Marion, Ohio

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City of Marion
City
West Center Street in downtown Marion in 2007.
West Center Street in downtown Marion in 2007.
Nickname(s): City of Kings, World's Popcorn Capital
Location within the state of Ohio
Location within the state of Ohio
Coordinates: 40°35′12″N 83°7′35″W / 40.58667°N 83.12639°W / 40.58667; -83.12639Coordinates: 40°35′12″N 83°7′35″W / 40.58667°N 83.12639°W / 40.58667; -83.12639
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyMarion
Founded1822
Area[1]
 • Total11.82 sq mi (30.61 km2)
 • Land11.74 sq mi (30.41 km2)
 • Water

0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)  0.68

area_total_km2 = 29.5%
Elevation981 ft (299 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total36,837
 • Estimate (2012[3])36,904
 • Density3,137.7/sq mi (1,211.5/km2)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes43301, 43302, 43306, 43307
Area code(s)740
FIPS code39-47754[4]
GNIS feature ID1061473[5]
Websitehttp://www.marionohio.us/
 
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City of Marion
City
West Center Street in downtown Marion in 2007.
West Center Street in downtown Marion in 2007.
Nickname(s): City of Kings, World's Popcorn Capital
Location within the state of Ohio
Location within the state of Ohio
Coordinates: 40°35′12″N 83°7′35″W / 40.58667°N 83.12639°W / 40.58667; -83.12639Coordinates: 40°35′12″N 83°7′35″W / 40.58667°N 83.12639°W / 40.58667; -83.12639
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyMarion
Founded1822
Area[1]
 • Total11.82 sq mi (30.61 km2)
 • Land11.74 sq mi (30.41 km2)
 • Water

0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)  0.68

area_total_km2 = 29.5%
Elevation981 ft (299 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total36,837
 • Estimate (2012[3])36,904
 • Density3,137.7/sq mi (1,211.5/km2)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes43301, 43302, 43306, 43307
Area code(s)740
FIPS code39-47754[4]
GNIS feature ID1061473[5]
Websitehttp://www.marionohio.us/

Marion is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Marion County.[6] The municipality is located in north-central Ohio, approximately 50 miles (80 km) north of Columbus.

The population was 36,837 at the 2010 census. According to the US Census 2008 estimate Ohio's Columbus–Marion–Chillicothe Combined Statistical Area has 2,002,604 people.[7] Marion is the county's largest city and the center of the Marion Micropolitan Statistical Area (as defined by the United States Census Bureau in 2003). President Warren G. Harding was a resident of Marion for much of his adult life.

The city and its development were closely related to industrialist Edward Huber and his extensive business interests. The city is home to several historic properties, some listed on the National Register of Historic Places listings in Marion County, Ohio.

History[edit]

City Hall building in downtown Marion.
A curious visitor to the Marion Cemetery inspects the moving sphere atop the Merchant family grave marker.

The origins of Marion can be traced back to the War of 1812 when Jacob Foos, a surveyor for General Harrison's army, discovered a spring at the top of a hill and established a well there which was named "Jacob's Well". At the time it was a stopover for troops on their way from Ft. Franklin (Columbus) to Toledo. Legend has it that in the middle of the night Foos awoke with a terrible thirst. He began to dig and told his fellow travelers that he was going to dig till he found either water or hell. This well was located near what is now Marion Towers on Delaware Ave. The town of Marion was platted north of Jacob's Well in 1822 by Alexander Holmes with Eber Baker as his agent (Proprietor - administrator) for selling off the village lots. Marion County was officially recognized in 1824. Like the county in which it is located, the city was named in honor for General Francis Marion.

Marion was one of Ohio's major industrial centers until the 1970s. Products of the Marion Steam Shovel Company (later Marion Power Shovel) built the Panama Canal and in the 1960s, NASA contracted with Power Shovel to construct the crawler-transporters that moved the assembled Saturn V rockets, used by Project Apollo, to the launch pad. In 1911, 80% of the nation's steam shovel and heavy duty earth moving equipment was manufactured in Marion, Ohio.

The city is also a rail center for CSX, and Norfolk Southern. Marion is the nation's leader in corn and popcorn produced foods.[citation needed] Whirlpool Corporation of Benton Harbor, Michigan is the largest employer in the city operating the largest clothes dryer manufacturing facility in the world.[8]

Geography[edit]

Marion is located at 40°35′12″N 83°7′35″W / 40.58667°N 83.12639°W / 40.58667; -83.12639 (40.586579, -83.126404).[9]

The city is located about 50 miles (80 km) north of Ohio's capital city, Columbus, due north along U.S. Highway 23. Marion occupies most of Marion Township, which is located just outside of the city limits.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.82 square miles (30.61 km2), of which, 11.74 square miles (30.41 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1830287
184057098.6%
18501,311130.0%
18601,84440.7%
18702,53137.3%
18803,89954.0%
18908,327113.6%
190011,86242.5%
191018,23253.7%
192027,89153.0%
193031,08411.4%
194030,817−0.9%
195033,8179.7%
196037,0799.6%
197038,6464.2%
198037,040−4.2%
199034,075−8.0%
200035,3183.6%
201036,8374.3%
Est. 201236,904[10]0.2%
Population 1830-2000.[11]
Population 2010.[12]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 36,837 people, 12,868 households, and 8,175 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,137.7 inhabitants per square mile (1,211.5 /km2). There were 15,066 housing units at an average density of 1,283.3 per square mile (495.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.7% White, 9.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0% of the population.

There were 12,868 households of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.0% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.5% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.00.

The median age in the city was 37.3 years. 22.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.7% were from 25 to 44; 26.6% were from 45 to 64; and 12.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 54.9% male and 45.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 35,318 people, 13,551 households, and 8,821 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,111.6 people per square mile (1,201.4/km²). There were 14,713 housing units at an average density of 1,296.8 per square mile (500.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.40% White, 7.01% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.34% of the population.

There were 13,551 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.9% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 102.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,124, and the median income for a family was $40,000. Males had a median income of $31,126 versus $22,211 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,247. About 10.9% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.

Culture[edit]

Annual events and fairs[edit]

Marion is home to the Marion Popcorn Festival, an annual event that is held in downtown Marion in September, the weekend following Labor Day. The Marion County Fair is held every year in Marion during the first week of July. Saturday in the Park is a children's festival that is held each year in Lincoln Park.

Media[edit]

Online, the city is served by Marion City's Official Website.

The Marion Star is the city's only daily newspaper.[13]

Among Marion's notable radio stations are WMRN (94.3FM) country music station, WMRN (1490AM) news/talk (clear channel), WOSB (91.1FM) NPR News and classical music station, WYNT (95.9FM) adult contemporary station, and WDCM (97.5FM) community radio.

WMNO-CA, also known as TV-22 Marion, is a Class A broadcast television station based out of Marion, Ohio, featuring local news and original programming.[14]

WOCB-CD is an independent Christian inspirational low-power television station on digital UHF channel 39, broadcasting local church services and programs, and public events throughout central Ohio.[15]

Sports[edit]

Marion, Ohio is the home of the Marion Blue Racers, an indoor football team in the Continental Indoor Football League, that plays at Veterans Memorial Coliseum. Marion was home to the Marion Mayhem, also an indoor football team in the CIFL, that also played at the Veterans Memorial Coliseum from 2006 - 2010. Marion previously had a professional ice hockey team, the Marion Barons, who played in the International Hockey League during the 1953-54 season. Marion has been home to numerous individual and team high school state championships. In the early 1980s, Tina Kniseley was a roller figure-skating national champion and Scott Duncan was a WUSA National Champion in wrestling.

The Oorang Indians, a traveling NFL team based in nearby LaRue, Ohio, played their only true "home" game in Marion in 1923.

Education[edit]

Marion City Schools enroll 4,418 students in public primary and secondary schools.[16] The district administers 8 public schools including six elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school.

In addition to the city schools, there are also 4 other public school districts including: Elgin, Pleasant, River Valley, and Ridgedale. A private school, Marion Catholic, can also be found in Marion.

Marion is home to two institutions of higher learning. The Ohio State University has a regional campus at Marion, and Marion Technical College, a community college that shares the Marion Campus with OSU.

Marion is also home to Tri-Rivers Career Center and Center For Adult Education offering career technical educations to high school and adult students in Central Ohio. Tri-Rivers is the site for RAMTEC—the Robotics & Advanced Manufacturing Technology Education Collaborative.

Transportation[edit]

The Marion Municipal Airport is located three nautical miles (4 mi, 6 km) northeast of the central business district.[17]

Landmarks[edit]

Marion Cemetery is the home to the Merchant family grave marker, known for its unintended movements. The marker consists of a large grey granite pedestal capped by a two-ton granite sphere four feet in diameter. The sphere moves on its base a 1/4 to a 1/2 inch every year, as measured by the distance traveled by the unpolished spot from where it was mated to the pedestal. While the movement of the sphere is thought to be facilitated by freeze-thaw cycles, earth tremors, or trapped air or water under the base, there has been no conclusive explanation for patterns that the sphere seems to follow. The movements of the sphere have been documented by numerous news outlets and it has been featured in Ripley's Believe it or Not (September 29, 1927).

This has also been documented in Frank Edwards' book, Strange World, from an edition in the early to mid sixties. There are several web pages on the internet concerning this tombstone.

Notable people[edit]

Marion is best known as the hometown and burial location of President Warren G. Harding and First Lady Florence Harding. It is also the birthplace and childhood home of Norman Mattoon Thomas, four-time candidate for President of the United States under the Socialist Party of America ticket and co-founder of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). Elsie Janis, the stage name for Elsie Beerbower, musical theatre star and "Sweetheart of the American Expeditionary Forces" (AEF) during World War I was a native of Marion County.

In 1938, local tap dance instructor Marilyn Meseke, was crowned Miss America 1938 - the first year that talent was considered part of the annual competition.

Mary Ellen Withrow (née Hinamon), Treasurer of the United States from 1994 until 2001 is a Marion County native. Withrow is the only person in the history of the United States to have held the governmental position of Treasurer on the Local (Marion County Ohio Treasurer), State (Treasurer of the State of Ohio) and Federal levels of Government.

Other notable people from Marion include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  8. ^ "Marion Area Chamber of Commerce...presents". 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Census Of Population And Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-04-03. 
  12. ^ "Census 2010: Ohio's top metro areas lost population, except Columbus". MarionStar.com. 2011-03-09. Retrieved 2011-04-03. 
  13. ^ "The Marion Star". The Marion Star. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  14. ^ "About WMNO". WMNO TV-22 Marion Web site. Studio 51 Multimedia Productions. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  15. ^ "WOCB - Ch. 39 - Marion, OH - Watch Online". Streema. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  16. ^ greatschools. "Marion City School District Profile". Retrieved 2013-12-04. 
  17. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for MNN (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 30 June 2011.
  18. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm3500747/bio?ref_=nm_ov_bio_sm

External links[edit]