Metro Manila Film Festival

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Metro Manila Film Festival
2013 Metro Manila Film Festival
MMFF LOGO.jpg
Official logo of Metro Manila Film Festival
Awarded forExcellence in cinematic achievements
LocationManila
CountryPhilippines
Presented byMetropolitan Manila Development Authority
First awardedDecember 1975
Official websiteMetro Manila Film Festival official website
38th ed.39th ed.40th ed. >
 
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Metro Manila Film Festival
2013 Metro Manila Film Festival
MMFF LOGO.jpg
Official logo of Metro Manila Film Festival
Awarded forExcellence in cinematic achievements
LocationManila
CountryPhilippines
Presented byMetropolitan Manila Development Authority
First awardedDecember 1975
Official websiteMetro Manila Film Festival official website
38th ed.39th ed.40th ed. >

The Metro Manila Film Festival-Philippines (MMFF-P) is an annual film festival held in Manila. The festival, which runs from the 25th of December to the first week of January in the following year, focuses on locally-produced films.

The MMFF was established in the year 1975, during which Diligin Mo ng Hamog ang Uhaw na Lupa ("Water the Thirsty Earth with Dew") by Augusto Buenaventura won the best film award.[1]

During the course of the festival, no foreign movies are shown across the Philippines (except in 3D theaters and IMAX theaters). Moreover, only films approved by the jurors of the MMFF are shown. One of the festival highlights is the parade of floats during the opening of the festival. The floats, each one representing a movie entry to the festival, parade down Roxas Boulevard, with the respective stars for the represented films on them. On the awards night, a Best Float award is also announced along with the major acting awards.

History[edit]

Founder of the Metro Manila Film Festival, Antonio Villegas in 1970.

Antonio Villegas, the Manila mayor during his time, inaugurated the "Manila Film Festival" ("Manila Tagalog Film Festival") in 1966, the father of the Metro Manila Film Festival and all other Philippine festivals.[2] It is a 12-day event in which only locally produced films could be shown in the metropolis' theatres. The festival also features a grand parade in downtown Manila where the artists in the featured films parade in their floats. Villegas aims to encourage local producers to develop world class quality movies that showcased the beauty of the Philippines and the greatness of the Filipino people. He appointed Attorney Expiridion Laxa to serve as the Chairman of the film festival which starts on June 14 and culminates on June 24, Manila's birthday. In addition, in an effort to promote Philippine films, Antonio Villegas banned the showing of foreign films at movie houses during the Manila Film Festival from June 14 through June 24.[3] Furthermore, in order to instill national pride and prevent vagrants from sleeping in movie theaters, Villegas started the tradition of playing the national anthem at the beginning of each film showings.[3] Despite criticism from smokers and cigarette manufacturers, Villegas was adamant in banning smoking from movie theaters. In that effort, he delivered his poetic verse which is displayed on movie screens right after the national anthem. It reads: "Hindi po nais namin kayo'ng pigilin, pero ang usok ay masamang hangin." This translates to "Not that we wish to restrain you, but smoke is foul air (stench)."[4]

During that time, the mayor believes the potential of the festival for educating Filipinos in patronizing their country's produced movies, but the festival did not flourish and failed. Most of the first batch of the festival films came up with English titles.[5] Nevertheless, despite the lack of support from the government, money, and international films, there were different changes in making the festival flourish.[6] The Best films of Manila Film Festival included "Daigdig ng mga Api' (1966), "Dahil sa Isang Bulaklak" (1967), "Manila, Open City" (1968), "Patria Adorada" (1969), "Dimasalang" (1970), "Cadena de Amor" (1971), "Elias, Basilio at Sisa" (1972), "Nueva Vizaya" (1973), "Alaala mo Daigdig Ko" (1974). From 1975 to 1990, Manila Film Festival was discontinued as Metro Manila Film Festival took over.

In 1975, the Film Festival officially began on September 21 under the name "1975 Metropolitan Film Festival" (MFF) until it was changed to "Metro Manila Film Festival" in 1977.

Years after Villegas' death in 1984, a special award in the Metro Manila Film Festival bearing his name, the Gatpuno Antonio J. Villegas Cultural Awards, was created in his honor and is given to the best film that best portrays Philippine culture and Filipino people to the world.[7] MRN Film International's Andrea, Paano Ba ang Maging Isang Ina? was the first one to receive the lifetime achievement award in 1990.[8] Since then, it has been awarding prestigious films that deserves the honors.

In 2010, the film festival had undergone some changes. Firstly, the commercial viability criterion (box-office performance of the entries) was removed. As of 2010, the criteria for the selection of Best Picture(s) are: artistry; creativity and technical excellence; innovation; and thematic value. Entries are also judged for global appeal (70 percent) and Filipino cultural and/or historical value (30 percent). In addition, the festival format will give a tribute to independent "indie" films. Lastly, the established board of jurors was expanded to include housewives, drivers, students, teachers, etc. As for the festival logo, it was changed to feature a map of the Metropolis of Manila, based on the old seal of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority with seventeen stars on it symbolizing the 17 cities and municipality of Metro Manila. The logo for the first 35 festivals featured a torch.[9]

In September 2011, Atty. Francis Tolentino, chairman of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) changed the category name of "indie" films to "New Wave" films to make it sound better and more attractive to hear, as well as including "Student Short Film Category" for the first time.[10] Consequently the next year, the 38th Metro Manila Film Festival held in 2012 became the highest earning MMFF to date with 767 million pesos, 21% higher than that of 2011.[11]

Festivals[edit]

FestivalYearAwards Night VenueDate
1st Metro Manila Film Festival1975
2nd Metro Manila Film Festival1976
3rd Metro Manila Film Festival1977
4th Metro Manila Film Festival1978
5th Metro Manila Film Festival1979
6th Metro Manila Film Festival1980
7th Metro Manila Film Festival1981Cultural Center of the PhilippinesDecember 27
8th Metro Manila Film Festival1982
9th Metro Manila Film Festival1983Cultural Center of the PhilippinesDecember 27
10th Metro Manila Film Festival1984
11th Metro Manila Film Festival1985Rizal Theater, PhilippinesDecember 27, Friday
12th Metro Manila Film Festival1986University of Life Theater and Recreational Area (ULTRA), PasigDecember 27, Saturday
13th Metro Manila Film Festival1987University of Life Theater and Recreational Area (ULTRA), PasigDecember 27, Sunday
14th Metro Manila Film Festival1988Philippine International Convention CenterDecember 27
15th Metro Manila Film Festival1989University of Life Theater and Recreational Area (ULTRA), PasigDecember 27
16th Metro Manila Film Festival1990University of Life Theater and Recreational Area (ULTRA), PasigDecember 27, Thursday
17th Metro Manila Film Festival1991University of Life Theater and Recreational Area (ULTRA), PasigDecember 28, Saturday
18th Metro Manila Film Festival1992PICC Reception HallDecember 28, Monday
19th Metro Manila Film Festival1993PICC Plenary HallDecember 27, Monday
20th Metro Manila Film Festival1994Philippine International Convention Center (PICC)December 27, Tuesday
21st Metro Manila Film Festival1995
22nd Metro Manila Film Festival1996
23rd Metro Manila Film Festival1997
24th Metro Manila Film Festival1998
25th Metro Manila Film Festival1999
26th Metro Manila Film Festival2000
27th Metro Manila Film Festival2001PICC Plenary HallDecember 27
28th Metro Manila Film Festival2002Philippine International Convention Center (PICC)December 27, Friday
29th Metro Manila Film Festival2003Philippine International Convention Center (PICC), Pasay CityDecember 27, Saturday
30th Metro Manila Film Festival2004
31st Metro Manila Film Festival2005
32nd Metro Manila Film Festival2006
33rd Metro Manila Film Festival2007
34th Metro Manila Film Festival2008Harbor Garden Tent, Sofitel Philippine Plaza, Manila, PhilippinesDecember 27
35th Metro Manila Film Festival2009SMX Convention Center, SM Mall of Asia, PasayDecember 28
36th Metro Manila Film Festival2010Meralco TheaterDecember 26
37th Metro Manila Film Festival2011Newport Performing Arts Theater, Resorts World Manila, Pasay CityDecember 28
38th Metro Manila Film Festival2012Meralco Theater, Ortigas Center, Pasig CityDecember 27
39th Metro Manila Film Festival2013Meralco Theater, Ortigas Center, Pasig CityDecember 27
40th Metro Manila Film Festival2014

Merit Categories[edit]

Festival awards[edit]

Special awards[edit]

Other awards[edit]

Most wins[edit]

This is a list of superlative Metro Manila Film Festival winners. This list is current as of the 39th Metro Manila Film Festival "Gabi ng Parangal" (awards ceremony) held on December 27, 2013.

Most awards received by a single film

The following are fifteen of the award-winning films which have received ten or more awards from different categories.

FilmRecord SetYearProduction company(s)Notes
José Rizal171998GMA Films*all awards from different categories, except Best Actress, are received.
10,000 Hours142013VIVA Films, Philippine Film Studios and N2 Productions
Magic Temple1996Star Cinema
Muro Ami131999GMA Films
Manila Kingpin: The Asiong Salonga Story122011VIVA Communications Inc., and Scenema Concept International
Mano Po2002Regal Films
Yamashita: The Tiger's Treasure112001MAQ Productions
Muling Umawit ang Puso1995VIVA Films
Andrea, Paano Ba ang Maging Isang Ina?1990MRN Film International
Imortal1989VIVA Films
Baler102008Viva Communications
Kasal, Kasali, Kasalo2006Star Cinema
Nasaan ang Puso1997MAQ Productions
Halimaw sa Banga1986NCV Productions*only the third Best Picture is given.
Kisapmata1981Bancom Audiovision
Best Director

The following are three of the award-winning directors who have received more than two Best Director awards.

DirectorRecord SetFirst year awardedRecent year awarded
Joel Lamangan319952009
Jose Javier Reyes19932006
Marilou Diaz-Abaya19801999
Best Actor

The following are three of the award-winning actors who have received more than two Best Actor awards.

ActorRecord SetFirst year awardedRecent year awarded
Christopher de Leon819762008
Cesar Montano319982006
Anthony Alonzo19831987
Best Actress

The following are four of the award-winning actresses who have received more than two Best Actress awards.

ActressRecord SetFirst year awardedRecent year awarded
Nora Aunor819782012
Maricel Soriano519972013
Vilma Santos419772004
Amy Austria319801996
Best Supporting Actor

The following are six of the award-winning actors who have received two Best Supporting Actor awards.

Supporting ActorRecord SetFirst year awardedRecent year awarded
Pen Medina219992013
Cesar Montano19892012
Phillip Salvador20082009
Johnny Delgado19792006
Ronaldo Valdez19931997
Dick Israel19881994
Best Supporting Actress

The following are three of the award-winning actresses who have received two or more Best Supporting Actress awards.

Supporting ActressRecord SetFirst year awardedRecent year awarded
Eugene Domingo320072011
Cherie Gil19852000
Nida Blanca219751997
Most combined awards for Best Actor, Best Supporting Actor, and Best Director.

The following are six of the award-winning males who have received two or more combined awards.

NameRecord SetCategories won
Cesar Montano63 Best Actor, 2 Best Supporting Actor, 1 Best Director
Eddie Garcia32 Best Director, 1 Best Actor
Mario O'Hara2 Best Director, 1 Best Actor
Johnny Delgado2 Best Supporting Actor, 1 Best Actor
Dolphy2 Best Actor, 1 Best Supporting Actor
Vic Silayan21 Best Actor, 1 Best Supporting Actor
Most combined awards for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress.

The following are four of the award-winning females who have received two or more combined awards.

NameRecord SetCategories won
Amy Austria43 Best Actress, 1 Best Supporting Actress
Charito Solis21 Best Actress, 1 Best Supporting Actress
Gina Alajar1 Best Actress, 1 Best Supporting Actress
Hilda Koronel1 Best Actress, 1 Best Supporting Actress

Criticisms[edit]

In January 2013 Interaksyon.com review, writer Jessica Zafra complained, "Speaking of standards, why do we bother to review the festival entries when most of them are rubbish? Because they're not supposed to be rubbish! Contrary to what you’ve been led to believe, 'entertainment' and 'commercial appeal' are not synonyms for 'garbage'. There are good commercial movies, and there are bad commercial movies. The bad outnumber the good because the studios think the viewers are idiots."[12]

Controversies[edit]

The following are the controversies of the filmfest.[13][14]

In addition, the giving of the best performer award sent many anti-Aunor sectors to protest. .
Speaking of the films, Chito Rono, director of Second Best Picture Dekada '70, was curious as to why was Spirit Warriors: The Shortcut named the Third Best Picture award if the officials disqualify it as an official entry. In the same way, the production team of Ang Agimat: Antin-Anting ni Lolo was also appalled to the decision of the jurors to give the Best Visual Effects award to Spirit Warriors: The Shortcut if they only use "mono", beating their use of the more advanced "Dolby Digital system".[21]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Metro Manila Film Festival:1975". IMDB. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
  2. ^ "Subsidize movie industry – Lito Atienza". 2010-02-04. Retrieved 2012-01-10. 
  3. ^ a b Villegas, Antonio Jr. YEBA: Young, Executive, Brilliant Administrator. unpublished. 
  4. ^ Macabeta, Greg (June 2006). Filipinas Magazine. Filipinas Magazine. pp. 44–46. 
  5. ^ "Film Academy of the Philippines". Retrieved 2012-01-10. 
  6. ^ Hawkins, Michael Gary (2008). Co-producing the Postcolonial: U.S.-Philippine Cinematic Relations, 1946--1986.
  7. ^ "Metro Manila Film Festival". Retrieved 2012-01-10. 
  8. ^ "Metro Manila Film Festival: Awards for 1990". Internet Movie Database. 
  9. ^ "Changes in 2010 MMFF introduced". Yahoo. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
  10. ^ "‘Indie’ out, ‘New Wave’ in". Tempo. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
  11. ^ Marfori, MJ. "38th MMFF posts record P767-M gross, says festival head". InterAksyon. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  12. ^ Zafra, Jessica (2013-01-02). "Metro Manila Film Festival 2012 Moviethon Day 6: The battle for Dingdong's dingdong". Interaksyon.com. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  13. ^ "Through the years: Controversies in the MMFF". Business World Online. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
  14. ^ "A look at the past MMFF controversies". ABS-CBN. Retrieved 2014-04-19.
  15. ^ Cojuangco, Tingting. Metro Manila Film Festival Award Ceremonies. ULTRA, Pasig. December 27, 1986.
  16. ^ Philippine Daily Inquirer. "Austria, Marro win top honors in Metro filmfest". December 28, 1988. Newspaper Print.
  17. ^ "A scandal-free Metro Manila Filmfest". Philstar. Retrieved 2014-04-20.
  18. ^ a b Ranoa-Bismark, Maridol. "Montano, De Rossi, Yamashita top awardees at Metro Filmfest". The Philippine Star. December 29, 2001. Newspaper Print.
  19. ^ "Looking Back: Showbiz scandals that raised public outcry". Pep.ph Retrieved 2014-04-20.
  20. ^ "Filipino Actress Steals The Show". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2014-04-20.
  21. ^ Lo, Ricky. "Filmfest: The night of the young blood". The Philippine Star. December 29, 2002. Newspaper Print.