Martin Dempsey

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Martin Dempsey
Birth nameMartin E. Dempsey
Born(1952-03-14) March 14, 1952 (age 60)
Jersey City, New Jersey, United States[1]
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service1974–present
RankUS-O10 insignia.svg General
Commands heldChairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Army Chief of Staff
U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command
Multi-National Security Transition Command-Iraq
3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment
1st Armored Division
Battles/warsGulf War
Iraq War
AwardsDefense Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Army Distinguished Service Medal (4)
Defense Superior Service Medal
Legion of Merit (3)
Bronze Star (2) with Valor
 
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Martin Dempsey
Birth nameMartin E. Dempsey
Born(1952-03-14) March 14, 1952 (age 60)
Jersey City, New Jersey, United States[1]
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service1974–present
RankUS-O10 insignia.svg General
Commands heldChairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Army Chief of Staff
U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command
Multi-National Security Transition Command-Iraq
3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment
1st Armored Division
Battles/warsGulf War
Iraq War
AwardsDefense Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Army Distinguished Service Medal (4)
Defense Superior Service Medal
Legion of Merit (3)
Bronze Star (2) with Valor

General Martin E. Dempsey, USA (born March 14, 1952) is the 18th and current Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He previously served 149 days as the 37th Chief of Staff of the Army from April 11, 2011, to September 7, 2011. Prior to that, he served as Commanding General, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, from December 8, 2008, to April 11, 2011, as Acting Commander, U.S. Central Command, from March 24, 2008, to October 30, 2008, as Deputy Commander, U.S. Central Command, from August 2007 to March 23, 2008, and as Commanding General, Multi-National Security Transition Command – Iraq (MNSTC-I), from August 2005 to August 2007. As the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Dempsey is currently the highest-ranking military officer in all of the United States Armed Forces. Dempsey assumed his current assignment on October 1, 2011.[2]

Contents

Biography

Dempsey attended John S. Burke Catholic High School in Goshen, New York, and views himself as Irish American. He has a Master's degree in literature from Duke University, where he wrote a thesis on the Irish poet W B Yeats.[3] Dempsey's family are from the Irish speaking Gaeltacht region of Ranafast in Donegal, where he learnt to speak some Irish from spending his summers there as a youth.[4]

He received a commission as an Armor officer upon graduation from the United States Military Academy in 1974. As a company-grade officer, he served in 1st Squadron, 2d Armored Cavalry Regiment as the S-1 OIC. He went on to be the Executive Officer of the 3rd Brigade 3rd Armored Division during Operation Desert Shield/Storm. He then commanded the 4th Battalion of the 67th Armored Regiment "Bandits" from 1992–1995 in the 1st Armored Division in Friedberg, Hesse, Germany.[5]

In June 2003, then Brigadier General Dempsey assumed command of 1st Armored Division. He succeeded Ricardo S. Sanchez who was promoted to command V Corps. Dempsey's command of the 1st Armored Division lasted until July 2005 and included 13 months in Iraq, from June 2003 to July 2004. While in Iraq, 1st Armored Division, in addition to its own brigades, had operational command over the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment and a brigade of the 82nd Airborne Division; the command, called "Task Force Iron" in recognition of the Division's nickname, "Old Ironsides", was the largest division-level command in the history of the United States Army.[6]

It was during this time that the U.S. intervention in Iraq changed dramatically as Fallujah fell to Sunni extremists and supporters of Muqtada Sadr built their strength and rose up against American forces. Then Major General Dempsey and his command assumed responsibility for the Area of Operations in Baghdad as the insurgency incubated, grew, and exploded. General Dempsey has been described by Thomas Ricks in his book "Fiasco": "In the capital itself, the 1st Armored Division, after Sanchez assumed control of V Corps, was led by Gen. Martin Dempsey, was generally seen as handling a difficult (and inherited) job well, under the global spotlight of Baghdad."

On March 27, 2007, Dempsey was promoted from commander of Multi-National Security Transition Command-Iraq, to be reappointed as a lieutenant general and assigned as deputy commander of U.S. Central Command, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida.

On February 5, 2008, Dempsey was nominated to head the Seventh United States Army/U.S. Army, Europe, and was nominated for promotion to four-star general upon Senate approval.

On March 11, 2008, Dempsey's commander, Admiral William J. Fallon, retired from active service. U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates accepted this as effective on March 31. Dempsey took over command as acting commander CENTCOM.

On March 13, 2008, Dempsey was confirmed by the United States Senate as Commander, Seventh United States Army/U.S. Army, Europe.[7]

On December 8, 2008, Dempsey took command of United States Army Training and Doctrine Command.[8]

On January 6, 2011, Defense Secretary Robert Gates announced that he would nominate General Dempsey to succeed General George Casey as the Army Chief of Staff.[9]

On February 8, 2011, Gates announced that President Barack Obama nominated Dempsey to be the 37th Chief of Staff of the United States Army.[10]

On March 3, 2011, Dempsey testified before the United States Senate Committee on Armed Services for reappointment to the grade of general and to be the 37th Chief of Staff of the United States Army.[11]

On March 15, 2011, the U.S. Senate Committee on Armed Services affirmatively reported Dempsey's nomination to serve as the 37th Chief of Staff of the United States Army to the floor of the Senate.[12] On March 16, 2011, the Senate confirmed Dempsey's nomination by unanimous consent.[13]

On April 11, 2011, Dempsey was officially sworn in as 37th Chief of Staff of the United States Army at a ceremony at Fort Myer.

With Admiral Mike Mullen set to retire as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in September 2011, President Obama needed to select his replacement. The Vice-Chairman, Marine General James Cartwright, who was initially believed to be the front runner for the job, had fallen out of favor among senior officials in the Defense Department. Obama administration officials revealed on May 26, 2011, that the President would nominate Dempsey to the post of Chairman.[14] In August 2011 General Dempsey was confirmed by unanimous consent to succeed Admiral Mike Mullen as the next Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

He was officially sworn in as 18th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on October 1, 2011, succeeding Admiral Michael Mullen.

Education

Dates of rank

U.S. Military Academy COA.png United States Military Academy Cadet – Class of 1974

RankDate
US-O1 insignia.svg Second LieutenantJun 5, 1974
US-O2 insignia.svg First LieutenantJun 5, 1976
US-O3 insignia.svg CaptainAug 8, 1978
US-O4 insignia.svg MajorSep 1, 1985
US-O5 insignia.svg Lieutenant ColonelApr 1, 1991
US-O6 insignia.svg ColonelSep 1, 1995
US-O7 insignia.svg Brigadier GeneralAug 1, 2001
US-O8 insignia.svg Major GeneralSep 1, 2004
US-O9 insignia.svg Lieutenant GeneralSep 8, 2005
US-O10 insignia.svg GeneralDec 8, 2008

Awards, decorations, and badges

U.S. military decorations
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Defense Distinguished Service Medal (with oak leaf cluster)
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Army Distinguished Service Medal (with 3 oak leaf clusters)
Defense Superior Service Medal
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Legion of Merit (with 2 oak leaf clusters)
V
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze Star (with Valor device & oak leaf cluster)
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Meritorious Service Medal (with 2 oak leaf clusters)
Joint Service Commendation Medal
Army Commendation Medal
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Army Achievement Medal (with oak leaf cluster)
U.S. Unit Awards
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Joint Meritorious Unit Award (with oak leaf cluster)
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Valorous Unit Award (with oak leaf cluster)
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Army Superior Unit Award (with oak leaf cluster)
U.S. Service (Campaign) Medals and Service and Training Ribbons
Bronze star
Bronze star
National Defense Service Medal (with 2 service stars)
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Southwest Asia Service Medal (with 3 service stars)
Iraq Campaign Medal
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
Army Service Ribbon
Army Overseas Service Ribbon (with award numeral "4")
Foreign awards
NATO Medal for service with ISAF
Kuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia)
Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait)
Other accoutrements
Combat Action Badge.svgCombat Action Badge
USA Parachutist.pngBasic Parachutist Badge
Joint Chiefs of Staff seal.svgOffice of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge
GeneralStaffID.gifArmy Staff Identification Badge
3rd US Armored Division SSI.svg3rd Armored Division Combat Service Identification Badge
USA - 3rd Calvary DUI.png3d Armored Cavalry Regiment Distinctive Unit Insignia
ArmyOSB.jpg7 Overseas Service Bars (reflecting 3½ years of overseas service in combat zones)

On December 7, 2011, General Dempsey received the USO's Distinguished Service Award on behalf of all military members.[15]

Publications

  1. Win, Learn, Focus, Adapt, Win Again – Article series for Army Magazine (AUSA). Oct. 2010 – Feb. 2011
  2. From the Chairman – Joint Forces Quarterly no. 64. Jan. 2012
  3. From the Chairman – Joint Forces Quarterly no. 65. Apr. 2012
  4. From the Chairman – Joint Forces Quarterly no. 66. Jul. 2012

Interviews

  1. Dempsey Muses on Challenges as New Head of Joint Chiefs – Thom Shanker. New York Times. Oct 3, 2011.
  2. The New Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on "Getting to the Truth" – Karl Moore. Forbes Magazine. Oct 20, 2011.
  3. Gen. Martin Dempsey's Interview with Jeremy Paxman – Jeremy Paxman, BBC. Nov 28, 2011.
  4. Transcript: Gen. Martin Dempsey's Interview with Fareed Zakaria – Fareed Zakaria. CNN. Feb 19, 2012.
  5. Video: Gen. Martin Dempsey's Interview with Charlie Rose – Charlie Rose. Mar 16, 2012.

Speeches

  1. Gen. Dempsey Becomes the 18th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff – Sep 30, 2011
  2. The Atlantic Council of the United States: Security and Partnership in an Age of Austerity – Dec 9, 2011.
  3. End of Mission Ceremony in Baghdad, Iraq – Dec 15, 2011.
  4. Duke University's Ambassador S. Davis Phillips Family International Lecture Series: A New Vision for the US Military – Jan 12, 2012.
  5. West Point Class of 2013 500th Night – Jan 21, 2012.
  6. Harvard University's John F. Kennedy Jr. Forum: Security Paradox – Apr 12, 2012.
  7. The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace: A Conversation with General Martin Dempsey – May 1, 2012.

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ By law, 10 USC 152, Dempsey assumed office on October 1.
  3. ^ http://www.jcs.mil/speech.aspx?id=1673
  4. ^ http://www.donegaldaily.com/2011/03/26/donegal-man-is-appointed-chief-of-the-american-army/
  5. ^ Baron, Kevin, "Gen. Martin Dempsey: The Quiet American", National Journal, February 11, 2012.
  6. ^ "Iron Soldiers: Mission complete". 1st Armored Division Public Affairs. 1st Armored Division Public Affairs. http://www.nationalcenter.org/LeavingIraq7-8-04.pdf. Retrieved July 2004. 
  7. ^ http://www.senate.gov/pagelayout/legislative/one_item_and_teasers/noms_confn.htm
  8. ^ Tice, Jim (December 8, 2008). "Dempsey takes command of TRADOC". Army Times. http://www.armytimes.com/news/2008/12/army_command_change_120808w/. Retrieved December 9, 2008. 
  9. ^ Bacon, Lance (January 6, 2011). "TRADOC head is pick to become chief of staff". Army Times. http://www.armytimes.com/news/2011/01/army-general-martin-dempsey-is-chief-of-staff-pick-010611w/. Retrieved January 6, 2011. 
  10. ^ "General Officer Announcements". Department of Defense. http://www.defense.gov/releases/release.aspx?releaseid=14255. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Hearing Schedule". U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee. http://armed-services.senate.gov/e_witnesslist.cfm?id=5014. Retrieved March 3, 2011. 
  12. ^ Brannen, Kate. -next-army-chief-031511/ "Sen. committee confirms Dempsey as Army chief". Sen. committee confirms Dempsey as Army chief. Army Times. http://www.armytimes.com/news/2011/03/defense-dempsey-confirmed-as -next-army-chief-031511/. Retrieved March 16, 2011. 
  13. ^ Senate Congressional Record for March 16, 2011
  14. ^ Starr, Barbara (May 26, 2011). "Obama to choose Army head as next Joint Chiefs chairman, officials say". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2011/POLITICS/05/26/joint.chiefs.chairman/index.html?hpt=T2. Retrieved May 26, 2011. 
  15. ^ Miles, Donna. "Dempsey Accepts USO Award on Behalf of Military Members". http://www.defense.gov/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=66388. Armed Forces Press Service. http://www.defense.gov/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=66388. Retrieved January 17, 2012. 

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
William Fallon
Commander of United States Central Command
Acting

2008
Succeeded by
David Petraeus
Preceded by
William Wallace
Commanding General of the Army Training and Doctrine Command
2008–2011
Succeeded by
John Sterling
Acting
Preceded by
George Casey
Chief of Staff of the Army
2011
Succeeded by
Raymond Odierno
Preceded by
Michael Mullen
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
2011–present
Incumbent