McLean, Virginia

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McLean, Virginia
—  CDP  —
Location of McLean in Fairfax County, Virginia
Boundaries of the McLean CDP as of 2003
Coordinates: 38°56′03″N 77°10′39″W / 38.93417°N 77.1775°W / 38.93417; -77.1775
CountryUnited States
StateVirginia
CountyFairfax
Area
 • Total18.5 sq mi (47.9 km2)
 • Land18.5 sq mi (47.9 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation285 ft (87 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total48,115
 • DensityBad rounding here2,600/sq mi (Bad rounding here1,000/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes22101, 22102, 22103, 22106
Area code(s)571, 703
FIPS code51-48376[2]
GNIS feature ID1495919[3]
 
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McLean, Virginia
—  CDP  —
Location of McLean in Fairfax County, Virginia
Boundaries of the McLean CDP as of 2003
Coordinates: 38°56′03″N 77°10′39″W / 38.93417°N 77.1775°W / 38.93417; -77.1775
CountryUnited States
StateVirginia
CountyFairfax
Area
 • Total18.5 sq mi (47.9 km2)
 • Land18.5 sq mi (47.9 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation285 ft (87 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total48,115
 • DensityBad rounding here2,600/sq mi (Bad rounding here1,000/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes22101, 22102, 22103, 22106
Area code(s)571, 703
FIPS code51-48376[2]
GNIS feature ID1495919[3]

McLean (pron.: /məˈkln/ mə-KLAYN)[4] is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Fairfax County in Northern Virginia. The community had a total population of 48,115 as of the 2010 census.[1]

McLean is home to many diplomats, members of Congress, and high-ranking government officials partially due to its proximity to Washington, D.C. and the Central Intelligence Agency. It is the location of Hickory Hill, the former home of Ethel Kennedy, the widow of Robert F. Kennedy. It is also the location of Salona, the former home of Light-Horse Harry Lee, the Revolutionary War hero.

Located between the George Washington Parkway and the town of Vienna, McLean is known for its many upscale homes, as well as for its high-end shopping, such as at the nearby Tysons Corner Center and Tysons Galleria. Land values in McLean are among the highest in the Washington area.

Contents

History

The community received its name, McLean, from John Roll McLean, the former publisher and owner of The Washington Post, who, with Stephen Benton Elkins and French aristocrat Jean-Pierre Guenard, built in 1906 the electrified Great Falls and Old Dominion Railway (later the Washington and Old Dominion Railway), which connected the area with Washington, D.C. McLean named a railroad station costing $1,500 of which $500 was raised locally after himself where the rail line (traveling on the present route of Old Dominion Drive) crossed the old Chain Bridge Road.[5] The community itself was founded in 1910, when the communities of Lewinsville and Langley merged.

Geography

McLean is located at 38°56′03″N 77°10′39″W / 38.93417°N 77.1775°W / 38.93417; -77.1775 (38.9342776, -77.1774801) at an elevation of 285 feet (87 m).[3][6] It lies in the Piedmont upland on the west bank of the Potomac River.[7][8] The river forms the community's northern and eastern borders, and a number of its smaller tributaries flow north and northeast through the CDP. From west to east, these include Bull Neck Run, Scott Run, Dead Run, Turkey Run, and Pimmit Run.[8] Located on the Capital Beltway (Interstate 495) in Northern Virginia, central McLean is 8 miles (13 km) northwest of downtown Washington, D.C. and 9 miles (14 km) northeast of Fairfax, the county seat.[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 18.5 square miles (47.9 km²), all of it land. As a suburb of Washington, D.C., McLean is a part of both the Washington Metropolitan Area and the larger Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area. The CDP includes the unincorporated areas of Langley, Lewinsville, and West McLean, and it borders several other Washington suburbs, including: Potomac and Cabin John, Maryland to the north, Brookmont, Maryland to the northeast, Arlington to the southeast, Falls Church to the south, and Idylwood, Pimmit Hills, and Tysons Corner to the southwest.[10][11]

Demographics

Historical populations
CensusPop.
197017,698
198035,664101.5%
199038,1687.0%
200038,9292.0%
201048,11523.6%
* U.S. Decennial Census

As of the 2010 census, there were 48,115 people, 17,063 households, and 13,453 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 2,600.8 people per square mile (1,004.2/km²). There were 17,756 housing units at an average density of 959.8 per square mile (370.7/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 79.3% White, 14.9% Asian, 1.8% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.8% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.9% of the population.[1]

There were 17,063 households out of which 39.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.5% were married couples living together, 2.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.2% were non-families. 18.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80, and the average family size was 3.17.[1]

The population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 18.6% from 25 to 44, 33.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males age 18 and over.[1]

As of 2009, the median income for a household in the CDP was $156,943, and the median income for a family was $188,682. Males had a median income of $130,502 versus $83,491 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $80,879. About 1.5% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under the age of 18 and 4.4% of those 65 and older.[12]

The Central Intelligence Agency headquarters

Government and infrastructure

The headquarters of the Central Intelligence Agency are located in the Langley area of McLean. The Department of Transportation's Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center is also located down the street from the CIA headquarters.[13]

Economy

Langley High School is one of two high schools within the McLean CDP

Mars, Geebo, and ServInt are among the companies based in McLean.[14] Many businesses in neighboring Tysons Corner use a McLean mailing address.

Education

Primary and secondary schools

McLean residents are zoned to schools in the Fairfax County Public Schools (FCPS).

FCPS public elementary schools within the CDP include Chesterbrook; Churchill Road; Haycock; Kent Gardens; Franklin Sherman, and Spring Hill,.[13] FCPS public middle schools within the CDP include James Fenimore Cooper Middle School and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Middle School.[13] FCPS public high schools within the CDP include Langley High School and McLean High School.[13]

In addition, the Mount Daniel School of the Falls Church City Public Schools is physically within McLean.[13][15]

Several private schools, ranging from pre-school to 12th grade, are located in McLean, including The Langley School, The Madeira School; The Potomac School; Oakcrest School; Saint Luke School; Saint John School;[16] Brooksfield Montessori,[17] and the Country Day School.[18]

Public libraries

Fairfax County Public Library operates the Dolley Madison Library in the CDP.[13][19]

Transportation

The Capital Beltway, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Interstate 66, Dulles Access Road, Dolley Madison Boulevard/Chain Bridge Road, Georgetown Pike, and Old Dominion Drive all run through McLean. McLean Station on the Washington Metro Silver Line is scheduled to open in 2013.

Parks and recreation

The Mount Daniel School Park, operated by The City of Falls Church, is physically within McLean.[13][20]

Notable residents

Former residents:

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "American FactFinder 2". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml. Retrieved 2011-07-31.
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ Kelly, John (2008). "New in Town, Stranger?". Local Pronunciations. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A63788-2004Sep30.html. Retrieved 2008-07-17.
  5. ^ "Along the 0. D. Railroad". The Washington Post. July 7, 1920.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "Piedmont province". The Geology of Virginia. The College of William & Mary Department of Geology. http://web.wm.edu/geology/virginia/provinces/piedmont/piedmont.html. Retrieved 2011-07-31.
  8. ^ a b "Fairfax County Transportation Plan". Fairfax County Department of Transportation. Oct. 2006. http://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/maps/images/maps/handouts/pdf07/TPM_020108v34.pdf. Retrieved 2011-07-31.
  9. ^ "Virginia Official State Transportation Map - Cities in Detail". Virginia Department of Transportation. http://www.virginiadot.org/travel/maps-cityinset.asp. Retrieved 2011-07-31.
  10. ^ "Maryland: 2000 - Population and Housing Counts". United States Census Bureau. September 2003. http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2000/phc-3-22.pdf. Retrieved 2011-07-31.
  11. ^ "Virginia: 2000 - Population and Housing Counts". United States Census Bureau. October 2003. http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2000/phc-3-48.pdf. Retrieved 2011-07-31.
  12. ^ "McLean CDP, Virginia - Selected Economic Characteristics: 2005-2009". 2005-2009 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ADPTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=16000US5148376&-qr_name=ACS_2009_5YR_G00_DP5YR3&-ds_name=ACS_2009_5YR_G00_&-_lang=en&-_sse=on. Retrieved 2011-07-31.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g "McLean CDP, Virginia." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on September 1, 2009.
  14. ^ "Locations." Mars, Incorporated. Retrieved on September 1, 2009.
  15. ^ "Contact Us." Mount Daniel School. Retrieved on March 24, 2010.
  16. ^ stjohnacademy.org
  17. ^ "McLean Elementary Schools". Great Schools. 2008. http://www.greatschools.net/schools.page?city=McLean&lc=e&state=VA. Retrieved 2008-07-14.
  18. ^ Country Day School
  19. ^ "Library Branches." Fairfax County Public Library. Retrieved on October 21, 2009.
  20. ^ "Map of Parks." City of Falls Church. Retrieved on March 24, 2010.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Crowley, Michael (September 11, 2006). "Welcome to McLean, home of America's ruling class". The New Republic. http://www.tnr.com/politics/story.html?id=9050c2ee-cf00-499d-8279-42ebee4a09a4. Retrieved March 23, 2009.
  22. ^ "Arnold W. Braswell". mindenmemories.org. http://www.mindenmemories.org/Lt%20General%20Arnold%20W%20Braswell.htm. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
  23. ^ "The Watergate Story: Key Players: Pat Buchanan", 2009
  24. ^ a b As Dick Cheney Prepares to Depart, His Mystery Lingers
  25. ^ Hart, Kim (June 6, 2007). "Executives Cashing In Shares At NVR". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/06/05/AR2007060502599.html. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  26. ^ Phillips, Julie (2007). James Tiptree, Jr.: The Double Life of Alice B. Sheldon. New York: Picador. ISBN 978-0-312-42694-1.

Coordinates: 38°55′42″N 77°10′31″W / 38.92833°N 77.17528°W / 38.92833; -77.17528