Meritamen

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Meritamen
Queen consort of Egypt
Full nameMeritamen
TitlesGreat Royal Wife
Lady of The Two Lands
Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt
King’s Daughter, his beloved, etc
Place of deathThebes?
BuriedValley of the Queens QV68, Thebes
ConsortPharaoh Ramesses II
Dynasty19th of Egypt
FatherRamesses II
MotherQueen Nefertari
Religious beliefsAncient Egyptian religion
 
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Meritamen in hieroglyphs
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Meritamen
Mrjt Jmn
Beloved of Amun
  Daughter and Great Royal Wife of Pharaoh Ramesses II
Meritamen
Queen consort of Egypt
Full nameMeritamen
TitlesGreat Royal Wife
Lady of The Two Lands
Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt
King’s Daughter, his beloved, etc
Place of deathThebes?
BuriedValley of the Queens QV68, Thebes
ConsortPharaoh Ramesses II
Dynasty19th of Egypt
FatherRamesses II
MotherQueen Nefertari
Religious beliefsAncient Egyptian religion

Meritamen (also spelled Meritamun, Merytamen, Merytamun, Meryt-Amen; Ancient Egyptian: Beloved of Amun) was a daughter and later Great Royal Wife of Pharaoh Ramesses the Great.

Contents

Family

Meritamen was a daughter of Ramesses and his favourite wife Nefertari. She appears as the fourth daughter in the list of daughters in Abu Simbel and had at least four brothers: Amun-her-khepeshef, Pareherwenemef, Meryre and Meryatum, as well as a sister named Henuttawy. Meritamen may have had more brothers and sisters, but these five are known from the facade of Queen Nefertari's temple in Abu Simbel.

Meritamen's siblings are relatively well-known to us. Her eldest brother - Amun-her-khepeshef - was the crown prince until at least year 25 of the reign of their father. Prince Prehirwenemef is known to have served in the army and is depicted in the battle scenes from Kadesh. The youngest sibling known to us - Prince Meryatum - would later become High Priest of Re in Heliopolis.

Around the time her mother died (around the 24th or 25th regnal year), Meritamen became Great Royal Wife, along with her half-sister Bintanath.

Images of Meritamen

Meritamen is depicted in quite a few scenes in temples and is represented on several statues.

Burial in the Queens Valley

Queen Meritamen as depicted in QV 68. Painting after drawing by Lepius

Meritamen was buried at QV68 in the Valley of the Queens. The tomb of Meritamen was described by Lepsius. An interesting scene in the tomb shows Meritamen consecrating cloth-boxes to Osiris and Hathor. The inscriptions identify the Queen as The Osiris, King's Daughter, Great Royal Wife, Lady of Both Lands, Merytamen, may she live. She is said to be "Bringing a box of clothing, eternally; consecrating the box of clothing three times" (sic). [1]

The sarcophagus-lid is now in Berlin (15274). Meritamen's titles on the sarcophagus lid are given twice. At the head she is described as: "[King's Daughter], Great [Royal Wife], Lady of Both Lands, Merytamen, justified". Over the head she is described as: "The Osiris, King's Daughter beloved of him, Great Royal Wife, Lady of Both Lands, Merytamen, justified".[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Kitchen, K.A., Rammeside Inscriptions, Translated & Annotated, Translations, Volume II, Blackwell Publishers, 1996
  2. ^ a b Z. Hawass, Recent Discoveries at Akhmin, KMT, A modern Journal of Ancient Egypt, Volume 16, Nr. 1, Spring 2005
  3. ^ Porter and Moss
  4. ^ Representation in a small temple at El-Kab. (A. Wilkinson : 117) By Christiane Lilyquist The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

External links