A medical examiner is a medically qualified government officer whose duty is to investigate deaths and injuries that occur under unusual or suspicious circumstances, to perform post-mortem examinations, and in some jurisdictions to initiate inquests.
A medical examiner is a government official who
Investigates human organs like the stomach, liver, brain
Determines cause of death
Issues death certificates
Maintains death records
Responds to deaths in mass disasters
Identifies unknown dead
Other functions depending on local law
In some jurisdictions with English origins or history, a coroner performs these and other duties. Within the United States, there is a mixture of coroner and medical examiner systems, and in some states, dual systems. The meaning of these terms, duties, and requirements to hold office vary widely between jurisdictions.
Qualifications for medical examiners in the U.S. vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. In Wisconsin, for example, some counties do not require individuals to have any special educational or medical training to hold this office. In most jurisdictions, a medical examiner is required to have a medical degree, although in many this need not be in pathology. Other jurisdictions have stricter requirements, including additional education in pathology, law, and forensic pathology. Medical examiners are typically appointed officers. They are typically medical officers that perform autopsy procedures on the human body after death.
In popular culture
Dr. Dana Scully is also a medical examiner in the TV series The X-Files.
Dr. Sid Hammerback, in the CSI: NY, is the Chief Medical Examiner.
Dr. Alexx Woods, in the CSI: Miami, is a Medical Examiner.