Max Raphael

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For the pseudonymous American actor with the same name see Lloyd Sherr.

Max Raphael (born 1889-08-27 at Schönlanke, Prussia, Germany. died 1952-07-14 at New York City) was a German-American art historian. He was of Jewish parentage. Between 1924 and 1932 he taught art history to the working class at the Volkhochschule in Berlin. With the rise of the Nazis he moved to Paris, where he continued his writing. After the Germans occupied Paris in 1940 he was temporarily interned at Gurs internment camp and Camp des Milles. Once released he migrated, with help from the Quakers, to the United States through Barcelona and Lisbon. In New York Raphael lived in penury until he received one of the first fellowships from the Bollingen Foundation. He died by suicide in 1952