Mark Ruffalo

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Mark Ruffalo
Mark Ruffalo SDCC 2014 (cropped).jpg
BornMark Alan Ruffalo
(1967-11-22) November 22, 1967 (age 46)
Kenosha, Wisconsin, U.S.
ResidenceNew York City, New York, U.S.
OccupationActor, director, producer, screenwriter
Years active1988–present
Spouse(s)Sunrise Coigney (m. 2000)
Children3
 
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Mark Ruffalo
Mark Ruffalo SDCC 2014 (cropped).jpg
BornMark Alan Ruffalo
(1967-11-22) November 22, 1967 (age 46)
Kenosha, Wisconsin, U.S.
ResidenceNew York City, New York, U.S.
OccupationActor, director, producer, screenwriter
Years active1988–present
Spouse(s)Sunrise Coigney (m. 2000)
Children3

Mark Alan Ruffalo (born November 22, 1967)[1] is an American actor, director, producer and screenwriter. He portrayed the Marvel Comics character, Bruce Banner / The Hulk in The Avengers (2012). Other notable films in which he has starred or co-starred are You Can Count on Me (2000), Collateral (2004), Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004), Just Like Heaven (2005), Zodiac (2007), Shutter Island (2010), Now You See Me (2013), and Begin Again (2013). For his role in The Kids Are All Right (2010), he received an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor.[2] He also won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Television Movie and received an Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie nomination for The Normal Heart (2013).

Ruffalo is part of the 9/11 Truth movement and is a supporter of the creation of 100% clean energy (including a campaign to "Put Solar On It"[3] and various anti-fracking groups including Artists Against Fracking). In 2010, Ruffalo claimed he had been placed on a terror advisory list.[4] However, the Department of Homeland Security denied that they had him on any such list.[5]

Early life[edit]

Ruffalo was born in Kenosha, Wisconsin. Ruffalo's mother, Marie Rose (née Hebert), is a hairdresser and stylist, and his father, Frank Lawrence Ruffalo, Jr., worked as a construction painter.[2][6][7] He has two sisters, Tania and Nicole, and a brother, Scott,[2] who died in December 2008. His father was of Italian descent, while his mother is of half French Canadian and half Italian ancestry.[8][9] Growing up, Mark's mother and most of the rest of his family were Catholic; his grandmother, who lived with the family, was Evangelical Christian; and his father was a member of the Bahá'í Faith.[10]

Ruffalo has described himself as having been a "happy kid"[11] and his upbringing as taking place in a "very big" family with "lots of love".[12] Of his father, Ruffalo has said, "He was an amazing, charismatic guy who was city high school wrestling champion three times. He was away a lot when I was growing up. I was very lonely for him.”[13] Ruffalo was raised Roman Catholic; he attended both a Catholic and a progressive school.[14]

Ruffalo spent his teen years in Virginia Beach, Virginia, where his father worked. Ruffalo competed in wrestling in junior high and high school in Wisconsin and Virginia. He graduated from First Colonial High School,[2] and then moved with his family to San Diego, and later to Los Angeles, California. There, he took classes at the Stella Adler Conservatory and co-founded the Orpheus Theatre Company.[2] With the OTC, he wrote, directed, and starred in a number of plays, and spent the next nine years earning his money as a bartender.

Career[edit]

Acting[edit]

Ruffalo had minor roles in films like The Dentist (1996), the low-key crime comedy Safe Men (1998) and Ang Lee's Civil War Western Ride with the Devil (1999). Through a chance meeting with writer Kenneth Lonergan, Ruffalo began collaborating with Lonergan and appeared in several of his plays, including the original cast of This is Our Youth (1996), which led to Ruffalo's role as Laura Linney's troubled, aimless drifter brother Terry in Lonergan's acclaimed, Academy Award-nominated 2000 film You Can Count on Me.[2] He received favorable reviews for his performance in this film, often earning comparisons to the young Marlon Brando, and won awards from the Los Angeles Film Critics Association and Montreal World Film Festival.[2]

This led to other significant roles, including the films XX/XY (2002), Isabel Coixet's My Life Without Me with Sarah Polley (2003), Jane Campion's In the Cut with Meg Ryan (2003), Michel Gondry's Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004), and We Don't Live Here Anymore (2004), which is based upon two short stories written by Andre Dubus.[2] He appeared opposite Tom Cruise as a narcotics detective in Michael Mann's acclaimed crime-thriller Collateral (2004).[2] More recently, Ruffalo has appeared as a romantic lead in "chick flicks" such as View From the Top (2002), 13 Going on 30 (2004), Just Like Heaven (2005) and Rumor Has It (2005).[2] In 2006, Ruffalo starred in Clifford Odets's Awake and Sing! at the Belasco Theatre in New York, for which he was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play.[2] In March 2007, he appeared in Zodiac as SFPD homicide inspector Dave Toschi, who ran the investigation to find and apprehend the Zodiac killer from 1969 through most of the 1970s.[2] In 2007, Ruffalo played divorced lawyer Dwight Arno, who accidentally kills a child and speeds away, in Terry George's film Reservation Road, based on the novel by John Burnham Schwartz.

In 2008, Ruffalo starred as a con man in The Brothers Bloom with Adrien Brody and Rachel Weisz and co-starred with Julianne Moore in Blindness. 2008 also saw Ruffalo in Brian Goodman's What Doesn't Kill You with Ethan Hawke and Amanda Peet, which was shown at the Toronto Film Festival. In 2009, he played a brief role in the film Where The Wild Things Are as Max's mother's boyfriend. In 2010, he co-starred in the Martin Scorsese thriller Shutter Island as U.S. Marshal Chuck Aule, the partner of Leonardo DiCaprio's character Teddy Daniels.[15]

In 2010, he starred in Lisa Cholodenko's The Kids Are All Right, with Annette Bening and Julianne Moore. Ruffalo stated in an interview that he approached Cholodenko after watching High Art and said he would love to work with her. Years later, she called Ruffalo and said she wrote a script, and had him in mind for the part. The performance earned him an Academy Award nomination for best supporting actor.[16]

Ruffalo starred in the 2012 superhero film The Avengers, the sixth installment of the Marvel Cinematic Universe, replacing Edward Norton in the role of Bruce Banner / the Hulk.[17] Ruffalo received critical acclaim for his performance and will reprise the role in any future film adaptations of the character produced by Marvel Studios.[18] Ruffalo also made an uncredited cameo appearance as Bruce Banner in Iron Man 3, making him the first actor to reprise the role in a live-action movie. He will reprise the role again in Avengers: Age of Ultron in 2015.

In 2014, Ruffalo starred as Ned Weeks in a television adaptation of Larry Kramer's AIDS-era play, The Normal Heart; his performance earned him an Emmy nomination. He says he has had an outpouring of support for his performance:

I’ve never had so sincere and vulnerable a response from people for anything that I’ve ever done. . . . And of everything that I’ve done since I’ve been on social media, which hasn’t been that long, by the way, I haven’t had such an overwhelmingly positive response as I have from The Normal Heart directly to me. And it’s a blessing, man. If this is it, if I have a piano dropped on me tomorrow, then I would go down thinking, 'You know what, I did okay as far as my career goes, because that’s a gift. That’s rare.'[19]

Directing[edit]

He made his directorial debut with Sympathy for Delicious, which premiered at the Sundance Film Festival and won the Special Jury Prize. On releasing the film, Ruffalo said, "I'm still looking for distribution. I have a couple offers on the table, but I'm holding out for something a little bigger. I've been screening it for a lot of groups, and people are really responding to it. I think they're scared of that movie."[20] Of directing, he says, "I liken it to an actor gets to eat one slice, and a director gets to eat the whole pie. [laughs] You get to collaborate with gifted people who are good at their craft, so you're orchestrating all these different mediums. You're helping people through the script to realize their own talents. I find that really satisfying, and I felt like being in front of the camera is so intense and self-involved and personal, and directing isn't like that for me. It's a much more communal experience. Last year at this time, I was like, 'I'm not going back to acting, man. No way, it's done.' I haven't worked in a year. It's really taken me that long to get back to my love for what I do for acting. I would like to do 50-50, if I could. Really, I'd just be directing right now, but I can't support my family doing that at this moment, and I love acting. It's not a bad position to be in."[20]

Personal life[edit]

Since June 2000, Ruffalo has been married to former French-American actress Sunrise Coigney (born Christina Sunrise Coigney on September 17, 1972 in San Francisco), and they have three children: a son Keen, born in 2001, and daughters Bella Noche, born in 2005, and Odette, born in 2007, in Los Angeles, California. The family now lives in New York City.[21]

In 2002, Ruffalo was diagnosed with an acoustic neuroma, a type of brain tumor, and had surgery; the tumor was benign, but resulted in a period of partial facial paralysis.[6] He fully recovered from the paralysis and returned to good health as well as an active life and movie career.

On December 1, 2008, Ruffalo's brother, Scott, was shot at his Beverly Hills condominium,[22] with one report describing the shooting as "execution-style" in the back of the head.[23] Scott died on December 8, 2008. Police took two people into custody: a woman who is considered a suspect and a man considered a "person of interest".[24] One of the suspects reportedly told police that Scott Ruffalo shot himself while playing Russian roulette;[25] the witnesses were later released as the police investigation continued.[26] The female suspect later died of a purported drug overdose.[27]

Political views[edit]

On October 4, 2006, he appeared on Democracy Now!, a daily news program. He spoke against the War in Iraq, the Military Commissions Act of 2006, torture, and the Bush Administration. He also announced he would speak at The World Can't Wait Protest in New York City on October 5, 2006. Ruffalo contributed to the campaign of former Alaska Senator Mike Gravel for the 2008 Democratic Party nomination for President.[28]

He appeared on Penn & Teller: Bullshit! on August 14, 2008's episode entitled "World Peace". He said that "Peace looks like me and my kids and my wife laying in our bed on a Saturday morning... it's a love-in, y'know? John Lennon had it right, y'know?" [29] In 2012, he endorsed Kathleen Kane, the Democratic nominee for Pennsylvania Attorney General, due to her insistence on investigating the Jerry Sandusky scandal, hydrofracking and the Hershey Trust for alleged improprieties.[30] Kane went on to become Pennsylvania's first woman Attorney General and Democrat elected to the post.

Ruffalo is pro-choice He has explained his stance by saying,"I don't want to turn back the hands of time to when women shuttled across state lines in the thick of night to resolve an unwanted pregnancy, in a cheap hotel room."[31]

9/11 Truther[edit]

Ruffalo has given interviews to We Are Change, a 9/11 'truth' group, in both 2007 and 2011. Ruffalo stated: "I'm baffled by the way all three buildings came down. My first reaction was that buildings don't fall down like that. I've done quite a bit of my own research ...The fact that the 9/11 investigation went from the moment the planes hit to the moment the buildings fell, and nothing before or after, I think, makes that investigation completely illegitimate. If you're going to do a crime investigation, you have to find motive. We didn't follow that. It was quickly pushed away, obviously. There was no evidence at the biggest crime scene. None of us know what happened but I'm totally and completely behind reopening that investigation. Where is the money? Follow the money, guys!"[32]

In 2011, he added: "The Commission didn't really do anything about before the buildings were struck or afterwards. There just seems to be more questions left unanswered than anything else. I don't want to jump to any conclusions but I don't think it's ever been given its due diligence, considering that it's the largest crime ever committed on US soil. Building Seven - a lot of people don't even know about that ... The world has changed because of it and not in a good way. We've been militarised and lost many of our civil liberties. More people die from smoking cigarettes each year and we give this a lot more play than that."[33]

Opposition to fracking[edit]

In 2008, Ruffalo expressed concern that gas companies were eyeing his family's land in Callicoon, New York. After doing his own investigation, New York magazine wrote, he becomes "anti-fracking's first famous face."[34] On October 4, 2010, Ruffalo appeared on The Rachel Maddow Show to discuss hydraulic fracturing and the The FRAC Act of 2009.[35] He stated in the December 2010 issue of GQ magazine that after he organized screenings in Pennsylvania of a documentary about natural-gas-drilling called Gasland, he was placed on a terror advisory list.[4] The Department of Homeland Security denied that they had him on a list.[5]

On July 13, 2011, Ruffalo appeared on Countdown With Keith Olbermann to discuss fracking, particularly in New York. "This is an industry that is the dirtiest, slimiest, most arrogant, and negligent that you can imagine," he said. Ruffalo taped an "online segment extra" for Countdown, during which time Keith Olbermann offered him the opportunity to become an official Countdown Contributor. Ruffalo gratefully accepted.[36]

He has appeared on The Colbert Report and Real Time with Bill Maher to discuss his continued opposition to fracking and to promote waterdefense.org.[clarification needed][37] His neighbors with a family house near his in Callicoon, Yoko Ono and Sean Lennon, decided to mobilize their friends around the anti-fracking cause, and in August 2012 Artists Against Fracking was launched with Ruffalo and the two heading it. Alec Baldwin is a member.[34]

On April 25, 2013, Ruffalo laid out his full case against fracking in a piece co-authored with Phil Radford on CNN.com, where he argued solar and wind are here now, and using fracked natural gas instead of cleaner sources of energy will result in more faucets on fire, methane leaks that cause global warming, groundwater contamination, and cancer-causing chemicals in communities.[38]

That same year, Ruffalo began promoting The Solutions Project along with Stanford professor Mark Jacobson and private equity investor Marco Krapels. The Solutions Project is presented as a way for the U.S. to generate 100% of its electricity from renewable energy by 2050.[39][40]

Ruffalo is filming a documentary on the effects of major oil spill.[41]

Israel and Operation Protective Edge[edit]

On 21 July 2014, during Operation Protective Edge, Mark Ruffalo blasted the IDF for targeting Shifa Hospital in the Gaza Strip,[42] causing anger among Jews and pro-Israelis over his comments.[43]

2014 Marina Silva controversy[edit]

On 29 September 2014, Mark Ruffalo withdrew his support to Brazilian president candidate Marina Silva because of the changes made by her party on the government program regarding LGBT cause, which wasn't clear about the position over this matter.[44]

Filmography[edit]

Ruffalo at the Toronto premiere of The Avengers in 2012

Film[edit]

YearTitleRolesNotes
1992Rough TradeHankShort film
1994Mirror, Mirror 2: Raven DanceChristian
1994There Goes My BabyJ.D.
1995Mirror, Mirror III: The VoyeurJoey
1996The Destiny of Marty FineBrett
1996The DentistSteve Landers
1996Blood MoneyAttorney
1996The Last Big ThingBrent Benedict
1997On the 2nd Day of ChristmasBertTelevision film
1998Safe MenFrank
1998HoudiniTheoTelevision film
199854Ricko
1999How Does Anyone Get Old?JohnnieShort film
1999A Fish in the BathtubJoel
1999Ride with the DevilAlf Bowden
2000You Can Count on MeTerry Prescott
2000CommittedT-Bo
2001The Last CastleYates
2001Apartment 12Alex
2002XX/XYColes
2002WindtalkersPrivate Pappas
2003My Life Without MeLee
2003View from the TopTed Stewart
2003In the CutDetective Giovanni A. Malloy
2004We Don't Live Here AnymoreJack LindenAlso executive producer
2004Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless MindStan
200413 Going on 30Matt Flamhaff
2004CollateralFanning
2005Just Like HeavenDavid Abbott
2005Rumor Has It...Jeff Daly
2006All the King's MenAdam Stanton
2007Chicago 10Jerry Rubin (voice)
2007ZodiacInspector Dave Toschi
2007Reservation RoadDwight Arno
2008BlindnessDoctor
2008What Doesn't Kill YouBrian Reilly
2009Brothers Bloom, TheThe Brothers BloomStephen
2009Where the Wild Things AreAdrian
2009Sympathy for DeliciousJoeAlso director and producer
2010The Kids Are All RightPaul
2010Shutter IslandChuck Aule
2010Date NightBrad Sullivan
2011MargaretGerald Maretti
2012The AvengersBruce Banner/The Hulk
2013Thanks for SharingAdam
2013Iron Man 3Bruce BannerUncredited cameo
2013Now You See MeDylan Rhodes
2013Begin AgainDan Mulligan
2014Infinitely Polar BearCam StuartAlso executive producer
2014FoxcatcherDave Schultz
2014The Normal HeartNed WeeksTelevision film
Also executive producer
2015Avengers: Age of UltronBruce Banner/The HulkPost-production
2015SpotlightMichael RezendesFilming

Television[edit]

YearTitleRoleNotes
1989CBS Summer PlayhouseMichael DunneEpisode: "American Nuclear"
1994Due SouthVinnie WebberEpisode: "A Cop, a Mountie, and a Baby"
2000The BeatZane Marinelli8 episodes

Awards and nominations[edit]

YearAwardWorkResult
2000Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor(3rd place)You Can Count on MeWon
Los Angeles Film Critics Association New Generation AwardWon
Montreal World Film Festival Award for Best ActorWon
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor (2nd place)Won
San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor (2nd place)Won
Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor (3rd place)Won
Toronto Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor (2nd place)Won
Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best ActorNominated
Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting ActorNominated
Independent Spirit Award for Best Male LeadNominated
Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award for Best ActorNominated
2004Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie Actor – Comedy13 Going on 30Nominated
Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie ChemistryNominated
Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie LiplockNominated
2008Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor in a Canadian FilmBlindnessNominated
Satellite Award for Best Actor – Motion PictureWhat Doesn't Kill YouNominated
2009Satellite Award for Best Actor – Motion PictureThe Brothers BloomNominated
Sundance Film Festival Special Jury PrizeSympathy for DeliciousWon
Sundance Film Festival Grand Jury PrizeNominated
2010Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Cast (2nd place)The Kids Are All RightWon
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting ActorWon
Academy Award for Best Supporting ActorNominated
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting RoleNominated
Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting ActorNominated
Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best CastNominated
Central Ohio Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting ActorNominated
Central Ohio Film Critics Association Award for Best CastNominated
Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting ActorNominated
Gotham Award for Best Ensemble CastNominated
Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting MaleNominated
Las Vegas Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting ActorNominated
Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting ActorNominated
Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting ActorNominated
Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best CastNominated
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion PictureNominated
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting RoleNominated
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best EnsembleNominated
Saturn Award for Best Supporting ActorShutter IslandNominated
Scream Award for Best Supporting ActorNominated
2012MTV Movie Award for Best FightThe AvengersWon
MTV Movie Award for Best HeroNominated
MTV Movie Award for Best On-Screen Duo (with Robert Downey, Jr.)Nominated
Teen Choice Award for Choice Hissy FitNominated
2014Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Actor in a Movie/MiniseriesThe Normal HeartNominated
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Television Movie (co-executive producer)Won
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a MovieNominated

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Monitor". Entertainment Weekly (1182). Nov 25, 2011. p. 30. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Mark Ruffalo". Inside the Actors Studio. Season 13. Episode 6. 2007-03-19. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1013112/.
  3. ^ "Mark Ruffalo Pledges To Put Solar On It". http://www.putsolaronit.com/.
  4. ^ a b Kyle Buchanan, Mark Ruffalo Is on a Homeland Security Watch, New York Magazine, November 24, 2010.
  5. ^ a b Josh Sanburn, Does Pennsylvania Consider Actor Mark Ruffalo a Terrorist?, Time, November 30, 2010.
  6. ^ a b Radar, Dotson (May 9, 2004). "I Wouldn't Give Any Of It Back". Parade. Retrieved September 20, 2007. 
  7. ^ Baldassarre, Angela (March 4, 2007). "On the trail of a real-life serial killer". Tandem. Retrieved September 20, 2007. 
  8. ^ Susan Wloszczyna (15 September 2005). "Ruffalo ascends to the next level in 'Heaven'". USA Today. Retrieved 20 December 2013. 
  9. ^ About The Artist
  10. ^ "Mark Ruffalo Whose Father Was Bahai Talks About a Hilarious/Tragic Religious Event from his Childhood". Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  11. ^ Pearlman, Cindy (February 25, 2007). "Working on a killer movie". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved September 20, 2007. 
  12. ^ Dudek, Duane (December 20, 2000). "United by loss: Ruffalo nails his role in drama about 2 siblings who share painful past". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved September 20, 2007. 
  13. ^ "Mark Ruffalo: 'I Wouldn't Give Any Of It Back'". Parade Magazine. March 9, 2004. 
  14. ^ Mark Ruffalo Speaks Out For Women's Reproductive Rights (VIDEO)
  15. ^ "Shutter Island Opens Doors For Home Video". DreadCentral.com. April 19, 2010. Retrieved December 31, 2010. 
  16. ^ "The Kids Are All Right interview". Mark Ruffalo Central. July 11, 2010. Retrieved December 31, 2010. 
  17. ^ "TOLDJA! Marvel & Ruffalo Reach Hulk Deal". Deadline Hollywood. July 23, 2010. Retrieved July 23, 2010. 
  18. ^ Finke, Nikki (2010-07-23). "TOLDJA! Marvel & Ruffalo Reach Hulk Deal". Deadline.com. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  19. ^ Gerard, Jeremy. "Mark Ruffalo After ‘Normal Heart’: ‘If A Piano Dropped On Me Tomorrow, I Did OK". Deadline.com. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  20. ^ a b "Page 2 – Mark Ruffalo is Doing "All Right," continued – Movies – News –". Ifc.com. 2010-07-06. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  21. ^ Ellis, Josh. "Mark Ruffalo's Good Life Formula: 3 Kids, 1 Rabbit, 47 acres, 2,764 Miles From Hollywood." Men's Journal. June 2013.
  22. ^ Jones, Oliver. "Mark Ruffalo's Brother Shot in the Head." People. December 3, 2008.
  23. ^ "Scott Ruffalo still in critical condition." Boston Herald. December 5, 2008.
  24. ^ "Scott Ruffalo Dies from Gunshot Wound." People.com. December 9, 2008.
  25. ^ "Actor Mark Ruffalo's brother, Scott, died after playing Russian Roulette, says murder suspect." New YorkDaily News, December 9, 2008.
  26. ^ "Autopsy scheduled for Scott Ruffalo," Associated Press, December 11, 2008.
  27. ^ http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/lanow/2012/02/death-of-mark-ruffalos-brother-key-witness-may-have-overdosed.html
  28. ^ "Election Center 2008: Mike Gravel". CNN. Retrieved September 20, 2007. 
  29. ^ "YouTube - Penn and Teller - World Peace". YouTube.com. Retrieved 2012-11-12. 
  30. ^ The endorsement video can be found here: https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B_oYIEsUCefdZGt0Z3NRd0Uxd1U/edit
  31. ^ Kira Cochrane (19 August 2013). "Mark Ruffalo's pro-choice stance on abortion rights sets a powerful example". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
  32. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eoQPR_lHL9k
  33. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KUwAnDj9fIo
  34. ^ a b "Fracklash". New York magazine. Sep 10, 2012. 
  35. ^ Mark Ruffalo Speaks Out Against Fracking Practices on The Rachel Maddow Show, at Common Dreams website, October 5, 2010.
  36. ^ July 13, 2011 (2011-07-13). "Web Extra: Countdown Contributor Mark Ruffalo on Fracking - Countdown with Keith Olbermann // Current TV". Current.com. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  37. ^ "Mark Ruffalo". Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  38. ^ "Don’t Let America Get Fracked". CNN.com. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  39. ^ The Solutions Project - 100% Renewable Energy
  40. ^ https://www.facebook.com/TheSolutionsProject
  41. ^ Teitell, Beth (September 30, 2014). "Mark Ruffalo goes wading in the Charles River". The Boston Globe. Retrieved September 30, 2014. 
  42. ^ Ruffalo's tweet
  43. ^ Uziel, Matan (September 15, 2014). "Is Mark Ruffalo An Anti-Semite?". GlamMonitor. Retrieved September 15, 2014. 
  44. ^ http://markruffalo.tumblr.com/post/98752566050/marina-silva

External links[edit]