Manhattan Beach, California

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Manhattan Beach, California
City
City of Manhattan Beach
Manhattan Beach Pier November 2013
Motto: "Sun, Sand, Sea"
Location of Manhattan Beach in Los Angeles County, California
Coordinates: 33°53′20″N 118°24′19″W / 33.88889°N 118.40528°W / 33.88889; -118.40528
Country United States of America
State California
County Los Angeles
Incorporated (city)December 12, 1912[1]
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Wayne Powell[2]
David Lesser
Amy Howorth
Mark Burton
Tony D'Errico
 • City TreasurerTim Lilligren, CCMT[3]
 • Police ChiefEve Irvine
 • Fire ChiefBob Espinosa
Area[4]
 • Total3.941 sq mi (10.208 km2)
 • Land3.937 sq mi (10.197 km2)
 • Water0.004 sq mi (0.010 km2)  0.1%
Elevation67 ft (20 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total35,135
 • Density8,900/sq mi (3,400/km2)
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code90266, 90267[5]
Area code(s)310/424[6]
FIPS code06-45400
GNIS feature ID1660985
Websitewww.citymb.info
 
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Manhattan Beach, California
City
City of Manhattan Beach
Manhattan Beach Pier November 2013
Motto: "Sun, Sand, Sea"
Location of Manhattan Beach in Los Angeles County, California
Coordinates: 33°53′20″N 118°24′19″W / 33.88889°N 118.40528°W / 33.88889; -118.40528
Country United States of America
State California
County Los Angeles
Incorporated (city)December 12, 1912[1]
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Wayne Powell[2]
David Lesser
Amy Howorth
Mark Burton
Tony D'Errico
 • City TreasurerTim Lilligren, CCMT[3]
 • Police ChiefEve Irvine
 • Fire ChiefBob Espinosa
Area[4]
 • Total3.941 sq mi (10.208 km2)
 • Land3.937 sq mi (10.197 km2)
 • Water0.004 sq mi (0.010 km2)  0.1%
Elevation67 ft (20 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total35,135
 • Density8,900/sq mi (3,400/km2)
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code90266, 90267[5]
Area code(s)310/424[6]
FIPS code06-45400
GNIS feature ID1660985
Websitewww.citymb.info

Manhattan Beach is a coastal city located in southwestern Los Angeles County, California, USA. It is an upscale community, and includes some of the most expensive real estate in California. The city is on the Pacific coast, south of El Segundo, and north of Hermosa Beach. Manhattan Beach is a hotspot for beach volleyball and surfing. Every August, the city hosts the Manhattan Beach Open Volleyball tournament and the International Surf Festival. It is one of the three Beach Cities in the South Bay. Within commuting distance to Hollywood and downtown Los Angeles, Manhattan Beach has attracted professional athletes and actors to take up residence there since the 1990s. Property in Manhattan Beach, especially near the waterfront, is very expensive. Manhattan Beach has one public high school, Mira Costa High School.

History[edit]

In 1863, a Scottish immigrant, Sir Robert Burnett, purchased Rancho Sausal Redondo and Rancho Aguaje de la Centinela from Avila's heirs for $33,000. Ten years later in 1873, Burnett leased the ranch to a Canadian, Daniel Freeman (not the American Daniel Freeman, who was the first to file a claim under the Homestead Act of 1862). Burnett returned to Scotland. Freeman moved his wife and three children onto the ranch and started growing various crops. On May 4, 1885 Freeman bought the ranch from Burnett for $140,000.

George H. Peck owned a lot of the land that became part of the north section of Manhattan Beach. A coin flip decided the town's name. Around 1902, the beach suburb was named "Manhattan" after developer Stewart Merrill's home town, Manhattan, New York. "Beach" was appended to the city's name in 1927 at the behest of the postmaster.[7]

The Manhattan Beach pier in downtown Manhattan Beach on a typical fall afternoon.

Much of Manhattan Beach was once sand dunes. During the 1920s and 1930s some of that sand was shipped to Waikiki, Hawaii to convert their reef and rock beach into a sandy beach. Some of the sand was also used to build the Los Angeles Coliseum and portions of Pacific Coast Highway.

Geography[edit]

Manhattan Beach benefits from ocean breezes that provide very clean air and summer temperatures that are 10 to 20 degrees fahrenheit cooler than Southern California inland regions. The city has a total area of 4.9 square miles (13 km2). Manhattan Beach features 2.1 miles (3.4 km) of ocean frontage. Much of Manhattan Beach was once exposed sand dunes which now lie beneath the city's buildings and streets. The western part of the city is quite hilly because of the underlying dunes. The tallest hill is 244 feet high and is located in the southwest portion of the city. The only remaining exposed sand dune is at Sand Dune Park.

The beach is approximately 400 feet wide and 2.1 miles long. In the early part of the last century the beach was narrow (approximately 150 feet) and sloping. From 1938 to 1989 it more than doubled in width when large quantities of sand were placed on beaches to the north during construction of the Hyperion Treatment Plant, Marina Del Rey, and Scattergood Power Plant. The sand was carried southward by the ocean's natural littoral flow and widened Manhattan Beach.[8]

Neighborhoods[edit]

Manhattan Beach CA Glass home on the "Strand"
A view of the ocean in Manhattan Beach

Residents have divided the city into several distinct neighborhoods, including "The Village", "Sand Section", "Hill Section", "Tree Section", "Gas Lamp" section, Manhattan Heights, East Manhattan Beach, Liberty Village, "Poet's Section" (Shelley, Tennyson, Longfellow, Keats), and El Porto (North Manhattan Beach).

The Hill Section includes higher priced homes where many of the residences are remodeled and situated on steep hills allowing panoramic ocean and city views.

The nearby Sand Section is notable for its pockets of quiet neighborhoods adjacent to the ocean. Multi-million dollar ocean-front homes line the bike path and walking lane along The Strand.

Downtown[edit]

"Downtown" Manhattan Beach runs along Manhattan Beach Boulevard and the streets perpendicular to it in the area near the Manhattan Beach Pier up to Valley Drive. There are many Zagat rated fine dining and casual restaurants, small specialty stores and a mixed-use center, where once the Metlox pottery factory, famous for its colorful plates, stood for decades. The Metlox site closed in the early 1990s, and was redeveloped by the city. The new "Metlox" site includes an upscale boutique hotel, restaurants and shops.

The Manhattan Beach Library is near downtown on Highland Avenue two blocks north of Manhattan Beach Boulevard. The library is part of the County of Los Angeles Public Library system, and includes internet accessible computers, WiFi, and access to the six million items in the county library collection.

Rosecrans Strip[edit]

The Rosecrans strip is located on the south side of Rosecrans Avenue, east of Sepulveda, and west of Aviation.

The area includes the Manhattan Village Mall, which is located on the southeast corner of Sepulveda Boulevard and Rosecrans Avenue. The mall, built in the early 1980s, was once anchored by the department stores Bullock's and Buffums, which both went bankrupt in the early 1990s. Most of the original stores in the mall also went bankrupt in the 1980s and 1990s (Miller's Outpost, Contempo Casuals, Music Plus, Orange Julius, Tequila Willies, Kinney Shoes, B. Dalton bookstore). The mall was remodeled in the late 1990s and early 2000s, and is now anchored by Macy's on both ends. It also has higher-end stores such as Pottery Barn, Pottery Barn Kids, Williams-Sonoma, and Apple Store.

The Manhattan Beach Country Club, the Marriott Hotel and Golf Course, Fry's electronics, restaurants, retail stores, supermarkets, multi-story office buildings, and shopping centers are along the strip between Sepulveda and Aviation Boulevards.

Sepulveda Strip[edit]

The "Sepulveda Strip" occupies the commercial zone, and is the city's main north-south highway. There are several medium-size hotels, large automobile dealerships, automotive repair shops, restaurants, multi-story office buildings, medical buildings, pharmacies, a large Target store, banks and many small shopping centers.

Aviation Strip[edit]

The Aviation Strip is located along Aviation Boulevard (the city's eastern boundary), south of Rosecrans Avenue, and north of Marine Avenue. Aviation High School once stood there until it was closed in the early 1980s.[9] The zone includes several major complexes, including the Manhattan Beach Film Studios and the Northrop Grumman Space Park Complex (originally built by TRW which was bought by Northrop Grumman in 2002).[10]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Manhattan Beach CA pier and concrete bikepath

Along the Strand, at the eastern edge of the beach, a concrete bikepath is provided that is reserved for bicycles. It is part of a bikeway that extends from Santa Monica on the north to Palos Verdes on the south. A separate 2.1 mile walkway, reserved for pedestrians, runs alongside the bikepath. Restrooms and shower facilities are provided adjacent to the Strand paths. Volleyball nets are set up along the beach, and swimming, body boarding and surfing are popular among residents and visitors. Popular surf spots include the Pier and El Porto. Lifeguard stations are located along the entire length of the beach. The beach is cleaned and groomed each morning by crews from LA County Beaches and Harbors Department. Because it is a clean, wide, sandy beach, Manhattan Beach attracts over 3.8 million visitors annually.[11]

There are several public parks in the city. The largest and most popular is Polliwog Park located on Manhattan Beach Boulevard, two blocks west of Aviation Boulevard. It has a small lake, open-air concert amphitheater, picnic tables, restrooms, playground equipment, and a fenced dog exercise area. It is also the site of the Manhattan Beach Historical Society Red Cottage which houses the city's collection of historical artifacts. The Marine Avenue Park, west of Aviation Boulevard on Marine, has several lighted ball fields, basketball courts, and an indoor racketball facility. Live Oak Park in the downtown area has ball fields, playground equipment and picnic tables.

The current Manager of Parks and Recreation in the city of Manhattan Beach is Idris Jassim Al-Oboudi.[12]

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic composition


2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[14] reported that Manhattan Beach had a population of 35,135. The population density was 8,914.7 people per square mile (3,442.0/km²). The racial makeup of Manhattan Beach was 29,686 (84.5%) White (79.3% Non-Hispanic White),[15] 290 (0.8%) Black or African American (U.S. Census), 59 (0.2%) Native American, 3,023 (8.6%) Asian, 49 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 409 (1.2%) from other races, and 1,619 (4.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,440 persons (6.9%).

The Census reported that 35,107 people (99.9% of the population) lived in households, 28 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 14,038 households, out of which 4,735 (33.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 7,583 (54.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 892 (6.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 438 (3.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 695 (5.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 85 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,627 households (25.8%) were made up of individuals and 1,078 (7.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50. There were 8,913 families (63.5% of all households); the average family size was 3.10.

The population was spread out with 8,725 people (24.8%) under the age of 18, 1,740 people (5.0%) aged 18 to 24, 9,532 people (27.1%) aged 25 to 44, 10,681 people (30.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 4,457 people (12.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.9 years. For every 100 females there were 100.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.2 males.

There were 14,929 housing units at an average density of 3,787.9 per square mile (1,462.5/km²), of which 9,420 (67.1%) were owner-occupied, and 4,618 (32.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.3%. 25,587 people (72.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 9,520 people (27.1%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 33,854 people, 14,474 households, and 8,394 families residing in the city. The population density was 8,606.7 inhabitants per square mile (3,325.8/km²). There were 15,034 housing units at an average density of 3,822.3 per square mile (1,477.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.99% White, 6.04% Asian, 0.61% Black or African American (U.S. Census), 0.21% Native American, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 1.23% from other races, including 2.81% from two or more races. 5.19% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.[citation needed]

There were 14,474 households, of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18, 49.8% were married couples living together, 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 42.0% were non-families, 29.3% were individuals living alone, and 6.5% were individuals living alone who were 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34, and the average family size was 2.98.

Other census data showed that the age distribution in the city was 22.3% who were under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 37.5% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.5 males, and for every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $100,750, and the median income for a family was $122,686 (these figures had risen to $124,048 and $149,396 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[17]). Males had a median income of $84,256 versus $54,142 for females. The per capita income for the city was $61,136. About 2.0% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.3% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.

In February 2006, the median price of Manhattan Beach home sales was $1,925,000.[18] In its "Best Places to Live" 2005 feature, Money Magazine ranked Manhattan Beach as the fourth most expensive beach town in America.[19] Additionally, in 2005 it ranked 2nd in California for the number of million-dollar homes sold

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[20] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1Target405
2Skechers362
3Macy's271
4Fry's Electronics251
5Marriott208
6Ralphs146
7Olive Garden143
824 Hour Fitness133
9Bristol Farms130
10Shade Hotel113
11Manhattan Beach Toyota99
12Houston's Restaurants97
13California Pizza Kitchen85
14Chili's81
15Belamar Hotel79
16Islands75
17REI62

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

The city of Manhattan Beach is governed by a five-member City Council. City Council members are elected every four years. The office of the Mayor of Manhattan Beach rotates every ten months among the members of the City Council, so that each City Council member serves one term as Mayor.[21]

The Beach Cities Health District,[22] provides health and wellness services to the residents of Hermosa Beach, Manhattan Beach, and Redondo Beach. The voters of the three beach cities elect the 5-member Board of Directors to 4-year terms. One of 78 California Health Districts,[23] it was created in 1955 as South Bay Hospital and took on its current name in 1993. Beach Cities Health District opened AdventurePlex,[24] a Manhattan Beach fitness center for kids and their families, in 2002. Filled with mazes, tunnels, outdoor rock climbing walls, complex ropes courses, and an indoor gym, AdventurePlex challenges children physically and intellectually in health-focused recreational activities.

State government[edit]

The residents of the city of Manhattan Beach are represented in state legislature by both a California State Senator and a California State Assemblyman.

In the California State Senate, Manhattan Beach is located in the 26th District. The current State Senator is Ted Lieu.

In the California State Assembly, Manhattan Beach is located in 66th District. The current State Assemblyman from the District is Democrat Al Muratsuchi.

Federal government[edit]

Manhattan Beach is located with California's 33rd Congressional District, represented by Democrat Henry Waxman.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

School2010 API Score
Grandview Elementary957
Meadows Elementary946
Pacific Elementary960
Pennekamp Elementary948
Robinson Elementary962
Manhattan Beach Middle945
Mira Costa High School911

Public education in Manhattan Beach is provided by the Manhattan Beach Unified School District, which oversees five elementary schools (Grandview, Meadows, Pacific, Pennekamp, Robinson), one middle school (Manhattan Beach Middle School), and one high school (Mira Costa).

The district as a whole received a score of 926 on the 2010 California Academic Performance Index, making it California's 3rd best performing district.[25] Each individual school also ranks at the top of its respective category.[26]

Private schools[edit]

Private schools located in Manhattan Beach include American Martyrs Catholic School, Manhattan Academy, Montessori School of Manhattan Beach and Journey of Faith Christian School.

Newspapers[edit]

Manhattan Beach is served by Easy Reader-Manhattan Beach, Beach Magazine, the Daily Breeze, the Los Angeles Times, and the Beach Reporter.

In popular culture[edit]

Filming location[edit]

Music[edit]

Sports[edit]

Other[edit]

Notable current and former residents[edit]

Entertainment[edit]

Journalists and writers[edit]

Athletes[edit]

Basketball

Football

Baseball

Soccer

Hockey

Volleyball

Other

Other[edit]

Business people

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Incorporation Dates of California Cities". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  2. ^ City of Manhattan Beach : Mayor's Welcome
  3. ^ California League of Cities, Elected City Treasurers
  4. ^ U.S. Census
  5. ^ "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  6. ^ "Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  7. ^ Judson Grenier. "Capsule History of Manhattan Beach, 1912 - 1975". Retrieved 2012-03-29. 
  8. ^ Manhattan Beach California: Width determination from a century of images; Shore and Beach, Vol 80, No.4, Fall 2012
  9. ^ "Manhattan Beach Studios". Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
  10. ^ "Northrop Grumman Space Technology". Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
  11. ^ Estimating the potential economic impacts of climate change on Southern California beaches; Climatic Change (2011) 109 (Suppl 1):S277–S298 DOI 10.1007/s10584-011-0309-0
  12. ^ http://www.linkedin.com/pub/idris-jassim-al-oboudi/8/35a/396
  13. ^ [1] "White," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
  14. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  15. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0645400.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ factfinder.census.gov
  18. ^ dqnews.com
  19. ^ money.cnn.com
  20. ^ City of Manhattan Beach Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-26.
  21. ^ "City Council of the City of Manhattan Beach". Retrieved 2008-09-25. 
  22. ^ Beach Cities Health District
  23. ^ List of California Health Districts
  24. ^ AdventurePlex
  25. ^ [2][dead link]
  26. ^ Local Educational Agency (LEA) List of Schools, api.cde.ca.gov
  27. ^ "Best places for the rich and single". CNN. 
  28. ^ "Top 10 beaches of the world 21 Sexiest Beaches 3-5". YouTube. 2009-06-18. Retrieved 2013-02-08. 
  29. ^ "Ryan Newman Bio". Kidzworld. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  30. ^ "A Journey into the Mind of P
  31. ^ "GM: Los Angeles Clippers won't lose Blake Griffin to '14 free agency - ESPN Los Angeles". Sports.espn.go.com. 2011-01-20. Retrieved 2013-02-08. 
  32. ^ "Official Page". Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  33. ^ "Tech Titans Take Beach". Retrieved 23 October 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°53′20″N 118°24′19″W / 33.88889°N 118.40528°W / 33.88889; -118.40528