Mayfair

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Mayfair
Old Bond Street 1 db.jpg
The Royal Arcade in Old Bond Street
Mayfair is located in Greater London
Mayfair

 Mayfair shown within Greater London
OS grid referenceTQ285805
London boroughWestminster
Ceremonial countyGreater London
RegionLondon
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONDON
Postcode districtW1K, W1J
Dialling code020
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
EU ParliamentLondon
UK ParliamentCities of London and Westminster
London AssemblyWest Central
List of places
UK
England
London
 
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Coordinates: 51°30′32″N 0°08′51″W / 51.508755°N 0.14743°W / 51.508755; -0.14743

Mayfair
Old Bond Street 1 db.jpg
The Royal Arcade in Old Bond Street
Mayfair is located in Greater London
Mayfair

 Mayfair shown within Greater London
OS grid referenceTQ285805
London boroughWestminster
Ceremonial countyGreater London
RegionLondon
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONDON
Postcode districtW1K, W1J
Dialling code020
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
EU ParliamentLondon
UK ParliamentCities of London and Westminster
London AssemblyWest Central
List of places
UK
England
London

Mayfair (originally called The May Fair) is an area of central London, located within the City of Westminster. The district is now mainly commercial, with many former homes converted into offices for major corporations headquarters, embassies and also hedge funds and real estate businesses. There remains a substantial quantity of residential property as well as some exclusive shopping and London's largest concentration of luxury hotels and many restaurants. Rents are among the highest in London and the world.

Contents

History

Mayfair is named after the annual fortnight-long May Fair that took place on the site that is Shepherd Market today (from 1686 until it was banned in that location in 1764). Until 1686, the May Fair was held in Haymarket, and after 1764, it moved to Fair Field in Bow because the well-to-do residents of the area felt the fair lowered the tone of the neighbourhood.[1]

The oldest cottage in Mayfair was believed to date from 1618. It was destroyed in the Blitz in late 1940. A plaque in Stanhope Row, near Shepherd Market, marks its former site. [2]

Mayfair was anciently part of the parish of St Martin in the Fields, and became part of St George Hanover Square in 1724. The new parish stretched to Bond Street in the southern part of Mayfair and almost to Regent Street north of Conduit Street. The northern boundary was Oxford Street and the southern boundary fell short of Piccadilly. The parish continued west of Mayfair into Hyde Park and then south to include Belgravia and other areas.

The old telephone district of MAYfair (later 629) changed east of Bond Street to REGent (later 734). Most of the area was first developed between the mid 17th century and the mid 18th century as a fashionable residential district, by a number of landlords, the most important of them being the Dukes of Westminster, the Grosvenor family. The Grosvenor family has owned 40 hectares (100 acres) of Mayfair since 1677, when Sir Thomas Grosvenor married Mary Davies, heiress to part of the Manor of Ebury.[3] The Rothschild family bought up large areas of Mayfair in the 19th century. The freehold of a large section of Mayfair also belongs to the Crown Estate.

The north side of Grosvenor Square in the 18th or early 19th century. The three houses at the far left form a unified group, but the others on this side are individually designed. Most later London squares would be more uniform.

The district is now mainly commercial, with many offices in converted houses and new buildings, including major corporate headquarters, a concentration of hedge funds, real estate businesses and many different embassy offices, namely the U.S.'s large office taking up all the west side of Grosvenor Square.[4] Rents are among the highest in London and the world. There remains a substantial quantity of residential property as well as some exclusive shopping and London's largest concentration of luxury hotels and many restaurants. Buildings in Mayfair include both the Canadian High Commission and the United States embassy in Grosvenor Square, the Royal Academy of Arts, The Handel House Museum, the Grosvenor House Hotel, Claridge's and The Dorchester.

The renown and prestige of Mayfair could have grown in the popular mind because it is the most expensive property on the British Monopoly set.

Economy

Mayfair has become an attractive location away from the City of London for private banks, hedge funds and wealth managers.[citation needed] The Egyptian Education Bureau, is located in Chesterfield Gardens. EasyGroup has its head office in Mayfair.[5]

Cadbury formerly had its head office in Mayfair. In 2007, Cadbury Schweppes announced that it was moving to Uxbridge, London Borough of Hillingdon, to cut costs.[6]

Mayfair also boasts some of the capital's most exclusive shops, hotels, restaurants and clubs. Just alongside Burlington House is one of London's most luxurious shopping areas, the Burlington Arcade, which has housed shops under its glass-roofed promenade since 1819.[7]

Education

The City of Westminster operates the Mayfair Library as a local library.[8]

Streets and squares

Savile Row

Transport and locale

Location in context

Nearest tube stations

The nearest London Underground stations are Bond Street, Green Park, Hyde Park Corner, Marble Arch and Oxford Circus.

Nearest railway station

Museums


Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.londontourguide.org.uk/walking-tours.htm
  2. ^ City of Westminster green plaques http://www.westminster.gov.uk/services/leisureandculture/greenplaques/
  3. ^ "grosvenor plc web-site". http://www.grosvenorlondon.com/Documents/Walking_in_Mayfair.pdf. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  4. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._Embassy,_London
  5. ^ "About Us." EasyGroup. Retrieved 10 March 2010.
  6. ^ Muspratt, Caroline. "Cadbury swaps Mayfair for Uxbridge." The Daily Telegraph. 1 June 2007. Retrieved 27 April 2010.
  7. ^ "[1]." Mayfair-London.co.uk. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  8. ^ "Mayfair Library." City of Westminster. Retrieved 21 January 2009.

External links