Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award

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Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award (MVP)
A black circle with an octagonal silver plaque in the middle. The edge of the plaque reads "KENESAW MOUNTAIN LANDIS AWARD BASEBALL MEMORIAL". In the middle of the octagon is a baseball diamond which contains, from the top, a man's face in gold, "Most Valuable Player", the winner's league, his name in a gold rectangle, and his team.
The Most Valuable Player award
Awarded forMajor League Baseball's Regular Season MVP
CountryUnited States
Presented byBaseball Writers' Association of America
First awarded1931
Currently held byMike Trout, American League
Clayton Kershaw, National League
 
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Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award (MVP)
A black circle with an octagonal silver plaque in the middle. The edge of the plaque reads "KENESAW MOUNTAIN LANDIS AWARD BASEBALL MEMORIAL". In the middle of the octagon is a baseball diamond which contains, from the top, a man's face in gold, "Most Valuable Player", the winner's league, his name in a gold rectangle, and his team.
The Most Valuable Player award
Awarded forMajor League Baseball's Regular Season MVP
CountryUnited States
Presented byBaseball Writers' Association of America
First awarded1931
Currently held byMike Trout, American League
Clayton Kershaw, National League

The Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award (MVP) is an annual Major League Baseball (MLB) award, given to one outstanding player in the American League and one in the National League. Since 1931, it has been awarded by the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA). The winners receive the Kenesaw Mountain Landis Memorial Baseball Award, which became the official name of the award in 1944,[1] in honor of the first MLB commissioner, who served from 1920 until his death on November 25, 1944.[1][2]

MVP voting takes place before the postseason, but the results are not announced until after the World Series. The BBWAA began by polling three writers in each league city in 1938, reducing that number to two per league city in 1961.[3] The BBWAA does not offer a clear-cut definition of what "most valuable" means, instead leaving the judgment to the individual voters.[4]

First basemen, with 34 winners, have won the most MVPs among infielders, followed by second basemen (16), third basemen (15), and shortstops (15). Of the 24 pitchers who have won the award, 15 are right-handed while 9 are left-handed. Walter Johnson, Carl Hubbell, and Hal Newhouser are the only pitchers who have won multiple times, Newhouser winning consecutively in 1944 and 1945.[5][6]

Hank Greenberg, Stan Musial, Alex Rodriguez, and Robin Yount have won at different positions,[5] while Rodriguez is the only player who has won the award with two different teams at two different positions.[7] Barry Bonds has won the most often (seven times) and the most consecutively (2001–04).[8] Jimmie Foxx was the first player to win multiple times;[8] 9 players have won three times, and 19 have won twice.[9] Frank Robinson is the only player to win the award in both the American and National Leagues.

The award's only tie occurred in the National League in 1979, when Keith Hernandez and Willie Stargell received an equal number of points.[5][10] There have been 17 unanimous winners, who received all the first-place votes.[3] The New York Yankees have the most winning players with 22, followed by the St. Louis Cardinals with 17 winners. The award has never been presented to a member of the following five teams: Arizona Diamondbacks, Miami Marlins, New York Mets, Tampa Bay Rays, and Washington Nationals. The most recent recipients are Mike Trout in the American League and Clayton Kershaw in the National League.

In recent decades, pitchers have rarely won the award. When Justin Verlander won the AL award in 2011, he became the first pitcher in either league to be named the MVP since Dennis Eckersley in 1992. Verlander also became the first starting pitcher to win this award since Roger Clemens had accomplished the feat in 1986.[11] The National League went even longer without an MVP award to a pitcher—after Bob Gibson won in 1968, no pitcher in that league was named MVP until Kershaw in 2014.[12]

Chalmers Award (1911–1914)[edit]

Ty Cobb looking just to the left of the camera.
Ty Cobb won the first American League Chalmers Award in 1911 and was at the center of the controversy over the previous season's award.

Before the 1910 season, Hugh Chalmers of Chalmers Automobile announced he would present a Chalmers Model 30 automobile to the player with the highest batting average in Major League Baseball at the end of the season. The 1910 race for best average in the American League was between the Detroit Tigers' widely disliked[3][13][14] Ty Cobb and Nap Lajoie of the Cleveland Indians. On the last day of the season, Lajoie overtook Cobb's batting average with seven bunt hits against the St. Louis Browns. American League President Ban Johnson said a recalculation showed that Cobb had won the race anyway, and Chalmers ended up awarding cars to both players.[3]

The following season, Chalmers created the Chalmers Award. A committee of baseball writers were to convene after the season to determine the "most important and useful player to the club and to the league". Since the award was not as effective at advertising as Chalmers had hoped, it was discontinued after 1914.[3]

YearAmerican League winnerTeamPositionNational League winnerTeamPositionRef
1911Ty Cobbdagger§Detroit TigersOFFrank SchulteChicago CubsOF[15]
1912Tris SpeakerdaggerBoston Red SoxOFLarry DoyleNew York Giants2B[16]
1913Walter JohnsondaggerWashington SenatorsRHPJake DaubertBrooklyn Dodgers1B[17]
1914Eddie CollinsdaggerPhiladelphia Athletics2BJohnny EversdaggerBoston Braves2B[18]

League Awards (1922–1929)[edit]

A man in full baseball attire wears a pinstriped jersey and a hat with overlapping white "N" and "Y". Looking to the left of the camera, he is holding a baseball upward.
Babe Ruth was ineligible for the award in his famous 1927 season by the rules of the American League award because he had previously won in 1923.

In 1922 the American League created a new award to honor "the baseball player who is of the greatest all-around service to his club".[19] Winners, voted on by a committee of eight baseball writers chaired by James Crusinberry,[20] received a bronze medal and a cash prize.[21] Voters were required to select one player from each team and player-coaches and prior award winners were ineligible. These flaws resulted in the award's being dropped after 1928. The National League award, without these restrictions, lasted from 1924 to 1929.[3]

YearAmerican League winnerTeamPositionNational League winnerTeamPositionRef
1922George SislerdaggerSt. Louis Browns1B[22]
1923Babe Ruthdagger§New York YankeesOF[23]
1924Walter Johnsondagger (2)Washington SenatorsRHPDazzy VancedaggerBrooklyn RobinsRHP[24]
1925Roger PeckinpaughWashington SenatorsSSRogers HornsbydaggerSt. Louis Cardinals2B[25]
1926George BurnsCleveland Indians1BBob O'FarrellSt. Louis CardinalsC[26]
1927Lou GehrigdaggerNew York Yankees1BPaul WanerdaggerPittsburgh PiratesOF[27]
1928Mickey CochranedaggerPhiladelphia AthleticsCJim BottomleydaggerSt. Louis Cardinals1B[28]
1929Rogers Hornsbydagger (2)Chicago Cubs2B[29]

Baseball Writers' Association of America's Most Valuable Player (1931–present)[edit]

The BBWAA first awarded the modern MVP after the 1931 season, adopting the format the National League used to distribute its league award. One writer in each city with a team filled out a ten-place ballot, with ten points for the recipient of a first-place vote, nine for a second-place vote, and so on. In 1938, the BBWAA raised the number of voters to three per city and gave 14 points for a first-place vote. The only significant change since then occurred in 1961, when the number of voters was reduced to two per league city.[3]

A man is pictured from his belt up looking to the left of the camera. His button-down baseball jersey says "RED SOX" across it and he is wearing a baseball hat with a "B".
Jimmie Foxx was the first player to win three MVP awards.
Hall of Famer and 2-time MVP, Hank Greenberg
Hall of Famer Sandy Koufax
The face of a dark-skinned man who is smiling widely. The letters "S" and "F" overlap on his hat.
Hall of Famer Willie Mays won the award in 1954 and 1965 with the same team in different cities.
An African-American man looks just right of the camera. His helmet and white jersey both have an orange "S" over "F" logo on them. The man's left arm is crossed over his body and his right is out of the picture. There is a black and orange glove on his left hand.
Barry Bonds' seven MVPs are the most for any individual player.
A Hispanic man walking while shouting at someone out of the picture. His helmet is emblazoned with a white "N" and "Y" intertwined, and "NEW YORK" is stitched in black letters across his button-down jersey. The player is holding a black baseball bat almost vertically with black, gray, and white gloves.
Alex Rodriguez won the award with two different teams at two different positions.
A right-handed batter is at the plate, looking toward the pitcher's mound. Wearing a red uniform and white pants, there is a crowd behind him with jerseys of various colors.
Albert Pujols won the award three times, all at first base with the St. Louis Cardinals.
Miguel Cabrera was the winner of back-to-back AL Awards from 2012-13.
YearAmerican League winnerTeamPositionNational League winnerTeamPositionRef
1931Grove, LeftyLefty GrovePhiladelphia AthleticsLHPFrisch, FrankieFrankie FrischSt. Louis Cardinals2B[30]
1932Foxx, JimmieJimmie FoxxPhiladelphia Athletics1BChuck KleinPhiladelphia PhilliesOF[31]
1933Jimmie Foxx (2)Philadelphia Athletics1BHubbell, CarlCarl HubbellNew York GiantsLHP[32]
1934Cochrane, MickeyMickey Cochrane (2)Detroit TigersCDean, DizzyDizzy DeanSt. Louis CardinalsRHP[33]
1935Greenberg, HankHank Greenberg†§Detroit Tigers1BHartnett, GabbyGabby HartnettChicago CubsC[34]
1936Gehrig, LouLou Gehrig (2)New York Yankees1BHubbell, CarlCarl Hubbell†§ (2)New York GiantsLHP[35]
1937Gehringer, CharlieCharlie GehringerDetroit Tigers2BMedwick, JoeJoe MedwickSt. Louis CardinalsOF[36]
1938Foxx, JimmieJimmie Foxx (3)Boston Red Sox1BLombardi, ErnieErnie LombardiCincinnati RedsC[37]
1939DiMaggio, JoeJoe DiMaggioNew York YankeesOFWalters, BuckyBucky WaltersCincinnati RedsRHP[38]
1940Greenberg, HankHank Greenberg (2)Detroit TigersOFMcCormick, FrankFrank McCormickCincinnati Reds1B[39]
1941DiMaggio, JoeJoe DiMaggio (2)New York YankeesOFCamilli, DolphDolph CamilliBrooklyn Dodgers1B[40]
1942Gordon, JoeJoe GordonNew York Yankees2BCooper, MortMort CooperSt. Louis CardinalsRHP[41]
1943Chandler, SpudSpud ChandlerNew York YankeesRHPMusial, StanStan MusialSt. Louis CardinalsOF[42]
1944Newhouser, HalHal NewhouserDetroit TigersLHPMarion, MartyMarty MarionSt. Louis CardinalsSS[43]
1945Newhouser, HalHal Newhouser (2)Detroit TigersLHPCavarretta, PhilPhil CavarrettaChicago Cubs1B[44]
1946Williams, TedTed WilliamsBoston Red SoxOFMusial, StanStan Musial (2)St. Louis Cardinals1B[45]
1947DiMaggio, JoeJoe DiMaggio (3)New York YankeesOFElliott, BobBob ElliottBoston Braves3B[46]
1948Boudreau, LouLou BoudreauCleveland IndiansSSMusial, StanStan Musial (3)St. Louis CardinalsOF[47]
1949Williams, TedTed Williams (2)Boston Red SoxOFRobinson, JackieJackie RobinsonBrooklyn Dodgers2B[48]
1950Rizzuto, PhilPhil RizzutoNew York YankeesSSKonstanty, JimJim KonstantyPhiladelphia PhilliesRHP[49]
1951Berra, YogiYogi BerraNew York YankeesCCampanella, RoyRoy CampanellaBrooklyn DodgersC[50]
1952Shantz, BobbyBobby ShantzPhiladelphia AthleticsLHPSauer, HankHank SauerChicago CubsOF[51]
1953Rosen, AlAl Rosen§Cleveland Indians3BCampanella, RoyRoy Campanella (2)Brooklyn DodgersC[52]
1954Berra, YogiYogi Berra (2)New York YankeesCMays, WillieWillie MaysNew York GiantsOF[53]
1955Berra, YogiYogi Berra (3)New York YankeesCCampanella, RoyRoy Campanella (3)Brooklyn DodgersC[54]
1956Mantle, MickeyMickey Mantle†§New York YankeesOFNewcombe, DonDon NewcombeBrooklyn DodgersRHP[55]
1957Mantle, MickeyMickey Mantle (2)New York YankeesOFAaron, HankHank AaronMilwaukee BravesOF[56]
1958Jensen, JackieJackie JensenBoston Red SoxOFBanks, ErnieErnie BanksChicago CubsSS[57]
1959Fox, NellieNellie FoxChicago White Sox2BBanks, ErnieErnie Banks (2)Chicago CubsSS[58]
1960Maris, RogerRoger MarisNew York YankeesOFGroat, DickDick GroatPittsburgh PiratesSS[59]
1961Maris, RogerRoger Maris (2)New York YankeesOFRobinson, FrankFrank Robinson†§Cincinnati RedsOF[60]
1962Mantle, MickeyMickey Mantle (3)New York YankeesOFWills, MauryMaury WillsLos Angeles DodgersSS[61]
1963Howard, ElstonElston HowardNew York YankeesCKoufax, SandySandy KoufaxLos Angeles DodgersLHP[62]
1964Robinson, BrooksBrooks RobinsonBaltimore Orioles3BBoyer, KenKen BoyerSt. Louis Cardinals3B[63]
1965Versalles, ZoiloZoilo VersallesMinnesota TwinsSSMays, WillieWillie Mays (2)San Francisco GiantsOF[64]
1966Robinson, FrankFrank Robinson†§ (2)Baltimore OriolesOFClemente, RobertoRoberto ClementePittsburgh PiratesOF[65]
1967Yastrzemski, CarlCarl YastrzemskiBoston Red SoxOFCepeda, OrlandoOrlando Cepeda†§St. Louis Cardinals1B[66]
1968McLain, DennyDenny McLain§Detroit TigersRHPGibson, BobBob GibsonSt. Louis CardinalsRHP[67]
1969Killebrew, HarmonHarmon KillebrewMinnesota Twins3BMcCovey, WillieWillie McCoveySan Francisco Giants1B[68]
1970Powell, BoogBoog PowellBaltimore Orioles1BBench, JohnnyJohnny BenchCincinnati RedsC[69]
1971Blue, VidaVida BlueOakland AthleticsLHPTorre, JoeJoe Torre[d]St. Louis Cardinals3B[70]
1972Allen, DickDick AllenChicago White Sox1BBench, JohnnyJohnny Bench (2)Cincinnati RedsC[71]
1973Jackson, ReggieReggie Jackson†§Oakland AthleticsOFRose, PetePete RoseCincinnati RedsOF[72]
1974Burroughs, JeffJeff BurroughsTexas RangersOFGarvey, SteveSteve GarveyLos Angeles Dodgers1B[73]
1975Lynn, FredFred LynnBoston Red SoxOFMorgan, JoeJoe MorganCincinnati Reds2B[74]
1976Munson, ThurmanThurman MunsonNew York YankeesCMorgan, JoeJoe Morgan (2)Cincinnati Reds2B[75]
1977Carew, RodRod CarewMinnesota Twins1BFoster, GeorgeGeorge FosterCincinnati RedsOF[76]
1978Rice, JimJim RiceBoston Red SoxOFParker, DaveDave ParkerPittsburgh PiratesOF[77]
1979[c]Baylor, DonDon BaylorCalifornia AngelsDHHernandez, KeithKeith HernandezSt. Louis Cardinals1B[10]
1979[c]Stargell, WillieWillie StargellPittsburgh Pirates1B[10]
1980Brett, GeorgeGeorge BrettKansas City Royals3BSchmidt, MikeMike Schmidt†§Philadelphia Phillies3B[78]
1981Fingers, RollieRollie FingersMilwaukee BrewersRHPSchmidt, MikeMike Schmidt (2)Philadelphia Phillies3B[79]
1982Yount, RobinRobin YountMilwaukee BrewersSSMurphy, DaleDale MurphyAtlanta BravesOF[80]
1983Ripken, Jr., CalCal Ripken, Jr.Baltimore OriolesSSMurphy, DaleDale Murphy (2)Atlanta BravesOF[81]
1984Hernandez, WillieWillie HernándezDetroit TigersLHPSandberg, RyneRyne SandbergChicago Cubs2B[82]
1985Mattingly, DonDon MattinglyNew York Yankees1BMcGee, WillieWillie McGeeSt. Louis CardinalsOF[83]
1986Clemens, RogerRoger ClemensBoston Red SoxRHPSchmidt, MikeMike Schmidt (3)Philadelphia Phillies3B[84]
1987Bell, GeorgeGeorge BellToronto Blue JaysOFDawson, AndreAndre DawsonChicago CubsOF[85]
1988Canseco, JoseJose Canseco§Oakland AthleticsOFGibson, KirkKirk GibsonLos Angeles DodgersOF[86]
1989Yount, RobinRobin Yount (2)Milwaukee BrewersOFMitchell, KevinKevin MitchellSan Francisco GiantsOF[87]
1990Henderson, RickeyRickey HendersonOakland AthleticsOFBonds, BarryBarry BondsPittsburgh PiratesOF[88]
1991Ripken, Jr., CalCal Ripken, Jr. (2)Baltimore OriolesSSPendleton, TerryTerry PendletonAtlanta Braves3B[89]
1992Eckersley, DennisDennis EckersleyOakland AthleticsRHPBonds, BarryBarry Bonds (2)Pittsburgh PiratesOF[90]
1993Thomas, FrankFrank Thomas†§Chicago White Sox1BBonds, BarryBarry Bonds (3)San Francisco GiantsOF[91]
1994Thomas, FrankFrank Thomas (2)Chicago White Sox1BBagwell, JeffJeff Bagwell§Houston Astros1B[92]
1995Vaughn, MoMo VaughnBoston Red Sox1BLarkin, BarryBarry LarkinCincinnati RedsSS[93]
1996Gonzalez, JuanJuan GonzálezTexas RangersOFCaminiti, KenKen Caminiti§San Diego Padres3B[94]
1997Griffey, Jr., KenKen Griffey, Jr.§Seattle MarinersOFWalker, LarryLarry WalkerColorado RockiesOF[95]
1998Gonzalez, JuanJuan González (2)Texas RangersOFSosa, SammySammy SosaChicago CubsOF[96]
1999Rodriguez, IvanIván RodríguezTexas RangersCJones, ChipperChipper JonesAtlanta Braves3B[97]
2000Giambi, JasonJason Giambi^Oakland Athletics1BKent, JeffJeff KentSan Francisco Giants2B[98]
2001Suzuki, IchiroIchiro Suzuki^Seattle MarinersOFBonds, BarryBarry Bonds (4)San Francisco GiantsOF[99][100]
2002Tejada, MiguelMiguel Tejada^Oakland AthleticsSSBonds, BarryBarry Bonds§ (5)San Francisco GiantsOF[101]
2003Rodriguez, AlexAlex Rodriguez^Texas RangersSSBonds, BarryBarry Bonds (6)San Francisco GiantsOF[102]
2004Guerrero, VladimirVladimir GuerreroAnaheim AngelsOFBonds, BarryBarry Bonds (7)San Francisco GiantsOF[103]
2005Rodriguez, AlexAlex Rodriguez^ (2)New York Yankees3BPujols, AlbertAlbert Pujols^St. Louis Cardinals1B[104]
2006Morneau, JustinJustin Morneau^Minnesota Twins1BHoward, RyanRyan Howard^Philadelphia Phillies1B[105]
2007Rodriguez, AlexAlex Rodriguez^ (3)New York Yankees3BRollins, JimmyJimmy Rollins^Philadelphia PhilliesSS[106]
2008Pedroia, DustinDustin Pedroia^Boston Red Sox2BPujols, AlbertAlbert Pujols^ (2)St. Louis Cardinals1B[107]
2009Mauer, JoeJoe Mauer^Minnesota TwinsCPujols, AlbertAlbert Pujols (3)St. Louis Cardinals1B[100][108]
2010Hamilton, JoshJosh Hamilton^Texas RangersOFVotto, JoeyJoey Votto^Cincinnati Reds1B[109][110]
2011Verlander, JustinJustin Verlander^Detroit TigersRHPBraun, RyanRyan Braun^Milwaukee BrewersOF[111][112]
2012Cabrera, MiguelMiguel Cabrera^Detroit Tigers3BPosey, BusterBuster Posey^San Francisco GiantsC[113][114]
2013Cabrera, MiguelMiguel Cabrera^ (2)Detroit Tigers3BMcCutchen, AndrewAndrew McCutchen^Pittsburgh PiratesOF[115][116]
2014Trout, MikeMike Trout^§Los Angeles Angels of AnaheimOFKershaw, ClaytonClayton Kershaw^Los Angeles DodgersLHP[117][12]

Key[edit]

YearLinks to the article about the corresponding Major League Baseball season
daggerMember of the National Baseball Hall of Fame as a player[118][119]
^Denotes player who is still active[a]
§Unanimous selection[b][3]
Player (X)Denotes winning player and number of times they had won the award at that point
PPitcher (RHP indicates right-handed; LHP indicates left-handed)
CCatcher
1BFirst baseman
2BSecond baseman
3BThird baseman
SSShortstop
OFOutfielder
DHDesignated hitter

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Landis, Kenesaw". National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  2. ^ Gillette, Gary; Palmer, Pete (2007). The ESPN Baseball Encyclopedia (Fourth ed.). New York City, New York: Sterling Publishing Co. p. 1763. ISBN 978-1-4027-4771-7. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Gillette & Palmer, pp. 1764–1765
  4. ^ Kepner, Tyler (September 4, 2011). "Where Do You Find Value? Discussing the M.V.P. Criteria". The New York Times. p. SP3. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
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  12. ^ a b "Kershaw wins NL MVP". ESPN.com. November 13, 2014. Retrieved November 13, 2014. 
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