This article needs additional citations for . verification (December 2010) Martin may either be a surname or given name.
Martin is a common given and family name in many languages. In some languages, and as a given name, it comes from the Latin name
Martinus, which is a late derived form of the name of the Roman god Mars, the protective godhead of the Latins (and therefore the god of warring). The meaning is usually rendered in reference to the god as "of Mars", or "of war/warlike" ("martial"). [1 ]
It has remained a popular given name in Christian times, in honor of the
Catholic saint Martin of Tours; it is also the most common French surname. One well-known Irish family are called Martyn. Along with its historic Catholic popularity, it has also been popular among Protestants due to Martin Luther. In addition, African American children are often given the name in honor of Martin Luther King, Jr.. Additionally, many Black Americans have the name Martin as a family name.
Martin is also an Anglicized surname for a much older, ancient proto-Celtic tribe, who arrived in Ireland roughly 2000 years ago. The Mairtine are noted in the
and other historical documents. The names, though recently similar, are disassociated with either Martin de Tours, or Martin de Porres. Book of Munster Etymology of the surname [edit ] England [edit ]
The English surname of Martin is a variation of the habitational one
Marton, from any of several places (principally in Hampshire, Lincolnshire, and Worcestershire, named in Old English as "settlement by a lake", from mere or mær "pool", "lake" + tun "settlement") or as "settlement by a boundary" (from (ge)mære "boundary" + tun "settlement") called firstly Marton and after Martin. [ ] citation needed France [edit ]
With over 230,000 people holding the surname Martin in France, it is the most common French surname.
The origins of its frequency can be attributed to [2 ] Saint Martin of Tours, who was the most popular French saint, but the reason is not clear. [3 ]
Martin was never a common given name (Christian name) in the
Middle Ages, like Bernard or Thomas (which were later officialized and became common surnames, nowadays ranking second and third respectively). Onomastics have tried to find other reasons for Martin's popularity, by examining, for example, the repartition of place names, but this explanation also lacks empirical support. [3 ]
It can be a late surname connected with children of orphanages, like
Alexandre, which was never a common first name in the Middle Ages but now appears quite frequently as a surname. Martin can represent charity towards orphans. Spain [edit ]
Martín, with an accent on the “i” and pronounced [mar 'tin] (mar-teen) is a pretty common given name and it's among the most common surnames in Spain. Its Catalan variant is Martí and in
Galician is Martiño. Jewish families in medieval Spain (Sephardic) Jews who remained in Spain and agreed to accept Christianity were asked to change their surnames. One of the names taken up by these Jewish conversos (originally known in Spain as Marranos, but preferred term is ' anusim' which is Hebrew for "forced") was “Martí”. Sephardic Jews also used Martin or Martinez, as a variation from the Hebrew name Mordecai. [4 ] Ireland [edit ]
The Mairtine for early Irish beginnings. Later surname variations include Mac Giolla Mhártain, Ó Maol Mhartain, Ó Martain, Ó Máirtín, Mac Máirtín, Mac Máel Martain and were probably distantly related from a Keltoid root stock. Recent DNA evidence has this group in Ireland for 3000 years and aligning with the Ulaidh, Errain, and Eóghanacht in Munster and later in the DalRiata kinship groups.
Echmílid mac Máel Martain was
Bishop of Down to 1202. Giolla Ernain Ó Martain, who died in 1218, was an Irish poet and Chief Ollam of Ireland. Fearghal Ó Martain, O.E.S.A., was Bishop of Killala from 1425 to 1432.
Norman invasion of Ireland in 1169, numerous new, unrelated bearers of the name from Britain and France, settled in Ireland.
The most well-known Norman family in County Galway were the
Martyn family, who were counted among The 13 Tribes of Galway. Scotland [edit ]
There are several groups of Martins or Macmartins in Scotland. The MacMartins of Letterfinlay appear to have allied themselves to the
Clan Cameron in the late 14th century, and finally merged with the Camerons after the Battle of Lochaber in 1429. The Martins in Skye are traditionally associated with Clan Donald, and the Lothians were home to a powerful 'de St Martin' family from the 12th century. In Ireland there are at least three major families bearing the name "Martin"; one being of foreign origin and the latter two, indigenous Irish clans. There are many [5 ] mottos and arms registered by various Martins throughout the British Isles. The motto of Abraham Martin of Cleveragh and Bloomfield, County Sligo, was "Hinc Fortior et Clarior", which translates as: "... hence stronger and more illustrious". This same motto was registered by another Martin in Edinburgh, 1672. [6 ] [7 ] Wales [edit ]
Anglo-Norman knight named Robert fitz Martin, born in the late 11th century, settled in England's West Country, on lands inherited from a grandfather, and later participated in the invasions of Wales, where he was awarded the barony of Cemais, located between Fishguard and Cardigan. Robert fitz Martin established the caput of his barony at Nanhyfer or Nevern. Robert's son William fitz Robert fitz Martin (born c. 1155) inherited the family's property and re-established family control over Cemais, which had been lost to the Welsh. The senior line became extinct in 1326, but cadet lines still flourish in England, Wales, Ireland and elsewhere. United States [edit ]
Martin was the sixteenth most frequently reported surname in the 1990 United States Census, accounting for 0.27% of the population.
[ ] citation needed Hungary [edit ] Marton, the Hungarian form of the name, is commonly used as both a first name and surname. Persons with the surname [edit ]
Notable people sharing the surname "Martin" include:
Born before 1600 [edit ] Born 1600-1699 [edit ] Born 1700-1799 [edit ] Alexander Martin (1740–1807), American politician Christian Frederick Martin (1796–1873), German guitar builder, founder of C.F. Martin & Company Claude Martin (1735–1800), adventurer, soldier, and founder of three schools: La Martiniere Calcutta, La Martiniere Lucknow and La Martiniere Lyon Claude Martin Wade (1794–1861), a colonel named after the French adventurer Claude Martin George Martin (Royal Navy officer) (1764–1847), Royal Navy admiral of the fleet John Martin (painter) (1789–1854), English painter Joseph Martin (general) (1740–1808), American Revolutionary War officer, explorer, Indian agent, planter Joseph Plumb Martin (1760–1850), American Revolutionary War soldier, diarist Joshua L. Martin (1799–1856), American politician, Governor of Alabama Luther Martin (1748–1826), American politician Sir Mordaunt Martin, 4th Baronet (1740–1815), 4th Martin Baronet of Long Melford Pierre Martin (French Navy officer) (1752–1820), French naval officer and admiral Richard Martin (politician) (1754–1834), founder of the RSPCA Sir Roger Martin, 5th Baronet (1778–1815), 5th Martin Baronet of Long Melford William Martin (naturalist) (1767-1810), English naturalist and palaeontologist William Charles Linnaeus Martin (1798-1864), English naturalist Born 1800-1899 [edit ] Annie Montgomerie Martin (1841–1918), educator in South Australia Arthur Martin-Leake (1874–1953), English physician, recipient of the Victoria Cross Augustus Pearl Martin (1835–1902), American Civil War artillery officer and mayor of Boston, Massachusetts Bernard F. Martin (1845–1914), New York politician Bob Martin (boxer) (1897–1978), American boxer Celora E. Martin (1834–1909), New York lawyer and politician Frank Martin (composer) (1890–1974), Swiss composer Frederick Townsend Martin (1849–1914) American author Glenn L. Martin (1886–1955), American aviation pioneer, founder of Glenn L. Martin Company James Martin, II, American Medal of Honor recipient J. P. Martin (1880–1966), English Methodist minister and writer Jesse M. Martin (born before 1900), former Governor of Arkansas John W. Martin (1884–1958), American politician, Governor of Florida Joseph Martin (Canadian politician) (1852–1923), Canadian lawyer and politician Joseph William Martin, Jr. (1884–1968), American politician, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives Karlheinz Martin (1886–1948), German stage and film director Lewis J. Martin (1844–1913), American Democratic Party politician Mary Martin (1892–1975), Irish missionary nun and founder of Medical Missionaries of Mary Paul Sidney Martin (1898 or 1899–1974), American archaeologist Peter E. Martin (1888–1944), Automobile pioneer (Ford Motor Company) Phonney Martin (1845–1933), 19th century professional baseball player Sir Richard Martin, 1st Baronet, of Cappagh (1831–1901), Anglo-Irish baronet and privy counsellor Sir Richard Martin, 1st Baronet, of Overbury Court (1838–1916), English banker and Liberal Party politician Whitmell P. Martin (1867–1929), "Bull Moose" and Democratic U.S. representative from Louisiana Selina Martin (1882–?), Women's Suffragette from England William Alexander Parsons Martin (1827–1916), Protestant missionary in China William Melville Martin (1876–1970), Canadian politician William Martin (architect) (1829–1900), Birmingham architect and partner in Martin & Chamberlain Born 1900-1949 [edit ] Agnes Martin (1912–2004), Canadian painter Alberta Martin (1906–2004), Confederate widow Anders Martin-Löf (born 1940), Swedish mathematician Andrea Martin (born 1947), Canadian actress and comedienne Barney Martin (1923–2005), American actor Billy Martin (1928–1989), American baseball player and manager Bob Martin (singer) (1922–1998), Austrian singer Charlie Martin (1913–1998), English auto driver Christopher Martin-Jenkins (1945–2013), British cricket journalist David Martin (poet) (1915–1997), Australian poet Dean Martin (1917–1995), American singer and actor Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon (1921–2008 and born 1924), American feminists and gay-rights activists Denys R. Martin (before 1920–1970), British officer of the Royal Engineers, philatelist Dick Martin (artist) (1927–1990), American artist Dick Martin (comedian) (1922–2008), American comedian Don Martin (cartoonist) (1931–2000), American cartoonist, MAD Magazine Donald A. Martin (born 1940), set theorist (mathematician) at UCLA Eugene J. Martin (1938–2005), American painter F. X. Martin (1922–2000), Irish priest Frank Martin (ice hockey) (born 1933), Canadian professional ice hockey player Gene Martin (born 1947), American baseball player George Martin (born 1926), English producer of The Beatles' records ("5th Beatle") George R. R. Martin (born 1948), American science fiction and fantasy writer Glenn Martin (coach) (1906–1997), American college sports coach Illa Martin (1900–1988), German dendrologist, botanist, conservationist, and dentist J. C. Martin (born 1936), American baseball player Jacques Martin (comics) (born 1921), French comics creator James Douglas Martin (born 1918), former U.S. representative from Alabama James G. Martin (born 1935), former Governor of North Carolina James Martin (author) (born before 1950), computer systems design author Jerome Martin (Wisconsin politician) (1908–1977), Wisconsin politician John Martin (dance critic), New York Times, active from 1927 Judith Martin (born 1938), American journalist and etiquette writer ("Miss Manners") Knox Martin (born 1923), American abstract expressionist artist, New York City Malachi Martin (1921–1999), Irish Roman Catholic priest and religious author Mary Martin (1913–1990), American actress and singer Michael Martin (philosopher) (born 1932), professor emeritus of philosophy at Boston University Michael Martin (politician) (born 1945), Speaker of the House of Commons Mike Martin (born 1944), American college baseball coach Millicent Martin (born 1934), English actress and singer Paul Martin (born 1938), former Prime Minister of Canada Paul Joseph James Martin (1903–1992), Canadian politician and father of Prime Minister Paul Martin Paul S. Martin (died 2010), American geoscientist Pepper Martin (1904–1965), American baseball player Philip Martin (pianist) (born 1947), Irish pianist and composer with Aosdána Philip Martin (screenwriter) (born 1938), British screenwriter Pierre Martin (politician) (born 1943), French politician Quinn Martin (1922–1987), American television producer Samuel Martin (linguist) (1924–2009), linguist (Korean and Japanese) and designer of the Yale Romanization for Korean Sheila Martin (born 1943), wife of former Canadian Prime Minister Paul Martin Steve Martin (born 1945), American actor, comedian, musician, and author Strother Martin (1919–1980), American actor Sylvia Wene Martin (born 1930), American bowler Tom Martin (Texas politician) (born 1949), mayor of Lubbock, Texas Tony Martin (entertainer) (1913–2012), American actor and singer Tony Martin (farmer) (born 1944), English farmer who shot a burglar Tony Martin (politician) (born 1948), Canadian politician Tony Martin (professor) (born 1942), professor at Wellesley College Tyrone G. Martin (born 1930), American naval historian Valerie Martin (born 1948), American novelist William H. Martin, American cryptologist, part of the Martin and Mitchell Defection William McChesney Martin, Jr. (1906–1998), Chairman of the U.S. Federal Reserve William "Ted" Martin (1911–2004), American mathematician Born since 1950 [edit ] Alberto Martín (born 1978), Spaniard former tennis player Andrew Martin (1975–2009), professional wrestler known as Test Ann M. Martin (born 1955), American author of The Baby-sitters Club series Bent Martin (born 1943), Danish former footballer and also he is a father of Camilla Billy Martin (guitarist) (born 1981), American guitarist with the band Good Charlotte Camilla Martin (born 1974), retired Danish badminton player, now TV presenter Chris Martin (born 1977), English singer and composer for the band Coldplay Chris Martin (footballer born 1990) (born 1990), English footballer Christy Martin (boxer) (born 1968), world champion woman boxer Clare Martin (born 1952), Australian politician Craig Martin (soccer) (born 1957), Canadian football (soccer) player Curtis Martin (born 1973), American football player David Martin (Scottish politician) (born 1954), Scottish politician, MEP Demetri Martin (born 1973), American comedian Duane Martin (born 1970), American actor Eric Martin (singer) (born 1960), American musician (Mr. Big) Fergus Martin (born 1955), Irish artist Hans-Peter Martin (born 1957), Austrian journalist and MEP Jacques Martin (ice hockey) (born 1952), Canadian ice hockey coach James Martin (actor) (born 1992), British actor formerly starring in the soap opera Eastenders James Martin (chef) (born 1972), British celebrity chef Jamie Martin (American football) (born 1970), American Football player Javier Martín de Villa (born 1981), Spanish ski mountaineer Jennifer Martin (born 1965), American voice actress Jesse Martin (born 1981), Australian yachtsman Jessica Martin (actor and comedian) (born 1962), British actor and comedian José Miguel González Martín (born 1963), Spanish football player Keith Martin (politician) (born 1960), Canadian physician and politician Kellie Martin (born 1975), American actress Ken Martin (born 1958), American former long-distance runner Kenyon Martin (born 1977), American basketball player Kevin Martin (basketball) (born 1983), American basketball player Kim Martin (born 1986), Swedish female ice hockey goalkeeper Lee Martin (footballer born February 1968), former Manchester United and Celtic footballer Lee Martin (footballer born September 1968), former Huddersfield Town and Rochdale footballer Lee Martin (footballer born 1987), former Manchester United and Rangers footballer Lucas Martin (born 1968), soccer player Marilyn Martin (born 1954), American singer Mark Martin (born 1959), American stock car racing driver Mark Martin (cartoonist) (born 1956), American cartoonist Mark Martin (judge) (born 1963), American judge Markko Märtin (born 1975), Estonian rally driver Max Martin (born 1971), Swedish musician and producer Micheál Martin (born 1960), Irish politician Michelle Martin (born 1967), Australian squash player Mike Martin (born c. 1951), former Texas politician Noël Martin (born 1959), Jamaican-English paraplegic, victim of Neo-Nazi attack Pamela Martin (television reporter) (born 1953), American-born Canadian news anchor Pamela Sue Martin (born 1954), American actress Pat Martin (born 1955), Canadian New Democratic Party Member of Parliament Paul Merton (born 1957 as Paul Martin), British actor and comedian Ricky Martin (born 1971), Puerto Rican singer Roger Martin (born 1956), Dean, Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto Roland S. Martin (born 1968), American journalist Russell Martin (born 1983), Canadian Major League Baseball player, current catcher for the New York Yankees Luke Martin (born 1981), Australian professional basketball player Tee Martin (born 1978), American football player and coach Tisha Campbell-Martin (born 1968), American actress Todd Martin (born 1970), American former tennis player Tony Martin (comedian) (born 1964), Australian comedian Trayvon Martin (1995-2012), high school student Living with unknown birth year [edit ] Unknown living or dead with unknown birth year [edit ] Derived surnames [edit ]
They generally mean "descendant of Martin".
Marcin in Polish Martí in Catalan Martínez, Martín in Spanish Martins in Portuguese and Martíns in Galician Martini, Martino, Martin, Martinis, De Martini and De Martino in Italian Martini and Martinaj in Albanian Maarten and Martijn in Dutch Martens in German and Dutch Martinsson in Swedish Martinssen in Danish and Norwegian Mārtiņsons in Latvian Martinescu, Marin, Marian in Romanian Martinčič in Slovenian Martinić and Martinčić in Croatian Martinović in Serbian and Croatian Martinec in Czech and Croatian Martínek in Czech Martinev in Russian and Bulgarian Martinov in Bulgarian Márton in Hungarian Martinski in several Slavic languages McMartin in Scottish Martyn in most English-speaking countries, including one of the 'twelve tribes of Galway' (Ireland) Martynas in Lithuanian Mac Giolla Mhártain Gilmartin, Kilmartin or Martin: hereditary chiefs in the barony of Clogher, Co. Tyrone in Ireland and are a branch of the O'Neills Ó Mártain O'Martin or Martin: Irish clan Given name [edit ]
Those people who are known primarily by the name "Martin" are listed below. Other notable people sharing this given name can be found through consulting
all pages that begin with the prefix "Martin". First name [edit ] Martín, nom de guerre of Gaspar García Laviana (1941–1978) Martin Akakia (1500–1551), physician of King Francis I of France Martin Atkins (born 1959), English drummer Martin Axenrot (born 1979), current drummer for Opeth Martin Bartenstein (born 1953), Austrian businessman and politician Martin Brodeur (born 1972), Canadian ice hockey player and Olympic Gold Medal winner Martin Bryant (born 1967), Australian spree killer who in 1996 murdered 35 people and injured an additional 23 individuals Martin Brundle (born 1959), English auto racing driver and commentator Martin Buber (1878–1965), Israeli philosopher, translator, and educator Martin Bucer (1491–1551), Protestant reformer Martín Cáceres (born 1987), Uruguayan footballer currently playing for FC Barcelona Martin Clunes (born 1961), British actor Martin Cooper (inventor) (born 1928), American inventor of the mobile phone Martin Eriksson (born 1965), Swedish musician known as E-Type Martin Damm (born 1972), Czech tennis player Martin Davis (born 1958), Blackman's American comparitot and former tennis player Martin Dzúr (1919-1985), Czech army general and defense minister (1968 - 1985) Martin Eriksson (born 1971), Swedish pole vaulter Martin Erat (born 1981), Czech professional ice hockey player Martin Ferguson (born 1953), Australian politician Martin Fillo (born 1986), Czech professional footballer Martin Filipovski (born 1986), guitarist for Macedonian rock band Next Time Martin Gore (born 1961), British singer and songwriter (Depeche Mode) Martin Grossman (1965–2010), American murderer Martin Guerre (1524–?), French peasant who left his wife, child, and village and returned after an imposter had assumed his place Martin Harris (swimmer) (born 1969), English backstroke swimmer Martin Häusling (born 1961), German politician Martin Hoberg Hedegaard (born 1992), Danish singer Martin Heidegger (1889–1976), German philosopher Martin Hengel (1926–2009), German theologian Martin van der Horst (born 1965), Dutch volleyball player Martin Hurt (born 1984), Estonian football defender or midfielder Martín Jaite (born 1964), Argentine former tennis player Martin Johnson (rugby union) (born 1970), English rugby union player Martin Kaalma (born 1977), Estonian football goalkeeper Martin Kippenberger (1953–1997), German painter Martin Klein (1884–1947), Estonian wrestler Martin J. Klein (1924–2009), American science historian Martin Kližan (born 1989), Slovakian tennis player Martin Koopman (born 1956), Dutch footballer and football manager Martin Laurendeau (born 1964), Canadian former tennis player Martin Lang, Australian rugby league footballer Martin Lawrence (born 1965), American television and movie actor Martin Lee (tennis) (born 1978), British former tennis player Martin van Leeuwen (born 1981), Dutch football (soccer) player Martin Lipp (1854–1923), Estonian poet Martin Lopez (born 1978), former drummer for Opeth Martin Luther (1483–1546), the founder of Protestant Christianity Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929–1968), American civil rights campaigner Martin McGuinness Current Deputy first minister of Northern Ireland and former member of the Provisional Irish Republican Army. Martin Meehan (Irish republican), Sinn Féin politician and former member of the Provisional Irish Republican Army Martin Mendez (born 1978), bass player for progressive death metal band Opeth Martín Mondragón (born 1953), Mexican long-distance runner Martin Moss (1923–2007), retailing director Martin Müürsepp (born 1974), Estonian professional basketball player Martin Nürenbach (dead 1780), artist Martin I of Sicily (c. 1374–1409), ruled 1390–1409 Martin of Aragon (1356–1410), ruled 1396–1410, also Martin II of Sicily, 1409–1410 Martin of Braga (c.520–580), archbishop of Braga Martin of Leon (c.1130–1203), Spanish saint and Augustinian canon Martin Offiah, British rugby league footballer Martin O'Hagan (1950–2001), Irish journalist Martin O'Malley (born 1963), Mayor of Baltimore and Governor of Maryland Martin Padar (born 1979), Estonian judoka Martin de Porres (1579–1639), a Peruvian saint Martin Reim (born 1971), Estonian football midfielder Martín Sastre (born 1976), Uruguayan artist Martin Scorsese (born 1942), American filmmaker Martin Sheen (born 1940), American actor Martin Silva (born 1952), Canadian politician and radio personality Martin Sinner (born 1968), German former tennis player Martin Škrtel (born 1984), Slovakian football defender Martin St. Louis (born 1975), Canadian ice hockey player Martin Steele (born 1962), British middle distance runner Martin Strel (born 1954), Slovenian marathon swimmer Martin Teffer (born 1965), Dutch volleyball player and coach Martin Tešovič (born 1974), Slovak weightlifter Martin Thomsen (born 1961), Lieutenant Colonel and Sahana Software Foundation board member Martin Thulin (born 1972), Mexican musician Martin Van Buren (1782–1862), 8th president of the United States of America Martín Vassallo Argüello (born 1980), Argentine tennis player Martin Verkerk (born 1978), Dutch former tennis player Martin Viiask (born 1983), Estonian professional basketballer Martin Vunk (born 1984), Estonian football midfielder Martin Walsh (born 1955), Academy Award-winning film editor Pope Marinus I (also known as Pope Martin II) (unknown–884), Pope (882–884) Pope Marinus II (also known as Pope Martin III) (unknown–946), Pope (942–946) Pope Martin I (unknown–655), Saint and Pope (649–655) Pope Martin IV (c.1210–1285), Pope (1281–1285), born Simon de Brion Pope Martin V (c.1368–1431), Pope (1417–31), born Odo Colona Saint Marinus (also known as Martin) (unknown–c.366), the namesake of San Marino Martinus, pen name for Martinus Thomsen Middle name [edit ] See also [edit ] References [edit ] ^ Albert Dauzat, Dictionnaire étymologique des noms de famille et prénoms de France, Larousse, Paris 1980. p. 420. New completed edition by Marie-Thérèse Morlet. ^ linternaute.com (French) ^ a b Marianne Mulon, Origine et histoire des noms de famille. Essais d'anthroponymie, éditions errance 2002. p 137–138 : D'où viennent donc tous ces Martin (Where do all these Martins come from?). ^ Nelly Weiss. The Origin of Jewish Family Names. p. 216 Published by Lang, Peter Publishing, Incorporated. 2002. ^ http://www.goireland.com/genealogy/family.htm?FamilyId=234 ^ John Peter Elven (1864), , Henry Washbourne, p. 71 The book of family crests ^ Bernard Burke (1864), , Harrison & sons, pp. 663–664 The general armory of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales External links [edit ]