Melliferous flower

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A melliferous flower is a plant which produces substances that can be collected by insects and turned into honey. Many plants are melliferous, but only certain examples can be harvested by honey bees, because of their physiognomy (body size and shape, length of proboscis, etc.) Apiculture classifies a plant as melliferous if it can be harvested by domesticated honey bees.

The table below lists some of the known melliferous plants, and indicates the flowering period, as well as the resources harvested by bees (Nectar, pollen, propolis, and honeydew). It is worth noting that each plant does not produce the same quantity or quality of these resources, and even among species the production can vary due to region, plant health, climate, etc.

Contents

Plant table

Plains plants

ImageCommon nameLatin nameFlowering monthsNectarPollenPropolisHoneydew
Robinia Pseudoacacia flower.JPGAcacia (Robinia "false acacia")robinia pseudacacia05-06XX..
Papaver rhoeas mak polny small.jpgCorn poppypapaver rhoeas04-05.X..
Cornus sanguinea0.jpgCommon Dogwoodcornus sanguinea05-06XX..
Ribes sanguineum blossom (aka).jpgRibesribes rubrum04-05XX..
Hulst.jpgEuropean hollyilex aquifolium05-06XX..
Starr 010419-0021 Hedera helix.jpgHedera helixhedera helix09-10XXX.
Senf bluete.jpgWhite mustardsinapis alba05-09XX..
Hazel Catkins aka.jpgHazelcorylus avellana01-03.X.X
Taraxacum 2005 spring 001.jpgDandeliontaraxacum officinale05-06XX..
Salix caprea8.jpgSalix capreasalix caprea02-04XX..
Trefle3.jpgWhite clovertrifolium repens05-07XX..
Coltsfoot close-up aka.jpgColtsfoottussilago farfara02-04.X..

Mediterranean plants

ImageCommon nameLatin nameFlowering monthsNectarPollenPropolisHoneydew
Almondprunus dulcis02-04XX..
Arbutus unedo b.JPGStrawberry treearbutus unedo10-01X...
Buxus vdg.jpgBuxusbuxus sempervirens04-05XX..
Viburnum tinus.JPGViburnum tinusviburnum tinus02-06XX..
ChristianBauer flowering rosemary.jpgRosemaryrosmarinus officinalis11-04XX..
Thymus vulgaris0.jpgThymethymus vulgaris04-09X...

Mountain plants

ImageCommon nameLatin nameFlowering monthsNectarPollenPropolisHoneydew
Gewone engelwortel R0012882 bloem.JPGGarden angelicaangelica sylvestris07-08XX..
Arnica montana.JPGArnica montanaarnica montana07-08XX..
Erica cinera0.jpgEricaerica cinerea07-09XX..
Calluna vulgaris (flower closeup).jpgCallunacalluna vulgaris08-10XX..
Chestnut flowers.jpgSweet chestnutcastanea sativa06-07XX.X
Silybum marianum 2003-04-07.jpgMilk thistleSilybum marianum07-08XX..
Epilobum augustifolium Aug2003.jpgFireweedepilobium angustifolium07-09XX..
Acer pseudoplatanus Inflorescence BavariaMay2005.jpgAcer platanoidesacer pseudoplatanus03-04XXXX
Noorse esdoorn bloeiwijze (Acer platanoides inflorescens).jpgAcer pseudoplatanusacer platanoides05-06XX.X
Raspberry-flower-2.jpgRaspberryrubus idaeus06-07XX..
Gentiana lutea 090705a.jpgGentiana luteagentiana lutea07-08XX..
Helleborus niger Rax 1.jpgHelleborehelleborus niger01-04XX..
LyciumBarbarum-bloem-hr.jpgBoxthornlycium barbarum07-08XX..
Vaccinum myrtillus 020503.jpgBlueberryvaccinium myrtillus05-06XX..
Snowdrop closeup 2005 01.jpgSnowdropgalanthus nivalis01-03XX..
Rhododendron.jpgRhododendronRhododendron ferrugineum06-08XX..
Abies alba - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-001.jpgSilver firabies alba05.X.X
Satureja montana0.jpgSavorysatureja montana07-08X...
Thymus serpyllum1.jpgWild thymethymus serpyllum06-09X...
Filipendula ulmaria10.jpgRowansorbus aucuparia05-06XXX.

Cultured plants

ImageCommon nameLatin nameFlowering monthsNectarPollenPropolisHoneydew
Sonnenblume.jpgSunflowerhelianthus annuus07-08XX..
Single lavendar flower02.jpgLavenderLavandula intermedia06-07XX..