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Mallinckrodt is a set of pharmaceutical, chemical, imaging, and respiratory equipment suppliers based in the St. Louis, Missouri, area. Founded in 1867 when the Mallinckrodt brothers formed G. Mallinckrodt & Company to manufacture pharmaceutical chemicals, Mallinckrodt was purchased by Tyco Healthcare (Tyco International) in 2001. More recently in 2007, the healthcare business units were spun off under the name Covidien.
Mallinckrodt is the sole legal source for cocaine in the United States, which it receives from a Stepan Company plant in Maywood, New Jersey (in relation to the soft drink Coca-Cola) and is the only firm in the U.S. licensed to import coca leaves. Federal restrictions also bar the importation of drugs, such as Esterom, manufactured from cocaine, which therefore requires that manufacturers use this supplier. Mallinckrodt is also one of the U.S. importers of opium from India.
The most famous federally approved cannabis grower, Dr. Mahmoud El Sohly, has also testified he has begun legally selling THC extracted from his Mississippi marijuana farm to the drug company Mallinckrodt.
The Mallinckrodt General Clinical Research Center received contributions from Edward C. Mallinckrodt, Jr., who headed the firm in the 1940s. It has just been announced circa 01/09/2011 to close the plant in Chesterfield, UK which makes para-aminophenol, with the loss of 64 jobs. This is a former Mallinckrodt site, now owned by Covidien.
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