From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article
Dr. Marty Makary
Dr. Marty Makary
Martin “Marty” Makary is a physician, New York Times Best Selling author and television medical commentator. Makary has also written articles for the Wall Street Journal  and Newsweek Magazine. and CNN.  He practices advanced laparoscopic surgery at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and teaches health policy at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Makary is known as an international expert in patient safety and served in a leadership role at the United Nations World Health Organization for the Safe Surgery Saves Lives initiative. He is an advocate for transparency in medicine and common-sense solutions to healthcare’s problems, such as The Surgical Checklist, which he developed at Johns Hopkins, and which was popularized in Atul Gawande’s best-selling book Checklist Manifesto. In 2013, Makary testified to the U.S. Congress on the need for more transparency in healthcare, including access of data to medical researchers, repeal of the SGR, and the release of government funded research to the public. Makary has argued for professional physician associations to define and endorse the validity of quality metrics in healthcare. In 2009, the American College of Surgeons recommended Makary to President Barack Obama for the position of Surgeon General of the United States.
Makary was born in Liverpool, England and moved to Baltimore as a young child. His family later moved to Danville, Pennsylvania when his father took a job as a hematologist at the Geisinger Medical Center. Makary attended Bucknell University and later attended Thomas Jefferson University and Harvard University, where he obtained a Masters of Public Health (M.P.H.) degree, with a concentration in Health Policy. Makary was president of the student body at the Harvard School of Public Health, and later served on the alumni board. Makary moved to Washington D.C. and completed a surgical residency at Georgetown University.
After a five-year surgical training program at Georgetown, Makary began sub-specialty training at Johns Hopkins, under famed surgeon John Cameron, before joining Cameron’s faculty practice as a partner and assistant professor. In his first few years on the faculty at Johns Hopkins, Makary researched and wrote many articles on medical mistakes and the prevention of surgical complications. He published extensively on safety and teamwork culture in medicine. Makary is the first author of the original scientific publications describing "The Surgery Checklist"  which he developed at Johns Hopkins in partnership with his research partner Peter Pronovost, who pioneered The ICU Checklist. For these accomplishments, Makary was asked to serve in roles at the World Health Organization where he worked closely with Dr. Gawande, and others, to develop the official World Health Organization Surgical Checklist. For his contributions to the field of medicine, Makary was given an Endowed Chair at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, becoming the youngest Endowed Chair at the time at the university. Three years later, he was named the Credentials Chair and Director of Quality and Safety for Surgery at Johns Hopkins.
Makary’s research led to several partnerships, including a grant from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Agency for Healthcare Quality and Research, to study obesity treatment, and a grant from the same agency to implement safety programs at 100 U.S. hospitals, a project he collaborated on with Peter Pronovost and the American College of Surgeons.
Makary is the author of The New York Times Best Selling book Unaccountable (Bloomsbury Press, U.S.A.) in which he proposes that common sense solutions can fix the healthcare system by empowering patients with information to choose where to go for their medical care. Makary is also the author of a textbook of surgery used in many U.S. medical schools.
Makary is an advocate for transparency in healthcare. He regularly speaks on the need for hospitals to make their outcomes available on the internet so consumers can choose where to go, based on performance. He has also called for the public reporting of annual rates of catastrophic mistakes (e.g., retained sponges and wrong-site surgery) by hospitals. He and Bryan Sexton have urged hundreds of hospitals to take the "Culture of Safety Survey" and make their results available to their communities. Makary has also pioneered the concept that doctors should offer patients a copy of their procedures videos.
Makary is a pancreatic surgeon. He has traveled with his international team, overseas, to operate on high-profile dignitaries. Makary specializes in advanced laparoscopic surgery and performed the first laparoscopic Whipple surgery and the first laparoscopic central pancreas removal at Johns Hopkins. He also did the first laparoscopic pancreas islet transplant operation in the U.S. and was the first doctor to perform an islet transplant by isolating the cells in the operating room during the procedure.
Makary is the recipient of numerous research and teaching awards, including the Best Teacher Award for Georgetown Medical School and research awards from the Washington Academy of Surgery and the New England Surgical Society. He has been a visiting professor at several U.S. medical schools and lectures frequently on medical care in the U.S.