Maha Sarakham Province

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Maha Sarakham
มหาสารคาม
Province
Official seal of Maha Sarakham
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Maha Sarakham Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Maha Sarakham Province
Country Thailand
CapitalMaha Sarakham city
Government
 • GovernorThongthawi Phimsen (since March 2009)
Area
 • Total5,291.7 km2 (2,043.1 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 42nd
Population (2011)
 • Total939,736
 • RankRanked 20th
 • Density180/km2 (460/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 14th
Time zoneThailand Standard Time (UTC+7)
ISO 3166 codeTH-44
 
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"Mahasarakham" redirects here. For other uses, see Maha Sarakham (disambiguation).
Maha Sarakham
มหาสารคาม
Province
Official seal of Maha Sarakham
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Maha Sarakham Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Maha Sarakham Province
Country Thailand
CapitalMaha Sarakham city
Government
 • GovernorThongthawi Phimsen (since March 2009)
Area
 • Total5,291.7 km2 (2,043.1 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 42nd
Population (2011)
 • Total939,736
 • RankRanked 20th
 • Density180/km2 (460/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 14th
Time zoneThailand Standard Time (UTC+7)
ISO 3166 codeTH-44

Maha Sarakham (Thai: มหาสารคาม; also spelled Mahasarakham) is one of the provinces (changwat) of Thailand, located in the northeastern (Isan) region of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Kalasin, Roi Et, Surin, Buriram and Khon Kaen.

The province's capital is the town of Maha Sarakham. It is the home of Mahasarakham University, the largest university in the Northeast of Thailand in terms of students (37,342),[1] and Rajabhat Mahasarakham University.

Geography[edit]

The province is mostly a plain covered with rice fields, only in the north and east are small hills. The province is between 130 and 230 m above sea level. The main river in the province is the river Chi.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Maha Sarakham (1981–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)31.4
(88.5)
33.6
(92.5)
35.7
(96.3)
36.8
(98.2)
35.2
(95.4)
34.2
(93.6)
33.6
(92.5)
33.0
(91.4)
32.6
(90.7)
32.2
(90)
31.6
(88.9)
30.5
(86.9)
33.37
(92.08)
Average low °C (°F)16.7
(62.1)
19.7
(67.5)
22.5
(72.5)
24.7
(76.5)
24.9
(76.8)
24.9
(76.8)
24.6
(76.3)
24.3
(75.7)
23.8
(74.8)
22.7
(72.9)
19.9
(67.8)
16.7
(62.1)
22.12
(71.82)
Rainfall mm (inches)2.0
(0.079)
12.6
(0.496)
46.6
(1.835)
81.5
(3.209)
155.0
(6.102)
190.0
(7.48)
140.5
(5.531)
210.2
(8.276)
221.4
(8.717)
124.9
(4.917)
13.2
(0.52)
4.0
(0.157)
1,201.9
(47.319)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1 mm)123713151417171021102
 % humidity70676668767879828479737074.3
Source: Thai Meteorological Department (Normal 1981-2010), (Rainfall mm, Avg. rainy days 1961-1990)

History[edit]

Maha Sarakham was originally a satellite town of Roi Et founded in 1865. The governor of Roi Et sent 9,000 people to populate the new town, and one of his cousins as its governor. In 1868 the central government in Bangkok declared Maha Sarakham a province of its own under the supervision of Bangkok; one of the reasons was that this step weakened the power of Roi Et.

Symbols[edit]

The provincial seal shows a big tree in front of big rice fields, symbolizing the richness of resources in the province.

The province's flag shows the seal in the middle, in a brown horizontal strip. Above and below is a yellow strip. The brown color symbolizes the strength and the perseverance of the people in the province, who live in the rather dry climate; the yellow color as the color of the robes of Buddhist monks symbolizes the faith of the people.

The provincial tree is the Woman's-tongue Tree (Albizia lebbeck). The tree symbol was assigned to the province in 1994 by Queen Sirikit. Provincial flower is the West Indian Jasmine (Plumeria alba).

Administration[edit]

Map of Amphoe

The province is subdivided into 13 districts (amphoe). The districts are further subdivided into 133 subdistricts (tambon) and 1804 villages (muban).

  1. Mueang Maha Sarakham
  2. Kae Dam
  3. Kosum Phisai
  4. Kantharawichai
  5. Chiang Yuen
  6. Borabue
  7. Na Chueak
  1. Phayakkhaphum Phisai
  2. Wapi Pathum
  3. Na Dun
  4. Yang Sisurat
  5. Kut Rang
  6. Chuen Chom


Tourism[edit]

Sights[edit]

Local Products[edit]

Maha Sarakham has different kinds of local products such as silk, mat-mi cloth, khit cloth, khit pillow.

Culture[edit]

Festivals[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 16°11′5″N 103°18′2″E / 16.18472°N 103.30056°E / 16.18472; 103.30056 (Maha Sarakham Province)