Mary Poppins (film)

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Mary Poppins
Marypoppins.jpg
Original theatrical release poster
Directed byRobert Stevenson
Produced byWalt Disney
Screenplay byBill Walsh
Don DaGradi
Based onMary Poppins 
by P. L. Travers
StarringJulie Andrews
Dick Van Dyke
David Tomlinson
Glynis Johns
Music byRichard M. Sherman
Robert B. Sherman
CinematographyEdward Colman
Edited byCotton Warburton
Production
company
Distributed byBuena Vista Distribution
Release dates
  • August 27, 1964 (1964-08-27)
Running time
139 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Box office$102,272,727 lifetime gross[1]
 
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Mary Poppins
Marypoppins.jpg
Original theatrical release poster
Directed byRobert Stevenson
Produced byWalt Disney
Screenplay byBill Walsh
Don DaGradi
Based onMary Poppins 
by P. L. Travers
StarringJulie Andrews
Dick Van Dyke
David Tomlinson
Glynis Johns
Music byRichard M. Sherman
Robert B. Sherman
CinematographyEdward Colman
Edited byCotton Warburton
Production
company
Distributed byBuena Vista Distribution
Release dates
  • August 27, 1964 (1964-08-27)
Running time
139 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Box office$102,272,727 lifetime gross[1]

Mary Poppins is a 1964 American musical fantasy film directed by Robert Stevenson and produced by Walt Disney, with songs written and composed by the Sherman Brothers. The screenplay is by Bill Walsh and Don DaGradi, loosely based on P. L. Travers' book series of the same name. The film, which combines live-action and animation, stars Julie Andrews in the titular role of a magical nanny who visits a dysfunctional family in London and employs her unique brand of lifestyle to improve the family's dynamic. Dick Van Dyke, David Tomlinson, and Glynis Johns are featured in supporting roles. The film was shot entirely at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.

Mary Poppins was released on August 27, 1964,[2][3] to universal acclaim, receiving a total of thirteen Academy Award nominations, including Best Picture—an unsurpassed record for any other film released by the Walt Disney Studios—and won five; Best Actress for Andrews, Best Film Editing, Best Original Music Score, Best Visual Effects, and Best Original Song for "Chim Chim Cher-ee". In 2013, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".[4]

Plot[edit]

In Edwardian London, 1910, Cockney one-man band Bert is entertaining a crowd when he senses a change in the wind. Afterwards, he directly addresses the audience and gives them a tour of Cherry Tree Lane, stopping outside the home of the Banks'. George Banks returns home from his job at the bank to learn from his wife Winifred that their hired nanny, Katie Nanna, has left their service after his children, Jane and Michael, ran away again. They are returned shortly after by the local constable. Taking it upon himself to hire a nanny, George advertises for a stern, no-nonsense nanny. Jane and Michael present their own advertisement for a kinder, sweeter nanny, but George rips up the letter and throws the scraps in the fireplace, which magically float up and out into the air.

The next day, a queue of elderly, sour-faced nannies appears outside. However, a strong gust of wind blows the nannies away, and Jane and Michael witness a young nanny descend from the sky using her umbrella. Presenting herself to George, Mary Poppins calmly produces the children’s now restored advertisement and agrees with its requests, but promises the astonished banker she will be firm with his children. As George puzzles over the ad’s return, Mary hires herself and meets the children, baffling them with her behaviour and bottomless carpet bag. She helps the children to tidy their nursery through song, before heading out for a walk in the park.

Outside, they meet Bert who now works as a screever, drawing chalk sketches on the pavement. Mary uses her magic to transport the group into one of the drawings, which becomes an animated countryside setting. While the children ride on a nearby carousel, Mary Poppins and Bert go on a leisurely stroll and are served tea by a quartet of penguin waiters. Mary enchants the carousel horses, which leave the carousel and rescue an Irish fox from a fox-hunt. They participate in a horse race which she wins. When asked to describe her victory, Mary announces the nonsense word “Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious”. On another outing, the four meet Mary's jovial Uncle Albert who has floated up in the air due to his uncontrollable laughter. They join him for a tea party on the ceiling, telling jokes. On another outing they walk above the chimneys of London on stairs made of smoke.

George becomes increasingly bothered by the cheery atmosphere of his family and considers firing Mary Poppins. Mary inverts his attempt, instead convincing him to take the children to the bank for a day. George takes Jane and Michael to the bank, where they meet his employers, Mr. Dawes Sr. and his son. Dawes aggressively attempts to have Michael to invest his tuppence in the bank, snatching the money from him. Michael demands it back, causing other customers to misinterpret and all demand their money back, causing a bank run. Jane and Michael flee the bank, getting lost in the East End until they run into Bert, now a chimney sweep. He escorts them home, suggesting their father does not hate them but has his own troubles to deal with. Later, George receives a phone call from his employers, telling him to meet them later for disciplinary action. George speaks with Bert who tells him that while he needs to work, he should spend more time with his children before they grow up. Jane and Michael give their father Michael’s tuppence in the hope to make amends.

George walks through London to the bank, where he is given a humiliating cashiering and is fired. Looking to the tuppence for words, he raucously blurts out, "Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious!", tells one of Uncle Albert's jokes the children originally told him, and happily heads home. Dawes mulls over the joke, but finally "gets" it, and floats up into the air, laughing. The next day, the wind changes, meaning Mary must leave. A happier George is found at home, having fixed his children’s kite, and takes the family out to fly it. In the park, the Banks meet Mr. Dawes Jr, who reveals that his father died happily laughing from the joke and re-employs George as a junior partner. With her work done, Mary flies away with Bert bidding her farewell, telling her not to stay away too long.

Cast[edit]

Van Dyke also portrays Mr. Dawes Sr., the old director of the bank where Mr. Banks works. During the film's end titles, Mr. Dawes is credited as "Navckid Keyd", an anagram of Dick Van Dyke.
Tomlinson also provides the uncredited voice of Mary Poppins' parrot umbrella handle.[citation needed]

Production[edit]

"Step in Time" sequence.

The first book in the Mary Poppins book series was the main basis for the movie. According to the 40th Anniversary DVD release of the film in 2004, Walt Disney's daughters fell in love with the Mary Poppins books, and made him promise to make a film based on them. Disney first attempted to purchase the film rights to Mary Poppins from P. L. Travers as early as 1938 but was rebuffed because Travers did not believe a film version of her books would do justice to her creation. In addition, Disney was known at the time primarily as a producer of cartoons and had yet to produce any major live-action work. For more than 20 years, Disney periodically made efforts to convince Travers to allow him to make a Poppins film. He finally succeeded in 1961, although Travers demanded and got script approval rights. Pre-production and composing the songs took about two years.

Travers was an adviser to the production. However, she disapproved of the dilution of the harsher aspects of Mary Poppins' character, felt ambivalent about the music, and so hated the use of animation that she ruled out any further adaptations of the later Mary Poppins novels.[5] She objected to a number of elements that actually made it into the film. Rather than original songs, she wanted the soundtrack to feature known standards of the Edwardian period in which the story is set. She also objected to the animated sequence. Disney overruled her, citing contract stipulations that he had final say on the finished print.

Julie Andrews, who was making her movie acting debut after a successful stage career, got the prime role of Mary Poppins soon after she was passed over by Jack Warner and replaced with Audrey Hepburn for the role of Eliza Doolittle in his screen version of My Fair Lady, even though Andrews had originated the role on Broadway.[6] When Walt Disney first approached Andrews about taking on the role, Andrews was three months pregnant and therefore was not sure she should take the role. Disney assured her that the crew would be fine with waiting to begin filming until after she had given birth so that she could play the part.[7] Julie Andrews also provided the voice in two other sections of the film: during "A Spoonful of Sugar," she provided the whistling harmony for the robin, and she was also one of the Pearly singers during "Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious." David Tomlinson, besides playing Mr. Banks, provided the voice of Mary's talking umbrella and numerous other voice-over parts (including that of Admiral Boom's first mate). During the Jolly Holiday sequence, the three singing Cockney geese were all voiced by Marni Nixon, a regular aural substitute for actresses with substandard singing voices. Nixon would later provide the singing voice for Audrey Hepburn in My Fair Lady and play one of Julie Andrews' fellow nuns in The Sound of Music. Andrews later beat Hepburn for the Best Actress Award at the Golden Globes for their respective roles. Andrews would also win the Academy Award for Best Actress for her role. Hepburn did not receive a nomination. Richard Sherman, one of the songwriters, also voiced a penguin as well as one of the Pearlies.[8]

The Sherman Brothers composed the music score and were also involved in the film's development, suggesting the setting be changed from the 1930s to the Edwardian era.

Disney cast Dick Van Dyke in the key supporting role of Bert after seeing his work on The Dick Van Dyke Show. Van Dyke also played the senior Mr. Dawes in the film. Although he is fondly remembered for this film, Van Dyke's attempt at a cockney accent is regarded as one of the worst film accents in history, cited as an example by actors since as something that they wish to avoid. In a 2003 poll by Empire magazine of the worst film accents of all time he came second.[9][10] Van Dyke claims that his accent coach was Irish, who "didn't do an accent any better than I did".[11]

The film changed the book story line in a number of places. For example, Mary, when approaching the house, controlled the wind rather than the other way around. As another example, the father, rather than the mother, interviewed Mary for the nanny position. Much of the Travers-Disney correspondence is part of the Travers collection of papers in the Mitchell Library of New South Wales, Australia. The relationship between Travers and Disney is detailed in Mary Poppins She Wrote, a biography of Travers, by Valerie Lawson. The biography is the basis for two documentaries on Travers, The Real Mary Poppins and Lisa Matthews' The Shadow of Mary Poppins.[12][13][14] Their relationship during the development of the film was also dramatized in the 2013 film, Saving Mr. Banks.

A number of other changes were necessary to condense the story into feature length. In the movie, there are only two Banks children, Jane and Michael. The satirical and mysterious aspects of the original book gave way to a cheerful and "Disney-fied" tone. Mary Poppins' character as portrayed by Andrews in the film is somewhat less vain and more sympathetic towards the children compared to the rather cold and intimidating nanny of the original book. Bert, as played by Van Dyke, was a composite of several characters from Travers' stories. Travers demanded that any suggestions of romance between Mary and Bert be eliminated, so lyrics were written for "Jolly Holiday" that clearly indicated that their friendship was purely platonic. (Some subtle hints of romance, however, did remain in the finished film.)

Travers was not extended an invitation to the film's premiere, but managed to obtain one from a Disney executive. It was at the after-party that Richard Sherman recalled her walking up to Disney and loudly announcing that the animated sequence had to go. Disney responded, "Pamela, the ship has sailed," and walked away.[14] While Travers publicly praised the Mary Poppins film following its premiere, her public position on the film shifted after a proposed sequel did not materialize in the 1960s.[15] Never at ease with the handling of her property by Disney or the way she felt she had been treated, Travers would never again agree to another Poppins/Disney adaptation. So fervent was Travers' dislike of the Disney adaptation and of the way she felt she had been treated during the production, that when producer Cameron Mackintosh approached her about the stage musical in the 1990s, she acquiesced on the condition that only English-born writers and no one from the film production were to be directly involved with creating the stage musical.[16]

Music[edit]

Buena Vista Records released the original motion picture soundtrack on vinyl and reel-to-reel tape. Due to time constraints, some songs were edited (such as "Step in Time" and "Jolly Holiday", "A Spoonful of Sugar"), while songs also featured introductory passages ("Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious") or completed endings ("Sister Sufragette", "Fidelity Fiduciary Bank", "A Man Has Dreams"). The "Overture" also featured "Jolly Holiday", omitted from the opening credits presentation and later re-released under the Walt Disney Records label, while "Jolly Holiday" and "A Spoonful of Sugar" would be restored to their theatrical lengths. Written by Richard and Robert Sherman, the songs were inspired by Edwardian British music hall music.[17]

When re-issued on laserdisc in 1997, one of the disc's analog audio tracks featured a mono isolated music score. It has yet to appear on any other home video release. In 2004, as part of the 40th Anniversary (also called Special Edition), a 28-track disc (as part of a two-disc set) was released by Walt Disney Records. In 2014 (the 50th anniversary of the film's release), the soundtrack was released in a 3-CD edition as part of the Walt Disney "Legacy Collection"; this edition includes demos of many of the "lost" tracks described below.

Soundtrack[edit]

Mary Poppins (Original Soundtrack)
Soundtrack album by Various artists
Released1964 (1964)
RecordedApril 12 – December 20, 1963
(The Walt Disney Studios)
LabelWalt Disney
ProducerRichard M. Sherman · Robert B. Sherman · Irwin Kostal

All songs written and composed by Richard M. Sherman and Robert B. Sherman

Mary Poppins (Original Soundtrack)
No.TitlePerformer(s)Length
1."Overture" (Instrumental) 3:01
2."Sister Suffragette"  Glynis Johns1:45
3."The Life I Lead"  David Tomlinson2:01
4."The Perfect Nanny"  Karen Dotrice, Matthew Garber1:39
5."A Spoonful of Sugar"  Julie Andrews4:09
6."Pavement Artist"  Dick van Dyke2:00
7."Jolly Holiday"  Julie Andrews, Dick van Dyke5:24
8."Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious"  Julie Andrews, Dick van Dyke2:03
9."Stay Awake"  Julie Andrews1:45
10."I Love to Laugh"  Dick van Dyke, Ed Wynn, Julie Andrews2:43
11."A British Bank (The Life I Lead)"  David Tomlinson, Julie Andrews2:08
12."Feed the Birds (Tuppence a Bag)"  Julie Andrews3:51
13."Fidelity Fiduciary Bank"  "Navckid Keyd", Bankers, David Tomlinson3:33
14."Chim Chim Cher-ee"  Dick van Dyke, Julie Andrews, Karen Dotrice, Matthew Garber2:46
15."Step in Time"  Dick van Dyke and Cast8:42
16."A Man Has Dreams"  David Tomlinson, Dick van Dyke4:28
17."Let's Go Fly a Kite"  David Tomlinson, Dick van Dyke, The Londoners1:53
Total length:
45:57

Deleted songs[edit]

A number of other songs were written for the film by the Sherman Brothers and either rejected or cut for time. Richard Sherman, on the 2004 DVD release, indicated that more than 30 songs were written at various stages of the film's development. No cast recordings of any of these songs have been released to the public, only demos or later performances done by the songwriters — with the exception of the rooftop reprise of "Chim Chim Cher-ee" and the "smoke staircase yodel" mentioned below.

  1. "The Chimpanzoo", was originally to follow "I Love To Laugh" during the Uncle Albert "ceiling tea party" sequence, but it was dropped from the soundtrack just before Julie Andrews and company were to record it. The fast-paced number was not unveiled to the public until Richard Sherman, aided by recently uncovered storyboards, performed it on the 2004 DVD edition. The re-creation suggests it was to have been another sequence combining animation and live action.
  2. "Practically Perfect" was intended to introduce Mary but instead the melody of the piece was used for "Sister Suffragette" (used to introduce Mrs. Banks). A different song with the same name was written for the stage musical.
  3. "The Eyes of Love", a romantic ballad, was intended for Bert and Mary, but according to Richard Sherman, Julie Andrews suggested privately to Disney that this song was not suitable. In response, "A Spoonful of Sugar" was written.
  4. "Mary Poppins Melody" was to be performed when Mary introduces herself to the children. Elements of the song later became part of "Stay Awake". The melody was the basis for a couple of other songs that were ultimately cut from the film.
  5. "A Name's A Name". Heard on a recording taken of a meeting between the Sherman Brothers and P.L. Travers, this song was originally intended for the nursery scene that later became "A Spoonful of Sugar." The melody was reused for "Mary Poppins Melody".
  6. "You Think, You Blink" was a short piece that Bert was to sing just before entering the chalk painting (and starting the "Jolly Holiday" sequence). In the film, Dick Van Dyke simply recites the lyric instead of singing it.
  7. "West Wind" was a short ballad to be sung by Mary. The song was later retitled "Mon Amour Perdu" and used in the later Disney film, Big Red.
  8. "The Right Side" was to be sung by Mary to Michael Banks after he gets out of bed cranky. It was recycled for the Disney Channel television series Welcome to Pooh Corner as Winnie the Pooh's personal theme song.
  9. "Measure Up" was to accompany the scene in which Mary takes the tape measure to Jane and Michael.
  10. "Admiral Boom" was to be the theme song for the cannon-firing neighbor of the Banks Residence, but it was cut by Walt Disney as being unnecessary. The melody of the song remains in the film, and the bombastic theme is heard whenever Boom appears onscreen. One line from this song ("The whole world takes its time from Greenwich, but Greenwich, they say, takes its time from Admiral Boom!") is spoken by Bert early in the film.
  11. "Sticks, Paper And Strings" was an early version of "Let's Go Fly A Kite."
  12. "Lead The Righteous Life", an intentionally poorly written hymn, was to have been sung by Katie Nanna (Elsa Lanchester) along with Jane and Michael prior to Mary Poppins' arrival. The melody was later reused for a similar song in The Happiest Millionaire
  13. "The Pearly Song" was not deleted per se but was instead incorporated into "Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious".

The Compass Sequence, a precursor to "Jolly Holiday", was to be a multiple-song sequence. A number of possible musical components have been identified:

  1. "South Sea Island Symphony"
  2. "Chinese Festival Song"
  3. "Tim-Buc-Too" — elements of this were reused for "The Chimpanzoo" which was also cut
  4. "Tiki Town" — the melody was reused for "The Chimpanzoo"
  5. "North Pole Polka"
  6. "Land of Sand" — later rewritten as "Trust In Me" for the animated version of The Jungle Book
  7. "The Beautiful Briny" — later used in Bedknobs and Broomsticks
  8. "East is East" — another variation on the unused "Mary Poppins Melody".

Deleted scores and music[edit]

Release[edit]

Mary Poppins grossed between $31 and 33 million during its initial run.[1][18] The film was re-released theatrically in 1973 and earned an estimated $9 million in North American rentals.[19] It was released once more in 1980 and earned and another $14 million,[20] and achieved a total lifetime gross of over $102 million.[1] The film was very profitable for Disney. Made on an estimated budget of $4.4 to 6 million,[21][22][23] it was reported by Cobbett Steinberg to be the most profitable film of 1965, earning a net profit of $28.5 million.[24][25] Walt Disney would took his huge profits from the film and purchased 27,500 acres in central Florida and financed the construction of Walt Disney World. Disney died in 1966, just prior to the beginning of the construction phase.[citation needed]

Home media[edit]

Mary Poppins was first released in the early 1980s on VHS, Beta, CED and laserdisc. From 1994 to 1999, it was re-released three times as part of the Walt Disney Masterpiece Collection. In 1998, this film became Disney's first DVD. In 2000, it was released on VHS and DVD as part of the Gold Classic Collection. In 2004, it had a 2-Disc DVD release in a Digitally Restored 40th Anniversary Edition as well as its final issue in the VHS Format. The film's audio track featured an "Enhanced Home Theater Mix" consisting of replaced sound effects (to make the soundtrack more "modern") and improved fidelity and mixing and some enhanced music (this version was also shown on 2006-2012 ABC Family airings of the movie.) On January 27, 2009, the film was released on DVD again as a 45th anniversary edition, with more language tracks and special features (though the film's "Enhanced Home Theater Mix" was not included.) Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment released the film on Blu-ray as the 50th Anniversary Edition on December 10, 2013.[26]

Critical reaction[edit]

The film received universal acclaim by film critics.[24] Film review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 100% of critics gave the film a "fresh" rating, based on 43 reviews with an average score of 8.3/10. The site's consensus says, "A lavish modern fairy tale celebrated for its amazing special effects, catchy songs, and Julie Andrews's legendary performance in the title role."[27]

Variety praised the film's musical sequences and the performances of Julie Andrews and Dick van Dyke, in particular.[28] Time lauded the film, stating; "The sets are luxuriant, the songs lilting, the scenario witty but impeccably sentimental, and the supporting cast only a pinfeather short of perfection."[29]

Critic Drew Casper summarized the impact of Mary Poppins in 2011; "Disney was the leader, his musical fantasies mixing animation and truly marvelous f/x with real-life action for children and the child in the adult. Mary Poppins (1964) was his plum. ... the story was elemental, even trite. But utmost sophistication (the chimney pot sequence crisply cut by Oscared "Cotton" Warburton) and high-level invention (a tea party on the ceiling, a staircase of black smoke to the city's top) characterized its handling."[30]

Accolades[edit]

Awards
AwardDate of ceremonyCategoryRecipients and nomineesResult
Academy Awards[31]April 5, 1965Best PictureWalt Disney and Bill WalshNominated
Best DirectorRobert StevensonNominated
Best Actress in a Leading RoleJulie AndrewsWon
Best Adapted ScreenplayDon DaGradi and Bill WalshNominated
Best Cinematography, ColorEdward ColmanNominated
Best Art Direction, ColorCarroll Clark, William H. Tuntke, Emile Kuri and Hal GausmanNominated
Best Costume Design, ColorTony WaltonNominated
Best Sound MixingRobert O. CookNominated
Best Film EditingCotton WarburtonWon
Best Visual EffectsPeter Ellenshaw, Eustace Lycett and Hamilton LuskeWon
Best Original Song"Chim Chim Cher-ee" — Richard M. Sherman and Robert B. ShermanWon
Best ScoreRichard M. Sherman and Robert B. ShermanWon
Best Adaptation or Treatment ScoreIrwin KostalNominated
Golden Globe Awards[32]February 8, 1965Best Motion Picture – Musical or ComedyRobert Stevenson, Walt Disney and Bill WalshNominated
Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role – Musical or ComedyDick van DykeNominated
Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role – Musical or ComedyJulie AndrewsWon
Best Original ScoreRichard M. Sherman, Robert B. ShermanNominated
Grammy Awards[33]April 13, 1965Best Recording for ChildrenRichard M. Sherman, Robert B. Sherman, Julie Andrews, Dick Van Dyke, Glynis Johns, David Tomlinson, Ed WynnWon
Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or Television ShowRichard M. Sherman, Robert B. ShermanWon
New York Film Critics Circle[34]January 23, 1965Best ActressJulie AndrewsNominated
Directors Guild of America Award[35]Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion PicturesRobert StevensonNominated
Writers Guild of America Award[36]Best Written American MusicalDon DaGradi and Bill WalshWon

Legacy[edit]

Audio-animatronic versions of Mary Poppins and Bert in The Great Movie Ride at Disney's Hollywood Studios.

Mary Poppins is widely considered to be one of the greatest films of all time and Walt Disney's "crowning achievement".[37]

American Film Institute

The Cat That Looked At A King[edit]

In 2004, Julie Andrews appeared in a live-action/animated short produced by DisneyToon Studios for the 40th Anniversary DVD release of the film. The Cat That Looked At A King was based upon Travers' book Mary Poppins Opens the Door, and was the first project offered to The Answer Studio, which included former employees of Walt Disney Animation (Japan).[46]

As the film opens, two modern-day British children are looking at chalk drawings at the same location where Bert did his artwork in the original movie. Andrews (appearing as herself) greets the children and takes them into the chalk drawing where they watch the tale of a cat (Tracey Ullman) that challenges a king (David Ogden Stiers) to a trivia contest. If the cat wins, the king must give up his obsession with facts and figures and reconnect with his queen. Back in the real world—which, like Poppins, she denies having ever left—Andrews and the cat face each other as the shadow of Mary Poppins is framed by one of the chalk drawings.[47]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?page=releases&id=marypoppins.htm
  2. ^ Williams, Pat (2004). How to Be Like Walt: Capturing the Disney Magic Every Day of Your Life. Florida: Health Communications, Inc. p. 281. ISBN 0-7573-0231-9. 
  3. ^ Mary Poppins Opening Night Window at Disney's Hollywood Studios Grauman's Chinese Theater 1080 HD at YouTube, displaying artifacts from the film's world premiere
  4. ^ "Library of Congress announces 2013 National Film Registry selections" (Press release). Washington Post. December 18, 2013. Retrieved December 18, 2013. 
  5. ^ Newman, Melinda (November 7, 2013). "‘Poppins’ Author a Pill No Spoonful of Sugar Could Sweeten". Variety. Retrieved November 7, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Julie Andrews", Broadway, The American Musical, PBS; Thomas Hischak The Oxford Companion to the American Musical, New York: Oxford University Press, 2008, p.517
  7. ^ "Julie Andrews Recalls Making 'Mary Poppins'". YouTube. October 16, 2012. Retrieved February 14, 2015. 
  8. ^ DVD extra
  9. ^ Staff writers (June 30, 2003). "Connery 'has worst film accent'". BBC News. Retrieved July 7, 2008. 
  10. ^ "BBC NEWS - UK - Magazine - How not to do an American accent". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved February 14, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Dick van Dyke Plays Not My Job". Wait Wait ... Don't Tell Me!. October 23, 2010. 
  12. ^ Lawson, Valerie, Mary Poppins, She Wrote: The Life of P.L. Travers. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006. Published by Aurum Press in the United Kingdom.
  13. ^ Matthews, Lisa, The Shadow Of Mary Poppins. Australia, 2002.
  14. ^ a b Flanagan, Caitlin (December 19, 2005). "Becoming Mary Poppins". The New Yorker. Retrieved November 9, 2014. 
  15. ^ Nance, Kevin (December 20, 2013). "Valerie Lawson talks 'Mary Poppins, She Wrote' and P.L Travers". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 21, 2014. 
  16. ^ Ouzounian, Richard (December 13, 2013). "P.L. Travers might have liked Mary Poppins onstage". The Toronto Star. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Mary Poppins songwriter 'thrilled' at Proms singalong". BBC. Retrieved September 13, 2014
  18. ^ Casper 2011, p. ii.
  19. ^ "Big Rental Films of 1973", Variety, January 9, 1974 p 19
  20. ^ http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2005/12/19/becoming-mary-poppins
  21. ^ http://www.thedigitalbits.com/columns/history-legacy--showmanship/mary-poppins-50th-anniv
  22. ^ "Box Office Information for Mary Poppins". The Numbers. Retrieved March 5, 2013. 
  23. ^ Hillier & Pye 2011, p. 136.
  24. ^ a b Steinberg, Cobbett (1980). Film Facts. New York: Facts on File, Inc. p. 25. ISBN 0-87196-313-2. 
  25. ^ When a film is released late in a calendar year (October–December), its income is reported in the following year's compendium, unless the film made a particularly fast impact (Steinberg, p. 17)
  26. ^ Strecker, Erin (December 10, 2013). "'Mary Poppins' star talks 50th anniversary and 'Saving Mr. Banks'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  27. ^ "Mary Poppins". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  28. ^ "Review: ‘Mary Poppins’". Variety. December 31, 1963. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Cinema: Have Umbrella, Will Travel". Time. September 18, 1964. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  30. ^ Casper 2011, p. 1881.
  31. ^ "37th Academy Awards (1965) Nominations and Wins for Mary Poppins". oscars.org. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  32. ^ "Browse Results". OFFICIAL WEBSITE OF THE GOLDEN GLOBE AWARDS. Retrieved February 14, 2015. 
  33. ^ "Past Winners Search". The GRAMMYs. Retrieved February 14, 2015. 
  34. ^ "New York Film Critics Circle". freehostia.com. Retrieved February 14, 2015. 
  35. ^ "Winner and Nominee Search - 1964". dga.org. Retrieved February 14, 2015. 
  36. ^ "Writers Guild Awards". wga.org. Retrieved February 14, 2015. 
  37. ^ Müller 2004, p. 260.
  38. ^ AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies Nominees
  39. ^ AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs Nominees
  40. ^ AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes and Villains Nominees
  41. ^ AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs Nominees
  42. ^ AFI's Greatest Movie Musicals - Offical Ballot
  43. ^ AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers Nominees
  44. ^ AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) Ballot
  45. ^ AFI's 10 Top 10 Ballot[dead link]
  46. ^ Desowitz, Bill (October 27, 2004). "Japan’s New Answer Studio Builds on Animation's Past and Future". Animation World Network. Retrieved November 9, 2014. 
  47. ^ Gutierrez, Albert (July 7, 2012). "Saturday Matinee #79". From Screen to Theme. Retrieved November 9, 2014. 
Bibliography

External links[edit]