Maud Crawford

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Maud Robinson Crawford
Born(1891-06-22)June 22, 1891
Greenville, Hunt County
Texas, USA
Diedca. March 2, 1957(1957-03-02) (aged 65)
Probably Camden
Ouachita County, Arkansas
Alma materUniversity of Arkansas
Occupation

First woman attorney in Camden, Arkansas

Camden city council member (1940-1948)
Political partyDemocratic
SpouseClyde Falwell Crawford (married 1925-her death)
ChildrenNo children
 
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Maud Robinson Crawford
Born(1891-06-22)June 22, 1891
Greenville, Hunt County
Texas, USA
Diedca. March 2, 1957(1957-03-02) (aged 65)
Probably Camden
Ouachita County, Arkansas
Alma materUniversity of Arkansas
Occupation

First woman attorney in Camden, Arkansas

Camden city council member (1940-1948)
Political partyDemocratic
SpouseClyde Falwell Crawford (married 1925-her death)
ChildrenNo children

Maud Robinson Crawford (June 22, 1891–March 2, 1957) was the first woman attorney in Camden, Arkansas; her disappearance and presumed death sparked attention for more than three decades. The case remains officially unsolved.

Contents

Background

Crawford was born in Greenville, east of Dallas, Texas, the oldest of four children of John W. "Jack" Robinson and the former Ida Louise Faucett. Because her mother died when Crawford was only nine years of age, she was reared in Warren, the seat of Bradley County in southern Arkansas, by her maternal grandmother, Mary Louise Faucett Ritchey, who operated a boarding house with a second husband, Thomas Ritchey. Maud Crawford was the valedictorian of her 1911 Warren High School graduating class. She then attended the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville for the 1911–1912 academic year.[1]

In 1916, she began work as a stenographer at the Gaughan law firm in Camden, the seat of Ouachita County in south Arkansas. In 1925, she married Clyde Falwell Crawford (1894–1969),[2] a scion of a pioneer Camden family. The couple had no children. In 1927, Crawford took the bar exam at the University of Arkansas School of Law, having learned the principles of the law while she was employed in the Gaughan firm. She passed the exam and ranked first in the class. Crawford's expertise was estate management and title work, important to an area of considerable petroleum drilling. Her admission to the bar occurred only ten years after women were first permitted to practice law in the state of Arkansas.[1]

Community leadership

A community leader, Crawford was the first woman elected to the Camden City Council, having served from 1940 to 1948. In 1942, she was among the founders of Arkansas Girls State, a counterpart to Boys State, which permits high schoolers to spend a week at the state capital in Little Rock to learn the mechanics of state government. Crawford was elected president of each women's civic organization in Camden of which she was a member, including the Business and Professional Women's Foundation, the American Legion Auxiliary, and Pilot Club International, sister organization of Rotary International before Rotary admitted women. In 1954, the Pilot Club designated her "Camden Woman of the Year." In 1955, when Camden won an achievement award for "Outstanding Community Improvement," Crawford was named to go to Little Rock to speak and accept the honor on behalf of the community.[1]

Crawford's law firm was later named Gaughan, McClellan and Laney.[3] The McClellan in the firm was a then inactive partner, Democratic U.S. Senator John L. McClellan, formerly of Camden.[1]

The Richie-Crawford House, located at 330 Clifton Street in Camden and built in colonial style, has four Corinthian columns and a two-story porch. It was from this stately residence that the Camden attorney Maud Robinson Crawford disappeared on March 2, 1957, in a still unsolved and much publicized mystery. (Photo taken in August 2009, the 100th anniversary of the building of the house)

The disappearance

The disappearance occurred on a cold, foggy, rainy[4] Saturday night, March 2, 1957, between 8:30 and 11 p.m. CST from Crawford's colonial-style, Corinthian column home at 330 Clifton Street, constructed in 1909 and located in what is now an historic district relatively close to the First Presbyterian Church.[citation needed] At the time of the disappearance, McClellan chaired a high-profile Senate investigation into alleged mobster ties to organized labor. The case was international news for a time when it was speculated that Crawford had been kidnapped by the Mafia to intimidate McClellan. No ransom note was ever delivered. No body was ever found. Police never solved the case.[1]

The night that Crawford disappeared her husband went to the Malco Theater and thereafter a liquor store, a routine which he followed nearly every evening.[4] At 8:30 p.m. Maud spoke by telephone with a cousin. When Clyde returned home about 11:30 p.m. the house was fully lighted inside and outside, and the television set in the living room was on.[5] Maud's car was in the driveway with the keys. Her purse, with $142 in cash, was on a chair. Her Dalmatian dog called "Dal"[4] was patiently awaiting for Maud's return. When Maud did not return home by 1 a.m., Clyde drove around Camden to search for her. At 1 a.m. on March 3, he stopped two police officers to ask if there had been an automobile accident that might explain her absence. An hour later, he drove to the police station to report his wife missing. An extensive hunt for Crawford followed.[1]

Two weeks after Maud's disappearance, The Camden News reported that Police Chief G. B. Cole had declared the investigation "stalemated." The newspaper also quoted then Sheriff Grover Linebarier (1899–1986)[2] as having said, "We have not turned up a single clue." The Camden News declared the case "at a dead end."[1]

Clyde Crawford continued to live in the house on Clifton Street. He died in 1969, the same year that the Ouachita County Probate Court declared his wife dead: "It is the finding of the Court that Maud R. Crawford is deceased and has been dead since March 2, 1957, as a result of foul play perpetrated by person or persons unknown."[1]

Arkansas Gazette investigation

In 1986, the Crawford case was reopened in an 18-article investigative series by Beth Brickell, who was reared in Camden during the 1950s.[4] Brickell's work was published by the former Arkansas Gazette, now the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, owned since 1991 by Walter E. Hussman, Jr., who was also reared in Camden and is the official publisher of The Camden News. The Arkansas Gazette series implicated Henry Myar "Mike" Berg (1909–1975), a wealthy Camden businessman and a former state police commissioner appointed by Governor Orval E. Faubus. Berg's widow, Helen Berg, threatened to sue the Arkansas Gazette over the series, which was nevertheless published over a five-month period. Mrs. Berg never brought forth the threatened suit.[1]

The series revealed that a state police detective, Odis A. Henley (1919–2001),[2] found evidence linking Mike Berg to Crawford's murder. Henley claimed that he was quickly removed from the case, and all of his files vanished from police headquarters. The Gazette series uncovered for the first time a financial motive for the murder of Crawford. A deed filed in the nearby Hempstead County Courthouse in Hope, Arkansas, transferred timber assets belonging to Rose Newman Berg, Mike Berg's elderly aunt who had been declared incompetent in 1955 by the Ouachita County Court, to Hugh Moseley, a timber owner who worked for Mike Berg. A second deed with the same date transferred the identical timber holdings from Hugh Moseley to Mike Berg. Former Arkansas Attorney General Jim Guy Tucker (later a U.S. Representative and then governor), considered the deeds "powerful evidence" that Mike Berg sought to defraud his aunt.[1]

Henley claimed that Maud Crawford confronted Mike Berg over the timber assets. Crawford was Rose Berg's attorney and personal guardian. Maud drew up a will for Rose Berg, who in 1957 was confined to a nursing home with what would now be called Alzheimer's disease. Rose Berg wished to leave more than $20 million to three nieces who lived in other states, Jeannette Newman Simpson, Marian Newman Peltason (1908–1979) of Santa Barbara, California,[2] and Lucille Newman Glazer. Mike Berg was not mentioned in his aunt's will. According to the nieces, Crawford had informed them before her death that she intended to bring a lawsuit against Mike Berg to expose the fraudulent deeds. Then, other timber deeds were found in the Ouachita County Courthouse that transferred additional assets over a period of years from Rose Berg to Mike Berg. One deed with a questionable signature of Rose Berg, conveyed to Mike Berg, large acreage of timber in fifteen counties, as well as properties in Camden and an estimated 150 active oil royalties. With the disappearance of Crawford, Rose Berg's will also vanished. Mike Berg ultimately secured all of his aunt's estate. Thereafter, he granted $187,000 to each of Rose Berg’s nieces in exchange for a relinquishment of all claims to their aunt’s estate.[1]

The Arkansas Gazette articles led Bill McLean, the prosecuting attorney in El Dorado, the seat of Union County in southern Arkansas, to reopen the case in 1986. McLean came to Ouachita County, against the wishes of then Sheriff Jack Dews, to interview Jack Dorris (1915–1986),[2] who had been a Mike Berg bodyguard. Dorris, however, was dying of cancer and never revived long enough for McLean to question him.[1][6]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Maud Robinson Crawford (1891-1957)". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. http://encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=2405. Retrieved January 14, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Social Security Death Index". ssdi.rootsweb.ancestry.com. http://ssdi.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/ssdi.cgi. Retrieved January 14, 2011. 
  3. ^ The Laney in the firm was not Governor Benjamin T. Laney, who earlier served as mayor of Camden from 1935-1939, prior to Crawford's joining the city council.
  4. ^ a b c d "The Maud Crawford Mystery". luminousfilms.net. http://www.luminousfilms.net/themaudcrawfordstory/index.html. Retrieved January 14, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Maud Crawford". charleyproject.org. http://www.charleyproject.org/cases/c/crawford_maud.html. Retrieved January 14, 2011. 
  6. ^ The Encyclopedia of Arkansas bases part of its biographical sketch of Maud Crawford on Beth Brickell's 18-part series in the Arkansas Gazette in the overall title "Mystery at Camden": July 25, 30, and 31, 1986; August 1, 3, 7, 11, 13, and 22, 1986; September 21, 1986; October 19, 1986; November 9, 12, and 23, 1986; December 21, 22, 23, and 24, 1986. All of the articles were placed on page-one.