offered all Mexican League jumpers amnesty—protected the ambiguity surrounding the antitrust protection.

In 1949, baseball player Danny Gardella won a landmark appeal to baseball's reserve clause in the federal courts. This successful appeal is recognized as the first major step towards baseball free agency.

Expansion[edit]

In 1979, the Mexican Central League was absorbed into the expanded Liga Mexicana de Beisbol (Mexican Baseball League). The newly expanded league now featured a 20-team circuit with four divisions. However, after a series of team bankruptcies, the Mexican League was reduced to 14 teams in two divisions.

Teams[edit]

Current teams[edit]

ZoneTeamLocationStadiumCapacity
NorthRieleros de Aguascalientes (Aguascalientes Railroaders)Aguascalientes, AguascalientesParque Alberto Romo Chávez9,000
Vaqueros Laguna (Laguna Cowboys)Torreón, CoahuilaEstadio Revolución12,000
Diablos Rojos del México (Mexico City Red Devils)Mexico D.F.Foro Sol26,000
Acereros de Monclova (Monclova Steelers)Monclova, CoahuilaEstadio De Béisbol Monclova9,000
Sultanes de Monterrey (Monterrey Sultans)Monterrey, Nuevo LeónEstadio de Beisbol Monterrey27,000
Pericos de Puebla (Puebla Parrots)Puebla, PueblaEstadio de Béisbol Hermanos Serdán12,112
Broncos de Reynosa (Reynosa Broncos)Reynosa, TamaulipasEstadio Adolfo López Mateos7,000
Saraperos de Saltillo (Saltillo Sarape Users)Saltillo, CoahuilaEstadio de Beisbol Francisco I. Madero16,000
SouthPiratas de Campeche (Campeche Pirates)Campeche, CampecheEstadio Nelson Barrera6,000
Delfines de Ciudad del Carmen (Ciudad del Carmen Dolphins)Ciudad del Carmen, CampecheEstadio Resurgimiento5,000
Petroleros de Minatitlán (Minatitlán Oilers)Minatitlán, VeracruzParque 18 de marzo de 19387,500
Guerreros de Oaxaca (Oaxaca Warriors)Oaxaca, OaxacaEduardo Vasconcelos Stadium7,200
Tigres de Quintana Roo (Quintana Roo Tigers)Cancún, Quintana RooEstadio de Béisbol Beto Ávila9,000
Olmecas de Tabasco (Tabasco Olmecs)Villahermosa, TabascoEstadio Centenario 27 de Febrero10,500
Rojos del Águila de Veracruz (Veracruz Red Eagles)Veracruz, VeracruzEstadio Universitario Beto Avila7,782
Leones de Yucatán (Yucatan Lions)Mérida, YucatánEstadio de Béisbol Kukulkán13,600


Defunct teams[edit]

Champions[edit]

SeasonChampionSeriesRunner Up
192574 Regimiento de San Luis3–1Club México
1926Ocampo de Jalapa*Carmona de México
1927Gendarmería de México*Club México
1928Policía del DF2–0Bravo Izquierdo de Puebla
1929Chiclet's Adams de México2–1Delta de México
1930Tigres de Comintra*Obras Públicas de México
1931Obras Públicas de México*Comunicaciones de México
1932Tráfico de México*Club Pachuca
1933Tigres de Comintra3–2Club Pachuca
1934Monte de Piedad de México*Tuneros de San Luis
1935Agrario de México*Tigres de Comintra
1936Agrario de México*Lomas de México
1937Aguila de Veracruz3–0Agrario de México
1938Aguila de Veracruz*Agrario de México
1939Cafeteros de Córdoba*Aguila de Veracruz
1940Azules de Veracruz México*Diablos Rojos del México
1941Azules de Veracruz México*Diablos Rojos del México
1942Algodoneros del Unión Laguna*Industriales de Monterrey
1943Industriales de Monterrey*Algodoneros del Unión Laguna
1944Azules de Veracruz México*Industriales de Monterrey
1945Alijadores de Tampico*Tecolotes de Nvo. Laredo
1946Alijadores de Tampico*Diablos Rojos del México
1947Industriales de Monterrey*Diablos Rojos del México
1948Sultanes de Monterrey*Pericos de Puebla
1949Sultanes de Monterrey4–0Algodoneros del Unión Laguna
1950Algodoneros del Unión Laguna4–2Charros de Jalisco
1951Azules de Veracruz México4–1Tuneros de San Luis
1952Aguila de Veracruz*Algodoneros del Unión Laguna
1953Tecolotes de Nvo. Laredo*Sultanes de Monterrey
1954Tecolotes de Nvo. Laredo*Leones de Yucatán
1955Tigres del México2–0Tecolotes de Nvo. Laredo
1956Diablos Rojos del México*Tigres Capitalinos
1957Leones de Yucatán*Diablos Rojos del México
1958Tecolotes de Nvo. Laredo*Diablos Rojos del México
1959Petroleros de Poza Rica*Tecolotes de Nvo. Laredo
1960Tigres del México*Aguila de Veracruz
1961Aguila de Veracruz*Pericos de Puebla
1962Sultanes Monterrey*Aguila de Veracruz
1963Pericos de Puebla*Diablos Rojos del México
1964Diablos Rojos del México*Pericos de Puebla
1965Tigres del México*Pericos de Puebla
1966Tigres del México4–2Diablos Rojos del México
1967Charros de Jalisco*Broncos de Reynosa
1968Diablos Rojos del México*Aguila de Veracruz
1969Broncos de Reynosa*Sultanes de Monterrey
1970Aguila de Veracruz4–2Diablos Rojos del México
1971Charros de Jalisco4–3Saraperos de Saltillo
1972Cafeteros de Córdoba4–2Alacranes de Durango
1973Diablos Rojos del México4–3Saraperos de Saltillo
1974Diablos Rojos del México4–0Algodoneros de Gomez Palacio
1975Alijadores de Tampico4–1Cafeteros de Córdoba
1976Diablos Rojos del México4–2Algodoneros del Unión Laguna
1977Tecolotes de Nvo. Laredo4–1Diablos Rojos del México
1978Rieleros de Aguascalientes4–2Algodoneros del Unión Laguna
1979Ángeles de Puebla4–3Indios de Ciudad Juárez
1980Saraperos de Saltillo*Indios de Ciudad Juárez
1981Diablos Rojos del México4–3Broncos de Reynosa
1982Indios de Ciudad Juárez4–0Tigres Capitalinos
1983Piratas de Campeche4–3Indios de Ciudad Juarez
1984Leones de Yucatán4–2Indios de Ciudad Juárez
1985Diablos Rojos del México4–1Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos
1986Ángeles Negros de Puebla4–1Sultanes de Monterrey
1987Diablos Rojos del México4–1Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos
1988Diablos Rojos del México4–1Saraperos de Saltillo
1989Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos4–2Leones de Yucatán
1990Bravos de León4–1Algodoneros del Unión Laguna
1991Sultanes de Monterrey4–3Diablos Rojos del México
1992Tigres del México4–2Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos
1993Olmecas de Tabasco4–1Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos
1994Diablos Rojos del México4–3Sultanes de Monterrey
1995Sultanes de Monterrey4–0Diablos Rojos del México
1996Sultanes de Monterrey4–1Diablos Rojos del México
1997Tigres del México4–1Diablos Rojos del México
1998Guerreros de Oaxaca4–0Acereros de Monclova
1999Diablos Rojos del México4–2Tigres Capitalinos
2000Tigres del México4–1Diablos Rojos del México
2001Tigres del México4–2Diablos Rojos del México
2002Diablos Rojos del México4–3Tigres de la Angelopolis
2003Diablos Rojos del México4–1Tigres de la Angelopolis
2004Piratas de Campeche4–1Saraperos de Saltillo
2005Tigres del Puebla4–2Saraperos de Saltillo
2006Leones de Yucatán4–1Sultanes de Monterrey
2007Sultanes de Monterrey4–3Leones de Yucatán
2008Diablos Rojos del México4–1Sultanes de Monterrey
2009Saraperos de Saltillo4–2Tigres de Quintana Roo
2010Saraperos de Saltillo4–1Pericos de Puebla
2011Tigres de Quintana Roo4–0Diablos Rojos del México
2012Rojos del Águila de Veracruz4–3Rieleros de Aguascalientes
2013Tigres de Quintana Roo4–1Sultanes de Monterrey

Champions and runner-ups (current teams)[edit]

TeamTitlesRunner UpYears WonYears Runner Up
Diablos15171956, 1964, 1968, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1981, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1994, 1999, 2002, 2003, 20081940, 1941, 1946, 1947, 1957, 1958, 1963, 1966, 1970, 1977, 1991, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2001, 2011
Tigres1161955, 1960, 1965, 1966, 1992, 1997, 2000, 2001, 2005, 2011, 20131956, 1982, 1999, 2002, 2003, 2009
Sultanes991943, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1962, 1991, 1995, 1996, 20071942, 1944, 1953, 1969, 1986, 1994, 2006, 2008, 2013
Rojos del Águila641937, 1938, 1952, 1961, 1970, 20121939, 1960, 1962, 1968
Pericos451925,[3] 1963, 1979,[4] 1986[5]1948, 1961, 1964, 1965, 2010
Saraperos361980, 2009, 20101971, 1972, 1973, 1988, 2004, 2005
Leones331957, 1984, 20061954, 1989, 2007
Piratas201983, 2004-
Broncos1219691967, 1981
Olmecas101993-
Guerreros101998-
Rieleros1119782012
Acereros01-1998

Championships by franchise (all-time)[edit]

TeamTitles
Diablos15
Tigres11
Sultanes9
Rojos del Águila6
Tecolotes5
Azules4
Pericos4
Alijadores3
Leones3
Saraperos3
Agrario2
Algodoneros2
Cafeteros2
Charros2
Piratas2
Tigres (Comintra)2
Bravos1
Broncos1
Chiclet's Adams1
Gendarmería1
Guerreros1
Indios1
Monte de Piedad1
Obras Públicas1
Ocampo1
Olmecas1
Petroleros (Poza Rica)1
Policía1
Rieleros1
Tráfico1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Scoreboard". Minor League Baseball. Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  2. ^ "LMP.mx". Mexican Pacific League. Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  3. ^ Won Title As 74 Regimiento (First champion in the league's History)
  4. ^ Won Title As Angeles De Puebla
  5. ^ Won Title As Angeles Negros De Puebla