Mandevilla

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Mandevilla
Mandevilla sanderi red 1.jpg
Mandevilla sanderi
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperms
(unranked):Eudicots
(unranked):Asterids
Order:Gentianales
Family:Apocynaceae
Subfamily:Apocynoideae
Tribe:Mesechiteae
Genus:Mandevilla
Lindl.[1]
Synonyms

Amblyanthera Müll.Arg.
Dipladenia A.DC.
Eriadenia Miers
Laseguea A.DC.
Macrosiphonia Müll.Arg.
Mitozus Miers
Salpinctes Woodson[1][2]

 
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Mandevilla
Mandevilla sanderi red 1.jpg
Mandevilla sanderi
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperms
(unranked):Eudicots
(unranked):Asterids
Order:Gentianales
Family:Apocynaceae
Subfamily:Apocynoideae
Tribe:Mesechiteae
Genus:Mandevilla
Lindl.[1]
Synonyms

Amblyanthera Müll.Arg.
Dipladenia A.DC.
Eriadenia Miers
Laseguea A.DC.
Macrosiphonia Müll.Arg.
Mitozus Miers
Salpinctes Woodson[1][2]

Mandevilla /ˌmændɨˈvɪlə/[3] is a genus of tropical and subtropical flowering vines belonging to the dogbane family, Apocynaceae. It was first described as a genus in 1840.[4]

Mandevilla species are native the Southwestern United States,[5] Mexico, Central America, the West Indies, and South America. Many originate from the Serra dos Órgãos forests in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The genus was named after Henry Mandeville (1773-1861), a British diplomat and gardener.[6]

Cultivation and uses[edit]

Mandevillas develop spectacular, often fragrant flowers in warm climates.[7] The flowers come in a variety of colours, including white, pink, yellow, and red. Many hybrids have been developed, mainly deriving from M. ×amabilis, M. splendens, and M. sanderi.[8] As climbers, Mandevillas can be trained against a wall or trellis to provide a leafy green and often flowering picture of beauty. They have a tendency to attract insects like mealybugs and scales.

While Mandevilla scabra is sometimes used as an additive to the psychedelic drink Ayahuasca, there is no evidence that it is psychoactive in its own right. It is, however, considered to be toxic.[9]

Species[edit]

Accepted species[10]

  1. Mandevilla abortiva - Bahia, Goiás
  2. Mandevilla acutiloba - Mexico to Honduras
  3. Mandevilla aequatorialis - Ecuador
  4. Mandevilla albifolia - Venezuela
  5. Mandevilla alboviridis - Peru, Colombia
  6. Mandevilla amazonica - S Venezuela
  7. Mandevilla anceps - S Venezuela, NW Brazil
  8. Mandevilla andina - Bolivia
  9. Mandevilla angustata - S Venezuela, Guyana
  10. Mandevilla angustifolia - Bolivia, Paraguay, N Argentina
  11. Mandevilla annulariifolia - S Venezuela, NW Brazil, SE Colombia
  12. Mandevilla antioquiana - Antioquia in Colombia
  13. Mandevilla apocynifolia - Jalisco, Nayarit, Michoacán
  14. Mandevilla aracamunensis - S Venezuela
  15. Mandevilla arcuata - Peru, S Colombia
  16. Mandevilla aridana - Santander in Colombia
  17. Mandevilla assimilis - Ecuador
  18. Mandevilla atroviolacea - S Brazil
  19. Mandevilla bahiensis - Bahia
  20. Mandevilla barretoi - Minas Gerais
  21. Mandevilla benthamii - SE Venezuela, Guyana
  22. Mandevilla bogotensis - NW Venezuela, Ecuador, Colombia
  23. Mandevilla boliviensis - Costa Rica to Bolivia + E Brazil
  24. Mandevilla brachyloba - Bolivia, Peru, NW Argentina
  25. Mandevilla brachysiphon - Arizona, New Mexico, N Mexico
  26. Mandevilla bracteata - Ecuador, Colombia
  27. Mandevilla bradei - Goiás
  28. Mandevilla callacatensis - Peru
  29. Mandevilla callista - Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia
  30. Mandevilla caquetana - Caquetá in Colombia
  31. Mandevilla catimbauensis - Pernambuco
  32. Mandevilla caurensis - SE Colombia, S Venezuela
  33. Mandevilla cercophylla - Ecuador, SW Colombia, Peru
  34. Mandevilla clandestina - Brazil
  35. Mandevilla coccinea - Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, NE Argentina
  36. Mandevilla columbiana - S Colombia
  37. Mandevilla convolvulacea - Puebla, Oaxaca
  38. Mandevilla crassinoda - Rio de Janeiro
  39. Mandevilla cuneifolia - SE Colombia, NW Brazil
  40. Mandevilla cuspidata - Peru, Bolivia
  41. Mandevilla dardanoi - Pernambuco
  42. Mandevilla dissimilis - Ecuador
  43. Mandevilla duidae - Amazonas in Venezuela
  44. Mandevilla emarginata - Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, NE Argentina, Bolivia
  45. Mandevilla duartei - Minas Gerais
  46. Mandevilla equatorialis - Ecuador
  47. Mandevilla espinosae - Ecuador
  48. Mandevilla exilicaulis - Michoacán, Colima, Jalisco
  49. Mandevilla eximia - S Brazil
  50. Mandevilla filifolia - S Venezuela
  51. Mandevilla fistulosa - SE Bahia, Espírito Santo
  52. Mandevilla foliosa - Chihuahua to Oaxaca
  53. Mandevilla fragilis - Bolivia
  54. Mandevilla fragrans - S Brazil
  55. Mandevilla frigida - Piura in Peru
  56. Mandevilla funiformis - S + SE Brazil
  57. Mandevilla glandulosa - Peru
  58. Mandevilla gracilis - S Colombia, NW Brazil, Venezuela, Guyana
  59. Mandevilla grata - Tucumán in Argentina
  60. Mandevilla grazielae - E Brazil
  61. Mandevilla guanabarica - Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro
  62. Mandevilla harleyi - Minas Gerais
  63. Mandevilla hatschbachii - Bahia
  64. Mandevilla hesperia - Baja California Sur
  65. Mandevilla hirsuta - S Mexico to Paraguay
  66. Mandevilla holosericea - México State to Oaxaca
  67. Mandevilla holstii - Amazonas in Venezuela
  68. Mandevilla horrida - Cajamarca
  69. Mandevilla huberi - Amazonas in Venezuela
  70. Mandevilla hypoleuca - Mexico, Texas
  71. Mandevilla illustris - Paraguay, Brazil
  72. Mandevilla immaculata - S Brazil
  73. Mandevilla inexperata - Ecuador
  74. Mandevilla jamesonii - Ecuador
  75. Mandevilla jasminiflora - Colombia
  76. Mandevilla javitensis - SE Colombia, NW Brazil, Venezuela, Guyana
  77. Mandevilla kalmiifolia - Cerro Duida in Venezuela
  78. Mandevilla krukovii - NW Brazil
  79. Mandevilla lancibracteata - Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela
  80. Mandevilla lancifolia - SE Colombia, S Venezuela
  81. Mandevilla lanuginosa - S Texas, Mexico
  82. Mandevilla laxa - Bolivia, Peru, N Argentina
  83. Mandevilla leptophylla - Bahia, Minas Gerais
  84. Mandevilla ligustriflora - Ecuador
  85. Mandevilla lobbii - Peru
  86. Mandevilla lojana - Ecuador
  87. Mandevilla longiflora - Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, N Argentina, Brazil
  88. Mandevilla longipes - Colombia
  89. Mandevilla lucida - Rio de Janeiro
  90. Mandevilla luetzelburgii - Espírito Santo
  91. Mandevilla macrosiphon NE Mexico, S Texas
  92. Mandevilla martiana - E Brazil
  93. Mandevilla martii - C Brazil
  94. Mandevilla matogrossana - Bolívar in Venezuela, Mato Grosso
  95. Mandevilla megabracteata - NE Colombia, Guyana
  96. Mandevilla mexicana - Oaxaca
  97. Mandevilla microphylla - Bahia
  98. Mandevilla mollissima - Colombia
  99. Mandevilla montana - SW Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
  100. Mandevilla moricandiana - E Brazil
  101. Mandevilla moritziana - NE Colombia, Venezuela
  102. Mandevilla muelleri - SE Brazil
  103. Mandevilla myriophylla - C Brazil
  104. Mandevilla nacapulensis - Sonora
  105. Mandevilla nacarema - Colombia
  106. Mandevilla nerioides - Colombia, S Venezuela
  107. Mandevilla nevadana - Magdalena in Colombia
  108. Mandevilla novocapitalis - C Brazil
  109. Mandevilla oaxacana - Oaxaca
  110. Mandevilla obtusifolia - Amazonas in Venezuela
  111. Mandevilla pachyphylla - Bolívar in Venezuela
  112. Mandevilla paisae - Antioquia
  113. Mandevilla pavonii - Colombia to Bolivia
  114. Mandevilla pendula - SE Brazil
  115. Mandevilla pentlandiana - Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, N Argentina
  116. Mandevilla petraea - Paraguay, Uruguay, Bolivia, Brazil, N Argentina
  117. Mandevilla pohliana - Paraguay, Bolivia, Brazil, N Argentina
  118. Mandevilla polyantha - Peru
  119. Mandevilla pristina - Peru
  120. Mandevilla pubescens - NW Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador
  121. Mandevilla puyumato - Colombia
  122. Mandevilla pycnantha - Minas Gerais
  123. Mandevilla riparia - Peru, Colombia, Ecuador
  124. Mandevilla rubra - Minas Gerais
  125. Mandevilla rugellosa - N + C South America
  126. Mandevilla rugosa - Guyana, Brazil
  127. Mandevilla rutila - Peru, Bolivia
  128. Mandevilla sagittarii - Panama, Colombia, Ecuador
  129. Mandevilla sancta - Bahia
  130. Mandevilla sancta-martae - Magdalena in Colombia
  131. Mandevilla sandemanii - Peru
  132. Mandevilla sanderi - Rio de Janeiro
  133. Mandevilla sandwithii - Guyana
  134. Mandevilla scaberula - N Brazil, Venezuela, Guyana, Fr Guiana
  135. Mandevilla scabra - tropical South America
  136. Mandevilla schlimii - Venezuela, Colombia
  137. Mandevilla scutifolia - Peru
  138. Mandevilla sellowii - S Brazil
  139. Mandevilla semirii - Minas Gerais
  140. Mandevilla similaris - SE Venezuela
  141. Mandevilla speciosa - N Brazil, Venezuela, Guyana, Colombia
  142. Mandevilla spigeliiflora - Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia
  143. Mandevilla splendens - Rio de Janeiro
  144. Mandevilla steyermarkii - S Venezuela, SE Colombia
  145. Mandevilla subcarnosa - N Brazil, Venezuela, Guyana, Colombia
  146. Mandevilla subcordata - Bolivia
  147. Mandevilla subsagittata - Mexico to Peru; Cuba, Trinidad
  148. Mandevilla subscorpoidea - Guatemala, S Mexico
  149. Mandevilla subsessilis - C Mexico to El Salvador
  150. Mandevilla subumbelliflora - Peru
  151. Mandevilla surinamensis - Venezuela, 3 Guianas
  152. Mandevilla symphytocarpa - Trinidad to Bolivia
  153. Mandevilla tenuifolia - Suriname, Brazil
  154. Mandevilla thevetioides - SE Colombia
  155. Mandevilla torosa - Tamaulipas to Honduras; Cuba, Jamaica
  156. Mandevilla trianae - Guyana to Peru
  157. Mandevilla tricolor - Ecuador
  158. Mandevilla tristis - Táchira
  159. Mandevilla tubiflora - NW Mexico to Nicaragua
  160. Mandevilla turgida - S Venezuela
  161. Mandevilla ulei - NW Brazil
  162. Mandevilla undulata - Paraguay, Misiones
  163. Mandevilla urceolata - Rio de Janeiro
  164. Mandevilla urophylla - SE Brazil
  165. Mandevilla vanheurckii - Venezuela, Peru, NW Brazil
  166. Mandevilla vasquezii - Peru
  167. Mandevilla velame - Brazil
  168. Mandevilla venulosa - Minas Gerais, São Paulo
  169. Mandevilla veraguasensis - S Central America, NW South America
  170. Mandevilla versicolor - Peru, Ecuador
  171. Mandevilla villosa - Chiapas to S Venezuela
  172. Mandevilla virescens - S Brazil, Paraguay, NE Argentina
  173. Mandevilla widgrenii - Brazil, Paraguay
  174. Mandevilla xerophytica - Boyaca in Colombia

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Mandevilla Lindl.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2003-03-14. Retrieved 2010-11-26. 
  2. ^ "Mandevilla". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  3. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
  4. ^ Lindley, John. 1840. Edwards's Botanical Register 26: pl. 7.
  5. ^ "Mandevilla Lindl.". PLANTS Database. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  6. ^ "Botanica. The Illustrated AZ of over 10000 garden plants and how to cultivate them", p 562. Könemann, 2004. ISBN 3-8331-1253-0
  7. ^ Kluepfel, Marjan. "Mandevilla". Home and Garden Information Center. Clemson Cooperative Extension. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  8. ^ Armitage, Allan M. (2011). Armitage's Vines and Climbers: A Gardener's Guide to the Best Vertical Plants. Timber Press. p. 136. ISBN 9781604692891. 
  9. ^ "Poisonous Plants of North Carolina," Dr. Alice B. Russell, Department of Horticultural Science; In collaboration with: Dr. James W. Hardin, Department of Botany; Dr. Larry Grand, Department of Plant Pathology; and Dr. Angela Fraser, Department of Family and Consumer Sciences; North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service, North Carolina State University.
  10. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

External links[edit]