McLean County, Illinois

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McLean County, Illinois
McLean County Courthouse and Square (7436726814).jpg
McLean County Courthouse and Square
Map of Illinois highlighting McLean County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
FoundedDecember 25, 1830
Named forJohn McLean
SeatBloomington
Largest cityBloomington
Area
 • Total1,186.27 sq mi (3,072 km2)
 • Land1,183.38 sq mi (3,065 km2)
 • Water2.89 sq mi (7 km2), 0.24%
Population
 • (2010)169,572
 • Density127/sq mi (49/km²)
Congressional districts13th, 18th
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
Websitewww.co.mclean.il.us
 
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McLean County, Illinois
McLean County Courthouse and Square (7436726814).jpg
McLean County Courthouse and Square
Map of Illinois highlighting McLean County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
FoundedDecember 25, 1830
Named forJohn McLean
SeatBloomington
Largest cityBloomington
Area
 • Total1,186.27 sq mi (3,072 km2)
 • Land1,183.38 sq mi (3,065 km2)
 • Water2.89 sq mi (7 km2), 0.24%
Population
 • (2010)169,572
 • Density127/sq mi (49/km²)
Congressional districts13th, 18th
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
Websitewww.co.mclean.il.us

McLean County is the largest county by land area in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 169,572, which is an increase of 12.7% from 150,433 in 2000.[1] Its county seat is Bloomington.[2]

McLean County is included in the BloomingtonNormal, Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Government[edit]

McLean County has a twenty member board representing ten districts within the county. District 1, District 2, and District 3 encompass all of the county outside of Bloomington and Normal. Districts 4, 5, and 6 are within the town limits of Normal, and districts 7, 8, 9, and 10 are within Bloomington city limits.

Pronunciation[edit]

Locally, the second syllable of McLean is pronounced with a 'long a' (ā, IPA /ei/) sound (i.e. "muh-KLAIN") (as with native son McLean Stevenson), not with a 'long e' (ē, IPA /i/) sound ("muh-KLEEN").

History[edit]

McLean County was formed late in 1830 out of Tazewell County. It was named for John McLean, United States Senator for Illinois, who died in 1830.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18406,565
185010,16354.8%
186028,772183.1%
187053,98887.6%
188060,10011.3%
189063,0364.9%
190067,8437.6%
191068,0080.2%
192070,1073.1%
193073,1174.3%
194073,9301.1%
195076,5773.6%
196083,8779.5%
1970104,38924.5%
1980119,14914.1%
1990129,1808.4%
2000150,43316.5%
2010169,57212.7%
Est. 2012172,2811.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]
2012 Estimate[4]

As of the census of 2000, there were 150,433 people, 56,746 households, and 35,466 families residing in the county. The population density was 127 people per square mile (49/km²). There were 59,972 housing units at an average density of 51 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.19% White, 6.19% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 2.05% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.01% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. 2.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.6% were of German, 18.1% English and 11.5% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.5% spoke English and 2.5% Spanish as their first language.

There were 56,746 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.90% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.50% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.50% under the age of 18, 18.60% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 19.00% from 45 to 64, and 9.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,021, and the median income for a family was $61,073. Males had a median income of $41,290 versus $28,435 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,227. About 4.10% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.00% of those under age 18 and 5.00% of those age 65 or over.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 1,186.27 square miles (3,072.4 km2), of which 1,183.38 square miles (3,064.9 km2) (or 99.76%) is land and 2.89 square miles (7.5 km2) (or 0.24%) is water.[5] The land area of McLean County (1183 sq. mi) is actually greater than the land area of the US state of Rhode Island (1045 sq mi).

Townships[edit]

Map of McLean County, Illinois

McLean County is divided into these townships:

Cities and towns[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Bloomington, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.7
 
31
14
 
 
1.7
 
37
18
 
 
2.9
 
48
29
 
 
3.8
 
61
40
 
 
4.5
 
73
51
 
 
3.9
 
83
61
 
 
4
 
86
65
 
 
3.8
 
84
63
 
 
3
 
77
54
 
 
2.7
 
65
42
 
 
3.1
 
49
31
 
 
2.4
 
36
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Bloomington have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.71 inches (43 mm) in February to 4.52 inches (115 mm) in May.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "McLean County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Bloomington, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°29′N 88°51′W / 40.49°N 88.85°W / 40.49; -88.85