Manzanillo, Colima

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Manzanillo
Manzanillo collage01.JPG
Coat of arms of Manzanillo
Coat of arms
Manzanillo is located in Mexico
Manzanillo
Manzanillo
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 19°03′08″N 104°18′57″W / 19.05222°N 104.31583°W / 19.05222; -104.31583
Country Mexico
StateColima
MunicipalityManzanillo
Government
 • MayorVirgilio Mendoza Amezcua (PAN)
Area
 • Municipality1,578.4 km2 (609.4 sq mi)
Elevation20 m (70 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total161,420
Time zoneCST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC−5)
Postal code28200 through 28887
Websitewww.manzanillo.gob.mx
 
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Manzanillo
Manzanillo collage01.JPG
Coat of arms of Manzanillo
Coat of arms
Manzanillo is located in Mexico
Manzanillo
Manzanillo
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 19°03′08″N 104°18′57″W / 19.05222°N 104.31583°W / 19.05222; -104.31583
Country Mexico
StateColima
MunicipalityManzanillo
Government
 • MayorVirgilio Mendoza Amezcua (PAN)
Area
 • Municipality1,578.4 km2 (609.4 sq mi)
Elevation20 m (70 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total161,420
Time zoneCST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC−5)
Postal code28200 through 28887
Websitewww.manzanillo.gob.mx

Manzanillo is a city, seat of Manzanillo municipality, in the Mexican state of Colima. The city, located on the Pacific Ocean, contains Mexico's busiest port that is responsible for handling cargo for the Mexico City area. Manzanillo was the third port created by the Spanish in the Pacific during the New Spain period. It is the largest municipality within the business sector and tourism of the state of Colima.

The city is known as the "Sailfish Capital of the World".[citation needed] Since 1957, it has hosted important national and international fishing competitions, such as the Dorsey Tournament, making it a very attractive fishing destination.[1] Manzanillo has become one of the country's most important tourist resorts, and its excellent hotels and restaurants continue to meet the demands of both national and international tourism.

Description[edit]

In the 2005 census, the city of Manzanillo had a population of 110,728 and in 2010 its municipality had 161,420.[2] It is the second-largest community in the state, after Colima, the capital. The municipality covers an area of 1,578.4 km2 (609.42 sq mi), and includes such outlying communities as El Colomo, in addition to many smaller communities. Manzanillo is also a beach resort and, as the self-proclaimed "sailfish capital" of the world,[citation needed] hosts a yearly sailfish fishing tournament. The Revillagigedo Islands, off the west coast of Mexico in the Pacific Ocean, are part of the municipality.

Manzanillo is a sister city of the U.S. cities of Flagstaff, Arizona; San Pablo, California; and Saint Paul, Minnesota.

MS Queen Victoria at Manzanillo.

Tourism[edit]

Bahía de Manzanillo.

The city is well known internationally for deep-sea fishing and the green flash phenomenon during sunsets, as well as the warm waters of the ocean. The city is a destination resort and has many hotels and self-contained resorts, particularly built on the De Santiago peninsula which juts out into the Pacific north of the city centre. Most of the resorts are kept fairly clean of the trash and garbage that the local citizens dump all over the city. Also at the North end of Manzanillo bay is the resort Las Hadas ("the fairies"), which is the most famous of the city's resorts, having been featured in the movie 10 starring Bo Derek and Dudley Moore. Beach scenes were filmed on La Audencia Bay, just over the hill from Las Hadas. Manzanillo is a popular cruise ship port of call. Many tourists go from their cruise ships on city tours. Excellent swimming, snorkeling, and scuba diving is found in Santiago Bay, a few miles north of the city where a cargo ship sank in a hurricane in 1959. Other wrecks and reefs plentiful with fish are scattered throughout the bay.Manzanillo is known as the Sailfish Capital of the World. Since 1957, it has hosted important national and international fishing competitions, such as the Dorsey Tournament, making it a very attractive fishing destination.[1]

Manzanillo consists of two bays with crescent-shaped beaches, each about 4 miles in length. Bahía de Manzanillo is closer to downtown and is the older tourist section. Bahía de Santiago, to the west, is the newer and more upscale area. The two are separated by the Santiago Peninsula, a steep outcrop on whose slopes are some of the most beautiful hotels. Ship channels are located at the southeast end of Bahía de Manzanillo where large cruise ships enter the port area. Manzanillo was once the scene of piracy and adventure. Nowadays, its peaceful bays and sophisticated tourist and port infrastructure have made it one of the main tourist resorts and trading centers in the west of Mexico.[3]

On 6 July 2010, the Secretariat of Communications and Transportation (Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes) opened specialized dock in cruise ships at the port, which involved an investment of $100 million pesos (MXN) in the first stage. An second phase foresees the construction of a shopping centre.

Manzanillo is one of the two embarkation ports for the Mexican cruise line Ocean Star Cruises. Ocean Star seems to have gone out of business after some well-publicized fires onboard during the early cruises.

Climate[edit]

Manzanillo has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). The dry season, which is from November to May, has low amounts of precipitation, and temperatures tend to be cooler than in the wet season. The average temperature in March, the coolest month, is 24 °C (75 °F). The wet season, which runs from June to October, has warmer temperatures, averaging 28.3 °C (83 °F) in July, and humidity during this time is higher.

In 2012, the port of Manzanillo initiated an ecological project consisting of dredged canals and creating islands in the Lagoon of the Valle de las Garzas, a protected wildlife area. With this work, the port plans to increase the flow into the lagoon, thus increasing the viability of the enhanced ecosystem that includes the planting of 15,000 mangrove trees. Extensive use of geotextile tubes (TITANTubes), manufactured by Flint Industries, was included in the channel creation. These geotextile tubes, often referred to as "geotubes" were used to create 2 parallel breakwaters on either side of the dredged channels.

Climate data for Manzanillo (normals 1951–1980, extremes 1951–2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)34.7
(94.5)
34.2
(93.6)
35.6
(96.1)
35.4
(95.7)
36.9
(98.4)
39.1
(102.4)
37.5
(99.5)
39
(102)
37.3
(99.1)
39
(102)
34.8
(94.6)
33.7
(92.7)
39.1
(102.4)
Average high °C (°F)29.4
(84.9)
29.2
(84.6)
29
(84)
29.4
(84.9)
30.5
(86.9)
31.6
(88.9)
32.4
(90.3)
32.5
(90.5)
31.7
(89.1)
31.9
(89.4)
31.1
(88)
30
(86)
30.7
(87.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)24.7
(76.5)
24.3
(75.7)
24
(75)
24.6
(76.3)
26.2
(79.2)
27.8
(82)
28.3
(82.9)
28.2
(82.8)
27.8
(82)
27.8
(82)
26.7
(80.1)
25.4
(77.7)
26.3
(79.3)
Average low °C (°F)20.3
(68.5)
19.8
(67.6)
19.5
(67.1)
20.5
(68.9)
22.5
(72.5)
24.6
(76.3)
24.9
(76.8)
24.8
(76.6)
24.5
(76.1)
24.3
(75.7)
22.9
(73.2)
21.5
(70.7)
22.5
(72.5)
Record low °C (°F)12.5
(54.5)
13.7
(56.7)
14.2
(57.6)
15.7
(60.3)
16.1
(61)
18.8
(65.8)
17.6
(63.7)
20.2
(68.4)
20.6
(69.1)
19.3
(66.7)
18.5
(65.3)
14.5
(58.1)
12.5
(54.5)
Precipitation mm (inches)28.7
(1.13)
6.8
(0.268)
4.4
(0.173)
3.7
(0.146)
8.6
(0.339)
119.8
(4.717)
141.4
(5.567)
215.5
(8.484)
271.1
(10.673)
126.1
(4.965)
25.9
(1.02)
16.1
(0.634)
968.1
(38.114)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)1.580.600.240.200.738.9013.6615.0315.797.291.531.6067.12
 % humidity70707172747474757876747273
Mean monthly sunshine hours248.8240.7262.2265.8284.8235.7211.2208.4191.8232.5242.7229.82,854.4
Source #1: Colegio de Postgraduados[4]
Source #2: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[5]
Manzanillo mean sea temperature[6]
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
27 °C (81 °F)26 °C (79 °F)26 °C (79 °F)27 °C (81 °F)28 °C (82 °F)28 °C (82 °F)29 °C (84 °F)30 °C (86 °F)29 °C (84 °F)29 °C (84 °F)29 °C (84 °F)28 °C (82 °F)

Transportation[edit]

Manzanillo is the busiest port in Mexico, as measured by total tonnage and volume of containerized cargo. In 2007, the port moved 1.4 million TEUs and 18.0 million tons of total cargo.[7] Port business experienced a significant surge during the USA's West Coast Lockout in Long Beach, California, in 2002. The port is connected by Ferromex rail lines to Guadalajara and Mexico City.

Manzanillo is also home to the Navy's Pacific Naval Force. Manzanillo also hosts the most efficient port for tuna landings in Mexico. It handles exports like fish, corn, copra, lemons, bananas, canned foods, wine, lumber, and minerals.

Manzanillo is well connected by Highway 200 to Colima City, to the Northwest and to Puerto Vallarta.

The Playa de Oro International Airport (ZLO) is a small airport located about 35 minutes north of Manzanillo along Highway 200. The airport offers international and national flights. In addition to flights to and from the USA, the airport has international service to and from Canada. The airport is operated by "Grupo Aeroportuario del Pacifico". Ground transportation is limited to taxis and car rentals. It has daily domestic and international flights and has recently been remodeled.

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Manzanillo info at visitmexico.com. Ritrieved 5 August 2011.
  2. ^ "Conteo de Población y Vivienda 2005". INEGI (Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática). 
  3. ^ Manzanillo info at mexico.us. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
  4. ^ "Normales climatológicas para Manzanillo, Colima" (in Spanish). Colegio de Postgraduados. Archived from the original on February 21, 2013. Retrieved January 5, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Normales climatológicas 1981-2000" (in Spanish). Comision Nacional Del Agua. Retrieved January 5, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Manzanillo Climate and Weather Averages, Mexico". Weather2Travel. Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  7. ^ "Informe Estadistico Mensual" (PDF). Coordinacion General de Puertos y Marina Mercante. December 2007. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 19°3′8″N 104°18′57″W / 19.05222°N 104.31583°W / 19.05222; -104.31583