Major League Baseball Rookie of the Year Award

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Rookie of the Year Award
A man swings a bat; he is wearing a dark cap with a "B" on it and a jersey with the word "Dodgers" on his chest.
Jackie Robinson, the inaugural winner in 1947 and eventual namesake of the award
Awarded forMajor League Baseball's best regular-season rookie
First awarded1947
Currently held byJosé Abreu (American League)
Jacob DeGrom (National League)
Official websiteRookie of the Year
 
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Rookie of the Year Award
A man swings a bat; he is wearing a dark cap with a "B" on it and a jersey with the word "Dodgers" on his chest.
Jackie Robinson, the inaugural winner in 1947 and eventual namesake of the award
Awarded forMajor League Baseball's best regular-season rookie
First awarded1947
Currently held byJosé Abreu (American League)
Jacob DeGrom (National League)
Official websiteRookie of the Year

In Major League Baseball, the Rookie of the Year Award is annually given to one player from each league as voted on by the Baseball Writers Association of America (BBWAA). The award was established in 1940 by the Chicago chapter of the BBWAA, which selected an annual winner from 1940 through 1946.[1] The award became national in 1947; Jackie Robinson, the Brooklyn Dodgers' second baseman, won the inaugural award. One award was presented for both leagues in 1947 and 1948; since 1949, the honor has been given to one player each in the National and American League. Originally, the award was known as the J. Louis Comiskey Memorial Award, named after the Chicago White Sox owner of the 1930s. The award was renamed the Jackie Robinson Award in July 1987,[2] 40 years after Jackie Robinson broke the baseball color line.

Of the 128 players named Rookie of the Year, 14 have been elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame—Jackie Robinson, five American League players, and eight others from the National League. The award has been shared twice: once by Butch Metzger and Pat Zachry of the National League in 1976; and once by John Castino and Alfredo Griffin of the American League in 1979. Members of the Brooklyn and Los Angeles Dodgers have won the most awards of any franchise (with 16), twice the total of the New York Yankees (eight), who have produced the most in the American League. Fred Lynn and Ichiro Suzuki are the only two players who have been named Rookie of the Year and Most Valuable Player in the same year, and Fernando Valenzuela is the only player to have won Rookie of the Year and the Cy Young Award in the same year. Sam Jethroe is the oldest player to have won the award, at age 32,[3] 33 days older than 2000 winner Kazuhiro Sasaki (also 32).[4] José Abreu of the Chicago White Sox and Jacob DeGrom of the New York Mets are the most recent winners.

Qualifications and voting[edit]

A man stretches his arms behind his head while wearing a baseball glove and a white baseball uniform with green sleeves and cap.
Hideo Nomo won in 1995, the first of several players to win with past professional baseball experience in Nippon Professional Baseball.

From 1947 through 1956, each BBWAA voter used discretion as to who qualified as a rookie. In 1957, the term was first defined as someone with fewer than 75 at bats or 45 innings pitched in any previous Major League season.[1] This guideline was later amended to 90 at bats, 45 innings pitched, or 45 days on a Major League roster before September 1 of the previous year.[1] The current standard of 130 at bats, 50 innings pitched or 45 days on the active roster of a Major League club (excluding time in military service or on the disabled list) before September 1 was adopted in 1971.[1][5]

Since 1980, each voter names three rookies: a first-place choice is given five points, a second-place choice three points, and a third-place choice one point. The award goes to the player who receives the most overall points.[1][6] Edinson Volquez received three second-place votes in 2008 balloting despite no longer being a rookie under the award's definition.[7][8]

The award has drawn criticism in recent years because several players with experience in Nippon Professional Baseball (NPB) have won the award, such as Hideo Nomo in 1995, Kazuhiro Sasaki in 2000, and Ichiro Suzuki in 2001. The current definition of rookie status for the award is based only on Major League experience, but some feel that past NPB players are not true rookies because of their past professional experience. Others, however, believe it should make no difference since the first recipient and the award's namesake played for the Negro Leagues prior to his MLB career and thus could also not be considered a "true rookie".[9][10] This issue arose in 2003 when Hideki Matsui narrowly lost the AL award to Ángel Berroa. Jim Souhan of the Minneapolis Star Tribune said he did not see Matsui as a rookie in 2003 because "it would be an insult to the Japanese league to pretend that experience didn't count."[9] The Japan Times ran a story in 2007 on the labeling of Daisuke Matsuzaka, Kei Igawa, and Hideki Okajima as rookies, saying "[t]hese guys aren't rookies."[10] Past winners such as Jackie Robinson, Don Newcombe, and Sam Jethroe had professional experience in the Negro Leagues.

Winners[edit]

Key[edit]

A man in a black jersey and batting gloves prepares to swing the baseball bat that he is holding.
Cal Ripken, Jr. won in 1982, and is one of 14 Hall of Famers to win Rookie of the Year honors.
YearLinks to the article about the corresponding Major League Baseball season
Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
^Denotes player who is still active
*Denotes year in which the award was shared

Major Leagues combined (1947–48)[edit]

YearPlayerTeamPositionSelected statisticsRef
1947Robinson, JackieJackie RobinsonBrooklyn Dodgers1B[11]
1948Dark, AlvinAlvin DarkBoston BravesSS[12]

American League winners (1949–present)[edit]

Mike Trout, 2012 AL winner
Jeremy Hellickson, the 2011 AL winner
A man in a gray and blue baseball uniform with the letters "TB" on his cap holds a baseball in his glove, preparing to throw.
Evan Longoria, the 2008 AL winner
A man in a white baseball uniform with "RED SOX" across the chest and a dark helmet holds a baseball bat.
Dustin Pedroia, the 2007 AL winner
A man in a white baseball uniform and a black cap with a "D" on it prepares to pitch.
Justin Verlander, the 2006 AL winner
YearPlayerTeamPositionSelected statisticsRef
1949Sievers, RoyRoy SieversSt. Louis BrownsOF[13]
1950Dropo, WaltWalt DropoBoston Red Sox1B[14]
1951McDougald, GilGil McDougaldNew York Yankees3B[15]
1952Byrd, HarryHarry ByrdPhiladelphia AthleticsP[16]
1953Kuenn, HarveyHarvey KuennDetroit TigersSS[17]
1954Grim, BobBob GrimNew York YankeesP[18]
1955Score, HerbHerb ScoreCleveland IndiansP[19]
1956Aparicio, LuisLuis AparicioChicago White SoxSS[20]
1957Kubek, TonyTony KubekNew York YankeesSS[21]
1958Pearson, AlbieAlbie PearsonWashington SenatorsOF[22]
1959Allison, BobBob AllisonWashington SenatorsOF[23]
1960Hansen, RonRon HansenBaltimore OriolesSS[24]
1961Schwall, DonDon SchwallBoston Red SoxP[25]
1962Tresh, TomTom TreshNew York YankeesSS[26]
1963Peters, GaryGary PetersChicago White SoxP[27]
1964Oliva, TonyTony OlivaMinnesota TwinsOF[28]
1965Blefary, CurtCurt BlefaryBaltimore OriolesOF[29]
1966Agee, TommieTommie AgeeChicago White SoxOF[30]
1967Carew, RodRod CarewMinnesota Twins2B[31]
1968Bahnsen, StanStan BahnsenNew York YankeesP[32]
1969Piniella, LouLou PiniellaKansas City RoyalsOF[33]
1970Munson, ThurmanThurman MunsonNew York YankeesC[34]
1971Chambliss, ChrisChris ChamblissCleveland Indians1B[35]
1972Fisk, CarltonCarlton FiskBoston Red SoxC[36]
1973Bumbry, AlAl BumbryBaltimore OriolesOF[37]
1974Hargrove, MikeMike HargroveTexas Rangers1B[38]
1975Lynn, FredFred LynnBoston Red SoxOF[39]
1976Fidrych, MarkMark FidrychDetroit TigersP[40]
1977Murray, EddieEddie MurrayBaltimore OriolesDH[41]
1978Whitaker, LouLou WhitakerDetroit Tigers2B[42]
1979*Castino, JohnJohn CastinoMinnesota Twins3B[43]
1979*Griffin, AlfredoAlfredo GriffinToronto Blue JaysSS[44]
1980Charboneau, JoeJoe CharboneauCleveland IndiansOF[45]
1981Righetti, DaveDave RighettiNew York YankeesP[46]
1982Ripken, CalCal Ripken, Jr.Baltimore OriolesSS[47]
1983Kittle, RonRon KittleChicago White SoxOF[48]
1984Davis, AlvinAlvin DavisSeattle Mariners1B[49]
1985Guillén, OzzieOzzie GuillénChicago White SoxSS[50]
1986Canseco, JoseJose CansecoOakland AthleticsOF[51]
1987McGwire, MarkMark McGwireOakland Athletics1B[52]
1988Weiss, WaltWalt WeissOakland AthleticsSS[53]
1989Olson, GreggGregg OlsonBaltimore OriolesP[54]
1990Alomar, Jr., SandySandy Alomar, Jr.Cleveland IndiansC[55]
1991Knoblauch, ChuckChuck KnoblauchMinnesota Twins2B[56]
1992Listach, PatPat ListachMilwaukee BrewersSS[57]
1993Salmon, TimTim SalmonCalifornia AngelsOF[58]
1994Hamelin, BobBob HamelinKansas City RoyalsDH[59]
1995Cordova, MartyMarty CordovaMinnesota TwinsOF[60]
1996Jeter, DerekDerek JeterNew York YankeesSS[61]
1997Garciaparra, NomarNomar GarciaparraBoston Red SoxSS[62]
1998Grieve, BenBen GrieveOakland AthleticsOF[63]
1999Beltrán, CarlosCarlos Beltrán^Kansas City RoyalsOF[64]
2000Sasaki, KazuhiroKazuhiro SasakiSeattle MarinersP[65]
2001Suzuki, IchiroIchiro Suzuki^Seattle MarinersOF[66]
2002Hinske, EricEric HinskeToronto Blue Jays3B[67]
2003Berroa, ÁngelÁngel BerroaKansas City RoyalsSS[68]
2004Crosby, BobbyBobby CrosbyOakland AthleticsSS[69]
2005Street, HustonHuston Street^Oakland AthleticsP[70]
2006Verlander, JustinJustin Verlander^Detroit TigersP[71]
2007Pedroia, DustinDustin Pedroia^Boston Red Sox2B[72]
2008Longoria, EvanEvan Longoria^Tampa Bay Rays3B[73]
2009Andrew Bailey^Oakland AthleticsP[74]
2010Feliz, NeftalíNeftalí Feliz^Texas RangersP[75]
2011Hellickson, JeremyJeremy Hellickson^Tampa Bay RaysP[76]
2012Trout, MikeMike Trout^Los Angeles AngelsOF[77]
2013Myers, WilWil Myers^Tampa Bay RaysOF[78]
2014Abreu, JoséJosé Abreu^Chicago White Sox1B[79]

National League winners (1949–present)[edit]

Bryce Harper, 2012 NL winner
Craig Kimbrel, 2011 NL winner
A man in a baseball uniform with white pants and a blue shirt swings while batting. The catcher in red and gray is also pictured.
Geovany Soto, 2008 NL winner
Portrait of a man in a dark blue baseball jersey with "BREWERS" across the chest, grey pants with dirt on the right knee, a baseball glove on his left hand, and a blue cap with an "M" on it.
Ryan Braun, 2007 NL winner
A man in white pants and a red shirt with "HOWARD" on the back swings at a pitch.
Ryan Howard, 2005 NL winner
YearPlayerTeamPositionSelected statisticsRef
1949Newcombe, DonDon NewcombeBrooklyn DodgersP[80]
1950Jethroe, SamSam JethroeBoston BravesOF[81]
1951Mays, WillieWillie MaysNew York GiantsOF[82]
1952Black, JoeJoe BlackBrooklyn DodgersP[83]
1953Gilliam, JimJim GilliamBrooklyn Dodgers2B[84]
1954Moon, WallyWally MoonSt. Louis CardinalsOF[85]
1955Virdon, BillBill VirdonSt. Louis CardinalsOF[86]
1956Robinson, FrankFrank RobinsonCincinnati RedsOF[87]
1957Sanford, JackJack SanfordPhiladelphia PhilliesP[88]
1958Cepeda, OrlandoOrlando CepedaSan Francisco Giants1B[89]
1959McCovey, WillieWillie McCoveySan Francisco Giants1B[90]
1960Howard, FrankFrank HowardLos Angeles DodgersOF[91]
1961Williams, BillyBilly WilliamsChicago CubsOF[92]
1962Hubbs, KenKen HubbsChicago Cubs2B[93]
1963Rose, PetePete RoseCincinnati Reds2B[94]
1964Allen, DickDick AllenPhiladelphia Phillies3B[95]
1965Lefebvre, JimJim LefebvreLos Angeles Dodgers2B[96]
1966Helms, TommyTommy HelmsCincinnati Reds2B[97]
1967Seaver, TomTom SeaverNew York MetsP[98]
1968Bench, JohnnyJohnny BenchCincinnati RedsC[99]
1969Sizemore, TedTed SizemoreLos Angeles Dodgers2B[100]
1970Morton, CarlCarl MortonMontreal ExposP[101]
1971Williams, EarlEarl WilliamsAtlanta BravesC[102]
1972Matlack, JonJon MatlackNew York MetsP[103]
1973Matthews, GaryGary MatthewsSan Francisco GiantsOF[104]
1974McBride, BakeBake McBrideSt. Louis CardinalsOF[105]
1975Montefusco, JohnJohn MontefuscoSan Francisco GiantsP[106]
1976*Metzger, ButchButch MetzgerSan Diego PadresP[107]
1976*Zachry, PatPat ZachryCincinnati RedsP[108]
1977Dawson, AndreAndre DawsonMontreal ExposOF[109]
1978Horner, BobBob HornerAtlanta Braves3B[110]
1979Sutcliffe, RickRick SutcliffeLos Angeles DodgersP[111]
1980Howe, SteveSteve HoweLos Angeles DodgersP[112]
1981Valenzuela, FernandoFernando ValenzuelaLos Angeles DodgersP[113]
1982Sax, SteveSteve SaxLos Angeles Dodgers2B[114]
1983Strawberry, DarrylDarryl StrawberryNew York MetsOF[115]
1984Gooden, DwightDwight GoodenNew York MetsP[116]
1985Coleman, VinceVince ColemanSt. Louis CardinalsOF[117]
1986Worrell, ToddTodd WorrellSt. Louis CardinalsP[118]
1987Santiago, BenitoBenito SantiagoSan Diego PadresC[119]
1988Sabo, ChrisChris SaboCincinnati Reds3B[120]
1989Walton, JeromeJerome WaltonChicago CubsOF[121]
1990Justice, DavidDavid JusticeAtlanta BravesOF[122]
1991Bagwell, JeffJeff BagwellHouston Astros1B[123]
1992Karros, EricEric KarrosLos Angeles Dodgers1B[124]
1993Piazza, MikeMike PiazzaLos Angeles DodgersC[125]
1994Mondesí, RaúlRaúl MondesíLos Angeles DodgersOF[126]
1995Nomo, HideoHideo NomoLos Angeles DodgersP[127]
1996Hollandsworth, ToddTodd HollandsworthLos Angeles DodgersOF[128]
1997Rolen, ScottScott RolenPhiladelphia Phillies3B[129]
1998Wood, KerryKerry WoodChicago CubsP[130]
1999Williamson, ScottScott WilliamsonCincinnati RedsP[131]
2000Furcal, RafaelRafael Furcal^Atlanta BravesSS[132]
2001Pujols, AlbertAlbert Pujols^St. Louis Cardinals3B[133]
2002Jennings, JasonJason JenningsColorado RockiesP[134]
2003Willis, DontrelleDontrelle WillisFlorida MarlinsP[135]
2004Bay, JasonJason BayPittsburgh PiratesOF[136]
2005Howard, RyanRyan Howard^Philadelphia Phillies1B[137]
2006Ramírez, HanleyHanley Ramírez^Florida MarlinsSS[138]
2007Braun, RyanRyan Braun^Milwaukee Brewers3B[139]
2008Soto, GeovanyGeovany Soto^Chicago CubsC[140]
2009Coghlan, ChrisChris Coghlan^Florida MarlinsOF[141]
2010Posey, BusterBuster Posey^San Francisco GiantsC[142]
2011Kimbrel, CraigCraig Kimbrel^Atlanta BravesP[143]
2012Harper, BryceBryce Harper^Washington NationalsOF[144]
2013Fernández, JoséJosé Fernández^Miami MarlinsP[145]
2014DeGrom, JacobJacob DeGrom^New York MetsP[146]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
Inline citations
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