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Max Schmeling in 1936
|Real name||Maximillian Adolph Otto|
|Nickname(s)||Black Uhlan of the Rhine|
|Height||1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)|
|Reach||193 cm (76 in)|
|Born||September 28, 1905|
Klein Luckow, Province of Pomerania, German Empire
|Died||February 2, 2005 (aged 99)|
|Wins by KO||40|
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2010)|
|The neutrality of this article is disputed. (May 2011)|
Max Schmeling in 1936
|Real name||Maximillian Adolph Otto|
|Nickname(s)||Black Uhlan of the Rhine|
|Height||1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)|
|Reach||193 cm (76 in)|
|Born||September 28, 1905|
Klein Luckow, Province of Pomerania, German Empire
|Died||February 2, 2005 (aged 99)|
|Wins by KO||40|
Maximillian Adolph Otto Siegfried "Max" Schmeling (September 28, 1905 – February 2, 2005) was a German boxer who was heavyweight champion of the world between 1930 and 1932. His two fights with Joe Louis in 1936 and 1938 were worldwide cultural events because of their national associations.
Starting his professional career in 1924, Schmeling came to the United States in 1928 and, after a ninth-round technical knockout of Johnny Risko, became a sensation. He became the first to win the heavyweight championship (at that time vacant) by disqualification in 1930, after opponent Jack Sharkey knocked him down with a low blow in the fourth round. A rematch in 1932 saw Sharkey gaining the title from Schmeling by a controversial fifteen-round split decision. In 1933, Schmeling lost to Max Baer by a tenth-round TKO. The loss left people believing that Schmeling was past his prime. Meanwhile, Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party took over control in Germany, and Schmeling came to be viewed as a 'Nazi puppet.'
In 1936, Schmeling knocked out American rising star Joe Louis, placing him as the number one contender for Jim Braddock's title, but Louis got the fight and knocked Braddock out to win the championship in 1937. Schmeling finally got a chance to regain his title in 1938, but Louis knocked him out in one round. During World War II, Schmeling served with the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) as an elite paratrooper (Fallschirmjäger). After the war, Schmeling mounted a comeback, but retired permanently in 1948.
After retiring from boxing, Schmeling worked for The Coca-Cola Company. Schmeling became friends with Louis, and their friendship lasted until the latter's death in 1981. Schmeling died in 2005 aged 99, a sporting icon in his native Germany. Long after the Second World War, it was revealed that Schmeling had risked his own life to save the lives of two Jewish children in 1938.
Schmeling was born in the Pomeranian town of Klein Luckow. He first became acquainted with boxing as a teenager, when his father took him to watch film of the heavyweight championship match between Jack Dempsey and Georges Carpentier. Impressed with Dempsey's performance in that fight, young Schmeling became determined to imitate his new hero. He began boxing in amateur competitions and, by 1924, won Germany's national amateur title in the light heavyweight division. Shortly thereafter, he turned professional. Ironically, though he idolized the raging, brawling Dempsey, Schmeling developed a careful, scientific style of fighting that lent itself more to counterpunching. Using this style, he got off to an impressive - though hardly sensational - start by winning seventeen of his first twenty-three bouts, thirteen by knockout. In 1925, he had the thrill of getting into the ring with Dempsey himself, who was then still heavyweight champion of the world, and was touring Europe. Dempsey boxed for two rounds with the then unknown German and, according to a story later told by Schmeling, was greatly impressed. He proved Dempsey's praises correct on August 24, 1926, when picking up the German light heavyweight championship with a first round knockout of rival Max Diekmann, who had previously beaten Schmeling. The next year, Schmeling won the European championship by stopping Fernand Delarge in the first boxing match broadcast live in Germany. After defending both titles against Hein Domgoergen the same year and, in 1928, the European Title with a first round knockout of Michele Bonaglia, he secured the German heavyweight championship with a point victory against Franz Diener, and decided to chase bigger fights and bigger purses in the United States.
Arriving in New York City for the first time in 1928, Schmeling was hardly noticed by the American fight circles. Considered a stiff European fighter who had padded his record against German and European unknowns, he was given few opportunities to prove himself until he hooked up with American manager Joe Jacobs, a man with the proper talents and connections to move Schmeling's career along a positive path. Schmeling's debut in America took place at Madison Square Garden with an eighth round knockout of Joe Monte, who was not a top flight heavyweight but nonetheless a young American who had been in with some tough competition. Two more victories led to a fight with Johnny Risko, one of the biggest names in the division, though somewhat beyond his prime. On February 1, 1929, Schmeling floored Risko four times with his right hand before the referee halted the contest in the ninth round to save Risko from further punishment, handing Risko his only loss by TKO. The surprised crowd in attendance roared with appreciation and The Ring magazine subsequently recognized the win as its 'Fight of the Year.'
Boxing pundits were quickly changing their opinions of the German. When he defeated the highly regarded Spaniard Paulino Uzcudun via a fifteen-round decision at Yankee Stadium later that year, Schmeling was suddenly regarded as the foremost young contender in the division. With the Heavyweight World Champion Gene Tunney having recently retired, promoters arranged a matchup between the German and veteran contender Jack Sharkey to fill the vacancy. On June 12, 1930, at Yankee Stadium, in a fight billed as the 'Battle of the Continents,' Schmeling, known as a slow starter, fell slightly behind on points going into the fourth round. Schmeling was trying to corner his opponent when Sharkey let loose with a blow to the body which strayed below the belt line. He immediately clutched his groin and fell to the canvas, claiming to have been fouled. When manager Jacobs ran into the ring, prompting all kinds of chaos, the confused referee disqualified Sharkey and declared Schmeling the victor and the first (and only) man to win the heavyweight championship on a foul. The New York State Athletic Commission (NYSAC), reviewing the call, agreed.
The first European-born boxer to win the heavyweight championship in thirty-three years, Schmeling was also the first from Germany to hold the distinction. Still, the way in which he won the title proved an embarrassment. Called the 'low blow champion,' he was disparaged in both America and Europe as an unproven titleholder. When he initially refused to face Sharkey in a rematch, the NYSAC officially stripped him of their recognition as world champion, but he remained recognized by both the National Boxing Association (NBA) and The Ring magazine. Most of the criticism faded after Schmeling's first defense, an impressive fifteen round TKO over Young Stribling, a future hall-of-famer with 239 wins to his credit by 1931. In order to solidify his title as undisputed, Schmeling signed a contract to face the "Boston Gob" once more. On June 21, 1932, the championship picture became even more muddled when Sharkey won a highly controversial split decision, taking the championship. Many in attendance, including Gene Tunney and the mayor of New York, felt that Schmeling had proven himself the better man and was robbed. In losing the championship, the German had managed to elevate his reputation in the minds of boxing fans.
When Schmeling faced Mickey Walker, the future hall-of-famer who had recently held Sharkey to a draw that many felt Walker deserved, it was thought that this fight was for the real heavyweight championship. Walker, a former welterweight, was a popular slugger who had won championships in two divisions but was at a considerable size disadvantage against the European. Though Walker fought bravely and took the lead on points early in the fight, Schmeling showed both boxing ability and punching power in dealing out a terrific beating as the fight progressed. After eight exciting rounds, Walker's corner threw in the towel, confirming Schmeling's status as the leading heavyweight in the world.
With the coming of 1933, however, Schmeling's image in America began to take a decided turn. In 1932, the Nazi Party became the most powerful political force in Germany, and its ideologies, voiced by party leader Adolf Hitler, overflowed with anti-Semitic tendencies. Major American cities such as New York had large Jewish populations, who worried over what the party could mean for people of their religion in the future. Schmeling, because he was German, was viewed as an extension of Hitler's plans for world domination. When Schmeling was slated to fight heavy-hitting contender Max Baer on June 8, 1933, he immediately became the 'bad guy' in the eyes of fans. Baer, who did not practice the Jewish religion but had a Jewish father, came into the ring wearing the Star of David on his shorts. Promoter Jack Dempsey played up this angle and suddenly the fight was viewed as Baer defending his faith against the prejudice of the Nazis, represented reluctantly by Schmeling. Thrown off of his game in part by the bad publicity, but also because of Baer's wild, brawling style and frequent fouls (including backhand punches and rabbit punches), Schmeling was positively thrashed after ten rounds before nearly 60,000 onlookers at Yankee Stadium. While the German took a vicious battering against the ropes in the tenth, the referee leapt in to stop the fight. The embarrassing fight, combined with a follow-up loss to contender Steve Hamas early the next year, left many wondering if Schmeling was still a world top-class fighter.
Returning to his native Germany, Schmeling won three of his next four fights, with one draw, including knockout wins over first Walter Neusel, then another redeeming his previous loss to Steve Hamas. His opponents were of an impressive caliber, but many among the American press and fans remained unmoved on the idea of rooting for Schmeling in light of the Nazi Party's behavior. Articles continued to be published declaring the German 'washed up,' a 'has been,' or a 'Nazi puppet.' When he was matched with undefeated African-American sensation Joe Louis in 1936 for the German's first fight on American soil in more than two years, he was clearly the betting underdog, considered a name opponent for Louis to roll over on his route to the title. Nevertheless, he was number two contender for the title behind Louis. Prior to the match, Schmeling carefully studied films of Louis's prior fights, dissecting apparent flaws in the Detroit fighter's technique. Among the weaknesses he noticed was the fact that Louis lowered his left hand after throwing a left jab. In the ring, Schmeling exploited this subtle flaw to his own advantage, countering nearly every Louis jab with his best punch, the right cross. The fight proved to be a competitive, hard-hitting affair for the first three rounds, but, in the fourth, a counter right from the German dropped Louis for the first time in his career. Though Louis rose, he was badly dazed for the remainder of the fight and Schmeling subsequently delivered the finest performance of his career. For a further eight rounds he battered Louis, often standing toe-to-toe with the vaunted puncher and landing that same right hand to the jaw repeatedly. In the twelfth he sent the American tumbling to the floor once more, and this time Louis could not recover. He was counted out on the floor and Schmeling had scored the most talked-about sports upset of the year.
Now the unexpected number one contender for the heavyweight crown held by Jim Braddock, Schmeling looked forward to his chance to regain the title as first Heavyweight ever, scheduled for that September. The fight was postponed, however, when Braddock injured his hand in training. Rumors existed that the fight's organizers were stalling, afraid of the negative publicity that would be generated over a perceived Nazi getting a shot at the world's title. When it was confirmed that Braddock's managers were in talks with the Louis camp, the New York Commission officially released an order for Braddock to fight Schmeling for the title. Any other fight, with Louis or otherwise, would not be recognized by New York as being for the championship. The Madison Square Garden Corporation, the largest promotional company in the sport at the time, even attempted to get a legal injunction against a Braddock-Louis fight (Louis was not on their roster). Nonetheless, in February in 1937, Schmeling received the bad news that the champion had indeed signed to defend his championship against Louis. A furious Schmeling protested, but to no avail, and he was forced to watch from ringside as Louis knocked Braddock out and gained the championship. Sorely disappointed and convinced that he would never receive his chance at redemption, Schmeling fought just once more in America, an eighth round knockout of future contender Harry Thomas, before returning to Germany. In his native land, Schmeling was regarded as a hero and promoted by the Nazi propaganda machine as a perfect example of German supremacy over the rest of the world by virtue of his stunning defeat of the current champion, Louis. The government ordered parades and rallies in his honor. He became a friend to Hitler and other powerful figures in the government and also a popular subject of newspaper articles and films. He continued to press for a chance at a rematch with Louis and in the meantime padded his record against overmatched fighters Ben Foord and Steve Dudas.
In 1938, champion Joe Louis announced that he would indeed face Schmeling for the title. The rematch became an instant international sensation. Many clamored impatiently for its happening, but others, afraid of international tensions and the possibility of Hitler taking over the championship, protested. The controversy and ballyhoo led to the event becoming the most anticipated boxing match since the rematch between Dempsey and Gene Tunney, or possibly earlier. Louis, with his poor, African-American roots was adopted by American fans as the symbol of America as a land of opportunity. In contrast, Americans perceived Schmeling and his ties to Hitler as an obvious threat to those opportunities and ideals. When the German walked to the ring at Yankee Stadium on June 22, 1938, he did so under a hail of garbage thrown from the stands. Louis came out blazing in the first round and Schmeling tried to counter-punch as he had in the first bout, but to no avail. Driven into the ropes and battered with a fusillade of short, crisp blows from every angle, Schmeling turned his back to his opponent and clutched onto the ropes, letting out a scream that even years later, many spectators could recall vividly. Schmeling would later say that he screamed because he had been hit with a blow to the kidneys. Schmeling's knees buckled under the punishment and referee Arthur Donovan pushed Louis away, beginning a count on Schmeling. Schmeling reluctantly stepped away from the ropes and Donovan allowed him to continue. A few punches later, Schmeling was knocked down again. From then on, he was helpless. He rose but fell moments later and Donovan stopped the fight.
Many years later, in 1975, Schmeling said, "Looking back, I'm almost happy I lost that fight. Just imagine if I would have come back to Germany with a victory. I had nothing to do with the Nazis, but they would have given me a medal. After the war I might have been considered a war criminal."
When he returned to Germany, Schmeling was now shunned by the Nazis. He managed to win both the German and European heavyweight championships on the same night, with a first round knockout of Adolf Heuser. During the Nazi purge of Jews from Berlin, he personally saved the lives of two Jewish children by hiding them in his apartment. It was not the first time that Max defied the Nazi regime's hatred for Jews. As the story goes, Hitler let it be known through the Reich Ministry of Sports that he was very displeased at Max's relationship with Joe Jacobs, his Jewish fight promoter and wanted it terminated, but Max courageously refused to bow even to Hitler. During the war, Schmeling participated in the 1941 Battle of Crete, where he was wounded and after recovery was dismissed from active service. He later visited American P.O.W. camps and occasionally tried to help conditions for the prisoners. After the war, strapped for money, he embarked upon a moderately successful comeback in boxing, winning three of his five bouts with two-point defeats before re-entering retirement in 1948. He had his own statues in Hollenstedt.
During the 1950s, Schmeling began working for The Coca-Cola Company's offices in Germany. Before long, he owned his own bottling plant and held an executive's position within the company. He became friends with Joe Louis and assisted his former rival financially in his later years, eventually financing his military funeral in 1981.
His wife for 54 years, the Czech-born actress Anny Ondra died in 1987. In 1992, he was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame. He lived his remaining years as a wealthy man and avid boxing fan, dying on February 2, 2005 at the age of 99.
Schmeling briefly appears as himself in the film The Zurich Engagement (1957)
In his movie "Deconstructing Harry"  Woody Allen is playing the character of Harry Block who claims to have divorced his first wife since "she looked like Max Schmeling" under a particular lighting setting.
The 2002 American-German film Joe and Max tells the true story of Joe Louis and Max Schmeling and their enduring friendship.
In the book The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier and Clay, Joe Kavalier is beaten up by someone who may or may not have been Max Schmeling. The author hints that it probably wasn't, as Schmeling should have been fighting in Poland at the time.
The song "Ambling Alp" by Yeasayer mentions Max Schmeling as a "formidable foe." The nicknake 'Ambling Alp' does not refer to Schmeling but refers to another contemporary boxer Primo Carnera. Carnera and Schmeling never faced each other in the ring, but both had high-profile bouts with Joe Louis.
Schmeling figures prominently in the 2010 novel by P.F. Kluge A Call From Jersey.
In the novel Kaputt by Curzio Malaparte, 1944, Schmeling figures prominently in the chapter Cricket in Poland depicting a gathering in February 1942 hosted by Governor-General Dr. Hans Frank in the Belvedere palace in Warsaw.
Schmeling's role as a paratrooper in World War II is mentioned in Gunter Grass's famous 1959 novel "The Tin Drum"
Schmeling is the central figure in the stage play, "The Measure Of A Man", written by Brian C. Petti.
The 2011 novel, "The Berlin Boxing Club" by Robert Sharenow, set in 1930s Berlin, features Schmeling heavily as the character who introduces a young Jewish boy to boxing, and later plays a larger role.
The Voyagers! episode "All Fall Down" depicts his second fight with Joe Louis. The series' time travelling protagonists Phineas Bogg and Jeffrey Jones convinced Louis not to back out of the fight and witnessed his victory over Schmeling in Yankee Stadium on June 22, 1938.
|56 Wins (40 knockouts, 16 decisions), 10 Losses (5 knockouts, 5 decisions), 4 Draws |
|Loss||56-10-4||Richard Vogt||PTS||10||31/10/1948||Waldbühne, Westend, Berlin, Germany|
|Win||56-9-4||Hans Joachim Draegestein||TKO||9 (10)||02/10/1948||Holstein-Platz||Draegestein suffered broken jaw.|
|Loss||55-9-4||Walter Neusel||PTS||10||23/05/1948||Platz in Hamburg-Altona, Altona, Hamburg, Germany|
|Win||55-8-4||Hans Joachim Draegestein||PTS||10||07/12/1947||Omnibushalle, Altona, Hamburg, Germany|
|Win||54-8-4||Werner Vollmer||KO||7 (10)||28/09/1947||Waldstadion, Frankfurt, Hessen, Germany||This was Schmeling's first fight in over eight years.|
|Win||53-8-4||Adolf Heuser||KO||1 (15)||02/07/1939||Adolf-Hitler-Kampfbahn, Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany||Won EBU & Germany BDB Heavyweight titles. The fight has the largest boxing audience in German boxing history of 70,000 people.|
|Loss||52-8-4||Joe Louis||TKO||1 (15)||22/06/1938||Yankee Stadium, Bronx, New York, United States||For NYSAC, NBA & World Heavyweight titles. Proclaimed the "Fight of the Decade" by The Ring Magazine.|
|Win||52-7-4||Steve Dudas||KO||5 (?)||16/04/1938||Hanseatenhalle, Hamburg, Germany|
|Win||51-7-4||Ben Foord||PTS||12||30/01/1938||Hanseatenhalle, Hamburg, Germany|
|Win||50-7-4||Henry Thomas||TKO||8 (15)||13/12/1937||Madison Square Garden, New York, New York, United States|
|Win||49-7-4||Joe Louis||KO||12 (15)||19/06/1936||Yankee Stadium, Bronx, New York, United States||Louis was down in the 4th and 12th rounds. 1936 Fight of the Year by The Ring Magazine.|
|Win||48-7-4||Paulino Uzcudun||PTS||12||07/07/1935||Poststadion, Moabit, Berlin, Germany|
|Win||47-7-4||Steve Hamas||KO||9 (12)||10/03/1935||Hanseatenhalle, Hamburg, Germany|
|Win||46-7-4||Walter Neusel||KO||9 (15)||26/08/1934||Sandbahn Lokstedt, Hamburg, Germany||This fight has the largest European boxing attendance of 102,000 people.|
|Draw||45-7-4||Paulino Uzcudun||PTS||12||13/05/1934||Montjuich Stadium, Barcelona, Cataluña, Spain|
|Loss||45-7-3||Steve Hamas||PTS||12||13/02/1934||Convention Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States|
|Loss||45-6-3||Max Baer||TKO||10 (15)||08/06/1933||Yankee Stadium, Bronx, New York, United States||The fight was in front of a crowd of 53,000 (with another 3,300 with passes). Including Jack Sharkey and Primo Carnera, paid $239,676.07 to assure a fair profit for Jack Dempsey in his first big promotional venture. 1933 Fight of the Year by The Ring Magazine.|
|Win||45-5-3||Mickey Walker||TKO||8 (15)||26/09/1932||Madison Square Garden Bowl, Long Island City, Queens, New York, United States||Walker down once in round 1 and twice in round 8. Jack Kearns, Walker's manager, signaled Referee Denning to stop the bout.|
|Loss||44-5-3||Jack Sharkey||SD||15||21/06/1932||Madison Square Garden Bowl, Long Island City, Queens, New York, United States||Lost NYSAC & NBA Heavyweight titles. As a result of the controversial decision of this bout, the NYSAC barred any but "boxing experts" (sports writers, referees, judges) from broadcasting descriptions of future matches.|
|Win||44-4-3||Young Stribling||TKO||15 (15)||03/07/1931||Municipal Stadium, Cleveland, Ohio, United States||Retained NBA & World Heavyweight titles. 1931 Fight of the Year by The Ring Magazine.|
|Win||43-4-3||Jack Sharkey||DQ||4 (15)||12/06/1930||Yankee Stadium, Bronx, New York, United States||Won vacant NYSAC & NBA Heavyweight titles. Sharkey was disqualified because of a low blow.|
|Win||42-4-3||Paulino Uzcudun||PTS||15||27/06/1929||Yankee Stadium, Bronx, New York, United States||Schmeling injured his right hand in the 5th round.|
|Win||41-4-3||Johnny Risko||TKO||9 (15)||01/02/1929||Madison Square Garden, New York, New York, United States||1929 Fight of the Year by The Ring Magazine. Schmeling dropped Risko in rounds 1, 7, 8, and 9, each time with a right hand.|
|Win||40-4-3||Pietro Corri||KO||1 (10)||21/01/1929||Laurel Garden, Newark, New Jersey, United States|
|Win||39-4-3||Joe Sekyra||PTS||10||04/01/1929||Madison Square Garden, New York, New York, United States|
|Win||38-4-3||Joe Monte||KO||8 (10)||23/11/1928||Madison Square Garden, New York, New York, United States|
|Win||37-4-3||Franz Diener||PTS||15||04/04/1928||Sportpalast, Schoeneberg, Berlin, Germany||Retained Germany BDB Light Heavyweight title.|
|Win||36-4-3||Ted Moore||PTS||10||11/03/1928||Dortmund, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany|
|Loss||35-4-3||Gipsy Daniels||KO||1 (10)||25/02/1928||Frankfurt, Hessen, Germany|
|Win||35-3-3||Michele Bonaglia||KO||1 (15)||06/01/1928||Sportpalast, Schoeneberg, Berlin, Germany||Retained EBU Light Heavyweight title.|
|Win||34-3-3||Gipsy Daniels||PTS||10||02/12/1927||Sportpalast, Schoeneberg, Berlin, Germany|
|Win||33-3-3||Hein Domgoergen||KO||7 (15)||06/11/1927||Leipzig, Sachsen, Germany||Retained EBU & Germany BDB Light Heavyweight titles.|
|Win||32-3-3||Louis Clement||KO||6 (?)||02/10/1927||Dortmund, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany|
|Win||31-3-3||Robert Larsen||KO||3 (?)||02/09/1927||Sportpalast, Schoeneberg, Berlin, Germany|
|Win||30-3-3||Willem Westbroek||KO||3 (?)||07/08/1927||Radrennbahn, Essen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany|
|Win||29-3-3||Jack Taylor||PTS||10||13/07/1927||Hamburg, Germany|
|Win||28-3-3||Fernand Delarge||KO||14 (15)||19/06/1927||Westfalenhallen, Dortmund, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany||Retained EBU Light Heavyweight title.|
|Win||27-3-3||Raoul Paillaux||KO||3 (?)||17/05/1927||Frankfurt, Hessen, Germany|
|Win||26-3-3||Robert Larsen||PTS||10||07/05/1927||Frankfurt, Hessen, Germany|
|Win||25-3-3||Stanley Glen||KO||1 (?)||26/04/1927||Sagebiel, Hamburg, Germany|
|Win||24-3-3||Francois Charles||KO||8 (?)||08/04/1927||Berlin, Germany|
|Win||23-3-3||Leon Sebilo||KO||2 (?)||12/03/1927||Dortmund, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany|
|Win||22-3-3||Joe Mehling||KO||3 (?)||04/02/1927||Zirkus Sarassani, Dresden, Sachsen, Germany|
|Win||21-3-3||Louis Wilms||TKO||8 (?)||23/01/1927||Centennial Hall, Breslau, Lower Silesia, Germany (now Wrocław, Poland)|
|Win||20-3-3||Jack Stanley||KO||8 (?)||07/01/1927||Sportpalast, Schoeneberg, Berlin, Germany|
|Win||19-3-3||Herman van't Hof||DQ||8 (?)||01/10/1926||Sportpalast, Schoeneberg, Berlin, Germany||Van 't Hof was disqualified for kidney-punching.|
|Win||18-3-3||Max Diekmann||KO||1 (12)||24/08/1926||Berlin, Germany||Won Germany BDB Light Heavyweight title.|
|Win||17-3-3||August Vongehr||TKO||1 (4)||13/07/1926||Luna Park, Berlin, Halensee, Berlin, Germany|
|Win||16-3-3||Willy Louis||TKO||1 (?)||19/03/1926||Cologne, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany|
|Draw||15-3-3||Max Diekmann||PTS||8||12/02/1926||Berlin, Germany|
|Win||15-3-2||Rene Compere||PTS||8||08/11/1925||Cologne, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany|
|Loss||14-3-2||Larry Gains||TKO||2 (?)||01/09/1925||Cologne, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany|
|Draw||14-2-2||Leon Randol||PTS||10||13/06/1925||Brussels, Belgium|
|Loss||14-2-1||Jack Taylor||PTS||10||09/05/1925||Cologne, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany|
|Win||14-1-1||Fred Hammer||PTS||8||28/04/1925||Bonn, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany|
|Draw||13-1-1||Jimmy Lyggett||PTS||8||03/04/1925||Berlin, Germany|
|Win||13–1||Alfred Baker||KO||3 (?)||15/03/1925||Cologne, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany|
|Win||12–1||Leon Randol||KO||4 (?)||01/03/1925||Cologne, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany|
|Win||11–1||Joe Mehling||PTS||6||20/01/1925||Berlin, Germany|
|Win||10–1||Johnny Cludts||KO||2 (?)||18/01/1925||Schauburgring, Cologne, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany|
|Win||9–1||Jimmy Lyggett Sr||TKO||4 (?)||26/12/1924||Cologne, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany|
|Win||8–1||Helmuth Hartig||KO||1 (?)||17/12/1924||Berlin, Germany|
|Win||7–1||Battling Mathar||KO||3 (?)||07/12/1924||Westfalenhalle, Düsseldorf, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany|
|Win||6–1||Hans Breuer||KO||2 (?)||04/12/1924||Cologne, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany|
|Win||5–1||Fred Hammer||KO||3 (?)||31/10/1924||Westdeutsche Sporthalle, Cologne, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany|
|Loss||4–1||Max Diekmann||TKO||4 (?)||10/10/1924||Sportpalast, Schoeneberg, Berlin, Germany|
|Win||4–0||Rocky Knight||PTS||8||04/10/1924||Cologne, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany|
|Win||3–0||Henri van der Vyver||KO||3 (?)||22/09/1924||Düsseldorf, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany|
|Win||2–0||Willy Louis||KO||1 (?)||20/09/1924||Duisburg, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany|
|Win||1–0||Hans Czapp||KO||6 (?)||02/08/1924||Tonhalle, Duisburg, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany||Pro debut for Schmeling.|
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|NYSAC Heavyweight Champion|
June 12, 1930 – January 7, 1931
|NBA Heavyweight Champion|
June 12, 1930 – June 21, 1932
|Ring Magazine Fighter of the Year|
|Oldest Living Heavyweight Champion|
August 17, 1994 – February 2, 2005