Mercedes-Benz W124

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Mercedes-Benz W124
1986-1989 Mercedes-Benz (W124) sedan 01.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerMercedes-Benz (Daimler-Benz)
Production1985–1996
Assembly
DesignerBruno Sacco (1981, 1982)[4][5]
Body and chassis
ClassMid-size luxury car / Executive car
Body style4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
2-door coupe
2-door convertible
LayoutFront engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine

Petrol
I4
2.0 L M102
2.0 L M111
2.2 L M111
2.3 L M102
I6
2.6 L M103
2.8 L M104
3.0 L M103
3.0 L M104
3.2 L M104
3.4 L M104
3.6 L M104
V8
4.2 L M119
5.0 L M119

Diesel
I4
2.0 L OM601
I5
2.5 L OM602
2.5 L OM605
I6

3.0 L OM603
3.0 L OM606
TransmissionAutomatic
4-speed 4G-TRONIC
5-speed 722.5
Manual
4-speed
5-speed
Dimensions
WheelbaseSedan & Wagon: 110.2 in (2,799 mm)
Coupé: 106.9 in (2,715 mm)
LengthWagon: 188.2 in (4,780 mm)
Sedan: 187.2 in (4,755 mm)
Coupé: 183.9 in (4,671 mm)
Width68.5 in (1,740 mm)
E500 Sedan: 70.7 in (1,796 mm)
HeightWagon: 59.8 in (1,519 mm)
Sedan: 56.3 in (1,430 mm)
Coupé: 55.5 in (1,410 mm)
Convertible: 54.8 in (1,392 mm)
E500 Sedan: 55.4 in (1,407 mm)
Curb weight3927 lb (500E)
3826 lb (400E)
Chronology
PredecessorMercedes-Benz W123
SuccessorMercedes-Benz W210 (sedan & estate)
Mercedes-Benz W208 (coupé & convertible)
 
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Mercedes-Benz W124
1986-1989 Mercedes-Benz (W124) sedan 01.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerMercedes-Benz (Daimler-Benz)
Production1985–1996
Assembly
DesignerBruno Sacco (1981, 1982)[4][5]
Body and chassis
ClassMid-size luxury car / Executive car
Body style4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
2-door coupe
2-door convertible
LayoutFront engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine

Petrol
I4
2.0 L M102
2.0 L M111
2.2 L M111
2.3 L M102
I6
2.6 L M103
2.8 L M104
3.0 L M103
3.0 L M104
3.2 L M104
3.4 L M104
3.6 L M104
V8
4.2 L M119
5.0 L M119

Diesel
I4
2.0 L OM601
I5
2.5 L OM602
2.5 L OM605
I6

3.0 L OM603
3.0 L OM606
TransmissionAutomatic
4-speed 4G-TRONIC
5-speed 722.5
Manual
4-speed
5-speed
Dimensions
WheelbaseSedan & Wagon: 110.2 in (2,799 mm)
Coupé: 106.9 in (2,715 mm)
LengthWagon: 188.2 in (4,780 mm)
Sedan: 187.2 in (4,755 mm)
Coupé: 183.9 in (4,671 mm)
Width68.5 in (1,740 mm)
E500 Sedan: 70.7 in (1,796 mm)
HeightWagon: 59.8 in (1,519 mm)
Sedan: 56.3 in (1,430 mm)
Coupé: 55.5 in (1,410 mm)
Convertible: 54.8 in (1,392 mm)
E500 Sedan: 55.4 in (1,407 mm)
Curb weight3927 lb (500E)
3826 lb (400E)
Chronology
PredecessorMercedes-Benz W123
SuccessorMercedes-Benz W210 (sedan & estate)
Mercedes-Benz W208 (coupé & convertible)

W124 is the Mercedes-Benz internal chassis-designation for the 1985 to 1995/96 version of the Mercedes-Benz E-Class. The W124 models replaced the W123 models after 1985 and were succeeded by the W210 E-Class after 1995.

History[edit]

The W124 is a mid-sized vehicle platform. Due to the high cost of German engineering and build quality, the W124 was designed to last many miles, with awards actually given and worn by high mileage versions.

Front suspension uses a separate spring and damper with a rubber top mount. The rear suspension of the W124 features the Mercedes multi-link axle introduced in 1982 with the Mercedes 190 and which is now standard on many modern cars. Estate cars (and optionally, saloons and coupes) had Citroen-like self-leveling rear suspension with suspension struts rather than shock absorbers, gas-filled suspension spheres to provide damping and an under bonnet pressurizing pump. Unlike the traditional Citroën application Mercedes opted for a fixed ride height and employed rear coil springs to maintain the static ride height when parked.

The R129 was based on the W124 platform, in return W124 was equipped with one of the roadster's engines, in its 500E version..

Much of the 124's engineering and many of its features were advanced automotive technology at its introduction, incorporating innovations that have been adopted throughout the industry.[6] It had one of the lowest coefficient of drag (Cd) of any vehicle of the time (0.28 for the 200/200D model for the European market with 185/65 R15 tires) due to its aerodynamic body, that included plastic molding for the undercarriage to streamline airflow beneath the car, reducing fuel consumption and wind noise. It had a single windscreen wiper that had an eccentric mechanism at its base that extended the wiper's reach to the top corners of the windscreen (more than if it had traveled in a simple arc). The saloon/sedan, coupés and convertibles had optional rear headrests that would fold down remotely to improve rearward visibility when required. This feature was not available for the T-model because of its specific layout (no space to store the retractable headrests), but the station-wagon serially came with a "neighbour-friendly" rear door that was pulled in the shut-position silently and automatically by a sensor-controlled servomotor. With the exception of the 200, which was equipped with a Stromberg or Pierburg carburetor but was not available to the United States, fuel injection was standard, and the engines incorporated features that maximised performance. The most notable such feature was the addition of an oxygen sensor in the exhaust system which, in conjunction with a semi-electronic fuel injection system, could make the engine run more efficiently. This improved fuel consumption while simultaneously meeting stricter emission regulations. Mercedes-Benz's four-wheel drive system, the 4Matic was first introduced on the W124 in 1986.

The estate cars (chassis designation S124) came in 5- or 7-seat models, the 7-seater having a rear-facing bench seat that folded flush luggage compartment cover and an optional (in the US until 1994) retractable cargo net. In the US 7-seat models were standard, 5-seat models were not available. The S124 estate continued in production alongside the new W210 until the S210 estate launched more than a year later. A two-door coupe version was also built, with the chassis designation C124.

Mercedes launched a cabriolet (convertible) version in Europe in 1991, the 300CE-24 cabriolet, and in the UK (RHD) and Japan (LHD). The 320CE, and North America, the 300CE, in 1992. These versions were re-designated as the E320 in 1993, complemented by the less powerful, but less expensive E220 in 1993, and the mainland-Europe-only E 200 in 1994. Mercedes brought the E320 cabriolet (convertible) to the USA and Japan from 1993 to 1995. There were 68 E36 AMG cabriolets built from 1993 until 1996 (54 LHD and 14 RHD) to complement the also rare E36 AMG coupe, saloon (RHD only) and estate. The pre-merger AMG coupés are based on the 124 series 2 update . The AMG 3.4CE (300CE-24 based coupé) are all LHD, 25 were produced from 1988 until 1993.

The E320, E220, and E200 cabriolets ceased production in 1997. Indian assembly (in a joint-venture with Telco called Mercedes-Benz India) began in March 1995.[1] Offered with four-cylinder diesel engines built by Mercedes' Indian partner Bajaj Tempo,[7] the W124 was replaced there in December 1997.[1]

SsangYong Motor Company of Korea licensed the W124 design and continues to produce a stretched version of the W124 as the Chairman, with a Ssangyong badge. It has a 2.9 m (110 in) wheelbase and 3.2 L Mercedes inline-six M104 engine. Chairman currently has 2.3 L (M111), 2.8 L (M104), and 3.2 L (M104) engines in its product line-ups. SsangYong Chairman has developed a 3.6 L version of M104 engine recently for its high-end Chairman line up. The engine is called XGi360.[citation needed]

Models[edit]

1990-1993 Mercedes-Benz W124 sedan

The pre-facelift models from 1985 to 1993 used the model designations: 200/200T (carburettor), 200E/200TE, 230E/230TE, 230CE, 260E (saloon only), 300E/TE, 300E-24/300TE-24 valve, 400E (not in the UK), 420E (not in the UK) & 500E (LHD only in the UK). Diesels were the 200D/200TD (not in the UK), 250D/250TD & the 300D/300TD. Facelift models produced from 1993 to 1995/6 used the model designations: E200, E220, E280, E320, E420 (not in the UK) & E500 (LHD only in the UK). Both saloon and estate versions of the facelifted model carried the same model designation on their bootlid, i.e. the T was no longer used for estate versions. In the UK post-facelift diesels were E250 Diesel (saloon only) and E300 Diesel (saloon & estate) models. Car was also offered as a long wheelbase targeted for taxi companies, but more luxury equipped version was also used as a limousine.[8][9]

Chassis codeYearsModelEngineBody style
124.0191993-1994200E2.0 L M111.940 I4Sedan
1994-1996E200
124.0201985-19922002.0 L M102.922 I4Sedan
124.0211985-1992200E2.0 L M102.963 I4Sedan
124.0221993-1994220E2.2 L M111.960 I4Sedan
1994-1996E220
124.0231985-1992230E2.3 L M102.982 I4Sedan
124.0261987-1990260E2.6 L M103.940 I6Sedan
1990-1992300E 2.6
124.0281993-1994280E, 300E 2.82.8 L M104.942 I6Sedan
1994-1996E280
124.0301986-1992300E3.0 L M103.983 I6Sedan
124.0311990-1993300E-243.0 L M104.980 I6Sedan
124.0321993-1994320E3.2 L M104.992 I6Sedan
1994-1996E320
124.0341992-1993400E4.2 L M119.975 V8Sedan
1994-1996E420
124.0361992-1993500E5.0 L M119.974 V8Sedan
1994-1995E500
124.036
with option 957
1993-1994E60 AMG6.0 L M119 E60 V8Sedan
124.1201986-1989200D2.0 L OM601.912 Diesel I4Sedan
124.1251986-1989250D2.5 L OM602.912 Diesel I5Sedan
124.1261993-1996E250 Diesel2.5 L OM605.911 Diesel I5Sedan
124.1281990-1993250D Turbo, 300D 2.5 Turbo2.5 L OM602.962 Turbo Diesel I5Sedan
124.1301986-1993300D3.0 L OM603.912 Diesel I6Sedan
124.1311994-1996E300 Diesel3.0 L OM606.910 Diesel I6Sedan
124.1331987-1993300D Turbo3.0 L OM603.960 Turbo Diesel I6Sedan
1994-1996E300 Diesel Turbo
124.2261986-1993260E 4Matic2.6 L M103.943 I6Sedan
124.2301986-1993300E 4Matic3.0 L M103.985 I6Sedan
124.3301986-1993300D 4Matic3.0 L OM603.913 I6Sedan
124.3331994-1996E300 Diesel Turbo 4Matic3.0 L OM603.963 Turbo Diesel I6Sedan
124.0401993-1994200CE2.0 L M111.940 I4Coupe
1994-1996E200
124.0421993-1994220CE2.2 L M111.960 I4Coupe
1994-1996E220
124.0431985-1992230CE2.3 L M102.982 I4Coupe
124.0501988-1989300CE3.0 L M103.983 I6Coupe
124.0511990-1993300CE-243.0 L M104.980 I6Coupe
124.0521993-1994320CE3.2 L M104.992 I6Coupe
1994-1996E320
124.0601993-1994200CE2.0 L M111.940 I4Cabriolet
1994-1996E200
124.0611990-1993300CE-243.0 L M104.980 I6Cabriolet
124.0621993-1994220CE2.0 L M111.960 I4Cabriolet
1994-1996E220
124.0661993-1994320CE3.2 L M104.992 I6Cabriolet
1994-1996E320
124.0791993-1994200TE2.0 L M111.940 I4Estate
1994-1996E200
124.0801988-1993200T2.0 L M102.922 I4Estate
124.0811988-1993200TE2.0 L M102.963 I4Estate
124.0821993-1996E2202.2 L M111.960 I4Estate
124.0831988-1992230TE2.3 L M102.982 I4Estate
124.0281993-1994280TE, 300E 2.82.8 L M104.942 I6Estate
1994-1996E280
124.0901988-1991300TE3.0 L M103.983 I6Estate
124.0911989-1992300TE-243.0 L M104.980 I6Estate
124.0921993-1994320TE3.2 L M104.992 I6Estate
1994-1996E320
124.1801986-1989200TD2.0 L OM601.912 Diesel I4Estate
124.1851986-1989250TD2.5 L OM602.912 Diesel I5Estate
124.2901986-1993300TE 4Matic3.0 L M103.985 I6Estate
[10]

Dimensions and weight[edit]

Body styleWheelbaseLengthWidthHeightCurb weight
Sedan2,800 mm (110.2 in)4,740 mm (186.6 in)1,740 mm (68.5 in)1,428 mm (56.2 in)
1,451 mm (57.1 in) (4Matic)
1,390 kg (3,064 lb)
Sedan LWB3,600 mm (141.7 in)5,540 mm (218.1 in)1,740 mm (68.5 in)1,480 mm (58.3 in)1,635 kg (3,605 lb)
Estate2,800 mm (110.2 in)4,765 mm (187.6 in)1,740 mm (68.5 in)1,489 mm (58.6 in)
1,498 mm (59.0 in) (4Matic)
1,510 kg (3,329 lb)
Coupe2,715 mm (106.9 in)4,655 mm (183.3 in)1,740 mm (68.5 in)1,394 mm (54.9 in)
1,391 mm (54.8 in) (Conv'ble)
1,630 kg (3,594 lb)
500 E2,800 mm (110.2 in)4,750 mm (187.0 in)1,796 mm (70.7 in)1,410 mm (55.5 in)1,710 kg (3,770 lb)
[8][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]

Sportline option[edit]

Mercedes-Benz offered an option called "Sportline" for the W124 and W201 chassis cars. This option was available in the North American market for the 1992-93 model year 190E 2.6, 1992-93 300E/300CE and 1993-95 E320/E320 Coupe. In the European market, however, the "Sportline" option was available for all body styles except the E500/500E. The option package included sport seating (sedans, not coupes), wider wheels (7" rather than 6.5") and lower profile tyres (205/60 x 15 rather than 195/65 x 15), quick ratio steering and a smaller diameter steering wheel, "Sportline" badges on the front wing moldings and gear knob, a slightly lowered ride height and a specially tuned suspension including shorter, stiffer springs, struts, anti-roll bars, and bushings.

The suspension components of the Sportline package were available as an option on all cars, including estates, as Option 653 - Sports Chassis with 8-Hole light alloy rims.

500E[edit]

Main article: Mercedes-Benz 500E
Mercedes-Benz W124 500 E

Mercedes also included a high performance version of the W124, the 500E, created in close cooperation with and assembled by Porsche. It used the 5.0L 32-valve V8 M119 Engine based upon the 500 SL (R129) roadster, and Porsche engineered the suspension and chassis design with a performance bias.

Masterpiece[edit]

Mercedes-Benz W124 Masterpiece Rear Label
Mercedes-Benz W124 Masterpiece Gear Knob

In some countries, the final batch of W124 was sold as the limited edition Masterpiece in 1995. Following the impending release of its successor, the Mercedes-Benz W210, the remaining units of W124 were fitted with additional accessories found in stock models such as walnut steering wheel, airbag for front passenger, walnut center console glove box, electric rear blind and rear seat side window sunshade (optional).[18] There were also 4 unique pieces of accessories fitted to Masterpieces which were not available to any other W124 around the world - gear knob engraved with the word Masterpiece, stainless door sills engraved with Masterpiece, Masterpiece label on the right side of the boot and the brand new 6-hole very light alloy wheels.[19]

Engines[edit]

EngineCyl.PowerTorque0–100 km/h
(sec.)
Maximum speedFuel consumption (Euro mix)
Gasoline
2.0 8VI4105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp)160 N·m (118 lb·ft)12.6187 km/h (116 mph)
2.0 8VI4109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp)170 N·m (125 lb·ft)
2.0 8VI4118 PS (87 kW; 116 hp)172 N·m (127 lb·ft)12.0-14.0175–190 km/h8.6 L/100 km (33 mpg-imp; 27 mpg-US)
2.3 8VI4132 PS (97 kW; 130 hp)198 N·m (146 lb·ft)10.4204 km/h (127 mph)
2.0 16VI4136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp)190 N·m (140 lb·ft)11.5-12.1183–200 km/h8.7 L/100 km (32 mpg-imp; 27 mpg-US)
2.3 8VI4136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp)205 N·m (151 lb·ft)11.2-13.5185–200 km/h9.0 L/100 km (31 mpg-imp; 26 mpg-US)
2.2 16VI4150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp)210 N·m (155 lb·ft)10.6-11.1193–210 km/h8.8 L/100 km (32 mpg-imp; 27 mpg-US)
2.6 12VI6160 PS (118 kW; 158 hp)220 N·m (162 lb·ft)8.7218 km/h (135 mph)
2.6 12VI6166 PS (122 kW; 164 hp)230 N·m (170 lb·ft)10.0-10.5205–215 km/h10.0 L/100 km (28 mpg-imp; 24 mpg-US)
2.6 12VI6170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp)240 N·m (177 lb·ft)7.9-8.8210–232 km/h10.0 L/100 km (28 mpg-imp; 24 mpg-US)
3.0 12VI6180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp)255 N·m (188 lb·ft)8.5-9.9204–225 km/h10.9 L/100 km (26 mpg-imp; 21.6 mpg-US)
3.0 12VI6188 PS (138 kW; 185 hp)260 N·m (192 lb·ft)
2.8 24VI6193 PS (142 kW; 190 hp)270 N·m (199 lb·ft)9.1230 km/h (143 mph)10.7 L/100 km (26 mpg-imp; 22 mpg-US)
2.8 24VI6197 PS (145 kW; 194 hp)270 N·m (199 lb·ft)8.8-9.1213–220 km/h10.7 L/100 km (26 mpg-imp; 22 mpg-US)
3.0 24VI6220 PS (162 kW; 217 hp)265 N·m (195 lb·ft)7.8-8.4217–237 km/h11.0 L/100 km (26 mpg-imp; 21.4 mpg-US)
3.2 24VI6220 PS (162 kW; 217 hp)310 N·m (229 lb·ft)7.8-8.3235–243 km/h10.9 L/100 km (26 mpg-imp; 21.6 mpg-US)
3.6 24V AMGI6272 PS (200 kW; 268 hp)385 N·m (284 lb·ft)7.0-7.2250 km/h (155 mph)11.0 L/100 km (26 mpg-imp; 21.4 mpg-US)
4.2 32VV8279 PS (205 kW; 275 hp)400 N·m (295 lb·ft)6.8250 km/h (155 mph)11.8 L/100 km (24 mpg-imp; 19.9 mpg-US)
5.0 32VV8320 PS (235 kW; 316 hp)480 N·m (354 lb·ft)5.9250 km/h (155 mph)13.5 L/100 km (20.9 mpg-imp; 17.4 mpg-US)
5.0 32VV8326 PS (240 kW; 322 hp)480 N·m (354 lb·ft)5.9250 km/h (155 mph)
6.0 32VV8381 PS (280 kW; 376 hp)580 N·m (428 lb·ft)5.4250 km/h (155 mph)14.5 L/100 km (19.5 mpg-imp; 16.2 mpg-US)
7.3 Brabus 48VV12530 PS (390 kW; 523 hp)780 N·m (575 lb·ft)5.0317 km/h (197 mph)26.5 L/100 km (10.7 mpg-imp; 8.9 mpg-US)
Diesel
2.0 8V DI472 PS (53 kW; 71 hp)123 N·m (91 lb·ft)18.5160 km/h (99 mph)
2.0 8V DI475 PS (55 kW; 74 hp)126 N·m (93 lb·ft)19.5-21.5145–160 km/h6.7 L/100 km (42 mpg-imp; 35 mpg-US)
2.5 10V DI590 PS (66 kW; 89 hp)154 N·m (114 lb·ft)16.5175 km/h (109 mph)
2.5 10V DI594 PS (69 kW; 93 hp)158 N·m (117 lb·ft)16.5-18.5160–165 km/h7.2 L/100 km (39 mpg-imp; 33 mpg-US)
3.0 12V DI6109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp)185 N·m (136 lb·ft)13.7190 km/h (118 mph)
2.5 20V DI5113 PS (83 kW; 111 hp)173 N·m (128 lb·ft)18.5-20.4190 km/h6.8 L/100 km (42 mpg-imp; 35 mpg-US)
3.0 12V DI6113 PS (83 kW; 111 hp)191 N·m (141 lb·ft)15.0-16.4175–190 km/h7.8 L/100 km (36 mpg-imp; 30 mpg-US)
2.5 10V TDI5122 PS (90 kW; 120 hp)225 N·m (166 lb·ft)12.3195 km/h (121 mph)
2.5 10V TDI5126 PS (93 kW; 124 hp)231 N·m (170 lb·ft)12.5-13.0190–195 km/h7.5 L/100 km (38 mpg-imp; 31 mpg-US)
3.0 24V DI6136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp)210 N·m (155 lb·ft)12.8-13.8187–200 km/h7.4 L/100 km (38 mpg-imp; 32 mpg-US)
3.0 12V TDI6143 PS (105 kW; 141 hp)267 N·m (197 lb·ft)10.9202 km/h (126 mph)
3.0 12V TDI6147 PS (108 kW; 145 hp)273 N·m (201 lb·ft)10.9-12.8186–200 km/h7.8 L/100 km (36 mpg-imp; 30 mpg-US)

Safety[edit]

Some main innovations of the W124 series were related to occupant safety. Derived from the Mercedes 190 (W201), with which the W124 shares the basic layout, its likewise edgy body was designed to withstand an offset-crash in a concrete barrier at some 35mph (56km/h) without serious harm to the occupants and a largely undamaged passenger cabin, a windshield that stays in place and doors easily opened without special recovery tools. This crash-test configuration became the base for the Euro-NCAP procedure currently being the standard crash-test configuration in the EU. Unlike Euro-NCAP, Mercedes required the body of the W124 to withstand an offset impact from the front and from the rear.

The W124 also featured a driver's side airbag (optional in Europe, later standard in the USA), height-adjustable seat belts with electronic-mechanical pre-tensioneers (standard) for both front passengers, rear seat belts which automatically adapted to the size of the passengers (standard), pedals that were moved inversely in a frontal impact (away from the drivers feet and in the direction of the bulkhead separating the cabin from the engine) and door arm rests with deformable elements designed to reduce abdominal injury risk resulting from a side impact.

The dashboard made of impact-absorbing, artificial foam was reinforced with a thin aluminium layer which effectively prevented hoses, valves, housings and other components from heating and engine from penetrating through the dash board inside the passenger cabin in a severe impact. Also, the passenger glove box featured a defined point of rupture, which considerably reduced the probability of front passenger injuries.

Apart from the Mercedes 190, the W124 was the first serially manufactured car in history to see widespread use of light-weight high-strength steels[citation needed], which today are a standard in car design.

From late 1988 on, the W124 was one of the first cars available with a passengers side front-airbag as an option, initially only in Europe, and from 1990 onwards in North America.

Build quality[edit]

Million-mile taxi W124

The W124 gained a good reputation for reliability. In 1995 the diesel engined version topped the "upper middle class" category in a reliability survey of 4-6 year old cars undertaken by the German Automobile Association (ADAC), with 11.8 recorded breakdowns per 1,000 vehicles for four year old cars and 21.6 for six year old ones: this compared with 14.6 breakdowns per 1,000 cars for four year old Audi 100s and 27.3 for six year old big Audis.[20]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Mazur, Eligiusz, ed. (2006). World of Cars 2006·2007. Warsaw, Poland: Media Connection Sp. z o.o. p. 226. ISSN 1734-2945. 
  2. ^ "La importancia de las armadoras mexicanas para América Latina". Metalmecanica.com. Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  3. ^ "Mercedes z Polski [1992 Panorama". YouTube. 2009-02-21. Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  4. ^ "D284644 Patent | Automobile". PTO Direct. Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  5. ^ http://www.ptodirect.com/Results/Patents?p=4&r=174&query=Sacco-Bruno.INNM
  6. ^ "Mercedes-Benz Safety Innovations". Theautochannel.com. 13 September 2010. Retrieved 1 October 2010. 
  7. ^ B M (31 October 1998). "Lower Sales". Economic and Political Weekly (Mumbai, India: Sameeksha Trust) 33 (44): 2765. 
  8. ^ a b "W124 Sedan Lang". Mercedes W124. 3 January 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2010. 
  9. ^ "W124 Limousine Lang". Mercedes W124. 3 January 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2010. 
  10. ^ Engine data sourced from: Mercedes-Benz Technical Data publications, 1986-1994.
  11. ^ "W124 Sedan". Mercedes W124. 3 January 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2010. 
  12. ^ "W124 Estate". Mercedes W124. 14 January 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2010. 
  13. ^ "W124 4Matic Sedan". Mercedes W124. 1 January 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2010. 
  14. ^ "W124 4Matic Estate". Mercedes W124. 14 January 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2010. 
  15. ^ "W124 Coupe". Mercedes W124. 9 January 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2010. 
  16. ^ "W124 Convertible". Mercedes W124. 12 January 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2010. 
  17. ^ "W124 500 E @ carfoilo". Carfolio.com. 6 May 2009. Retrieved 14 December 2010. 
  18. ^ "A Simple Introduction of W124 ...from GAN". MyBenz Forum. 18 September 2009. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  19. ^ "Identifying a Masterpiece (with pictures)". MyBenz Forum. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  20. ^ "Pleiten, Pfusch und Pannen". ADAC Motorwelt: pages 38–48. May 1996. 

Bibliography[edit]

General[edit]

  • Barrett, Frank (1998). Illustrated Buyer's Guide Mercedes-Benz. Motorbooks International Illustrated Buyer's Guide series (2nd ed.). Osceola, WI, USA: MBI Publishing. ISBN 0760304513. 
  • Clarke, R.M., ed. (2007). Mercedes AMG Gold Portfolio 1983-1999. Road Test Portfolio Series. Cobham, Surrey, UK: Brooklands Books. ISBN 9781855207455. 
  • Clarke, R.M., ed. (2011). Mercedes-Benz E-Class W124 1985-1995. Road Test Portfolio Series. Cobham, Surrey, UK: Brooklands Books. ISBN 9781855208896. 
  • Engelen, Günter (2002). Mercedes-Benz Personenwagen Band 3 Seit 1986 [Mercedes-Benz Passenger Cars Volume 3 Since 1986]. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3613021692.  (German)
  • Frommann, Jens (2014). Mercedes W 124: Typengeschichte und Technik [Mercedes W 124: Type History and Technology]. München: GeraMond. ISBN 9783862456581.  (German)
  • Hofner, Heribert; Schrader, Halwart (2005). Mercedes-Benz Automobile Band 2: von 1964 bis heute [Mercedes-Benz Automobiles Volume 2: from 1964 to today]. Königswinter, Germany: Heel. ISBN 3898804194.  (German)
  • Hofner, Heribert (2010). Mercedes-Benz Typenkunde: Modelle der Mittelklasse ab 1984 E-Klasse und CLS-Klasse [Mercedes-Benz Type Study: Midsized Models from 1984 E Class and CLS Class]. Bielefeld, Germany: Delius Klasing. ISBN 9783768832267.  (German)
  • Kittler, Eberhard (2002). Typenkompass Mercedes-Benz Band 2. Personenwagen seit 1976 [Typenkompass Mercedes-Benz Volume 2. Passenger Cars since 1976]. Typenkompass series. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3613022095.  (German)
  • Larimer, Fred (2004). Mercedes-Benz Buyer's Guide: Roadsters, Coupes, and Convertibles. St. Paul, MN, USA: MBI Publishing. ISBN 0760318115. 
  • Niemann, Harry (2006). Personenwagen von Mercedes-Benz: Automobillegenden und Geschichten seit 1886 [Passenger Cars from Mercedes-Benz: Automobile Legends and Stories since 1886]. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3613025965.  (German)
  • Oswald, Werner (2001). Mercedes-Benz Personenwagen Band 2 1945–1985 [Mercedes-Benz Passenger Cars Volume 2 1945–1985]. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3613021684.  (German)
  • Pitt, Colin (2005). Mercedes-Benz W124 Enthusiasts Guide. Hockley, Essex, UK: Unique Motor Books. ISBN 1841555355. 
  • Pitt, Colin, ed. (2007). Mercedes-Benz W124 Series 1985-1997: Sedan, Coupe, Convertible. Hockley, Essex, UK: Unique Motor Books. ISBN 9781841556529. 
  • St. Antoine, Arthur. "Magnum Force". Car and Driver (April 1992): 47–56. 
  • Schlegelmilch, Rainer W.; Lehbrink, Hartmut; von Osterroth, Jochen (2013). Mercedes (revised ed.). Königswinter, Germany: Ullmann Publishing. ISBN 9783848002672. 
  • Taylor, James (1994). Mercedes-Benz since 1945: A Collector's Guide. Volume 4: The 1980s. Croydon, UK: Motor Racing Publications. pp. 8–16, 65–88, 97–104, 107–111. ISBN 0947981772. 
  • Taylor, James (2009). Mercedes-Benz: Cars of the 1990s. Crowood AutoClassic Series. Ramsbury, Marlborough, UK: The Crowood Press. pp. 9–20. ISBN 9781847970961. 

Workshop manuals[edit]

  • Drayton, Spencer; Coombs, Mark; Rendle, Steve (1996). Mercedes Benz 124 Series (85-93) Service and Repair Manual. Haynes Service and Repair Manual Series. Sparkford, UK: Haynes. ISBN 1859602533. 
  • Etzold, Rüdiger (1999). Mercedes E-Klasse: Typ W124, 200 bis E 320 von 1/85 bis 6/95. So wird's gemacht, Band 54 (9th ed.). Bielefield, Germany: Delius Klasing. ISBN 3768805379.  (German)
  • Etzold, Rüdiger (1999). Mercedes E-Klasse Diesel: Typ W124, 200D bis 300TD von 1/85 bis 6/95. So wird's gemacht, Band 55 (8th ed.). Bielefield, Germany: Delius Klasing. ISBN 3768805387.  (German)
  • Korp, Dieter (2008). Mercedes-Benz: 200 D/250 D/300 D Dezember '84 bis Juni '93 / E 200/250/300 Diesel ab Juli '93. Jetzt helfe ich mir selbst series, Band 123. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 9783613011557.  (German)
  • Korp, Dieter (2011). Mercedes-Benz: 200 - 320 E , E 200 - 320 200/200 E / 230 E / 260 E / 280 E /300 E / 300 E-24 / 320 E Dezember '84 bis Juni '93. E 200 / 220 / 280 / 320 Juli '93 bis Juni '95 200/230 E/260 E/300 E ab Dezember '84. Jetzt helfe ich mir selbst series, Band 124 (6th ed.). Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 9783613011564.  (German)
  • Ritter, Stu (2002). Mercedes-Benz E-Class Owner's Bible: 1986-1995. Cambridge, MA, USA: Bentley Publishers. ISBN 0837602300. 
  • Russek, Peter (1991). Mercedes 124 Series 200, 200E, 200T, 200TE, 230E, 230CE. Pocket Mechanic Vehicle Manual. Caversham, Reading, Berkshire, UK: Peter Russek Publications. ISBN 0907779018. 
  • Russek, Peter (1994). Mercedes 200, 250, 300D Series 124. Pocket Mechanic Vehicle Manual. Caversham, Reading, Berkshire, UK: Peter Russek Publications. ISBN 1898780447. 
  • Russek, Peter (2006). Mercedes-Benz E-Class: W124 Series 1993-1995 / W210 Series 1995-2000 / 4- and 6-Cyl. Engines. Pocket Mechanic Vehicle Manual. Caversham, Reading, Berkshire, UK: Peter Russek Publications. ISBN 1898780978. 
  • Russek, Peter (2008). Mercedes-Benz E-class: Petrol W124 & W210 Workshop Manual 1993-2000. Cobham, Surrey, UK: Brooklands Books. ISBN 9781855207684. 
  • Mercedes W124 Owners Workshop Manual: 1985-1995. Cambridge, MA, USA: Bentley Publishers. 1998. ISBN 9780837612140. 
  • Mercedes Serie 124 ab Baujahr 1985 / 200 / 200 T / 230 E / 230 TE. Reparaturanleitung series, Band 906. (1st ed.). Zug, Switzerland: Verlag Bucheli. 2012. ISBN 9783716817377.  (German)
  • Mercedes Diesel Serie 124 ab Baujahr 1985 / 200 D / 250 D / 300 D. Reparaturanleitung series, Band 919. (1st ed.). Zug, Switzerland: Verlag Bucheli. 2012. ISBN 9783716817438.  (German)
  • Mercedes Serie W124 Vier- und Sechszylindermotoren Baujahre 1985 bis 1992. Reparaturanleitung series, Band 1211. (1st ed.). Zug, Switzerland: Verlag Bucheli. 2000. ISBN 3716819379.  (German)
  • Mercedes E-Klasse 1993 bis 1995 (Serie W124) 1995 bis 1997 (Serie W210). Reparaturanleitung series, Band 1224. (1st ed.). Zug, Switzerland: Verlag Bucheli. 2000. ISBN 3716819646.  (German)
  • Mercedes-Benz Technical Companion. Cambridge, MA, USA: Bentley Publishers. 2005. ISBN 9780837610337. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Mercedes-Benz W124 at Wikimedia Commons