Marinejegerkommandoen

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Marinejegerkommandoen (MJK)
Mjklogowiki.JPG
ActiveFrogmen: 1953 - 1968

MJK: 1968- current

CountryNorway Norway
BranchRoyal Norwegian Navy
TypeNaval Special Operation Forces
RoleSpecial Reconnaissance (SR)
Direct Action (DA)
Military Assistance (MA)
Combat Search And Rescue (CSAR)
Collateral Activities (CA)
SizeClassified
Garrison/HQHaakonsvern Naval Base and Ramsund Naval Base
EngagementsKosovo war
Task Force K-Bar
Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Anaconda
Operation Jacana
Operation Atalanta
Democratic Republic of the Congo[1]
Sudan[2]
DecorationsNavy and Marine P.U.C. United States Navy Presidential Unit Citation
 
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Marinejegerkommandoen (MJK)
Mjklogowiki.JPG
ActiveFrogmen: 1953 - 1968

MJK: 1968- current

CountryNorway Norway
BranchRoyal Norwegian Navy
TypeNaval Special Operation Forces
RoleSpecial Reconnaissance (SR)
Direct Action (DA)
Military Assistance (MA)
Combat Search And Rescue (CSAR)
Collateral Activities (CA)
SizeClassified
Garrison/HQHaakonsvern Naval Base and Ramsund Naval Base
EngagementsKosovo war
Task Force K-Bar
Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Anaconda
Operation Jacana
Operation Atalanta
Democratic Republic of the Congo[1]
Sudan[2]
DecorationsNavy and Marine P.U.C. United States Navy Presidential Unit Citation

Marinejegerkommandoen (MJK) is a Norwegian maritime special forces unit. It was formally established in 1951. It is located in Ramsund in the northern part of Norway and at Haakonsvern Naval Base in Bergen. MJK is employed in many kinds of operations, such as unconventional warfare, guerrilla warfare, special reconnaissance, recovery or protection of ships and oil installations, various counter-terrorism missions, hostage rescue and direct action (which includes sabotage, raids, kidnapping and specific enemy assassinations).

As is expected from any special forces, the training to become an MJK operative is long and arduous, taking a minimum of two years and then further augmented by courses taken during the following contract period, such as field medical training, sniper training and forward air control (FAC) training. The candidates are put through extremely demanding tests, on one of the field-tests which is known to the public, each of the candidates (which at this point of the selection consists of about 5-8 men) must carry a 60 kg (130 lb) rucksack while being hunted by "enemies" which consists of Home Guard-soldiers, K-9 units and policemen. At some point in the test, the candidates will be caught and sent to 36 hours of rough interrogation (CAC-training).

Contents

Marinejegerkommandoen's role in domestic and international security

"Operatives are tasked to accomplish missions where conventional forces are unsuited. MJK operatives are highly mobile, with stamina and forceful firepower in terms of their operative size. MJK operatives are specialists in land and maritime operations. They are trained and equipped to solve missions while under extreme climatic and environmental stress."[3]

MJK is an integral part of the special operations command mesh that serves to protect Norway’s interests, both domestic and internationally. As this unit is to be used with maximum efficiency internationally, it is modelled after the NATO Special Operation Forces definition.

Domestic security

MJK’s role in a domestic defence situation is multifaceted, augmenting those of the Forsvarets Spesialkommando (FSK), Hærens Jegerkommando (HJK).

International operations

MJK specialises in maritime and coastal operations
Four Marinejegerkommandoen frogmen in the water

MJK has participated in a number of international operations, most notably and most recently twice in Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan, in 2002, as a part of Task Force K-Bar, and in 2003. MJK’s contribution has largely been kept secret, but from what is available, its missions have included DA (direct action), Forward Air Control (FAC) and SR (Special Surveillance and Reconnaissance), and cooperating with United States special operations forces in the fight against the Taliban.

Their participation in Afghanistan has been rewarded with the Navy Presidential Unit Citation on 8 February 2005 on grounds of their efforts. The Presidential Unit Citation is the highest unit award given by the US and was awarded to all of the units that were members of Task Force K-Bar.

Despite their manning levels, which are small compared to units from the USA, Canada, Australia etc., they can carry out large-scale special operations. MJK has been deployed to Afghanistan and Iraq; in Iraq they hunted Scud missiles and Iraqi command and control. They have also operated with other SF units along the Iranian border.[4] Norway has an extensive desert system where MJK train; the temperature can reach up to 55°C and when combined with Norway having many high mountains it is not surprising that MJK have been the only unit among the other Coalition special forces which has not been airlifted out of areas due to dehydration and/or altitude sickness in the extreme conditions in Afghanistan. MJK is also the unit with the highest number of operations among the other special operation forces of the Coalition in the area (2001–2005).[5] The group has among other things performed missions in the Helmand and Uruzgan provinces of south Afghanistan.[6]

William H. McRaven, a United States Navy Vice Admiral who serves as the commander of Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC), said in an interview with a Norwegian newspaper in 2007 that he regarded the Special Operations Forces of Norway to be among the top special forces in the world and that one of his favourite operations was the Norwegian heavy water sabotage by the Norwegian resistance forces during World war II.[7]

Weapons

See also

References

External links