Matane

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Matane
Town
Embouchre.Riviere.Matane.jpg
Coat of arms of Matane
Coat of arms
Motto: Le succès dans l'effort (Success in effort)
Location within La Matanie RCM.
Location within La Matanie RCM.
Matane is located in Eastern Quebec
Matane
Matane
Location in eastern Quebec.
Coordinates: 48°51′N 67°32′W / 48.850°N 67.533°W / 48.850; -67.533Coordinates: 48°51′N 67°32′W / 48.850°N 67.533°W / 48.850; -67.533[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionBas-Saint-Laurent
RCMLa Matanie
ConstitutedSeptember 26, 2001
Government[2]
 • MayorClaude Canuel
 • Federal ridingHaute-Gaspésie—La Mitis—Matane—Matapédia
 • Prov. ridingMatane-Matapédia
Area[2][3]
 • Town228.50 km2 (88.22 sq mi)
 • Land195.47 km2 (75.47 sq mi)
 • Metro[4]662.96 km2 (255.97 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Town14,462
 • Density74.0/km2 (192/sq mi)
 • Metro[4]18,368
 • Metro density27.7/km2 (72/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011Decrease 1.9%
 • Dwellings7,293
DemonymMatanais, Matanaises
Time zoneEST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s)G4W
Area code(s)418 and 581
Highways Route 132
Route 195
Websitewww.ville.matane.qc.ca
 
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For other uses, see Matane (disambiguation).
Matane
Town
Embouchre.Riviere.Matane.jpg
Coat of arms of Matane
Coat of arms
Motto: Le succès dans l'effort (Success in effort)
Location within La Matanie RCM.
Location within La Matanie RCM.
Matane is located in Eastern Quebec
Matane
Matane
Location in eastern Quebec.
Coordinates: 48°51′N 67°32′W / 48.850°N 67.533°W / 48.850; -67.533Coordinates: 48°51′N 67°32′W / 48.850°N 67.533°W / 48.850; -67.533[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionBas-Saint-Laurent
RCMLa Matanie
ConstitutedSeptember 26, 2001
Government[2]
 • MayorClaude Canuel
 • Federal ridingHaute-Gaspésie—La Mitis—Matane—Matapédia
 • Prov. ridingMatane-Matapédia
Area[2][3]
 • Town228.50 km2 (88.22 sq mi)
 • Land195.47 km2 (75.47 sq mi)
 • Metro[4]662.96 km2 (255.97 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Town14,462
 • Density74.0/km2 (192/sq mi)
 • Metro[4]18,368
 • Metro density27.7/km2 (72/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011Decrease 1.9%
 • Dwellings7,293
DemonymMatanais, Matanaises
Time zoneEST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s)G4W
Area code(s)418 and 581
Highways Route 132
Route 195
Websitewww.ville.matane.qc.ca

Matane is a town on the Gaspé Peninsula in Quebec, Canada, on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River at the mouth of the Matane River. The town is the seat for the La Matanie Regional County Municipality.

In addition to Matane itself, the town's territory also includes the communities of Petit-Matane and Saint-Luc-de-Matane.

There is a ferry service which crosses the river to Baie-Comeau and Godbout on the north shore as well as a rail ferry service to Baie-Comeau and Sept-Îles.[5]

Etymology[edit]

The name Matane was first assigned to the river by Samuel de Champlain as "Mantanne" in 1603. Its meaning is open to different interpretations, with the most common one being that it comes from the Mi'kmaq word mtctan meaning "beaver pond", since the region had an abundant beaver population. It could also come a Maliseet word for "spinal cord", referring to the course of the Matane River; or from the word Mattawa/Matawin, meaning "meeting of the waters". Finally, it could be an abbreviation of the word matandipives, meaning "shipwreck".[1]

History[edit]

Lumber mill of Price Company, Matane, circa 1914

In 1603, Samuel de Champlain visited the area and considered the location as "pleasant enough". In 1616 merchants known as the Rochelais from La Rochelle were the first Europeans to spend the winter. Matane was used as a trading post for the Rochelais who were exchanging European goods for furs with the Mi'kmaq people. In 1672, the land on both sides of the Matane River was granted as a seignory to Mathieu D'Amours, which led to the first settlements shortly after. The Mi'kmaq people lived there until 1845.[1][6]

In 1845, the place was first incorporated as the Municipality of Matane, but dissolved two years later. In 1855, it was reestablished as the Parish Municipality of Saint-Jérôme-de-Matane, named after the local parish. In 1893, the main population centre at the mouth of the Matane River separated from the parish municipality and was incorporated as the Village Municipality of Saint-Jérôme-de-Matane, which changed status and name to City of Matane in 1937 when city status was granted.[1][6]

After World War II, Matane merchants decided to strengthen their economic and maritime bonds with the North side of the Saint Lawrence River. They ran a service of a regular ferry in 1962. In 1978 a train ferry system was in place.[7]

On September 26, 2001, the neighbouring municipalities of Petit-Matane, Saint-Luc-de-Matane, and Saint-Jérôme-de-Matane were amalgamated into the Town of Matane.[1]

Tourism[edit]

Since Matane is the first step to Gaspé's tourist circuit it receives and accommodates many passing tourists. The old lighthouse of Matane was transformed into a tourist information center with a panoramic view of its surroundings.

Matane is world famous for its high quality shrimp. The town is known also for its windmills with Quebec's most important windmill parc The Matane River is dubbed as the ′River-School′ throughout Quebec due to its apprentice training and formation of numerous fishermen. The River itself is 101 km of length and is the only river in Quebec that you can practice fishing in the town square. Permits and equipment can be bought or rented in town.[7]

Various world and locally known people originate from Matane and its surrounding areas. Local artists like Claude Picher and NHL players as Yves Racine come from Matane. Many galleries can be found in Matane that support local talent.[7]

In 2000 Matane was named East Quebec's industrial capital.[1]

Districts[edit]

The town is divided in 4 districts that match the former municipalities before amalgamation in 2001:

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]


Population trend:[11]

Parc-des-Îles bridge from the Mathieu D'Amours dam

Language[edit]

Mother tongue:[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Matane (Ville)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2012-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b "Matane". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Retrieved 2012-01-23. 
  3. ^ a b c "Matane census profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-01-23. 
  4. ^ a b "Matane (Census agglomeration) community profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-24. . The census agglomeration consists of Matane, Saint-René-de-Matane, Saint-Ulric, Sainte-Félicité. In the 2006 census, the census agglomeration had not included Saint-René-de-Matane nor Sainte-Félicité.
  5. ^ Train ferry
  6. ^ a b "Saint-Jérôme-de-Matane (Municipalité de paroisse)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2012-01-23. 
  7. ^ a b c "Matane...Passion et savoir faire". Conception Kaleidos Multimédia. p. Tourism. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "Electronic Area Profiles". Canada 1996 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2013-05-11. 
  9. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-23. 
  10. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012-01-23. 
  11. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  12. ^ "Matane community profile". 2006 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-01-23.