Manzanillo, Colima

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Manzanillo

Coat of arms
Manzanillo is located in Mexico
Manzanillo
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 19°03′08″N 104°18′57″W / 19.05222°N 104.31583°W / 19.05222; -104.31583
Country Mexico
StateColima
MunicipalityManzanillo
Government
 • MayorNabor Ochoa López (PRI)
Area
 • Municipality1,578.4 km2 (609.4 sq mi)
Elevation20 m (70 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total161,420
Time zoneCST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC−5)
Postal code28200 through 28887
Websitewww.manzanillo.gob.mx
 
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Manzanillo

Coat of arms
Manzanillo is located in Mexico
Manzanillo
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 19°03′08″N 104°18′57″W / 19.05222°N 104.31583°W / 19.05222; -104.31583
Country Mexico
StateColima
MunicipalityManzanillo
Government
 • MayorNabor Ochoa López (PRI)
Area
 • Municipality1,578.4 km2 (609.4 sq mi)
Elevation20 m (70 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total161,420
Time zoneCST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC−5)
Postal code28200 through 28887
Websitewww.manzanillo.gob.mx

The name Manzanillo refers to the city as well as its surrounding municipality in the Mexican state of Colima. The city, located on the Pacific Ocean, contains Mexico's busiest port that is responsible for handling cargo for the Mexico City area, named Port of Manzanillo. Manzanillo was the third port created by the Spanish in the Pacific during the New Spain period. It is the largest municipality within the business sector and tourism of the state of Colima.

The city is known as the "Sailfish Capital of the World"[citation needed]. Since 1957, it has hosted important national and international fishing competitions, such as the Dorsey Tournament, making it a very attractive fishing destination. [1]

Manzanillo has become one of the country's most important tourist resorts, and its excellent hotels and restaurants continue to meet the demands of both national and international tourism.

Contents

Description

In the 2005 census, the city of Manzanillo had a population of 110,728 and in 2010 its municipality had 161,420.[2] It is the second-largest community in the state, after Colima, the capital. The municipality covers an area of 1,578.4 km2 (609.42 sq mi), and includes such outlying communities as El Colomo, in addition to many smaller communities. Manzanillo is also a beach resort and, as the self-proclaimed "sailfish capital" of the world[citation needed], hosts a yearly sailfish fishing tournament. What really sets the city apart from other beach towns is the trash. It is everywhere. Dirty diapers on the beach, broken beer bottles on the beach and in the streets, flying paper and plastic bags greet you at every turn. Garbage dumped on any available weed-covered vacant lot or abandoned buildidng. The Revillagigedo Islands, off the west coast of Mexico in the Pacific Ocean, are part of the municipality.

Manzanillo is a sister city of the U.S. cities of Flagstaff, Arizona; San Pablo, California; and Saint Paul, Minnesota.

MS Queen Victoria at Manzanillo.

Tourism

Bahía de Manzanillo.

The city is well known internationally for deep-sea fishing and the green flash phenomenon during sunsets, as well as the warm waters of the ocean. The city is a destination resort and has many hotels and self-contained resorts, particularly built on peninsula De Santiago jutting out into the Pacific north of the city centre. Most of the resorts are kept fairly clean of the trash and garbage that the local citizens dump all over the city. Also at the North end of Manzanillo bay is the resort Las Hadas ("the fairies"), which is the most famous of the city's resorts, having been featured in the movie 10 starring Bo Derek and Dudley Moore. Beach scenes were filmed on La Audencia Bay, just over the hill from Las Hadas. Manzanillo is a popular cruise ship port of call. Many tourists go from their cruise ships on city tours. Excellent swimming, snorkeling & scuba diving is found in Santiago Bay, a few miles north of the city where a cargo ship sank in a hurricane in 1959. Other wrecks and reefs plentiful with fish are scattered throughout the bay.Manzanillo is known as the Sailfish Capital of the World. Since 1957, it has hosted important national and international fishing competitions, such as the Dorsey Tournament, making it a very attractive fishing destination.[1]

Manzanillo, consists of two bays with crescent-shaped Beaches, each about 4-miles in length. Bahía de Manzanillo is closer to downtown and is the older tourist section. Bahía de Santiago, to the west, is the newer and more upscale area. The two are separated by the Santiago Peninsula, a steep outcrop on whose slopes are some of the most Beautiful hotels. Ship channels are located at the southeast end of Bahía de Manzanillo where large cruise ships enter the port area. Manzanillo was once the scene of piracy and adventure. Nowadays, its peaceful bays and sophisticated tourist and port infrastructure have made it one of the main tourist resorts and trading centers in the west of Mexico.[3]

On July 6, 2010, the Secretariat of Communications and Transportation (Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes) opened specialized dock in cruise ships at the port, which involved an investment of $100 million pesos (MXN) in the first stage. An second phase foresees the construction of a shopping centre.

Manzanillo is one of the two embarkation ports for the Mexican cruise line Ocean Star Cruises. Ocean Star seems to have gone out of business after some well-publicized fires onboard during the early cruises.

Climate

Climate data for Manzanillo, 1971-2000 normals
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)87
(31)
89
(32)
89
(32)
91
(33)
91
(33)
91
(33)
91
(33)
89
(32)
89
(32)
89
(32)
89
(32)
87
(31)
89.3
(31.9)
Average low °F (°C)57
(14)
57
(14)
57
(14)
59
(15)
62
(17)
68
(20)
69
(21)
68
(20)
68
(20)
66
(19)
62
(17)
60
(16)
62.8
(17.1)
Precipitation inches (cm)7
(18)
0.4
(1)
0.4
(1)
0.4
(1)
2
(5)
34
(86)
76
(193)
83
(211)
87
(221)
29
(74)
10
(25)
4
(10)
333.2
(846)
Avg. precipitation days10000613141252154
Source: Mexico Nacional Meteorological Service. Data registered between the years 1971–2000.[4]

Transportation

Manzanillo is the busiest port in Mexico, as measured by total tonnage and volume of containerized cargo. In 2007, the port moved 1.4 million TEUs and 18.0 million tons of total cargo.[5] Port business experienced a significant surge during the USA's West Coast Lockout in Long Beach, California, in 2002. The port is connected by Ferromex rail lines to Guadalajara and Mexico City.

Manzanillo is also home to the Navy's Pacific Naval Force. Manzanillo also hosts the most efficient port for tuna landings in Mexico. It handles exports like fish, corn, copra, lemons, bananas, canned foods, wine, lumber, and minerals.

Manzanillo is well connected by Highway 200 to Colima City, to the Northwest and to Puerto Vallarta.

The Playa de Oro International Airport (ZLO) is a small airport located about 35 minutes north of Manzanillo along Highway 200. The airport offers international and national flights. In addition to flights to and from the USA, the airport has international service to and from Canada. The airport is operated by "Grupo Aeroportuario del Pacifico". Ground transportation is limited to taxis and car rentals. It has daily domestic and international flights and has recently been remodeled.

Sister cities

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 19°3′8″N 104°18′57″W / 19.05222°N 104.31583°W / 19.05222; -104.31583