Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award

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Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award (MVP)
A black circle with an octagonal silver plaque in the middle. The edge of the plaque reads "KENESAW MOUNTAIN LANDIS AWARD BASEBALL MEMORIAL". In the middle of the octagon is a baseball diamond which contains, from the top, a man's face in gold, "Most Valuable Player", the winner's league, his name in a gold rectangle, and his team.
The Most Valuable Player award
Awarded forMajor League Baseball's Regular Season MVP
CountryUnited States
Presented byBaseball Writers Association of America
First awarded1931
Currently held byMiguel Cabrera, American League
Andrew McCutchen, National League
 
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Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award (MVP)
A black circle with an octagonal silver plaque in the middle. The edge of the plaque reads "KENESAW MOUNTAIN LANDIS AWARD BASEBALL MEMORIAL". In the middle of the octagon is a baseball diamond which contains, from the top, a man's face in gold, "Most Valuable Player", the winner's league, his name in a gold rectangle, and his team.
The Most Valuable Player award
Awarded forMajor League Baseball's Regular Season MVP
CountryUnited States
Presented byBaseball Writers Association of America
First awarded1931
Currently held byMiguel Cabrera, American League
Andrew McCutchen, National League

The Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award (MVP) is an annual Major League Baseball (MLB) award, given to one outstanding player in the American League and one in the National League. Since 1931, it has been awarded by the Baseball Writers Association of America (BBWAA). The winners receive the Kenesaw Mountain Landis Memorial Baseball Award, which became the official name of the award in 1944,[1] in honor of the first MLB commissioner, who served from 1920 until his death on November 25, 1944.[1][2]

MVP voting takes place before the postseason, but the results are not announced until after the World Series. The BBWAA began by polling three writers in each league city in 1938, reducing that number to two per league city in 1961.[3] The BBWAA does not offer a clear-cut definition of what "most valuable" means, instead leaving the judgment to the individual voters.[4]

First basemen, with 34 winners, have won the most MVPs among infielders, followed by second basemen (16), third basemen (15), and shortstops (15). Of the 24 pitchers who have won the award, 15 are right-handed while 9 are left-handed. Walter Johnson, Carl Hubbell, and Hal Newhouser are the only pitchers who have won multiple times, Newhouser winning consecutively in 1944 and 1945.[5][6]

Hank Greenberg, Stan Musial, Alex Rodriguez, and Robin Yount have won at different positions,[5] while Rodriguez is the only player who has won the award with two different teams at two different positions.[7] Barry Bonds has won the most often (seven times) and the most consecutively (2001–04).[8] Jimmie Foxx was the first player to win multiple times;[8] 9 players have won three times, and 19 have won twice.[9] Frank Robinson is the only player to win the award in both the American and National Leagues.

The award's only tie occurred in the National League in 1979, when Keith Hernandez and Willie Stargell received an equal number of points.[5][10] There have been 17 unanimous winners, who received all the first-place votes.[3] The New York Yankees have the most winning players with 22, followed by the St. Louis Cardinals with 17 winners. The award has never been presented to a member of the following five teams: Arizona Diamondbacks, Miami Marlins, New York Mets, Tampa Bay Rays, and Washington Nationals. The most recent recipients are Miguel Cabrera in the American League, and Andrew McCutchen in the National League.

In 2011, Justin Verlander became the first pitcher to be named the MVP since Dennis Eckersley in 1992. Verlander also became the first starting pitcher to win this award since Roger Clemens had accomplished the feat in 1986.[11]

Chalmers Award (1911–1914)[edit]

Ty Cobb looking just to the left of the camera.
Ty Cobb won the first American League Chalmers Award in 1911 and was at the center of the controversy over the previous season's award.

Before the 1910 season, Hugh Chalmers of Chalmers Automobile announced he would present a Chalmers Model 30 automobile to the player with the highest batting average in Major League Baseball at the end of the season. The 1910 race for best average in the American League was between the Detroit Tigers' widely disliked[3][12][13] Ty Cobb and Nap Lajoie of the Cleveland Indians. On the last day of the season, Lajoie overtook Cobb's batting average with seven bunt hits against the St. Louis Browns. American League President Ban Johnson said a recalculation showed that Cobb had won the race anyway, and Chalmers ended up awarding cars to both players.[3]

The following season, Chalmers created the Chalmers Award. A committee of baseball writers were to convene after the season to determine the "most important and useful player to the club and to the league". Since the award was not as effective at advertising as Chalmers had hoped, it was discontinued after 1914.[3]

YearAmerican League winnerTeamPositionNational League winnerTeamPositionRef
1911Ty Cobbdagger§Detroit TigersOFFrank SchulteChicago CubsOF[14]
1912Tris SpeakerdaggerBoston Red SoxOFLarry DoyleNew York Giants2B[15]
1913Walter JohnsondaggerWashington SenatorsRHPJake DaubertBrooklyn Dodgers1B[16]
1914Eddie CollinsdaggerPhiladelphia Athletics2BJohnny EversdaggerBoston Braves2B[17]

League Awards (1922–1929)[edit]

A man in full baseball attire wears a pinstriped jersey and a hat with overlapping white "N" and "Y". Looking to the left of the camera, he is holding a baseball upward.
Babe Ruth was ineligible for the award in his famous 1927 season by the rules of the American League award because he had previously won in 1923.

In 1922 the American League created a new award to honor "the baseball player who is of the greatest all-around service to his club".[18] Winners, voted on by a committee of eight baseball writers chaired by James Crusinberry,[19] received a bronze medal and a cash prize.[20] Voters were required to select one player from each team and player-coaches and prior award winners were ineligible. These flaws resulted in the award's being dropped after 1928. The National League award, without these restrictions, lasted from 1924 to 1929.[3]

YearAmerican League winnerTeamPositionNational League winnerTeamPositionRef
1922George SislerdaggerSt. Louis Browns1B[21]
1923Babe Ruthdagger§New York YankeesOF[22]
1924Walter Johnsondagger (2)Washington SenatorsRHPDazzy VancedaggerBrooklyn RobinsRHP[23]
1925Roger PeckinpaughWashington SenatorsSSRogers HornsbydaggerSt. Louis Cardinals2B[24]
1926George BurnsCleveland Indians1BBob O'FarrellSt. Louis CardinalsC[25]
1927Lou GehrigdaggerNew York Yankees1BPaul WanerdaggerPittsburgh PiratesOF[26]
1928Mickey CochranedaggerPhiladelphia AthleticsCJim BottomleydaggerSt. Louis Cardinals1B[27]
1929Rogers Hornsbydagger (2)Chicago Cubs2B[28]

Baseball Writers Association of America's Most Valuable Player (1931–present)[edit]

The BBWAA first awarded the modern MVP after the 1931 season, adopting the format the National League used to distribute its league award. One writer in each city with a team filled out a ten-place ballot, with ten points for the recipient of a first-place vote, nine for a second-place vote, and so on. In 1938, the BBWAA raised the number of voters to three per city and gave 14 points for a first-place vote. The only significant change since then occurred in 1961, when the number of voters was lowered to two per league city.[3]

A man is pictured from his belt up looking to the left of the camera. His button-down baseball jersey says "RED SOX" across it and he is wearing a baseball hat with a "B".
Jimmie Foxx was the first player to win three MVP awards.
Hall of Famer and 2-time MVP, Hank Greenberg
Hall of Famer Sandy Koufax
The face of a dark-skinned man who is smiling widely. The letters "S" and "F" overlap on his hat.
Hall of Famer Willie Mays won the award in 1954 and 1965 with the same team in different cities.
An African-American man looks just right of the camera. His helmet and white jersey both have an orange "S" over "F" logo on them. The man's left arm is crossed over his body and his right is out of the picture. There is a black and orange glove on his left hand.
Barry Bonds' seven MVPs are the most for any individual player.
A Hispanic man walking while shouting at someone out of the picture. His helmet is emblazoned with a white "N" and "Y" intertwined, and "NEW YORK" is stitched in black letters across his button-down jersey. The player is holding a black baseball bat almost vertically with black, gray, and white gloves.
Alex Rodriguez won the award with two different teams at two different positions.
A right-handed batter is at the plate, looking toward the pitcher's mound. Wearing a red uniform and white pants, there is a crowd behind him with jerseys of various colors.
Albert Pujols won the award three times, all at first base with the St. Louis Cardinals.
Miguel Cabrera was the winner of back-to-back AL Awards from 2012-13.
YearAmerican League winnerTeamPositionNational League winnerTeamPositionRef
1931Lefty GrovePhiladelphia AthleticsLHPFrankie FrischSt. Louis Cardinals2B[29]
1932Jimmie FoxxPhiladelphia Athletics1BChuck KleinPhiladelphia PhilliesOF[30]
1933Jimmie Foxx (2)Philadelphia Athletics1BCarl HubbellNew York GiantsLHP[31]
1934Mickey Cochrane (2)Detroit TigersCDizzy DeanSt. Louis CardinalsRHP[32]
1935Hank Greenberg†§Detroit Tigers1BGabby HartnettChicago CubsC[33]
1936Lou Gehrig (2)New York Yankees1BCarl Hubbell†§ (2)New York GiantsLHP[34]
1937Charlie GehringerDetroit Tigers2BJoe MedwickSt. Louis CardinalsOF[35]
1938Jimmie Foxx (3)Boston Red Sox1BErnie LombardiCincinnati RedsC[36]
1939Joe DiMaggioNew York YankeesOFBucky WaltersCincinnati RedsRHP[37]
1940Hank Greenberg (2)Detroit TigersOFFrank McCormickCincinnati Reds1B[38]
1941Joe DiMaggio (2)New York YankeesOFDolph CamilliBrooklyn Dodgers1B[39]
1942Joe GordonNew York Yankees2BMort CooperSt. Louis CardinalsRHP[40]
1943Spud ChandlerNew York YankeesRHPStan MusialSt. Louis CardinalsOF[41]
1944Hal NewhouserDetroit TigersLHPMarty MarionSt. Louis CardinalsSS[42]
1945Hal Newhouser (2)Detroit TigersLHPPhil CavarrettaChicago Cubs1B[43]
1946Ted WilliamsBoston Red SoxOFStan Musial (2)St. Louis Cardinals1B[44]
1947Joe DiMaggio (3)New York YankeesOFBob ElliottBoston Braves3B[45]
1948Lou BoudreauCleveland IndiansSSStan Musial (3)St. Louis CardinalsOF[46]
1949Ted Williams (2)Boston Red SoxOFJackie RobinsonBrooklyn Dodgers2B[47]
1950Phil RizzutoNew York YankeesSSJim KonstantyPhiladelphia PhilliesRHP[48]
1951Yogi BerraNew York YankeesCRoy CampanellaBrooklyn DodgersC[49]
1952Bobby ShantzPhiladelphia AthleticsLHPHank SauerChicago CubsOF[50]
1953Al Rosen§Cleveland Indians3BRoy Campanella (2)Brooklyn DodgersC[51]
1954Yogi Berra (2)New York YankeesCWillie MaysNew York GiantsOF[52]
1955Yogi Berra (3)New York YankeesCRoy Campanella (3)Brooklyn DodgersC[53]
1956Mickey Mantle†§New York YankeesOFDon NewcombeBrooklyn DodgersRHP[54]
1957Mickey Mantle (2)New York YankeesOFHank AaronMilwaukee BravesOF[55]
1958Jackie JensenBoston Red SoxOFErnie BanksChicago CubsSS[56]
1959Nellie FoxChicago White Sox2BErnie Banks (2)Chicago CubsSS[57]
1960Roger MarisNew York YankeesOFDick GroatPittsburgh PiratesSS[58]
1961Roger Maris (2)New York YankeesOFFrank Robinson†§Cincinnati RedsOF[59]
1962Mickey Mantle (3)New York YankeesOFMaury WillsLos Angeles DodgersSS[60]
1963Elston HowardNew York YankeesCSandy KoufaxLos Angeles DodgersLHP[61]
1964Brooks RobinsonBaltimore Orioles3BKen BoyerSt. Louis Cardinals3B[62]
1965Zoilo VersallesMinnesota TwinsSSWillie Mays (2)San Francisco GiantsOF[63]
1966Frank Robinson†§ (2)Baltimore OriolesOFRoberto ClementePittsburgh PiratesOF[64]
1967Carl YastrzemskiBoston Red SoxOFOrlando Cepeda†§St. Louis Cardinals1B[65]
1968Denny McLain§Detroit TigersRHPBob GibsonSt. Louis CardinalsRHP[66]
1969Harmon KillebrewMinnesota Twins3BWillie McCoveySan Francisco Giants1B[67]
1970Boog PowellBaltimore Orioles1BJohnny BenchCincinnati RedsC[68]
1971Vida BlueOakland AthleticsLHPJoe TorreSt. Louis Cardinals3B[69]
1972Dick AllenChicago White Sox1BJohnny Bench (2)Cincinnati RedsC[70]
1973Reggie Jackson†§Oakland AthleticsOFPete RoseCincinnati RedsOF[71]
1974Jeff BurroughsTexas RangersOFSteve GarveyLos Angeles Dodgers1B[72]
1975Fred LynnBoston Red SoxOFJoe MorganCincinnati Reds2B[73]
1976Thurmon MunsonNew York YankeesCJoe Morgan (2)Cincinnati Reds2B[74]
1977Rod CarewMinnesota Twins1BGeorge FosterCincinnati RedsOF[75]
1978Jim RiceBoston Red SoxOFDave ParkerPittsburgh PiratesOF[76]
1979[c]Don BaylorCalifornia AngelsDHKeith HernandezSt. Louis Cardinals1B[10]
1979[c]Willie StargellPittsburgh Pirates1B[10]
1980George BrettKansas City Royals3BMike Schmidt†§Philadelphia Phillies3B[77]
1981Rollie FingersMilwaukee BrewersRHPMike Schmidt (2)Philadelphia Phillies3B[78]
1982Robin YountMilwaukee BrewersSSDale MurphyAtlanta BravesOF[79]
1983Cal Ripken, Jr.Baltimore OriolesSSDale Murphy (2)Atlanta BravesOF[80]
1984Willie HernándezDetroit TigersLHPRyne SandbergChicago Cubs2B[81]
1985Don MattinglyNew York Yankees1BWillie McGeeSt. Louis CardinalsOF[82]
1986Roger ClemensBoston Red SoxRHPMike Schmidt (3)Philadelphia Phillies3B[83]
1987George BellToronto Blue JaysOFAndre DawsonChicago CubsOF[84]
1988José Canseco§Oakland AthleticsOFKirk GibsonLos Angeles DodgersOF[85]
1989Robin Yount (2)Milwaukee BrewersOFKevin MitchellSan Francisco GiantsOF[86]
1990Rickey HendersonOakland AthleticsOFBarry BondsPittsburgh PiratesOF[87]
1991Cal Ripken, Jr. (2)Baltimore OriolesSSTerry PendletonAtlanta Braves3B[88]
1992Dennis EckersleyOakland AthleticsRHPBarry Bonds (2)Pittsburgh PiratesOF[89]
1993Frank Thomas†§Chicago White Sox1BBarry Bonds (3)San Francisco GiantsOF[90]
1994Frank Thomas (2)Chicago White Sox1BJeff Bagwell§Houston Astros1B[91]
1995Mo VaughnBoston Red Sox1BBarry LarkinCincinnati RedsSS[92]
1996Juan GonzálezTexas RangersOFKen Caminiti§San Diego Padres3B[93]
1997Ken Griffey, Jr.§Seattle MarinersOFLarry WalkerColorado RockiesOF[94]
1998Juan González (2)Texas RangersOFSammy SosaChicago CubsOF[95]
1999Iván RodríguezTexas RangersCChipper JonesAtlanta Braves3B[96]
2000Jason Giambi^Oakland Athletics1BJeff KentSan Francisco Giants2B[97]
2001Ichiro Suzuki^Seattle MarinersOFBarry Bonds (4)San Francisco GiantsOF[98][99]
2002Miguel Tejada^Oakland AthleticsSSBarry Bonds§ (5)San Francisco GiantsOF[100]
2003Alex Rodriguez^Texas RangersSSBarry Bonds (6)San Francisco GiantsOF[101]
2004Vladimir GuerreroAnaheim AngelsOFBarry Bonds (7)San Francisco GiantsOF[102]
2005Alex Rodriguez^ (2)New York Yankees3BAlbert Pujols^St. Louis Cardinals1B[103]
2006Justin Morneau^Minnesota Twins1BRyan Howard^Philadelphia Phillies1B[104]
2007Alex Rodriguez^ (3)New York Yankees3BJimmy Rollins^Philadelphia PhilliesSS[105]
2008Dustin Pedroia^Boston Red Sox2BAlbert Pujols^ (2)St. Louis Cardinals1B[106]
2009Joe Mauer^Minnesota TwinsCAlbert Pujols (3)St. Louis Cardinals1B[99][107]
2010Josh Hamilton^Texas RangersOFJoey Votto^Cincinnati Reds1B[108][109]
2011Justin Verlander^Detroit TigersRHPRyan Braun^Milwaukee BrewersOF[110][111]
2012Miguel Cabrera^Detroit Tigers3BBuster Posey^San Francisco GiantsC[112][113]
2013Miguel Cabrera^ (2)Detroit Tigers3BAndrew McCutchen^Pittsburgh PiratesOF[114][115]

Key[edit]

YearLinks to the article about the corresponding Major League Baseball season
daggerMember of the National Baseball Hall of Fame[116][117]
^Denotes player who is still active[a]
§Unanimous selection[b][3]
Player (X)Denotes winning player and number of times they had won the award at that point
PPitcher (RHP indicates right-handed; LHP indicates left-handed)
CCatcher
1BFirst baseman
2BSecond baseman
3BThird baseman
SSShortstop
OFOutfielder
DHDesignated hitter

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Gillette, Gary; Palmer, Pete (2007). The ESPN Baseball Encyclopedia (Fourth ed.). New York City, New York: Sterling Publishing Co. p. 1763. ISBN 978-1-4027-4771-7. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Gillette & Palmer, pp. 1764–1765
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