# Megabit

Multiples of bits
Decimal
ValueMetric
1000kbitkilobit
10002Mbitmegabit
10003Gbitgigabit
10004Tbitterabit
10005Pbitpetabit
10006Ebitexabit
10007Zbitzettabit
10008Ybityottabit
Binary
ValueJEDECIEC
1024KbitkilobitKibitkibibit
10242MbitmegabitMibitmebibit
10243GbitgigabitGibitgibibit
10244--Tibittebibit
10245--Pibitpebibit
10246--Eibitexbibit
10247--Zibitzebibit
10248--Yibityobibit
Orders of magnitude of data

Multiples of bits
Decimal
ValueMetric
1000kbitkilobit
10002Mbitmegabit
10003Gbitgigabit
10004Tbitterabit
10005Pbitpetabit
10006Ebitexabit
10007Zbitzettabit
10008Ybityottabit
Binary
ValueJEDECIEC
1024KbitkilobitKibitkibibit
10242MbitmegabitMibitmebibit
10243GbitgigabitGibitgibibit
10244--Tibittebibit
10245--Pibitpebibit
10246--Eibitexbibit
10247--Zibitzebibit
10248--Yibityobibit
Orders of magnitude of data

The megabit is a multiple of the unit bit for digital information or computer storage. The prefix mega (symbol M) is defined in the International System of Units (SI) as a multiplier of 106 (1 million),[1] and therefore

1 megabit = 106bits = 1000000bits = 1000 kilobits.

The megabit has the unit symbol Mb or Mbit.

The megabit is closely related to the mebibit, a unit multiple derived from the binary prefix mebi (symbol Mi) of the same order of magnitude,[2] which is equal to 220bits = 1048576bits, or approximately 5% larger than the megabit. Despite the definitions of these new prefixes for binary-based quantities of storage by international standards organizations, memory semiconductor chips are still marketed using the metric prefix names to designate binary multiples.

Using the common byte size of 8 bits, and using the NIST definition of megabit and kilobyte, 1 megabit is equal to 125 kilobytes (kB) or approximately 122 kibibytes (KiB).

The megabit is widely used when referring to data transfer rates of computer networks or telecommunications systems. Network transfer rates and download speeds often use the megabit as the amount transferred per time unit, e.g., a 100 Mbit/s (megabit per second) Fast-Ethernet connection, or a 10 Mbit/s Internet access service, whereas the sizes of data units (files) transferred over these networks are often measured in megabytes. To achieve a transfer rate of one megabyte per second one needs a network connection with a transfer rate of eight megabits per second.

## Usage conventions

• In Telecommunications, use of the correct SI definition of the unit is standard.
• Standard industry practice in RAM and ROM manufacture has been to use the Mb abbreviation in reference to the binary interpretation of the megabit. For example, a single discrete DDR3 chip specified at 512 Mb invariably contains 229 bits = 536870912bits = 512 Mibit of storage,[3] or 671088648-bit bytes, variously referred to as either 64 mebibytes or 64 (binary) megabytes.
• During the 16-bit game console era, the megabit was a commonly used measure of the size (computer data storage capacity) of game cartridges. This size represented one mebibit (Mibit). The vast majority of SNES and Mega Drive (Genesis) games were produced on 8 megabit cartridges, although other sizes such as 4, 12, 16, 24, 32, and 48 megabit cartridges appeared. This usage continued on the Nintendo 64, with cartridge sizes ranging between 32 and 512 megabits.