Mazda B-Series

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Mazda B-Series
Mazda B2500 front 20080215.jpg
SuccessorMazda BT-50
  (Redirected from Mazda Bravo)
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For the Mazda B-Series sold in North America from 1993, see Ford Ranger (North America).
Mazda B-Series
Mazda B2500 front 20080215.jpg
SuccessorMazda BT-50

The Mazda B-Series is a pickup truck, first manufactured in 1961 by Mazda Motor Corporation. Since the launch of the B-Series, Mazda has used the engine displacement to determine each model's name; the B1500 had a 1.5 L engine and the B2600 had a 2.6 L engine. In Japan, Mazda used the name "Proceed" for its compact pickup trucks, and "Mazda Titan" for another line of larger trucks. Other names used for this line include Mazda Bravo (Australia), Mazda Bounty (New Zealand), Mazda Magnum / Thunder / Fighter (Thailand), and Mazda Drifter (South Africa).

Mazda's partnership with Ford resulted in both companies selling this vehicle under different names; Ford called its version Ford Courier, and later the Ford Ranger. The Mazda B-Series and Ford Ranger models sold in North America were developed by Ford, whereas models sold elsewhere under the same badge were engineered by Mazda.

First generation (1961–1965)[edit]

First generation
Mazda B1500 BUA61, all bodies.jpg
The first B1500 model: top left is the original truck, to the right the "Pickup", bottom left is the double-cab truck and on the bottom right is the "Light Van".
AssemblyJapan: Hiroshima
Body and chassis
Body style2-door pickup truck
2-door double-cab pickup truck
2-door double-cab coupé utility
2-door van
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Engine1.5 L UA OHV I4
Wheelbase2,495 mm (98.2 in) (BUA)
2,590 mm (102.0 in) (BUB61)
Length4,150 mm (163.4 in) (BUA61)
4,245 mm (167.1 in) (BUB61)

The Mazda B-Series bonnet truck was introduced in Japan in August 1961 as the B1500 (BUA61). This model was the only Japanese market model to be badged under the B-Series naming scheme, i.e. B1500. The BUD61 (second generation) that followed was the first model of the long-running "Proceed" series sold in Japan. It had a 1484 cc OHV water-cooled engine with wet sleeve cylinders which produced 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp), and a one-ton payload. This model also had a torsion bar front/leaf spring rear suspension, which was advanced for its time, giving it a relatively smooth ride. The B1500 was remodeled between late 1962 and September 1963; it received a new chassis code, BUB61.[1] The BUB61 was more spacious; its cabin was extended by 80 mm (3.1 in) and it had a stretched body and wheelbase. The BUB61 had a new, upside-down, trapezoidal grille instead of the earlier full-width unit, with thirteen bars rather than nine, turn signals on the fenders, and more chrome trim—including a decor strip on the side.[2]

In addition to the standard two-door "styleside" pickup truck body, a double-cab truck and a similar double-cab version called the "pickup", which had a fully integrated coupé utility body rather than the separate bed of the truck versions were produced. The "pickup" model was based on the light van; it had a two-door van model with a fold-down tailgate and an electrically powered window, which was rare in the Japanese market at the time.[2] The light van (BUAVD) was introduced in September 1962, and two double-cab models following shortly after. These three models were built on the shorter wheelbase chassis; when the longer chassis was introduced it was not deemed worthwhile to create new bodywork. These models were produced for only a few months.[2] The B1500 was sleeker and considerably more powerful than its competitors in the Japanese market, but it was considerably more expensive and it failed to sell in the expected quantities.[3]

Second generation (1965–1977)[edit]

Second generation
Mazda B1800 (US)
Also calledMazda Proceed
Mazda B1500/1600/1800
Mazda Rotary Pickup
Ford Courier
AssemblyJapan: Hiroshima
New Zealand
Body and chassis
Body style2-door truck
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Engine1.3 L TC I4 (BTA67)
1.5 L UA OHV I4 (BUD61)
1.6 L NA I4 (BNA61)
1.8 L VB I4
1.3 L 13B
Wheelbase2650 mm
Length4370 mm

The 1966 B1500/Proceed presented in October 1965 used the same 1,484 cc OHV I4 engine as its predecessor, with minor changes to the cylinder head and valves and the use of a downdraft carburetor instead of the sidedraft unit used on the models sold between 1961 and 1965. The UA engine now produced 72 PS (53 kW; 71 hp) at 5200 rpm.[4] The chassis was now called the "BUD61"; it was longer than its predecessor and received new bodywork of a squarer design, and four headlights. In January 1971, a 1600 cc model with the chassis code BNA61 was introduced. This had 95 PS SAE in global markets;[5] US brochures did not specify its power output and European importers claimed 75 PS (55 kW) DIN. In Japan, a minimum 100 PS (74 kW) (SAE gross) was claimed; the model was advertised in Japan as the "GT-Truck".[6]

In March 1972, the Proceed 1300 with a smaller 1.3-liter engine was released and remained available in Japan until 1975. It had 87 PS (64 kW) in SAE gross but was advertised as a GT-truck.[citation needed] The B1500 was the first Japanese pickup truck to be assembled in New Zealand from CKD kits. Assembly started in 1967 at Steel's Motor Assemblies, which also built the Toyota Corona and later became Toyota New Zealand's Christchurch plant after a government order for 672 units. The model remained in local assembly at various plants for several generations.[citation needed]

The B-Series was introduced to the United States with the 1972 B1600. In 1974, the similar rotary-powered Rotary Pickup was released in the US. The engine was enlarged to 1.8-liters for 1975's B1800, a model that had been available to Canadian customers since around 1970. It was known in the Japanese market as the "Proceed", where it was also sold as the Ford Courier. Its strong sales in the US market—mostly with Ford badging—relieved Mazda's pressing cash flow troubles in the period following the 1970s energy crisis.[7]


Rotary Pickup[edit]

Mazda Rotary Pickup

The Rotary Pickup (REPU) was the world's first and only Wankel-engined pickup truck. It was sold from 1974 to 1977 and appears to only have been available in the US and Canada.[9] The Rotary-Engined Pickup (REPU) had a four-port 1.3-liter 13B four-barrel carbureted engine,[10] flared fenders, a battery mounted under the bed, a different dash, a front grille, and round taillights.

It is estimated that just over 15,000 units were built. Most were made for the 1974 model year (PA136 chassis), but the effect of the energy crisis on sales caused Mazda to restamp many of the 1974 models with a prefix "S", designating them as 1975 models; (SPA136). Approximately 700 units were built for the 1976 model year. Mazda invested in a moderate redesign for the 1977 model (PA236), updating its electrical systems, adding 4 inches (100 mm) cab stretch for increased comfort, and adding a five-speed manual transmission with a different differential gearing. About 3,000 units were manufactured, after which the REPU was discontinued due to poor sales.

Road & Track magazine was impressed with its "smooth, quiet power" and "nice" interior.[11] The vehicle retailed for about US$3,500 ($16,737 in 2014); its observed fuel economy was 16.5 miles per US gallon (14.3 L/100 km; 19.8 mpg-imp). Most of the trucks are found on the west coast of the US; they continue to be sought out by enthusiasts. Like many Mazda rotary vehicles, the REPU was raced. Its most notable finish was an overall victory at the 1975 SCCA Mojave 24 Hour Rally, where it was driven by Malcolm Smith and Jack Sreenan.[citation needed]

Ford Courier[edit]

Ford Courier

The first generation Ford Courier was introduced for the 1972 model year and sold for a little over US$3,000 ($16,914 in 2014) when introduced—close to the price of a Ford F-100.[citation needed] The Courier was manufactured by Toyo Kogyo (Mazda),[12] and imported and sold by Ford Motor Company as a response to the unforeseen popularity of the small Toyota and Nissan (Datsun) pickups among young buyers in the West. Like the other mini-pickups of the time, it featured a sub-2.0-liter, four-cylinder engine, a four-speed manual transmission, rear wheel drive, a load capability of 1,400 lb (635 kg), and was fairly inexpensive compared to full-size pickups of the time. To circumvent the 25 percent chicken tax on light trucks, Couriers like Chevrolet LUV's were imported in "cab chassis" configurations, which included the entire light truck without the cargo box or truck bed, and were only subject to a 4 percent tariff.[13] Subsequently, a truck bed would be attached to the chassis and the vehicle could be sold as a light truck.

The body styling was effectively that of the related Mazda B-Series, but its frontal treatment was unique; its grille was designed to emulate that of the larger Ford F-Series and large, single headlights were fitted instead of the B-Series' smaller twin units.[citation needed] When the Courier was introduced, it was supplied with a 1.8-liter overhead cam engine that produced 74 hp (55 kW) at 5,070 rpm and 92 lbf·ft (125 N·m) at 3,500 rpm. A four-speed manual transmission was standard; a three-speed automatic option was also offered. A five-speed manual option was added in 1976.[citation needed]

Badging was changed several times in the first-generation of the series. In 1972, the tailgate read "Ford Courier" in large, raised letters; there was a small "Courier" badge on the front of the hood. From 1973 until 1976, the hood badging read "Ford". In 1973, the tailgate read "Courier" in large letters, with a small "Ford" badge on the upper left. In 1974, it read "Ford" in large letters, with a small "Courier" badge on the lower right. In 1976, the cab was lengthened by 3 inches (76 mm) and extra trim was added to the grille.[citation needed]

Third generation (PE/UC/UD; 1977–1985)[edit]

Third generation
Also calledFord Courier
Mazda Proceed
ProductionApril 1977–1985
AssemblyJapan: Hiroshima, Japan
Iran: Tehran (Bahman Group)
Body and chassis
Body style2-door pickup, standard and long bed
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Engine1.6 L NA I4
1.8 L VC I4
1.8 L VB I4 (US)
2.0 L MA I4
2.0 L FE I4
2.2 L S2 diesel I4
Transmission4/5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Wheelbase2,715 mm (106.9 in) (SWB)
2,865 mm (112.8 in) (LWB)
Length4,445 mm (175.0 in) (SWB)
4,740 mm (186.6 in) (LWB)

The model's third generation was introduced in April 1977 as the PE chassis for the Proceed 1600.[14] The Japanese model had a claimed 97 PS (71 kW) and a top speed of 140 km/h (87 mph). The new model was more comfortable than the previous; it had a woodgrain dashboard and other luxuries. Outside Japan it was sold as the B1600 and later as the B1800, which was originally sold only in North America. In the US for the 1980 model year, it was sold as the B2000, which used a 2.0-liter F/MA engine, replacing the B1800. The diesel 2.2-liter B2200 was sold from 1981 with the chassis code UD.[15] In the US, the 1984 B2000 continued to be sold through 1985; the next generation only appeared as a "1986". The 2.0-liter version was called PE2M6/M7 until 1981—"6" for the short wheelbase, "7" for the long bed—after which it had the chassis code UC. In Japan, this truck was discontinued in October 1979 because commercial customers preferred vans over the less space-efficient, bonneted trucks.

The B2000 was also available in a long-bed version with a longer wheelbase and rear overhang, which was given the model name Sundowner in some markets—a reference to nomadic Australian herders who would make camp wherever they were at sundown. The regular model code UC11 was changed to UC21 when it was fitted with a long bed. The chassis coding system used for the US market in 1981 when a standardized VIN code was introduced. This change led to a second coding system, complicating the identification and grouping of these trucks. The B-Series was redesigned for 1983 and was replaced in January 1985. By this time, 1.8 million Mazda B-series trucks had been built since 1961.[16]

In Australia and New Zealand, the Courier was a compact pick-up built for Ford by Mazda in Japan.[17] It was first offered on the Australian market in 1979.[18] Both Mazda and Ford versions for New Zealand were assembled locally.


Ford Courier[edit]

1979 Ford Courier

In 1977, the Courier was redesigned and various new options were made available. The truck was available with front disc brakes and a Ford-built 2.3-liter engine option, which was the same engine used in the Ford Pinto and Mustang II. The key feature distinguishing the Courier from Mazda's B-Series was the single headlights, although with park and indicator lights were placed inset starting in 1978. 1977 models retained the turn signal lights in the bumper.[21] In 1979, the base model engine was increased in size to 2.0-liters. The optional Ford 2.3-liter engine was produced in Brazil.[21]

The Courier was never available with a diesel engine in the US. However, the 1982 Mazda B2200 was available with the S2, a Perkins-built 4.135, 2.2-liter four-cylinder diesel engine, producing 59 hp (44 kW) at 2,100 rpm. This diesel engine was available for the 1983 and 1984 Ford Ranger; for the 1985 to 1987 Ford Rangers it was replaced with the 2.3-liter 4D55T turbo diesel.[21]

External images
1984 Ford Courier (facelift, Australia)

The Courier continued to be sold in North America until the model year 1982, when power steering was added. For 1983, Ford of North America introduced its own Ford Ranger to fill its compact truck segment, which replaced the Courier in the US and Canadian markets.[21] In other markets such as Australia, this generation of Courier continued to be sold until 1985, when the next generation was introduced. Australian models were redesigned in 1982 or 1983.[citation needed]

Electric variants[edit]

Between 1979 and 1982, a number of electric Ford Couriers were produced. Jet Industries purchased "vehicle gliders"—Ford Courier bodies without engines, and fitted them with a series-connected direct current motor and lead-acid accumulators; they labeled the vehicles the Jet Industries ElectraVan 750. These were sold mainly as service trucks, generally to local government departments. They had a top speed of around 70 mph (113 km/h), and covered 50 to 60 miles (80 to 97 km) on a full charge. A number of these vehicles still exist, usually with upgraded motor control systems and higher-voltage battery packs.[21]

Fourth generation (UF; 1985–1998)[edit]

Fourth generation
1985-1988 Mazda B2000 Cab Plus 2-door utility 01.jpg
Also calledFord Courier (pickup)
Ford Raider (wagon)
Ford Marathon
Mazda Bravo
Mazda Fighter
Mazda Magnum
AssemblyJapan: Hiroshima
Colombia: Bogotá
South Africa: Pretoria
Zimbabwe: Willowvale (WMMI)
Body and chassis
Body style2-door pickup
4-door pickup
4-door wagon
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Front-engine, four-wheel-drive
RelatedMazda Proceed Marvie
Engine2.0 L FE I4
2.2 L F2 I4
2.6 L G54B I4 (Mitsubishi)
2.6 L G6 I4
2.2 L R2 diesel I4
2.5 L WL-T td I4
Transmission5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Wheelbase108.7 in (2,761 mm)
117.5 in (2,984 mm)
109.3 in (2,776 mm)
118.1 in (3,000 mm)
Length182.7 in (4,641 mm)
198.8 in (5,050 mm)
Width65.7 in (1,669 mm)
67.1 in (1,704 mm)
Height61.8 in (1,570 mm)
61.6 in (1,565 mm)
66.1 in (1,679 mm)
65.9 in (1,674 mm)

A new Proceed/B-Series (UF) was introduced in January 1985; it was produced until June 1999.[15] A five-speed manual transmission was the primary choice in most markets, with options of a four-speed automatic transmission option and part-time four wheel drive. The 2.6-liter, Mitsubishi-powered B2600 was introduced in 1986. 1987 saw the Mazda inline-four engine enlarged to 2.2-liters in the B2200; the smaller engine was phased out of the North American markets after that year. In 1988, the Mitsubishi engine was replaced with a new family of Mazda powerplants. This generation also returned to the Japanese market as the "Proceed", where it was marketed mostly as a "lifestyle" truck.[citation needed]

From 1991, an SUV/RV version of this generation was manufactured and sold as the Proceed Marvie; this was sold as the Ford Raider in Australia. The Proceed Marvie had a UV chassis code. A similar version of the vehicle was developed in Thailand, where it was sold as a version of the Mazda B-series. In 1988, the larger Mitsubishi carbureted engine was replaced with Mazda's more powerful, 2.6 liter, four-cylinder, fuel-injected engine. The new model was named B2600i—"i" for injection. Both Mazda B-series and the Ford Courier versions were assembled from CKD kits in New Zealand.[citation needed]

For the North American markets, Mazda spent more than US$100 million to design and develop the 1986-1993 B-Series pickups to meet consumer demands. For the 1994 model year, to save costs related to the chicken tax, Mazda introduced a rebadged version of the Ford Ranger, which was produced at Ford's Twin Cities Assembly Plant in Minnesota. Because of declining sales and a lack of significant updates to its parent platform, the Ford-built B-Series was discontinued after the 2009 model year. The North American Ranger was discontinued at the end of 2011 with the closure of the Twin Cities plant.[22]

In South Africa, South African Motor Corporation (SAMCOR)—now Ford SA—fitted the B-Series with the 3.0- and later the 3.4-liter Ford Essex V6 as a range-topping engine option. The Essex engine was produced at Ford's Struandale engine plant in Port Elizabeth.[citation needed]

Engine options:

Ford Courier / Raider[edit]

From 1991 to 1997[23] a badge-engineered version of the Mazda Proceed Marvie wagon was sold as the Ford Raider.[24] Like the Mazda version, it was an SUV/MPV based on the Proceed/B-Series/Ranger/Courier.

Fifth generation (UN; 1998–2006)[edit]

Fifth generation
2005 Mazda Bravo (B2500) DX 2-door cab chassis (2011-12-06).jpg
Also calledMazda Bravo
Mazda Fighter
Mazda Proceed
Ford Courier (pickup)
Ford Everest (wagon)
Ford Ranger (pickup)
AssemblyJapan: Hiroshima
Colombia: Bogotá
Philippines: Santa Rosa, Laguna[25]
South Africa: Pretoria[26]
Taiwan: Jhongli]
Thailand: Rayong (AAT)
Vietnam: Hai Duong (Ford Vietnam)[27]
Zimbabwe: Willowvale (WMMI)
Body and chassis
ClassCompact pickup truck
Mid-size SUV (Ford Everest)
Body style2-door pickup
2-door pickup (extended cab)
4-door "Freestyle" pickup (suicide rear doors)
4-door pickup
5-door wagon (Ford Everest)
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Front-engine, four-wheel-drive
Engine2.2 L F2 I4
2.6 L G6E I4
2.5 L WL diesel I4
2.5 L WL-T TD I4
Mazda B2500 (pre-facelift)
Ford Ranger (pre-facelift)
Ford Courier (facelift)

In the 1998 model year, Mazda renewed its B-Series for international markets. Production at the AutoAlliance Thailand plant began in May 1998.[28] It has the chassis code "UN".[15] This model was also sold as the Ford Ranger in Europe and Asia and as the Ford Courier in Australia and New Zealand. Production also began that year at the Ford Motor Company Philippines plant. CKD versions were also assembled in South Africa and Ecuador.[citation needed]

The truck was sold in more than 130 countries under a variety of names. It was called the Fighter and Ranger in Southeast Asia—except in Singapore where it was called the Proceed—the Mazda Bounty and Ford Courier in New Zealand, the Mazda Bravo in Australia, and the Mazda Drifter in South Africa.[citation needed] The B2600/B2200s sold in Venezuela and nearby Latin American countries were assembled in Colombia by Compañía Colombiana Automotriz S.A. (CCA). They had a 2.6-liter inline-four engine, four-wheel-drive model and an entry level model with a 2.2-liter inline-four with rear-wheel-drive.[citation needed] In 2002, a "Freestyle" model with rear suicide doors became available on this platform. The rest of the range was revised in 2002 and 2004. These models are unrelated to the Mazda B-series and Ford Ranger models in North America.[citation needed]

Ford Everest[edit]

See also: Ford Everest
Ford Everest

The Ford Everest is a midsized SUV version of the Ford Ranger that shares more than 30 percent of its components with the donor model. The Everest was sold in Asia, Central America and the Bahamas.[citation needed] The Everest was introduced in March 2003; it was built at the AutoAlliance Thailand plant in Rayong,[29] and as CKD kits in Chengalpattu, India;[30] Jhongli, Taiwan and Hai Duong, Vietnam.[31]). In India, the Everest was called the Ford Endeavour.[citation needed]

This Everest had its origins in the Ford Ranger, which was built for the Southeast Asian markets at the Rayong plant. Its underpinnings remained very much those of a pickup truck, while its engine was a Mazda-derived unit used for its low cost, fuel efficiency and emissions, which met the markets' standards. A Hiroshima-based design team developed the Everest/Endeavour to suit developing markets.[citation needed] In 2006, the Everest, the Ford Ranger and Mazda B-Series pickups were replaced with the new Mazda BT-50 and its derivatives. While the Mazda versions introduced the new "BT-50" name, Ford versions continued under the names "Ranger" for pickups and "Everest" for wagons.[citation needed]



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  2. ^ a b c Ozeki, Kazuo (2007). 日本のトラック・バス 1918~1972 [Japanese Trucks and Buses 1918-1972:] (in Japanese). Tokyo: Miki Press. p. 143. ISBN 978-4-89522-494-9. 
  3. ^ Ozeki, p. 143
  4. ^ Ozeki, p. 156
  5. ^ Mazda B1600 Pickup/Bakkie (brochure) (in English/Afrikaans), Japan: Toyo Kogyo Co., Ltd., 1973, p. 4 
  6. ^ GT-TRUCK: New プロシード1600 [New Proceed 1600] (catalog) (in Japanese), Toyo Kogyo, January 1971, p. 8 
  7. ^ Yamaguchi, Jack K. (1985), Lösch, Annamaria, ed., Japan: Lucrative Contraction, World Cars 1985 (Pelham, NY: The Automobile Club of Italy/Herald Books): 49, ISBN 0-910714-17-7 
  8. ^ Mazda 1800 Pickup (brochure), Burnaby, BC: Mazda Motors of Canada, 1970-06-01, p. 2 
  9. ^ Club for Mazda REPU owners
  10. ^ Mazda brochure
  11. ^ Road & Track, July 1974
  12. ^ Rechtin, Mark (2009-12-21). "For Mazda and Ford, breaking up is hard to do". Automotive News. Crain Communications. Retrieved 2013-01-18. 
  13. ^ "Ending the "Chicken War": The Case for Abolishing the 25 Percent Truck Tariff"., by Daniel Ikenson. Archived from the original on 2012-12-20. 
  14. ^ a b ニュープロシード 1600 [New Proceed 1600] (brochure), Toyo Kogyo Co., Ltd., April 1977, p. 8, 7704N 
  15. ^ a b c "B-Serie parts". Mister Auto. Retrieved 2013-09-11. 
  16. ^ Ruiz, Marco (1986). 'The Complete History of the Japanese Car: 1907 to the Present. Rome: ERVIN srl. p. 136. ISBN 0-517-61777-3. 
  17. ^ David Boyce, What Car Is That? in Australia and New Zealand, 1981, page 76.
  18. ^ Green Book Price & Model Guide, July–August 1983, page 99.
  19. ^ Mazda B1800 Pickup (Australia) (brochure), Toyo Kogyo Co., Ltd., 1977, p. 4, 7711S112-31 
  20. ^ The Mazda B1800 Pickup (brochure), Tunbridge Wells, Kent, UK: Mazda Car Imports (GB), May 1981, B1800/81/5 
  21. ^ a b c d e "Courier Information". Ford Courier Collector. Retrieved 2010-11-29. 
  22. ^ Levine, Mike. "Mazda Drops B-Series Pickup From U.S. Lineup". Retrieved 21 July 2011. 
  23. ^ "Australian Car Guide: Ford Raider 4WD". eCars. Archived from the original on 2008-07-26. 
  24. ^ "SEVS eligibility – Mazda Proceed". Retrieved 2010-11-20. 
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  26. ^ "Facilities | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Retrieved 2010-11-20. 
  27. ^ "Facilities | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Retrieved 2010-11-20. 
  28. ^ "Facilities | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Retrieved 2010-11-20. 
  29. ^ "Ford. Ford In Thailand". Archived from the original on 2009-10-27. 
  30. ^ "Ford. Ford In India". Retrieved 2010-07-31. 
  31. ^ "Facilities | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Retrieved 2010-07-31.