Martina Hingis

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Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis, 2006.jpg
Country  Switzerland
ResidenceHurden, Switzerland
Born(1980-09-30) 30 September 1980 (age 33)
in Košice,
 Czechoslovakia (now  Slovakia)
Height1.70 m (5 ft 7 in)
Turned pro1994
Retired2002–2005; 2007–2013; Active (doubles only)
PlaysRight-handed (two-handed backhand)
Prize money

$20,155,811

Int. Tennis HOF2013 (member page)
Singles
Career record548–133 (80.5%)
Career titles43 WTA, 2 ITF
Highest rankingNo. 1 (31 March 1997)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian OpenW (1997, 1998, 1999)
French OpenF (1997, 1999)
WimbledonW (1997)
US OpenW (1997)
Other tournaments
ChampionshipsW (1998, 2000)
Olympic Games2R (1996)
Doubles
Career record289–60 (82.8%)
Career titles37 WTA, 1 ITF
Highest rankingNo. 1 (8 June 1998)
Current rankingNo. 173 (17 March 2014)
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian OpenW (1997, 1998, 1999, 2002)
French OpenW (1998, 2000)
WimbledonW (1996, 1998)
US OpenW (1998)
Mixed Doubles
Career titles1
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
Australian OpenW (2006)
Team competitions
Fed CupF (1998)
Hopman CupW (2001)
 
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Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis, 2006.jpg
Country  Switzerland
ResidenceHurden, Switzerland
Born(1980-09-30) 30 September 1980 (age 33)
in Košice,
 Czechoslovakia (now  Slovakia)
Height1.70 m (5 ft 7 in)
Turned pro1994
Retired2002–2005; 2007–2013; Active (doubles only)
PlaysRight-handed (two-handed backhand)
Prize money

$20,155,811

Int. Tennis HOF2013 (member page)
Singles
Career record548–133 (80.5%)
Career titles43 WTA, 2 ITF
Highest rankingNo. 1 (31 March 1997)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian OpenW (1997, 1998, 1999)
French OpenF (1997, 1999)
WimbledonW (1997)
US OpenW (1997)
Other tournaments
ChampionshipsW (1998, 2000)
Olympic Games2R (1996)
Doubles
Career record289–60 (82.8%)
Career titles37 WTA, 1 ITF
Highest rankingNo. 1 (8 June 1998)
Current rankingNo. 173 (17 March 2014)
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian OpenW (1997, 1998, 1999, 2002)
French OpenW (1998, 2000)
WimbledonW (1996, 1998)
US OpenW (1998)
Mixed Doubles
Career titles1
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
Australian OpenW (2006)
Team competitions
Fed CupF (1998)
Hopman CupW (2001)

Martina Hingis (born 30 September 1980 in Košice in former Czechoslovakia) is a Swiss professional tennis player who spent a total of 209 weeks as world no. 1.[1] She won five Grand Slam singles titles (three Australian Opens, one Wimbledon, and one US Open). She also won nine Grand Slam women's doubles titles, winning a calendar-year doubles Grand Slam in 1998, and one Grand Slam mixed doubles title.

Hingis set a series of "youngest-ever" records before ligament injuries in both ankles forced her to withdraw temporarily from professional tennis in 2002 at the age of 22. After several surgeries and long recuperations, Hingis returned to the WTA tour in 2006. She then climbed to world no. 6 and won three singles titles.

In June 2011, she was named one of the "30 Legends of Women's Tennis: Past, Present and Future" by Time.[2] In 2013 Hingis was elected into the International Tennis Hall of Fame.[3]

In July 2013, Hingis came out of retirement to play a doubles tournament in California and said she might also play singles and doubles tournaments in the future.[4][5]

Childhood and early career[edit]

Hingis was born in Košice, Czechoslovakia (now in Slovakia), to accomplished tennis players[6] Melanie Molitorová and Karol Hingis. Molitorová was a professional tennis player who was once ranked tenth among women in Czechoslovakia, and was determined to develop Hingis into a top player as early as pregnancy.[7] Her father was ranked as high as nineteenth in the Czechoslovak tennis rankings. Martina Hingis spent her early childhood growing up in the town of Rožnov.[8] Hingis's parents divorced when she was six, and she and her mother defected from Czechoslovakia in 1987[9] and emigrated to Trübbach in Switzerland when she was seven.[7] Her mother remarried to a Swiss man, Andreas Zogg, a computer technician.[10] Martina Hingis acquired Swiss citizenship through naturalisation.

Hingis began playing tennis when she was two years old and entered her first tournament at age four.[11] In 1993, 12-year-old Hingis became the youngest player to win a Grand Slam junior title: the girls' singles at the French Open.[12] In 1994, she retained her French Open junior title, won the girls' singles title at Wimbledon, and reached the final of the US Open.[13]

She made her professional debut in October 1994, two weeks after her 14th birthday. She ended the year ranked World No. 87,[13] and in January 1995, she became the youngest player to win a match at a Grand Slam tournament when she advanced to the second round of the Australian Open.[14]

Grand Slam success and period of dominance[edit]

In 1996, Hingis became the youngest Grand Slam champion of all time, when she teamed with Helena Suková at Wimbledon to win the women's doubles title at age 15 years and 9 months.[15] She also won her first professional singles title that year at Filderstadt, Germany. She reached the singles quarterfinals at the 1996 Australian Open and the singles semifinals of the 1996 US Open. Following her win at Filderstadt, Hingis defeated the reigning Australian Open champion and co-top ranked (with Steffi Graf) Monica Seles in the final at Oakland. Hingis then lost to Graf at the year-end WTA Tour Championships.

In 1997, Hingis became the undisputed World No. 1 women's tennis player. She started the year by winning the warm-up tournament in Sydney. She then became the youngest Grand Slam singles winner in the 20th century by winning the Australian Open at age 16 years and 3 months (beating former champion Mary Pierce in the final). In March, she became the youngest top ranked player in history. In July, she became the youngest singles champion at Wimbledon since Lottie Dod in 1887 by beating Jana Novotná in the final. She then defeated another up-and-coming player, Venus Williams, in the final of the US Open. The only Grand Slam singles title that Hingis failed to win in 1997 was the French Open, where she lost in the final to Iva Majoli. She won the Australian Open women's doubles with Natasha Zvereva.

Martina Hingis (right) with doubles partner Anna Kournikova at the Sydney WTA tournament, 2002

In 1998, Hingis won all four of the Grand Slam women's doubles titles, only the fourth in women's tennis history to do so,[16] (the Australian Open with Mirjana Lučić and the other three events with Novotná), and she became only the third woman to hold the No. 1 ranking in both singles and doubles simultaneously. She also retained her Australian Open singles title by beating Conchita Martínez in straight sets in the final. Hingis, however, lost in the final of the US Open to Lindsay Davenport. Davenport ended an 80-week stretch Hingis had enjoyed as the No. 1 singles player in October 1998, but Hingis finished the year by beating Davenport in the final of the WTA Tour Championships.

1999 saw Hingis win her third successive Australian Open singles crown as well as the doubles title (with Anna Kournikova). She then reached the French Open final and was three points away from victory in the second set before losing to Steffi Graf. After a shock first-round 6–2, 6–0 loss to Jelena Dokić at Wimbledon,[17] Hingis bounced back to reach her third consecutive US Open final, where she lost to 17-year-old Serena Williams. Hingis won a total of seven singles titles that year and reclaimed the No. 1 singles ranking. She also reached the final of the WTA Tour Championships, where she lost to Lindsay Davenport.

In 2000, Hingis again found herself in both the singles and doubles finals at the Australian Open. This time, however, she lost both. Her three-year hold on the singles championship ended when she lost to Davenport. Later, Hingis and Mary Pierce, her new doubles partner, lost to Lisa Raymond and Rennae Stubbs. Hingis captured the French Open women's doubles title with Pierce and produced consistent results in singles tournaments throughout the year. She reached the quarterfinals at Wimbledon before losing to Venus Williams. Although she did not win a Grand Slam singles tournament, she kept the year end No. 1 ranking because of nine tournament championships, including the WTA Tour Championships where she won the singles and doubles titles.

Injuries and hiatus from tennis[edit]

In 2001, Switzerland, with Hingis and Roger Federer on its team, won the Hopman Cup.[18]

Hingis was undefeated in singles during the event, defeating Tamarine Tanasugarn, Nicole Pratt, Amanda Coetzer, and Monica Seles.[19]

Hingis reached her fifth consecutive Australian Open final in 2001, defeating both of the Williams sisters en route, before losing to Jennifer Capriati. She briefly ended her coaching relationship with her mother Melanie early in the year[20] but had a change of heart two months later just before the French Open. 2001 was her least successful year in several seasons, with only three tournament victories in total. She lost her No. 1 ranking for the last time (to Jennifer Capriati) on 14 October 2001. In that same month, Hingis underwent surgery on her right ankle.

Coming back from injury, Hingis won the Australian Open doubles final at the start of 2002 (again teaming with Anna Kournikova) and reached a sixth straight Australian Open final in singles, again facing Capriati. Hingis led by a set and 4–0 and had four match points but lost 4–6, 7–6, 6–2. In May 2002, she needed another ankle ligament operation, this time on her left ankle. After that, she continued to struggle with injuries and was not able to recapture her best form.

In February 2003, at the age of 22, Hingis announced her retirement from tennis, due to her injuries and being in pain.[21] "I want to play tennis only for fun and concentrate more on horse riding and finish my studies"[22] In several interviews, she indicated she wanted to go back to her country and coach full-time.[citation needed]

During this segment of her tennis career, Hingis won 40 singles titles and 36 doubles events. She held the World No. 1 singles ranking for a total of 209 weeks (fourth most following Steffi Graf, Martina Navratilova, and Chris Evert). In 2005, Tennis magazine put her in 22nd place in its list of 40 Greatest Players of the TENNIS era.

Return to the game[edit]

Martina Hingis at the Australian Open, 2006

2005[edit]

In February 2005, Hingis made an unsuccessful return to competition at an event in Pattaya, Thailand, where she lost to Germany's Marlene Weingärtner in the first round. After the loss, she claimed that she had no further plans for a comeback.

Hingis, however, resurfaced in July, playing singles, doubles, and mixed doubles in World Team Tennis and notching up singles victories over two top 100 players and shutting out Martina Navratilova in singles on 7 July. With these promising results behind her, Hingis announced on 29 November her return to the WTA Tour in 2006.

2006[edit]

At the Australian Open, Hingis lost in the quarterfinals to second-seeded Kim Clijsters. However, Hingis won the mixed doubles title with Mahesh Bhupathi of India. This was her first career Grand Slam mixed doubles title and fifteenth overall (5 singles, 9 women's doubles, 1 mixed doubles).

The week after the Australian Open, Hingis defeated World No. 4 Maria Sharapova in the semifinals of the Tier I Toray Pan Pacific Open in Tokyo before losing in the final to World No. 9 Elena Dementieva. Hingis competed in Dubai then, reaching the quarter-finals before falling to Sharapova. At the Tier I Pacific Life Open in Indian Wells, California, Hingis defeated World No. 4 Lindsay Davenport in the fourth round before again losing to Sharapova in the semifinals.

Martina Hingis at the Zurich Open, 2006

At the Tier I Internazionali BNL d'Italia in Rome, Hingis posted her 500th career singles match victory in the quarterfinals, beating World No. 18 Flavia Pennetta, and subsequently won the tournament with wins over Venus Williams in the semifinals and Dinara Safina in the final. This was her 41st Women's Tennis Association tour singles title and first in more than four years. Hingis then reached the quarterfinals of the French Open before losing to Kim Clijsters.

At Wimbledon, Hingis lost in the third round to Ai Sugiyama.

Hingis's return to the US Open was short lived, however, as she was upset in the second round by World No. 112 Virginie Razzano of France.

In her first tournament after the US Open, Hingis won the second title of her comeback at the Tier III Sunfeast Open in Kolkata, India. She defeated unseeded Russian Olga Poutchkova in the final. The following week in Seoul, Hingis notched her 50th match win of the year before losing in the second round to Sania Mirza.

Hingis qualified for the year-ending WTA Tour Championships in Madrid as the eighth seed. In her round robin matches, she lost in three sets to both Justine Henin and Amélie Mauresmo but defeated Nadia Petrova.

Hingis ended the year ranked World No. 7. She also finished eighth in prize money earnings (U.S.$1,159,537). Hingis also ranked as number 7 on the Annual Top Google News Searches in 2006.[23]

2007[edit]

Martina Hingis in Miami, Florida, 2007

At the Australian Open, Hingis won her first three rounds without losing a set before defeating China's Li Na in the fourth round. Hingis then lost a quarterfinal match to Kim Clijsters. This was the second consecutive year that Hingis had lost to Clijsters in the quarterfinals of the Australian Open[24] and the third time in the last five Grand Slam tournaments that Clijsters had eliminated Hingis in the quarterfinals.

Hingis won her next tournament, the Tier I Toray Pan Pacific Open in Tokyo, defeating Ana Ivanovic in the final. This was Hingis's record fifth singles title at this event.

A hip injury that troubled her at the German Open caused her to withdraw from the Internazionali BNL d'Italia, where she was the defending champion, and the French Open, the only important singles title that eluded her.

In her first round match at Wimbledon, Hingis saved two match points to defeat British wildcard Naomi Cavaday, apparently not having fully recovered from the hip injury that prevented her from playing the French Open.[25] In the third round, Hingis lost to Laura Granville of the United States, and stated afterwards she should not have entered the tournament.[26]

Hingis's next tournament was the last Grand Slam tournament of the year, the US Open, in which Hingis lost in the third round to Belarussian teenager Victoria Azarenka. Hingis did not play any tournaments after the China Open, as she was beset by injuries for the rest of the year.[14]

In November, Hingis called a press conference to announce that she was under investigation for testing positive for benzoylecgonine,[27] a metabolite of cocaine.

Her urine sample contained an estimated 42 nanograms per millilitre of benzoylecgonine,[27] less than half the level required for a positive confirmatory test for cocaine in the workplace under US Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration guidelines.[28] The International Tennis Federation's report on the matter mentions that "the very low estimated concentration of benzoylecgonine (42 ng/ml) was such that it would go unreported in many drug testing programmes such as that of the US military, which uses a screening threshold of 150 ng/ml."[27] As the amount was so minute, Hingis appealed, arguing the likely cause was contamination rather than intentional ingestion.[29] In January 2008, an ITF tribunal suspended Hingis from the sport for two years, effective from October 2007.[30]

Retirement[edit]

Having retired for the second time in 2007, Hingis played an exhibition match at the Liverpool International tournament on 13 June 2008. Although this event was a warm-up for Wimbledon, it was not part of the WTA Tour. In a rematch of their 1997 Wimbledon final,[31] Hingis defeated Jana Novotná.

In 2009 Hingis took part in the British television dancing competition Strictly Come Dancing (known as Dancing With The Stars in other parts of the world). Vowing to win the competition, she promised to apply the same gritty approach to the dance show that had taken her to five grand slams on the tennis court, asserting that "Everything I do I do to win; I am very competitive". She was the bookies' favourite for the competition,[32] but she went out in the first week after performing a Waltz and a Rumba.[33] She also participated in a gameshow called "Beat The Star" where a female contestant had to beat Hingis in dropping more peas into a narrow bottle to win the prize money. Hingis managed to be the first to drop a pea into her bottle successfully, but the contestant eventually beat her and walked away with the prize money.[34]

2010[edit]

At the start of the year Hingis defeated former world number one Lindsay Davenport, and hinted at a possible return to tennis. In February, Martina announced she has committed to a full year with the World TeamTennis Tour in 2010.[35] She had previously played for World Team Tennis in 2005 to assist her first comeback. Sparking thoughts that she was trying to come back to the WTA tour, she committed to playing at the Nottingham Masters.[36] On 5 May 2010, it was announced that Anna Kournikova would reunite with her doubles partner Hingis. Kournikova was participating in competitive tennis for the first time in seven years, in the Invitational Ladies Doubles event at Wimbledon.[37][38] Hingis also confirmed that she would play at the Tradition-ICAP Liverpool International championship in June 2010, preceding Wimbledon,[39] before playing in the Manchester Masters after Wimbledon.[40] Liverpool like the Nottingham and Manchester Masters are organised by her management company Northern Vision.[41] At the Nottingham Masters, Hingis faced Michaëlla Krajicek[42][43] (twice), Olga Savchuk[44] and Monika Wejnert.[45] Hingis won just once in the event, against Wejnert. After the Nottingham event Billie Jean King stated that she believed that Hingis may return to the WTA Tour on the doubles circuit, after competing in the WTT.[46]

During Wimbledon in an interview with doubles partner Anna Kournikova, Hingis stated that she will not be returning to the tour; she has had her comeback before and it was fun.[citation needed]

2011[edit]

Martina Hingis with the New York Sportimes, 2011

On 5 June, Hingis, paired with Lindsay Davenport, won the Roland Garros Women's Legends title, defeating Martina Navratilova and Jana Novotna in the final. Before facing Navratilova/Novotna, Hingis and Davenport won two round robin matches in the tournament: first against Gigi Fernandez / Natasha Zvereva, and then in the next match they prevailed over Andrea Temesvari / Sandrine Testud and 10:0 in the Super tie-break.[47][48]
On 3 July, Hingis partnering Lindsay Davenport won the Wimbledon Ladies' Invitation Doubles title defeating Martina Navratilova and Jana Novotná in the final.[49] She also played for the New York Sportimes of the World TeamTennis Pro League in July 2011. She finished the season with the top winning percentage of any player competing in Women's Singles.

2012-present[edit]

Hingis and Davenport successfully defended their Wimbledon Ladies' Invitation Doubles title in 2012, again beating Martina Navratilova and Jana Novotná in the final.

In April 2013 Hingis agreed to coach Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova,[50] however after a disagreement about how to prepare for tournaments they parted company in June.[51]

She helped Sabine Lisicki during the 2014 Australian Open.

Second return[edit]

2013[edit]

Martina Hingis practicing at 2013 Rogers Cup in Toronto

Hingis won the Ladies' Invitation Doubles for a third year in a row at Wimbledon, again with Davenport. They beat Jana Novotná and Barbara Schett in the final. Hingis was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in July 2013, and in the same month, announced that she was coming out of retirement to play a doubles tournament, with Daniela Hantuchová as her partner, in Carlsbad California. She was accepted as a wildcard entry. She also played doubles in Toronto, Cincinnati, New Haven, and the US Open.

2014[edit]

Hingis returned to the WTA Tour at Indian Wells, partnering Sabine Lisicki in the doubles. They lost first round to 3-time Grand Slam finalists Ashleigh Barty and Casey Dellacqua in the match tie-break. The team of Hingis/Lisicki have also been accepted as a wildcard entry into the doubles in Miami.

Playing style[edit]

Hingis was renowned for her cerebral approach to the game of tennis and for her technical skills, enabling her to produce a wide array of shots with finesse.[original research?] She lacked the power possessed by many of her contemporaries; therefore, she relied on low error-rates and good shot selection to keep opponents off-balance.[original research?] She often used change of direction and pace to catch opponents off guard and sharp angles to open up the court. She was also well known for her ability to break long rallies by hitting accurate drop shots and coming to the net, where she was a skilled volleyer. A signature play of Hingis was the drop shot followed by a lob, often resulting in an easy volley or overhead to finish the point.[original research?] Hingis often hit the ball extremely early by standing close to the baseline (or inside it) in order to take reaction time away from her opponent because she did not have sufficient power to hit winners past her opponents.[original research?]

Hingis's strongest groundstroke was her two-handed backhand, which had an extremely low error-rate and great variety. Her backhand down-the-line was among her signature shots and often the shot she chose to hit with greater pace to surprise opponents during a rally.[original research?]

Personal life[edit]

Hingis has dated Spanish golfer Sergio García. She was briefly engaged to Czech tennis player Radek Štěpánek, but split up with him in August 2007.[52] She denied rumored romantic relationship with Sol Campbell, some rumors came up when they met a few times professionally in a publicity launch of their common sponsor (Adidas), and also in London, due to them being goodwill ambassadors for the UN that time.[53][54] She has also dated former tennis players Magnus Norman, Ivo Heuberger and Julian Alonso.[55] In March 2010, Hingis announced that she was engaged to marry Andreas Bieri, a Swiss attorney,[56] but the engagement was later broken off.[57]

On 10 December 2010, in Paris, Hingis married then-24-year-old Thibault Hutin, a French equestrian show jumper whom she had met at a competition the previous April.[58] On 8 July 2013, Hingis told the Swiss newspaper Schweizer Illustrierten the pair had been separated since the beginning of the year.[59] Hutin claimed Hingis had cheated on him several times during their marriage.[60] In September 2013, Hutin claimed in a Swiss tabloid newspaper that he had been attacked by Hingis, her mother, and her mother's boyfriend, Mario Widmer, at her Feusisberg apartment.[61] Police recovered Hutin's credit card and passport from the trio.[61]

Career statistics[edit]

Singles performance timeline[edit]

Key
W F SFQF#RRRLQ (Q#)APZ#POSF-BFSGNMSNH

Won tournament; or reached Final; Semifinal; Quarter-final; Round 4, 3, 2, 1; competed at a Round Robin stage; lost in Qualification Round; absent from tournament event; played in a Davis Cup Zonal Group (with its number indication) or Play-off; won a bronze, silver (F or S) or gold medal at the Olympics; a downgraded Masters Series/1000 tournament (Not a Masters Series); or a tournament that was Not Held in a given year.

To avoid confusion and double counting, these charts are updated either at the conclusion of a tournament, or when the player's participation in the tournament has ended.

Tournament19941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007Career SRCareer W-L
Australian OpenA2RQFWWWFFFAAAQFQF3 / 1052–7
French OpenA3R3RFSFFSFSFAAAAQFA0 / 835–8
WimbledonA1R4RWSF1RQF1RAAAA3R3R1 / 923–8
US OpenA4RSFWFFSFSF4RAAA2R3R1 / 1043–9
Grand Slam W-L0–06–414–427–123–319–320–416–49–20–00–00–011–48–35 / 37153–32
WTA Tour ChampionshipsAAFQFWFWAAAAARRA2 / 616–5

Grand Slam singles finals[edit]

OutcomeYearChampionshipSurfaceOpponent in the finalScore in the final
Winner1997Australian OpenHardFrance Mary Pierce6–2, 6–2
Runner-up1997French OpenClayCroatia Iva Majoli6–4, 6–2
Winner1997WimbledonGrassCzech Republic Jana Novotná2–6, 6–3, 6–3
Winner1997US OpenHardUnited States Venus Williams6–0, 6–4
Winner1998Australian Open (2)HardSpain Conchita Martínez6–3, 6–3
Runner-up1998US OpenHardUnited States Lindsay Davenport6–3, 7–5
Winner1999Australian Open (3)HardFrance Amélie Mauresmo6–2, 6–3
Runner-up1999French Open (2)ClayGermany Steffi Graf4–6, 7–5, 6–2
Runner-up1999US Open (2)HardUnited States Serena Williams6–3, 7–6(4)
Runner-up2000Australian OpenHardUnited States Lindsay Davenport6–1, 7–5
Runner-up2001Australian Open (2)HardUnited States Jennifer Capriati6–4, 6–3
Runner-up2002Australian Open (3)HardUnited States Jennifer Capriati4–6, 7–6(7), 6–2

Records[edit]

Grand SlamYearsRecord accomplishedPlayer tied
Australian Open1997–993 consecutive titlesMargaret Court,
Evonne Goolagong Cawley,
Steffi Graf,
Monica Seles
Australian Open1997–20026 consecutive finalsEvonne Goolagong Cawley
Grand Slam19972 wins without losing a set in the same calendar yearBillie Jean King
Martina Navratilova
Steffi Graf
Serena Williams
Justine Henin
Grand Slam1997Reached all four Grand Slam finals in a calendar yearMargaret Court
Chris Evert
Martina Navratilova
Steffi Graf
Monica Seles
Justine Henin
Grand Slam1998Calendar Year Women's Doubles Grand SlamMartina Navratilova
Pam Shriver

Awards and accolades[edit]

1992

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2002

2006

2007

2013

Others

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Press Center – Weeks at No.1". WTA Tour. Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  2. ^ William Lee Adams (22 June 2011). "30 Legends of Women's Tennis: Past, Present and Future – Martina Hingis". TIME. Retrieved 19 August 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Hingis elected to International Tennis Hall of Fame". ITF Tennis. 4 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013. 
  4. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/tennis/23528005
  5. ^ http://www.wtatennis.com/news/article/3239911/title/hingis-to-make-doubles-comeback
  6. ^ Martina Hingis. Encarta. Archived from the original on 1 November 2009. Retrieved 31 October 2008. 
  7. ^ a b Dana Kennedy (1997). "Blue Skies". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 31 October 2008. 
  8. ^ "Dopingové aféry českých hvězd!". Blesk. 26 August 2008. 
  9. ^ "Illegal-ID flap engulfs tennis prodigy Hingis". The Prague Post. 29 August 1996. 
  10. ^ "So, tell me about your mother". The Guardian. 3 June 2001. 
  11. ^ Nick Pitt (4 November 2007). "Hingis unable to hide behind painted smile". The Times (UK). Retrieved 31 October 2008. 
  12. ^ Ian Rogers (5 January 2008). "Hingis' legacy-tainted—by.3643358.jp". The Scotsman. UK. Retrieved 31 October 2008. 
  13. ^ a b "Martina Hingis factfile". The Times (London). 1 November 2007. Retrieved 31 October 2008. 
  14. ^ a b "Martina Hingis's career in photos". BBC Sport. 7 November 2007. Retrieved 31 October 2008. 
  15. ^ John Roberts (21 May 2002). "Hingis to miss Wimbledon". The Independent (London). Retrieved 31 October 2008. 
  16. ^ Martina Hingis News and Trivias at. Celebritywonder.com. Retrieved on 30 July 2011.
  17. ^ "Qualifier Dokic crushes world No. 1, 6–2, 6–0". CNN. 22 June 1999. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  18. ^ "Hingis, Federer win Hopman Cup title over U.S.". Retrieved 6 January 2001. 
  19. ^ "Switzerland win Hopman Cup". The Independent (London). 6 January 2001. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  20. ^ "Mum's the word for Hingis". BBC News. 10 May 2001. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  21. ^ "Hingis quits tennis". BBC News. 7 February 2003. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  22. ^ "Hingis reiterates retirement decision. 10/2/2003. ABC News Online". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 10 October 2002. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  23. ^ Google Zeitgeist Highlights 2006 Searches. Digitaltrends.com (29 December 2006). Retrieved on 30 July 2011.
  24. ^ "Hingis comeback quest suffers repeat rebuff from Clijsters". Retrieved 25 January 2007. 
  25. ^ Kate Battersby (25 June 2007). "I'm Not a Contender, Says Hingis". AELTC. Archived from the original on 25 January 2008. Retrieved 5 January 2008. 
  26. ^ Kate Battersby (29 June 2007). "Injury-hit Hingis Regrets Playing". AELTC. Archived from the original on 25 January 2008. Retrieved 5 January 2008. 
  27. ^ a b c http://www.itftennis.com/media/132758/132758.pdf
  28. ^ http://workplace.samhsa.gov/DrugTesting/pdf/2010GuidelinesAnalytesCutoffs.pdf
  29. ^ http://www.onthebaseline.com/2009/12/14/moving-forward-martina-hingis-talks-to-on-the-baseline-about-her-tennis-future/
  30. ^ "Hingis handed two-year suspension". BBC Online. 4 January 2008. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  31. ^ "Czech Star Novotna Comes to Liverpool". Liverpool International Tennis 2008. 4 April 2008. 
  32. ^ Derek McGovern. "Strictly Come Dancing: Martina Hingis in sniff of win according to bookies". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  33. ^ Tedmanson, Sophie (20 September 2009). "Martina Hingis is voted off Strictly Come Dancing". The Times (London). Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
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