Massena (town), New York

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Massena
—  Town  —
Massena is located in New York
Massena
Location of Massena in New York
Coordinates: 44°55′49″N 74°53′33″W / 44.93028°N 74.8925°W / 44.93028; -74.8925Coordinates: 44°55′49″N 74°53′33″W / 44.93028°N 74.8925°W / 44.93028; -74.8925
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountySt. Lawrence
Incorporated1802
Government
 • TypeTown council
 • Town supervisorJoseph D. Gray
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total12,883
ZIP code13662
Area code(s)315
Websitehttp://www.massena.ny.us/
 
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Massena
—  Town  —
Massena is located in New York
Massena
Location of Massena in New York
Coordinates: 44°55′49″N 74°53′33″W / 44.93028°N 74.8925°W / 44.93028; -74.8925Coordinates: 44°55′49″N 74°53′33″W / 44.93028°N 74.8925°W / 44.93028; -74.8925
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountySt. Lawrence
Incorporated1802
Government
 • TypeTown council
 • Town supervisorJoseph D. Gray
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total12,883
ZIP code13662
Area code(s)315
Websitehttp://www.massena.ny.us/

Massena is a town in St. Lawrence County, New York, United States. The town is on the northern border of the county and is nicknamed "The Gateway to the Fourth Coast". The population was 12,883 at the 2010 census.[1] The town of Massena contains a village also called Massena. The town and its village are named after a hero of the Napoleonic Wars.

Massena is home to an Alcoa plant, and a former Reynolds Metals Company plant, now called Alcoa East (temporarily idled in July 2009). Massena is also home to a former General Motors aluminum engine-casting plant that is one of the most polluted sites once owned by the company. [2]The New York Power Authority also operates a hydroelectric power generating dam, the St. Lawrence-FDR Power Project, on the St. Lawrence River adjacent to Massena.

Contents

History

The town was first settled circa 1792. The land was leased from native Mohawk who called the area, "Nikentsiake, "where the fish live." Unlike much of northern New York, Massena was not completely in the Macomb's Purchase.[citation needed]

Massena was one of the first towns of the county and was incorporated with the county in 1802. The town is named after one of Napoleon's field marshals, André Masséna, who commanded around that time. Parts of Massena later separated to form other towns in the county, including Hopkinton in 1805, Louisville in 1810, and Brasher in 1825.[citation needed]

The economy of early Massena was partly based on health spas, but the modern town is involved in power production, aluminum production at ALCOA and the commerce of the St. Lawrence Seaway.[citation needed]

The town suffered natural disasters in 1944 (earthquake) and in 1998 (ice storm).

Massena was a scene for a "blood libel" accusation against the 100 or so Jewish residents living in the city in 1928. This story made headlines in local newspapers.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 56.1 square miles (145 km2), of which 44.7 square miles (116 km2) is land and 11.5 square miles (30 km2)(20.43%) is water.

The north town line of Massena is the international border of Canada, defined partly by the St. Lawrence River. The eastern town line is the border of Franklin County.

The Raquette River and the Grasse River flow eastward and parallel across the town with the Raquette River being the more southerly. Both are tributaries of the St. Lawrence River.

New York State Route 37, New York State Route 37B, New York State Route 131 are east-west highways across the town. Of these, NY-131 follows the most northern route, along the south bank of the St. Lawrence River. New York State Route 420 is a north-south highway that intersects NY-37 in Massena village. New York State Route 37C intersects NY-37 in the eastern corner of the town.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 13,121 people, 5,510 households, and 3,454 families residing in the town. The population density was 293.7 inhabitants per square mile (113.4 /km2). There were 5,880 housing units at an average density of 131.6 per square mile (50.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 94.80% White, 0.30% Black or African American, 3.25% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.07% of the population.

There were 5,510 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.3% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 18.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $31,391, and the median income for a family was $38,696. Males had a median income of $37,484 versus $20,819 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,111. About 14.9% of families and 17.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Massena

Transportation

The town is served by Massena International Airport, located east of Massena village, south of NY-37.

Radio

Resources

Some of the town's main employers are Dwight D. Eisenhower Lock, Robert Moses-Robert H. Saunders Power Dam, ALCOA, Massena Memorial Hospital, Highland Nursing Home, and St. Regis Nursing Home.

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ http://innovationtrail.org/post/massena-starts-new-chapter-old-gm-plant-set-demolition
  3. ^ National Teachers Hall of Fame web site
  4. ^ Reichler, Joseph L., ed. (1979) [1969]. The Baseball Encyclopedia (4th edition ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 0-02-578970-8. 
  5. ^ Michaud, John D. III, ed. (2004) [2004]. More than Otis: No Bull! A Salute to Hollywood Actor Hal J. Smith (1st edition ed.). Massena, New York: Stubbs Printing. 

External links

44°55′59″N 74°53′31″W / 44.933°N 74.892°W / 44.933; -74.892