McComb, Mississippi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

McComb, Mississippi
City
Location of McComb, Mississippi
Location of McComb, Mississippi
Coordinates: 31°14′40.10″N 90°28′17.73″W / 31.2444722°N 90.4715917°W / 31.2444722; -90.4715917Coordinates: 31°14′40.10″N 90°28′17.73″W / 31.2444722°N 90.4715917°W / 31.2444722; -90.4715917
CountryUnited States
StateMississippi
CountyPike
Area
 • Total11.6 sq mi (30.1 km2)
 • Land11.6 sq mi (30.0 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation423 ft (129 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total13,644
 • Density1,184/sq mi (424.4/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC−5)
ZIP codes39648-39649
Area code(s)601/ 769
FIPS code28-43280
GNIS feature ID0673307
 
Jump to: navigation, search
McComb, Mississippi
City
Location of McComb, Mississippi
Location of McComb, Mississippi
Coordinates: 31°14′40.10″N 90°28′17.73″W / 31.2444722°N 90.4715917°W / 31.2444722; -90.4715917Coordinates: 31°14′40.10″N 90°28′17.73″W / 31.2444722°N 90.4715917°W / 31.2444722; -90.4715917
CountryUnited States
StateMississippi
CountyPike
Area
 • Total11.6 sq mi (30.1 km2)
 • Land11.6 sq mi (30.0 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation423 ft (129 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total13,644
 • Density1,184/sq mi (424.4/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC−5)
ZIP codes39648-39649
Area code(s)601/ 769
FIPS code28-43280
GNIS feature ID0673307

McComb is a city in Pike County, Mississippi, about 80 miles (130 km) south of Jackson. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 13,644. It is the principal city of the McComb, Mississippi, Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

McComb was founded in 1872 after Henry Simpson McComb of the New Orleans, Jackson and Great Northern Railroad, a predecessor of the Illinois Central Railroad (now part of the Canadian National Railway), decided to move the railroad's maintenance shops away from New Orleans, Louisiana, outside of the attractions of that city's saloons. Main Street is one of the main streets in the downtown area with all the shops, attractions, and business. The railroad purchased land in Pike County, and three nearby communities, Elizabethtown, Burglund, and Harveytown, agreed to consolidate.

During the 1960s, McComb played a critical role in the Civil Rights Movement. It was the location of SNCC's first voter registration project which was met with violence and intimidation on the part of authorities and the KKK. More than 100 McComb high school students were arrested in 1961 for protesting the murder of voter-registration activist Herbert Lee and the expulsion of Brenda Travis.[1] McComb was the setting for several bombings involving racial strife. Malcolm Boyd took part of COFO's Freedom House as a member of a clerical delegation to assist African-American voter registration.

On October 20, 1977, a chartered plane carrying members and crew of rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd crashed in a swamp near McComb, killing lead singer Ronnie Van Zant, guitarist Steve Gaines, Steve's sister Cassie (a backup singer), and road manager Dean Kilpatrick.

Geography[edit]

McComb is located at 31°14'40.1022" North, 90°28'17.7342" West (31.2444739, -90.4715930).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.6 square miles (30 km2), of which 11.6 square miles (30 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.54%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 13,644 people and 5,073 households in the city. The population density was 1,184 people per square mile (424/km²). There were 5,825 housing units at an average density of 500.6 per square mile (193.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 66.29% African American, 31.22% White, 0.91% Asian, 0.17% Native American, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.41% of the population.

As of the 2000 census, there were 5,265 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.5% were married couples living together, 25.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.0% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 78.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,507, and the median income for a family was $31,758. Males had a median income of $27,899 versus $17,402 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,790. About 27.4% of families and 31.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.7% of those under the age of 18 and 21.3% of those 65 and older.

Education[edit]

The City of McComb is served by the McComb School District. There are 7 schools in the district, Otken Elementary, Kennedy Early Childhood Center, Higgins Middle School, Denman Jr. High School, McComb High School, Business & Technology Center, and Summit Academy. The McComb and the surrounding Pike County area has three separate school districts, three private schools, and a community college in the northern part of the county. St. Alphonsus Catholic Church is located in McComb and provides classes kindergarten through seventh grade. McComb is also the location of Parklane Academy, a K4 through 12th grade private college preparatory school. And Jubilee - Performing Arts - Center, a private school catered in the performing arts. It is the first of its kind in the Pike County Area. It is located in the central McComb region. Southwest Mississippi Community College is located seven miles north of McComb, and northeast of Summit,MS. McComb High School is one of the 100 National Model Schools.

Rail transportation[edit]

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to McComb. Amtrak trains 58 & 59, the City of New Orleans stop here.[4]

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, McComb has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[9]

References[edit]

External links[edit]