Marine Corps Air Facility Quantico

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MCAF Quantico
Turner Field
Mcas quantico.jpg
Old MCAS Quantico logo
IATA: NYGICAO: KNYGFAA LID: NYG
Summary
Airport typeMilitary
OperatorUnited States Marine Corps
ServesMarine Corps Base Quantico
LocationQuantico, Virginia
Built1919
In use1919 - present
CommanderLtCol Brian L. Magnuson
OccupantsHMX-1
Elevation AMSL10 ft / 3 m
Coordinates38°30′13″N 77°18′18″W / 38.50361°N 77.30500°W / 38.50361; -77.30500
Websitequantico.usmc.mil/...
Map
MCAF Quantico is located in Virginia
MCAF Quantico
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
ftm
2/204,2371,291Asphalt
Sources: Official site[1] and FAA[2]
 
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Coordinates: 38°30′13″N 077°18′18″W / 38.50361°N 77.305°W / 38.50361; -77.305

MCAF Quantico
Turner Field
Mcas quantico.jpg
Old MCAS Quantico logo
IATA: NYGICAO: KNYGFAA LID: NYG
Summary
Airport typeMilitary
OperatorUnited States Marine Corps
ServesMarine Corps Base Quantico
LocationQuantico, Virginia
Built1919
In use1919 - present
CommanderLtCol Brian L. Magnuson
OccupantsHMX-1
Elevation AMSL10 ft / 3 m
Coordinates38°30′13″N 77°18′18″W / 38.50361°N 77.30500°W / 38.50361; -77.30500
Websitequantico.usmc.mil/...
Map
MCAF Quantico is located in Virginia
MCAF Quantico
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
ftm
2/204,2371,291Asphalt
Sources: Official site[1] and FAA[2]

Marine Corps Air Facility Quantico (MCAF Quantico) (IATA: NYGICAO: KNYGFAA LID: NYG) is a United States Marine Corps airfield located within Marine Corps Base Quantico, Virginia. It was commissioned in 1919 and is currently home to HMX-1, the squadron that flies the President of the United States. The airfield is also known as Turner Field, after Colonel Thomas C. Turner, a veteran Marine aviator and the second director of Marine Corps Aviation,[3] who lost his life in Haiti in 1931.

Contents

History

Aviation first arrived at Quantico in July 1918, when two kite balloons were flown to spot artillery fire. These forerunners of today's spotter aircraft were soon augmented with the assignment of four seaplanes, which operated from the muddy junction of Chopawamsic Creek and the Potomac River.

In 1919, a flying field was laid out and the land leased to accommodate a squadron returning from World War I combat in Europe. The facility was later named Brown Field, in memory of 2ndLt Walter V. Brown, who lost his life in an early accident at that location. The present site was selected in 1931, when larger and faster planes brought recognition of the limitations and hazards of Brown Field - its single, crosswind runway, bound by trees, hills, swamp, a high tension line and a railroad.

A new airfield was constructed by changing the course and flow of Chopawamsic Creek and reclamation of the marshland from that area. The new facility was named Turner Field.

By 1939, four squadrons — 68 bombers, scout bombers, fighters, transports, utility and observation planes — were based at the airfield. On December 1, 1941, the field was named Marine Corps Air Station Quantico, and placed under operational control of the Commanding General, Marine Barracks.

In 1947, Marine Helicopter Squadron One was established at Quantico to pioneer an entirely new concept in air operation; to evaluate and test, in coordination with the Landing Force development Center, the theory of carrying troops to the battle zone by helicopter.

By the close of the Korean War, helicopters had gained permanent acceptance by the military for tactical and logistical support operations. Effective 15 November 1976, MCAS Quantico was re-designated as Marine Corps Air Facility (MCAF), Quantico, Virginia. MCAF Quantico is currently the home of Headquarters Squadron (HqSqn), Marine Helicopter Squadron One (HMX-1), and home to Marine One.

HMX-1, in addition to its tactical development mission, flies the President of the United States and provides helicopter support for the Marine Corps Combat Development Command.

On 1 October 2005, MCAF Quantico was reorganized under the Commanding General, Marine Corps Installations East, headquartered at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ MCAF Quantico, official site, retrieved 2007-11-12
  2. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for NYG (Form 5010 PDF), effective 2007-10-25
  3. ^ "Directors of Marine Corps Aviation, 1919-1962". History of Marine Corps Aviation. AcePilots.com. http://www.acepilots.com/usmc/main.html. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 

External links